Planting, Growing, and Harvesting Raspberries



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Raspberries are relatively easy to grow and—with proper care—can bear fruit indefinitely! Though raspberry bushes are naturally inclined to grow in cooler climates, the plants now come in many varieties suited to a range of planting zones.

There are two types of raspberries, both with their own specific requirements for growing: 

  1. Summer-fruiting raspberries bear one crop per season, in summertime (often June or July).
  2. Ever-bearing raspberries (also called fall-bearing or primocane-fruiting) bear a fall crop and can also produce fruit the following summer.

Most raspberries are summer-bearing varieties and all are self-fertile, meaning you’ll get fruit with only one variety. They’re best pollinated by bees, and will start producing fruit a year after planting.

All raspberries will need pruning annually! Raspberries are perennials, however it’s important to realize that their branches (or canes) which bear the fruit live for only two summers. During the first year, the new green cane (primocane) grows vegetatively. The cane develops a brown bark, is dormant in winter, and during the second growing season is called a floricane. The floricane produces fruit in early to mid summer and then dies. New primocanes are produced each year, so fruit production continues year after year. It’s your job to prune out those dead canes each year.


  • Raspberry plants can be purchased as dormant, bare-root plants or as potted plants. Plant bare-root transplants in the early spring as soon as the soil can be worked. Plant potted transplants in the spring after threat of frost has passed. (See your local frost dates.)
  • Pick a site with full sun to produce the most fruit. The plant will grow in part shade, but harvests will be meager.
  • Your site needs rich and well-drained soil, great air circulation, and shelter from wind. Avoid a wet area, as well as a windy spot, as raspberries do not like to stand in water nor dry out.
  • Prepare soil with a couple inches of compost or aged manure a couple weeks before planting. (A good rate is about 3 ½ cubic feet of compost per 100 square feet.) Till the soil well before planting.
  • Plant far from wild growing berries, otherwise risk the spread of pests and diseases to your garden.
  • Before planting, soak the roots for an hour or two.
  • Dig a hole that is roomy enough for the roots to spread.
  • Whether you’re planting bare-root or potted plants, keep the crown of the plant 1 or 2 inches above the ground.
  • Space red and yellow raspberry plants from 2 to 3 feet apart, in rows 8 feet apart. Space black and purple types 4 feet apart.
  • Depending on the variety you plant, you may need to fashion a support. A trellis or a fence are good options. If you chose to use one of these, establish them at or before time of planting so the plants are not disturbed when maturing.


  • Mulching is important throughout the season to conserve moisture and suffocate weeds. Keep a thick layer of mulch surrounding plants at all times.
  • Water one inch per week from spring until after harvest. Regular watering is better than deep soaking.
  • The roots send up an abundant amount of shoots, called canes. Keep order by pruning away the majority of them, so that the survivors can produce lots of berries.


Summer-Bearers produce berries on two year old canes while one year old canes grow right beside them. You shouldn’t have trouble telling which is which: the older canes have brown stems, and the young ones are still green. Prune only the older ones, the ones that have finished their fruitful year.

  • Red raspberries: Prune any time after the last harvest and before growth begins in the spring. Cut all canes that produced fruit to the ground. Thin to 6 sturdy canes per hill (per foot of row). In areas where winter injury is common, you may delay thinning the primocanes until the following spring, when you will be able to tell which canes have survived. Before growth starts in spring, cut the canes to about 12 inches above the support. Don’t cut back more than 25% of each cane, to avoid reducing yield.
  • Black and purple raspberries: When primocanes are between 24 to 30 inches in height, pinch out the tip of each shoot to induce branching. This will make the fruit easier to pick and increase production. After harvest, cut down all canes that bore fruit to ground level. Before growth begins the following spring, cut back all side branches so they are 12 to 18 inches long. Select 6 canes per hill, and prune out the rest. Tie these canes to the support system.

