Poisonous Plants for Dogs, Cats, and Other Pets

Avoid These Common Plants That May Be Toxic!

December 10, 2020
Dog in Garden

Happy dog in the garden and mother’s helper!

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Do you know which plants are poisonous to your dog, cat, or other pet? Keep your fuzzy friends safe! Here is a list of the more common plants and flowers that may be dangerous for your pet.

We all enjoy our flowering plants. However, pet owners need to be aware that some plants are toxic if their animal has a hankering to eat them!

You may already know that daffodils cause stomach upsets or vomiting (or worse) if you pet eats any parts of the plant. Many lilies are also considered extremely toxic; this can be more of a danger because lilies are often brought inside as houseplants or holiday decorations. But you may not know that foxglove and aloe vera are quite poisonous, too.

We’ve highlighted some of the most toxic plant below. However, there are more than 700 plants with toxic substances that are dangerous to dogs, cats, and other pets if ingested, so always make sure that you know whether any new plants you bring home are toxic or not! 

    Which Plants are Poisonous to Dogs?

    Dogs CANNOT eat:

    • Aloe vera
    • Angel’s trumpet
    • Autumn crocus
    • Azalea
    • Begonia (annual)
    • Bittersweet (vine)
    • Bleeding heart
    • Boston ivy (vine)
    • Boxwood (shrub)
    • Burning bush (shrub)
    • Calla lily
    • Castor bean
    • Chokecherry
    • Christmas rose/Lenten rose
    • Clematis (vine)
    • Daffodil
    • Daphne
    • Daylily
    • Easter lily
    • Elephant’s ear
    • English ivy (vine)
    • Foxglove
    • Holly
    • Hosta
    • Hyacinth
    • Iris
    • Jimsonweed
    • Lantana (annual/houseplant)
    • Lily (true lilies)
    • Lily of the Valley
    • Mistletoe
    • Monkshood
    • Morning glory (vine)
    • Mountain laurel (shrub)
    • Mums
    • Nightshade, also called Belladonna
    • Oleander (tree)
    • Peace lily
    • Potatoes (leaves, shoots, sprouts)
    • Rhododendrons
    • Rose of Sharon (shrub)
    • Sago palm
    • Tiger lily
    • Tulip
    • Wisteria (vine)
    • Yarrow
    • Yew (bush)


    What Plants are Poisonous to Cats?

    Cats CANNOT eat:

    • Aloe Vera
    • Amaryllis
    • Asian Lily
    • Asparagus Fern 
    • Autumn Crocus
    • Azalea (Rhododendron)
    • Begonia
    • Bittersweet 
    • Boxwood
    • Burning Bush
    • Calla Lily
    • Castor Bean
    • Christmas Rose/Lenten Rose
    • Common or cherry laurel
    • Carnations
    • Catnip (Many cats love catnip, but it can cause vomiting and diarrhea.)
    • Cyclamens
    • Daylily
    • Daffodil
    • Dumb cane (Dieffenbachia)
    • Easter Lily
    • Elephant’s ears (Caladium)
    • Forced indoor bulbs such as narcissus (Paper whites)
    • Foxglove
    • Geranium
    • Holly
    • Hyacinth
    • Hydrangeas
    • Larkspur
    • Lily (true lilies)
    • Lily of the Valley
    • Mistletoe
    • Mums
    • Oleander
    • Philodendron
    • Rubber plants
    • Sago Palm
    • Tiger Lily
    • True Ivy
    • Winter, or false Jerusalem, cherry
    • Yew (bush)


    Are Poinsettias Poisonous?

    This is one of our most common questions. Though they have a bad reputation, poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) plants are only mildly toxic to cats and dogs. There can be mild skin, eye, or tummy irritation. Due to the low level of toxicity seen with poinsettia ingestion, medical treatment is rarely necessary unless clinical signs are severe.

    See more about harmful holiday plants.


    Which Plants are Poisonous to Guinea Pigs and Rabbits?

    They CAN eat:

    • Chickweed
    • Coltsfoot
    • Dandelion
    • Goldenrod
    • Green clover
    • Groundsel
    • Mallow
    • Plantain
    • Yarrow
    • Asters
    • Marigolds
    • Nasturtiums
    • Sunflowers
    • Sweet Peas

    They CANNOT eat:

    • Buttercups
    • Deadly nightshade
    • Foxglove
    • Scarlet Pimpernel
    • Flowers of leaves from bulbs, such as tulips
    • Lily of the valley
    • Rhododendrons

    Which Plants are Poisonous to Iguanas?

