For daily wit & wisdom, sign up for the Almanac newsletter.
No content available.
The 54rd Earth Day is Monday, April 22. So, what is Earth Day? How did it come to be? How do we celebrate Earth Day? Find out in this informative article, including 10 tips to make your home planet a better place to live—which is integral to your own health and happiness!
Here at The Old Farmer’s Almanac, we believe that we are stewards of nature, plants, and our lands and that the individual responsibility lies with each of us. Our planet needs our help to thrive. Earth Day activities can range from river cleanups to removals of invasive plants. Learn more below.
The “green things growing” whisper me Of many an earth-old mystery. –Eben Eugene Rexford (1848–1916)
Ever wonder how Earth Day began? The first Earth Day was held on April 22, 1970, when San Francisco activist John McConnell and Wisconsin Senator Gaylord Nelson separately asked Americans to join in a grassroots demonstration. Dealing with dangerously serious issues concerning toxic drinking water, air pollution, and the effects of pesticides, an impressive 20 million Americans—10% of the population—ventured outdoors and protested together.
President Richard Nixon led the nation in creating the Environmental Protection Agency, which followed with successful laws, including the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, and the Endangered Species Act.
McConnell originally had chosen the spring equinox (March 20, 1970), but Nelson chose April 22, which ended up becoming the official celebration date. (Given that the date of the spring equinox changes over time, it may have made things more complicated to go with the astronomical event rather than just a calendar date.)
Today, not only is Earth Day meant to increase awareness of environmental problems, but it is also becoming a popular time for many communities to gather together to clean up litter, plant trees, or simply reflect on the beauty of nature. Further down the page, we’ve provided a list of activities and projects that you can do to improve your local environment!
When Is Earth Day?
Earth Day is always celebrated on April 22. It’s followed closely by Arbor Day, which falls on the last Friday in April.
When Is Earth Day?
Monday, April 22
Tuesday, April 22
Wednesday, April 22
Thursday, April 22
10 Earth Day Activities and Ideas
Celebrate Earth Day by appreciating and respecting the natural world. Here are some ideas to inspire you this year.
1. Support Our Pollinators!
Bring native bees and other pollinating creatures to your garden. One way to do this is by selecting the right plants this season with pollinator-friendly plants. Need ideas?
2. Clean Up Plastic in Your Neighborhood or Local Park
One of the best ways to connect with the Earth is through cleanups. Go on a walk with a trash bag and help to clean up any plastic that you find. Perhaps you know of a nearby ditch or drainage area around the corner that is polluted with trash! You’ll start to realize that plastic permeates every aspect of our lives. But as the world wakes up to its addiction, just how easy is it to ditch plastic while growing and storing more of our own food? Don’t forget to recycle what plastic you can. See a Plastics Recycling Chart.
3. Swap Out Your Kitchen and Household Products!
Let’s talk about the cooking and cleaning products that touch the food we eat as well as our skin. One popular line of kitchen and household products at Wal*mart, Amazon, and other stores is called “If You Care.” Have you seen this product? Everything’s biodegradable and does not use chemicals or plastic. Think 100% recycled aluminum foil, toxic-free parchment paper for baking, compostable bags made with potato starch, and even vegetable-based inks for their packaging. We love the company’s motto: ”We care simply because it’s the right thing to do!” Look for If You Care products next time you’re grocery shopping. See the store locator.
4. Plant a Tree!
We love our trees! They capture carbon, cool overheated places, benefit agriculture, support pollinators, reduce the risk of disease transmission, and boost local economies. Did you know that planting one oak tree brings in more insect and bird species than an entire yard of plants? Talk to your local government about planting more trees and native garden beds in public spaces , or consider planting your own on your property! See advice on how to plant a tree.
Another way to make a difference is to ditch printed seed or plant catalogs. When you receive an unwanted catalog in the mail (especially those huge ones!), contact the company and ask to be removed from their print list.
5. Use Wildflowers and Native Plants
Wildflowers and indigenous species are not only beautiful but also attract native and beneficial insects that improve both pest control and pollination—meaning bigger flowers and better harvests. Try to simply add a couple of native plants to your garden each year, and you’ll be amazed at the difference—they’ll bring in pollinators as well as birds!
Caring about yourself and nature means being less wasteful and saving money, too. Who could argue with this? If you are a gardener, here are just a few ideas:
Buy in bulk when you know that you’ll need a lot of topsoil, mulch, compost, or other materials. This cuts down on plastic bags. Many garden centers will even deliver right to your yard. Also, check with your city recycling center or Department of Transportation—they might offer free compost, soil, sand, or other materials.
Most of the beginner gardeners who we meet want to start growing without chemicals or pesticides—in a way that works and even saves money. Much of this is simply about focusing less on the plant and more on the health of the soil that supports the plant. If it’s nutrient-rich with organic matter, plants thrive.
You don’t need chemicals to get rid of pesky garden pests: Companion planting, natural remedies, and attracting predators to your garden can save you money and also save your plants. See how to control pests in the organic garden.
It’s easy to use an organic plant fertilizer—made from just weeds and water. Does it sound strange to make plant fertilizer by using other plants? This is how nature works! Here’s a simple recipe for DIY organic fertilizer—without using chemicals or animal waste—right from your garden!
Gardening and farming methods such as not tilling the soil, growing cover crops during the off-season, and rotating crops (and grazing) help to retain organic materials in the soil.
We waste a lot of water. Avoid overwatering your plants and improve their health by knowing how much your garden really needs. Avoid watering your garden vegetables and plants from overhead, which invites fungal disease. Water at the soil level.
Harvest your rainwater from a roof, gutters, and sky with a rain barrel. If you have a low-lying area, consider planting a rain garden, which captures runoff, filters out pollutants, and provides food and shelter for butterflies, songbirds, and other wildlife. See plot plans for “sun” and “shade” rain gardens.
9. Think About Your Diet!
About one-third of the food that we produce every year goes to waste annually! Usually, this happens after we buy the food. How do we avoid waste in our own lives (and save money)? Also, how can we improve our diet so that it’s healthier for ourselves (and the planet)? One way is to care about your “foodprint,” which is the result of everything that it takes to get your food from the farm to your plate. Take this fun 3-minute Foodprint Quiz to find out your foodprint.
Wish a friend a Happy Earth Day! Send them an email or share one of these beautiful quotes!
The thirsty earth soaks up the rain, And drinks, and gapes for drink again. The plants suck in the earth and are With constant drinking fresh and fair. –Abraham Cowley (1618–67)
Summer, fall, winter, spring, The seasons rotate as each brings Its special beauty to this Earth of ours. Winter’s snow and summer’s flowers; Frozen rivers will flow come spring, There is a renewal of everything. –Edna Frohock (1906–97)
The season comes when, from her three-month trance, The Earth awakens: already her deep heart Begins to stir, and send its life abroad. –Thomas Buchanan Read (1822–72)
While the bright radiant sun in centre glows, The earth in annual motion round it goes; At the same time on its own axis reels, And gives us change of seasons as it wheels. –The 1793 Old Farmer’s Almanac
It’s an earth song,— And I’ve been waiting long for an earth song. It’s a spring song,— And I’ve been waiting long for a spring song. Strong as the shoots of a new plant Strong as the bursting of new buds Strong as the coming of the first child from its mother’s womb. It’s an earth song, A body song, A spring song, I have been waiting long for this spring song. –Langston Hughes (1902–67)