Ever-bearing or fall-bearing raspberries 

  • This is easy. Just cut all canes to the ground any time after harvest and before growth begins in the spring. They give fruit on canes which are in their first year of growth, after which there is no reason to keep them. Mow them to the ground or use pruning shears for a small patch.
  • Clean up all debris—diseases and pests overwinter.
  • Pruning is not required during the growing season unless you want to keep a uniform order.

Note: The above assumes you are harvesting a fall crop. To get both fall and following summer crop, do not remove the primocanes that produced the fall crop. Prune them back in spring to about 12 inches above the support, or to the last visible node that had fruit, cutting off the dead tips.


Raspberries are one of the few fruits that are hardly bothered by pests and diseases. (Black raspberries are more susceptible to this type of damage than red or purple.)

  • Keep an eye out for spider mites and Japanese beetles from June through August.
  • Rabbits love to eat the canes in winter. A chicken wire fence will help prevent rabbit damage.
  • Powdery Mildew
  • Cane Borers


  • All varieties will begin to produce fruit in their second season. In some cases, ever-bearers may bear small berries in their first autumn.
  • In early summer, berries will ripen over a time of about 2 weeks. You will need to pick berries every couple of days.
  • Try to harvest berries on a sunny day, when they are dry.
  • Don’t tug too hard on your raspberries when picking. A ripe raspberry will leave the vine willingly.
  • Raspberries can be kept refrigerated for about 5 days.
  • If the fruit is to be made into preserves, it should be done straight off the plant.
  • Raspberries can be frozen. As with freezing blueberries, make a single layer of berries on a cookie sheet. When frozen, place into airtight bags.

Recommended Varieties

Wit & Wisdom

Raspberries are a great source of dietary fiber and Vitamin C and they may help to protect against disease. Check out the Raspberries: Health Benefits page to learn how healthy raspberries really are!


Reader Comments

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Raspberries dieing out

First time ever since I have had raspberry bushes. Seem like they all dried out for some reason. No insects whatso ever. I prunned them this spring just don't understand why this is happening. We love our raspberries.

dried out raspberry patch

Our first best guess, Gladys, is the soil. Is if sufficiently organic, composted, and rich?? See specifics above. And did the canes get sufficient water? (How much? hard to measure—maybe an inch a week.) If the soil is properly prepared it will hold moisture better than poor soil, even it you do not water and it does not rain.

You say you see no bugs o your plants…that’s good but if your canes are dried up and wilting, it could be verticillium wilt, caused by a soilborne fungus. You might have introduced the fungus into the soil with the plants… it’s possible and difficult to confirm. If that’s the case, it might be best—if possible—to start the patch elsewhere, with proper soil and disease-free stock.

Wish we had better news!

How long does a raspberry patch last

My raspberries continue to do well. I believe I have had them for 30 years. Recently I heard that most raspberry patches last only 15 -20 years. Should I be giving starts to friends who would like to start their own backyard raspberries?

giving away plants

You must be doing everything right, Neil! You could certainly thin out your raspberry patch by giving some away. Raspberries spread by runners, so lift them with plenty of root. And remember, it would take while for one to be many, so maybe give friends a few person. 

Winter die back

We bought a house in CO (elevation 7,000ft) that had neglected fruit trees and a raspberry plant. We were only able to save a few of the trees, and the raspberry died back to the ground last winter. It is sprouting many leaves, and I hope to care for it so it can produce fruit next year. Can I cover it with a mound of straw or something this winter to protect it from the severe cold? I have no idea what type it is.

Raspberry Canes

Hi Tracy,

Congratulations on your new house! It wouldn’t hurt to mound straw, mulch, or compost around the base of the plant. However, it may be going through it’s natural life cycle: Raspberry plants are biennials. Raspberry plants grow in long canes, growing during the first year and producing fruit during the second. After the two years, they die, leaving their seeded fruit or runners to continue the cycle. Your plant may be in its second year of life. 