    Iguanas love fruits and vegetables, but sometimes pet iguanas don’t know the difference between poisonous and not poisonous, as wild iguanas instinctively do.

    Iguanas CANNOT eat:

    • Amaryllis bulbs
    • Apple seeds
    • Avocado pits, peels, foliage
    • Azaleas
    • Christmas Cacti
    • Cyclamens
    • Daffodil bulbs and sap
    • Delphiniums
    • Dumb cane (Dieffenbachia)
    • Foxglove
    • Hyacinth Bulb
    • Hydrangea Flowers
    • Impatiens
    • Ivy (most kinds)
    • Mistletoe berries and foliage
    • Rhododendrons
    • Tomato plant foliage and vines
    • Tulips
    • Wisteria

    Common Signs of Toxicity

    If you’re pet exhibits these signs, they may have eaten something poisonous. Call your vet or the ASPCA poison control center immediately. If possible, bring a sample of the plant and tell the vet staff how much your pet ingested. 

    • Excessive salivation
    • Vomiting
    • Lethargy
    • Rapid Breathing
    • Racing or irregular pulse
    • Cold extremities

    Vulnerability to plant toxicities does depend on pet species, amount digested, and the size of your pet.

    Pet Poison Control Centers

    Please note: This is NOT a complete list!! There are hundreds more plants that could be harmful. 

    You can find a full list and complete toxicity information on the website of a pet poison control center:

    Related Content
    Concerned about common pet pests? See which ones to look out for here.

    Reader Comments

    Leave a Comment

    Just need extra care for our pet.

    What some dog owners may not know is that there are some plants and flowers that are dangerous to our furry family members. It is better to do some research about our garden and plants to prevent dogs from getting poisoned. Also, train your dogs not to eat anything else. In the worst case, call your vet once your dog got poisoned.

    Guinea pigs eating wild flowers like honey suckle.

    Can Guinea pigs eat wild honey suckles? I have some wild ones growing next to the front of my house. I was just wondering but if it is toxic to them then I will not give them any.

    What about nuts?

    Are any nuts safe for pets? I dropped a few peanuts on the floor the other day while cooking; of course with 4 cats in the house those quickly became hockey pucks! I know some dogs love peanut butter; are there any other "pet safe" nuts?

    nuts and pets

    The Editors's picture

    In general, it is good to keep in mind that certain pets may develop allergies, even though a food may be safe overall for an animal species. As to nuts, the ASPCA especially lists macadamia nuts as not good for dogs, as it can cause weakness, tremors, vomiting, hyperthermia, etc. within 12 hours; it isn’t clear if it affects cats, but better to stay away. Black walnuts can also be especially toxic, at least to dogs. Nuts in general are not good for dogs and cats due to high content of oil and fats; the high fat can potentially cause vomiting and diarrhea, or sometimes pancreatitis, or just cause an upset digestive system, as it is not easy for the animal to process the fat. Avoid any moldy nuts or any salted nuts. As for peanut butter, if you do feed it to your pet, be sure that it does not contain xylitol, which is a sweetener that can be toxic to pets. So are there any nuts that cats and dogs can eat? It really depends on the amount and the nut, as well as the animal species and the individual pet. Overall, it’s best to stay away from feeding any nut to a cat or dog; some of them are not toxic, but they can cause stomach upset, or allergies (depending on the pet), or even be a choking hazard. For best advice, we’d recommend consulting with a vet to be extra sure before feeding a nut to Fluffy or Fido. Hope this helps!

    Thank you!

    A good rule of thumb is, if it comes from a bulb/tuber, it's toxic, especially to cats. Doesn't matter if we're talking daffodils or garlic, lilies or vidalias, iris or turmeric--pretty much every bulb or tuber-based plant contains compounds that are lethal to pets, even in small amounts.

