Growing Hibiscus

How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Perennial Hibiscus

Hibiscus moscheutos (brightened)
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The hardy perennial hibiscus, also called rose mallow or swamp rose, adds the beauty of a tropical hibiscus to the garden, but can withstand cold winter temperatures that kill the actual tropical varieties. Here’s how to grow hardy hibiscus in your garden!

Perennial hibiscus have big, disc-shaped, hollyhock-like flowers that can be 6 to 12 inches across. The perennial hibiscus species found in gardens are the result of hybridizing native hibiscus species, including Hibiscus moscheutos and H. coccineus.

The larger, more shrub-like hardy hibiscus species, H. syriacus (aka Rose of Sharon), has similar planting and care to the smaller species highlighted in this article. It produces an abundance of smaller flowers and grows into a much larger shrub that doesn’t die back to the ground in winter.

Planting

  • Plants can be purchased from nurseries or started from seed.
  • Seeds can be sown indoors 12 weeks before the last spring frost. See local frost dates.
  • Soak seeds in warm water for one hour before sowing.
  • Seeds can also be sown outdoors after the last expected frost date.
  • Plant the hibiscus where it is not exposed to strong winds to avoid breakage of the long stems.
  • Space plants 2 to 3 feet apart.
  • Mature plants can be divided in the spring.

Care

  • Mulch around the plant to retain moisture and to provide protection for the roots.
  • Water plants deeply and thoroughly.
  • To encourage re-bloom, remove old flowers before they form seed heads or prune plants back by one third after a flush of bloom is finished.
  • In early spring, remove dead stems from established plants and apply a balanced fertilizer.

Pests/Diseases

Recommended Varieties

Wit & Wisdom

  • The plant has been used to soothe headaches, aching limbs, coughs, and inflammations. 
  • Hibiscus tea is made from parts of a different type of hibiscus, Hibiscus sabdariffa—also known as Roselle or Florida Cranberry. It’s native to West Africa, but is now grown across Central America, the Caribbean, and even Florida.
  • In Victorian times, giving a hibiscus blossom to a person meant that the giver was acknowledging the receiver’s delicate beauty. Learn about more about the language of flowers.

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Growing Hibiscus

Botanical Name Hibiscus spp.
Plant Type Shrub
Sun Exposure Full Sun, Part Sun
Soil Type Loamy
Soil pH Slightly Acidic to Neutral
Bloom Time Summer, Fall
Flower Color Multicolor, Pink, Red, White
Hardiness Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
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