Replanting raspberries in diseased patch

I have a raspberry patch at is about 16-17 years old. It produced extremely well until a couple years ago. I'm certain that a disease has gone through the entire patch. Very few berries for second straight year. Primo canes are getting yellow leaves, then they drop off and cane seems to die. I have about 20 percent of the plant density I used to have

Just three years ago I was picking 5-6 quarts from this patch every other day during the peak. I'd like to remove everything this fall and replant with some yellow in half of the patch and red in the other half in spring next year. This is really the only spot in my yard logical for raspberries

Any suggestions? Will disease carry over on this spot?

Diseased Raspberries – Verticillium Wilt

Unfortunately, your symptoms sound like a textbook case of Verticillium wilt—a soil-borne fungal infection that causes leaf drop, stem death, and sub-par fruiting in a great number of fruits and vegetables. Sadly, nothing can be done for an infected plant, and Verticillium wilt is capable of remaining in the soil for many years, so we would recommend planting any new raspberry plants as far as possible from the diseased patch.

When you remove the infected plant, consider replacing it with Verticillium-resistant plants, like irises, lilies, carrots, beans, or lettuce. A number of other common vegetables and flowers are also resistant.

Raspberry plants dying

2 years ago I planted 6 heritage raspberry plants. The first year they seem to die, but came back in the spring, had a lot of foliage, and produced a medium sized fall crop. I cut them back to the ground during the winter and mulched with straw from the feed store. This spring I saw the straw I had on them for mulch started growing... we noticed it was full of seed pods and took it all off and weeded well. We replaced it with white wood shavings. Now the plants are 20 inches tall and look like they are dying. The lower leaves are wilting and turning brown. Any ideas what could be causing this ... We have had a wet warm spring so I don't think they became dry at any time. Any help is appreciated.

Wet 'n' Dry Challenges

Hi, Lee: Thank you for this question and your detailed description, including history. It seems as though one of two things is happening here, or perhaps both. We don’t know the condition of your canes, but your description of the leaves can indicate a disease or infestation of some sort. Assuming that you’re not noticing any insect pests, this would leave fungi and all manner of soilborne afflictions, of which there are many. Perhaps–by coincidence–your straw left something behind. More likely, though–and here’s #2–your canes simply became too wet, a condition that itself encourages fungi and that is encouraged by the wood chips, which act like a sponge. If it were us, we would do three things: (1) pull out and dispose of the wood chips, to get rid of both the sponge and any bad things in them; (2) try to find an organic fungicide that is safe for edible produce; and (3) contact your local USDA county extension service to see if they have more localized advice. We would also add a fourth–making sure that your soil drainage is OK–but your previous success with these plants would seem to indicate that this is not a problem. Just for the record, we have had two large and prolific patches at some distance from each other for decades and have never used mulch on them. Thanks again, and good luck!


I moved into a house that has beautiful raspberry bushes. I have to pick daily but I can't figure out how to store them other than freezing them because they get so mushy. They are wonderful straight off the plant but not that great even an hour later.

a surfeit of raspberries

Lucky you! Freeze them this way: Put a single layer on a sheet pan. Put that into the freezer. When the raspberries are frozen transfer them to an airtight container or bag and return them to the freezer until you’re ready to use them. Repeat as needed with each harvest. They may clump a bit over time but they should not get mushy until thawed but even then some will retain some shape. Frozen or fresh, you can cook them up; here are are few recipes (including one with a sauce you can make and freeze): http://www.almanac.com/search/site/raspberries

If none of these ideas catch your fancy, call us and we’ll take bushels of those berries off your hands!

Raspberry Plants

This has been terrific and helpful for me to read - so much information about the raspberries. Something that I wonder about is regarding the small size of my berries. My plants are producing raspberries that are so small, they aren't even worth eating! What do I need to do to change this?