    Some of these plants--foxglove, belladonna, Jimson, castor beans, etc.--are also extremely toxic to humans. And since we know human babies are just as likely as our furbabies to see if something's edible by eating it, keep these plants OUT of your home and garden. It's simply not worth the risk!

    norfolk pine

    A few years ago I bought a Norfolk Pine in a pot to have as an indoor Christmas tree. My cat began chewing on it and within days was very ill and almost died. Beware!

    Norfolk pine by other names

    The Editors's picture

    Thanks for bringing this to our attention, Sally. The Norfolk pine is also known as Australian pine, House pine, and Norfolk Island pine all under the same Scientific Name: Araucaria heterophylla  and in the Family: Araucariaceae. You’ll get no argument from us but for the record the ASPCA claims that this plant is non-toxic to both cats and dogs.

    Happy to hear that your cat recovered!

    Chickweed Flowers

    Can Guinea Pigs safely eat the flowers on Chickweed,or is it poisonous to them?

    guinea pig food

    The Editors's picture

    Yes, chickweed is fine for guinea pigs. In fact, it’s quite a tasty treat!  To be positive of what’s best for guinea pigs, check with the humane society.

    I live where there are lots

    I live where there are lots of pine and cedar trees my dog like to chew on pinecones and small twigs that fall from the trees he does not swallow it he chews off pieces and spits it out. Is this a harmful habit?

    Pine (Pinus spp.) is not

    The Editors's picture

    Pine (Pinus spp.) is not listed on the ASPCA toxic plant list for dogs (see below) or on several other sites that focus on pet health, such as lists from some veterinary medicine schools. A few unofficial sites do say that household pine oil, or sap from certain pines might cause problems. As for cedar, it would depend on the genus; true cedar is Cedrus, but many other plants are called cedar, such as junipers (red cedar); there is not much evident that the common name of cedar appears on toxic plant lists for dogs, nor the common name of juniper (Juniperus). For best advice, though, we'd recommend that you talk to your veterinarian about whether these trees/shrubs are toxic to dogs.
    There is, of course, the possibility that your dog might inadvertently choke on the smaller pieces or smaller cones (nothing to do with toxin). In this light, especially if your dog is the enthusiastic type that does everything with gusto, it probably would be good to try to train him not to chew them.

    While pine is not "officially

    While pine is not "officially" listed as toxic, in my 25+ years of rescuing animals, I have found that cats and pine, regardless of type, NEVER mix. Whether they drink from the Christmas tree water, scratch their claws on a pine tree and then lick their paws clean, or start nibbling on the branches, they get extremely sick. No one I know has ever lost a kitty from eating pine, but a few have come very very close!

    Dogs can tolerate it better, but it's still not a good idea for them to eat it. It won't poison your dog to eat the occasional pine cone, but as the staff pointed out, they do pose a choking hazard so be careful.

    Thank you for posting these

    Thank you for posting these lists. I find them extremely helpful. Perhaps we should be noting that there are plants whose very presence can cause an allergic reaction. We purchased Poinsettias from a fundraiser and within a day of setting these two plants on the dining table, our dog developed hives all over her body. The vet innocently asked, "You don't have any poinsettia in the house do you?" They were gone the same day and her hives disappeared soon thereafter.

    My indoor cat thinks wheat

    My indoor cat thinks wheat grass is the best treat ever; she doesn't want catnip or canned food for a treat but wheat grass is always welcome.

    One thing I didn't see on any

    One thing I didn't see on any of the lists is Sansievera aka mother in law's tongue. I had a rabbit that took a chomp out of one and died a day later. The sapoins (natural soap) caused frothing of the mouth.

    Here's another category that

    Here's another category that would be greatly appreciated to have a list like this ... Companion Parrots!

    Foods hazard for Companion Parrots

    I agree as I have 5 companion parrots. Thank you

    I thought rabbits couldn’t

    I thought rabbits couldn’t eat lettuce?

    According to the ASPCA, it's

    The Editors's picture

    According to the ASPCA, it's best to avoid feeding your rabbit iceberg lettuce but the following greens are healthy foods you can feed rabbits: romaine and leaf lettuces, parsley, cilantro, collard greens and dandelion greens.

    can rabbits eat a plant

    can rabbits eat a plant called belladonna o will they die

    Belladonna is very toxic

    The Editors's picture

    Belladonna is very toxic though, interestingly, rabbits eat the plant without severe harmful effects (from what we can see).