Small Raspberries

Small berries can be a result of unsatisfactory growing conditions, like too little sunlight, too little water, or too much nitrogen in the soil, as well as other factors, like too little pollination or infection by damaging insects and viruses. It could also be the case that your raspberry plants need more pruning (see above for tips). Make sure they’re getting enough water, sun, and low-nitrogen fertilizer. If that doesn’t help in future seasons, you may need to get some new plants.

removing old cut down canes from the patch

We have spent the day cutting last year canes from our patch. This is not an ever berrying patch. Is it necessary to remove the old canes out of the patch or could they be left on the ground as a mulch? Eileen

Raspberry Canes

Hi Eileen,

It is not necessary to remove the old canes; they will not prevent new shoots from sprouting. If you prefer a cleaner garden look, you may wish to remove the old growth, but there is no reason to otherwise.

new to raspberries

I just purchased 6 Heritage raspberry plants in pots but am confused on pruning. It seems some of the comments are prune the brown cane this coming winter all the way to the ground leaving the new canes but other comments seem to suggest cutting the old cane down by 75%. Being totally new to this, can you clarify plus can you tell me if the plants should be fertilized and if so, what to use?

Heritage care

‘Heritage’ raspberries are the everbearing, or fall-bearing, type, meaning that they will produce berries on the old canes (called floricanes) in early summer, and you will get a second crop, this time from the new canes (called primocanes), in late summer/fall. So, a cane of this variety will produce fruit in late summer/fall of its first year, and then again in early summer of its second year. However, the second year crop is not as good in quality as the fall crop from the previous year, and produces less; it also is more prone to certain raspberry pests. Therefore, many gardeners simply prune out the second-year canes during the dormant season in winter/early spring, in order to have a better quality, larger yield in fall. If, however, you choose to harvest that second year, then leave those canes to produce your early summer crop. (Some gardeners trim the laterals of the second-year canes back a few inches.) New canes will also be developing in spring; select about 5 or so of the best ones and remove the others: these will produce your fall crop.

Note that the first year, the canes will fruit on the upper half, while the next year, they will fruit on the lower part; the upper part of the cane that has fruited will die back. Therefore, some gardeners trim back the deadened tips of those canes during the winter, before the second crop is produced the next growing season. Also note that plants should not be pruned the first year you place them in the garden, except to take out dead or damaged wood, so that they can focus on establishing themselves.

As to how far down to prune a cane once it has done fruiting, cut back to as close to the ground as possible, so that any buds that break will be from below the soil line. Otherwise, if buds break from the portion above the soil, the canes that result are usually weak and unproductive.

Before planting, working lots of organic matter into the soil, such as composted manure. Then each year in early spring before growth starts, apply fertilizer again. What you need will depend somewhat on your soil, as well as your crop. It helps to test your soil first to see if there are any deficiencies. In general for raspberries, you can apply 50 to 100 pounds well-rotted cow or horse manure or something like 4 to 5 pounds 10-10-10 per 100 foot row.

Hope this helps!


Raspberry shoots that should have bore fruit this summer, died of this winter in Oaklawn, Illinios. Do you know what caused this?

Post Mortem

Hi, Ray: You don’t say how old this growth was, but sometimes new growth can be killed by cold. More likely than not, though, your canes became diseased last year and died for that reason. Thanks for asking and sorry for your loss.

Should I plant near my house?

I have a great bed for planting my raspberry bushes but it is along a portion of my deck that is attached to the house. Is it okay to plant them close to the house? What are the pros and cons?

my berry plant doesn't put off underground shoots for new plant

I don't have any new plants this year. What am I doing wrong. Usually i have them coming up all over my garden.

raspberry mystery

That is odd. Could some animal be nibbling the shoots as they appear? Herbicides applied? Cultivation around the raspberries that may have chopped the roots underground? Check the health of your bushes–perhaps they are under stress. Has the winter been challenging for the plants, or has the weather been cold than warm than cold, for example, that might be confusing them? If so, perhaps they might recover and their roots start to explore soon.

how many canes to leave

"Prune in the fall. Leave about 6 of the thickest, strongest green canes." Is this per foot of row? Thanks for your help.

pruning raspberries

Good question! We meant that it’s best to leave 6 canes per per hill (per foot of row). You can prune anytime between the end of harvest and the start of new growth in the spring. We’ve revised the pruning information above to add more detail.

Transplant berries from pot to garden

I recently bought some raspberry plants in 7 inch deep, 6 inch wide pots (1 per pot).
When removed from the pot, the roots were tightly packed in a wad of soil the size of
the pot. So when planting each one in the garden, which approach is better - plant the
whole wad as is, or remove as much as possible of the dirt wad (it doesn't break off
easily) so as to "free" the roots? Thanks for any advice.

potbound plants

If the roots are tightly wound around the rootball (where they were touching the pot’s edges), then it is a good idea to help straighten them out a bit, although you’d probably want to keep as much original soil as possible. If a plant is severely potbound (aka rootbound), first soak the soil for several minutes to dampen it, so that it is not a hard ball and becomes more workable. Then with your fingers, tease open some of the outer roots to that they don’t circle the ball, but instead lie vertical (don’t worry if some roots break, but try to keep them intact. Work on several, but not all of the roots visible on the outside). Some gardeners then make a vertical shallow cut with a knife through any still-circling roots about halfway down the rootball, doing this along several sites (maybe in about 3 or 4 places) around the ball. If the bottom of the ball has lots of roots, too, tease them apart as you can; then at the bottom of the ball, in the center, push your thumbs up into the rootball until you reach almost halfway up and then pull the rootball apart sideways slightly (not drastically). Then, when planting, spread out the rootball so that the two semi-separated halves surround a small mound of soil placed in the center of the planting hole. After planting, water thoroughly, and give the plant a lot of TLC to help it recover from this treatment. Good luck!

Hot weather

I've bought a yellow fallgold raspberry plant a few days ago. But i wonder will it survive in hot weather. I live in malaysia and March is hot and dry about 28 to 35 degree celcius.

planting early...

I'm in southwest Ohio. I just picked up a small starter Heritage plant. I heard I shouldn't plant until after the last frost day (end of April), can I start this plant in a larger pot in the house?

bare-root raspberry care

Rather than fool the roots by putting them into soil, Jim, moisten them, wrap them in newspaper (it holds the moisture), then put them into a plastic bag and keep them in a cool place. Before you plant them, separate the roots and soak them in a bucket of water for about an hour. The last frost day is based on averages; it’s not guaranteed or absolute. As noted above, you can plant when soil temps are above 45°F. If a heavy frost is forecast, cover the plants.

thanks for the quick reply,

thanks for the quick reply, much appreciated

Pruning raspberrys

I am a member of a community garden.
We have about 15 neglected raspberry plants.
I think they are 3 years old
No one known if they are ever bearing or not.

They have not been pruned.

Since the plants were not pruned last fall, would it be ok to prune them this spring?
I am in colorado, where we can have a crazy spring. Warm on day and a blizzard the next.
Thank you

Save those berries!

Since you missed the fall, Susan, better to prune in the spring than not at all. Do it at your earliest convenience. Treat the canes to a compost blanket and water well after. Water the plants if drought conditions develop. You may or may not get a harvest this year, yet if so, it might come in late summer (not mid). Nonetheless, it’s worth the effort: your TLC could return these plants to regular production. Good luck!

Harvesting raspberry by air

Hi Everyone,
We have a quite a big raspberry field and have always had problems with the pickers. Now, we are planning to build a harvester, which uses the power of the air to harvest the ripe raspberries.
The only issue we have in the planning process is that we dont really want to test different sized of air blowers, you know, the price of it isnt really easy to pay...
What do you think, with what size of air blower should we go first? We dont want to buy a little one, for the fear of being to small, also dont really wanna go with too big, as it is expensive and may be waste of money and sources.
Thank you in advance!



This spring will be the third year for my raspberry plant. It's summer-bearing and produced heavily last summer. It will outgrow the garden this year... I'm thinking about digging up the entire plant, dividing it into several plants, and relocating them to another area with more space. If I do, and keep the new canes from last summer, will they produce fruit this spring? Or will the trauma of the move prevent fruiting this year regardless of the existing canes?

Thank you

Transplant Shock

You are right to wonder about the fruiting performance of newly transplanted canes. It is likely they will put most of their energy into getting established (root production). You may see a bit of fruiting, but be prepared for that not being the case. Perhaps you could transplant the older canes this spring, leaving the two-year canes to fruit, then move then next spring … just a thought!

still ripening raspberries

Hi. I have a lot of pale pale apricot raspberries that are still ripening. We will have three nights in the 20's this week, and I am wondering if I cut those branches and bring them inside in a vase, will they finish ripening inside? Or, will they survive the freeze? I live in South Lake Tahoe

ripening raspberries

Hmm. Good question! I’m not a botanist, but here are my thoughts. Raspberries do not ripen once picked. If the berries were still attached on a branch, but that branch did not have access to nutrients etc. from the main plant, it is unclear whether they would indeed continue to ripen. Would the branch have enough of what the berries needed to mature? It would be a good experiment! You might try a few branches, but otherwise, you can try covering your bushes with garden frost blankets overnight, and perhaps protect the base with a thick layer of straw. Good luck!

Raspberry Canes

If the canes don't produce till 2 years old and you save the one year old canes, why would you mow them all down at the end of the season??

Raspberry Canes

Hi Brian,

If you want to have two crops (a light crop in early June and an heavier crop in September), leave 1st-year canes unpruned. For a fall crop only, mow all canes down to 2 to 3 inches after the fall harvest.

when to plant Raspberries in my climate

I live in an area that gets as hot as 95F now a days and as cold as freezing with a little snow in the winter. I want to know if it is OK to plant Raspberry plants in the fall, like October.

heat-tolerant raspberries

It sounds like you are in a USDA Plant Hardiness Zone that is more southern. To learn about USDA hardiness zones, see: http://www.almanac.com/content/plant-hardiness-zones

Although in general raspberries do best in cooler climes, their growth slowing in high summer heat, there are some that offer heat tolerance and have a less of a chilling requirement in winter. Check with your local nursery about cultivars appropriate for your area. Heat-tolerant cultivars include ‘Bababerry’, ‘Dorman Red’, and ‘Oregon 1030’.

Most sources say that early spring (when the plants are still dormant), is the best time to plant raspberries. However, you can plant them in fall (again, when plants are dormant) before the ground freezes, or in the South, in late winter.


We have a thornless raspberry variety. Do they need cutting in fall to the ground? I am disappointed that they are not producing. We have not cut them so they are real tall around 6-7 feet tall.

Growing Jewel Raspberries

Thank you for your information. My wife and I bought a Jewel variety raspberry plant and have placed it in a large planter pot. The pot was rocked at the bottom and I used a mixture of top soil, peat and some potting soil. I think I put a little manure compost in too. The plant is flourishing and has a 4 to 5 foot vine growing as well as others. I was thinking of leaving it in the pot and trelising it. I thought I could winterize it better that way and keep weeds/bugs out. Full sun is limited. I have a spot in mind behind our shed that would give full sunrise to midway and heat from the back of the shed. What do you think? Thank You

What would be the reason a

What would be the reason a large berry farmer would nth pick his crop?

Harvesting berries (or not)

Sometimes farmers do not harvest berries because they missed the market timing or because weather (such as hail) badly affected their crops and it costs too much to hire laborers for a poor crop. There are a various reasons but it is very difficult to see crop waste, isn’t it? 

small fruit

I'm sorry I was confusing. Thanks for your reply. My plants have large fruit lower on the canes, but they become smaller toward the top of the canes. That fruit will only ripen as tiny, hard berries (not useable), so I wondered if I snipped them off, would the energy from the plant be better used to ripen the other fruit.

Small Fruit

Hi Kathryn,

Yes, go ahead and cut the undesirable fruit off. You have the right idea–the plant will use that energy in another capacity, to the betterment of its overall health.

My raspberry plants keep dying! PLEASE HELP!

I just bought 3 heritage raspberry plants and I amended the soil with composted manure, perlite, peat moss, sand, and organic bone meal phosphorus, sulfur, and nitrogen. And I gave it some seaweed and fish fertilizer for the potassium and some of my worm poop from my worm bin. I made sure that it was very well draining because the first time I tried growing raspberry plants I don’t know what I did wrong but I suspect that it was too wet so I fixed it but I live in Vegas and it’s so hot that I have to water a lot because I didn’t want it to be too wet just to save myself the time for the extra watering. Anyways I placed them in to their own 5 gallon containers and put those trellis’ in so they would have plenty of support when they grow. And almost immediately the leaves started to curl up and get crispy so I checked the soil and I took them out and re-amended the soil with more perlite and put little crushed up cups on the bottom for more drainage. Then replanted them but the the leaves kept getting crispy and eventually would fall off if I touched them. And I felt the soil and it was dry so now I’m going to make sure that I give it more water because it’s draining faster but with the heat it is becoming dry a lot faster. I was wondering if they will be able to come back and grow again or is it to late and just try again? I’m hoping that if I keep watering them and make sure that they don’t dry out again that they will eventually be able to grow again..? I’m afraid that the shock of being too wet and then too dry killed them and I have to spend more money for new plants!? Please help me tell me what I can do to save them or at least make sure that the new plants won’t die!? Thanks I really appreciate any help you may have for me!

Potted Raspberries

Hi Nicole,

They could bounce back. I suggest maintaining a consistent watering schedule, and giving them until the end of the season to recover from all that activity. You might end up with some new growth, which will fruit the following year, if healthy. I would like to note that raspberries have a sprawling root system that a five-gallon bucket won’t likely accommodate over time.

Variety of raspberries

Is it here a way to tell which variety of bush I have? It has spread rapidly since I planted but has not produced many berries, probably because I have not trimmed the bushes. I just picked 5 berries and that is about all I've gotten to veer the past 3 or 4 years.
Thanks for any info you can give me. I sure miss my mom. She would know!

Determining Variety

Hi Susan,

You are wise to want to know which variety you are dealing with, as that will tell you what to expect from your shrub. I suggest taking a few photos to share with a horticulturist at a local nursery (known for its knowledgeable staff). Get a good shot of whatever fruit it might have, the size of the leaves, and its overall growing habit. You might also consider getting onto a fertilizing schedule–that might help speed things along!

Removing some brambles from raspberries

My raspberry pants have tiny, hard brambles, especially at the end of the canes. If I remove them, will it encourage the larger brambles to grow better?

Small Fruit

Hi Kathryn,

If I understand you correctly, you have small hard berries and are wondering if removing them will enable the plant to produce bigger fruit. (Bramble is a term for the entire group of plants in the Rhus genus, which is why I am a bit unclear.) If it is small fruit you are dealing with, the best thing to do is wait to prune your canes at the right time. Two-year-old canes produce fruit, then die off to be replaced with new canes, which will fruit in two years. So, after a fruiting cane starts to die back, cut it to the ground. Taking the fruit that you have off now will not result in new fruit. Hope that helps!

Raspberry Planting

I have purchased and planted my raspberry plants next to a west facing precast concrete wall. The leaves on the main stem of the plant are shriveling up, while there is still lots of new leaves and evidence of new growth elsewhere. Is the heat reflected from the wall killing my plants?

Raspberry Plants

It’s doubtful your plants are dying, as raspberries are very vigorous and can thrive in pretty tough conditions. If you have just recently planted them, they may be experiencing transplant shock. It could be the heat that is causing leaf curl. Try watering a bit more than usual. New growth is a good sign. If a single cane dies, prune it out. Chances are good another will take its place in no time!

Wild or domestic

We have a small patch of wild yellow raspberries (south west Ohio) that has been growing for @ 30 years. I want to build a pond where they are so I picked lots of berries this year to plant. Is it best to purchase domestic berries instead for their larger size and resistance to diseases or keep our wild yellow ones? If keeping the wild ones, would it be best to grow from the seeds or clippings? I'm doubtful I can move the plants but want to have a couple of years worth of trial and error of growing before we dig up the plants. Thank you so much,

Yellow gold

Kevin, we’re thinking you should than your lucky stars: Yellow (aka gold) raspberries are rare and desirable. There are several varieties, and it’s difficult to impossible for us to know what you’ve got. (Fallgold is one.)  But taste them! They are used like red raspberries, usually in sweet dishes—or out of hand. That they are “wild” on your property should not deter you from keeping them. And 30 years is a pretty good run!. Consider that something right there is working for them—the soil, the sun, the water that may fall (and, we’re thinking, pool a bit, keeping the roots moist—is this a lot spot?? Thinking this because you’re considering a pond there…). So you might not have the same success elsewhere. Just a thought. And, per chance we misunderstand: You know that to transplant them you should dig up/lift the root, right?? 

This web site has a lot on raspberries, including the yellow/gold ones. (It’s from Michigan Coop Ext; Ohio’s services were not as indepth): http://www.extension.umn.edu/garden/yard-garden/fruit/raspberries-for-th...

Hope this helps. And, ah, send over any extras, pullease!

Feeding and producing.

Couple things, what levels of N/P/K should they be feed also how often, and one either kind (we have both) does it help to dead head or anything like that to produce more berries like on a rose bush?


I have a row of raspberries 25 feet long. The ends of the row produce nice big berries. The center I get these little tiny berries. what can I do to get nice big berries the full length of the row

Raspberry bush

My son bought me a raspberry bush! It is now June. Can I plant it or should I wait until early fall? Thank you, Angelo

when to plant raspberries

Plant the raspberry now. It will have time to grow new roots before winter. Keep the plant watered and add mulch around it. This will keep the soil moist and will also protect the plant during the winter months. 


Do I need for fertilize my berry bushes ? My blueberry bushes love coffee ground. Thinking maybe the raspberries do too.

Coffee Grounds for Raspberries

Your raspberries will probably benefit from the coffee grounds as well, as the grounds add nitrogen to the soil and are a natural fertilizer. You don’t need to do it, but feel free to give it a shot! It can’t hurt.

How to

I bought two Wilmettes from a big box store. I generally don't buy fruit plants but I love raspberries and figured "Why not?!" Thank you for such an informative post. I feel more encouraged and informed.

Output per plant

A big hello all the way from Kenya! I am planting my raspberries in a greenhouse since space is limited and I need to be sure that watering happens when it is supposed to.
Question. What is the output per kg per plant/month/year?
I had previously planted Chandler variety of strawberries, which turned out to be quite stressful. Are the pests the same? Snails :( spider mites etc or are raspberries different?

Thank you!


The pests are different. You say snails but here in northeast Ohio we have their homeless cousins...slugs. I've had raspberries for years and the slugs don't bother them too much but they loved my strawberries. Raspberries seem to attract ants around here. The birds don't bother them too much because a nearby mulberry tree gets ripe just before my raspberries do. Ocassionally I'll have to chase a robin out of the berries but not often.

For you my biggest concern would be the limited space. You'll have to stay on top of things because they love to spread. I planted a few black and red raspberries and before I knew it I had a berry patch half the size of my house.

As far as production I can't answer you there. My berries start getting ripe in June and continue for about a month (maybe). I've never tried to estimate the amount. I don't eat them (or strawberries) I just grow them for my wife. Good luck!


Hi Anne,

I'm also a raspberry farmer in Kenya and was doing strawberries earlier! Maybe we can exchange some ideas?

Birds eat my raspberries

Last year I tried netting over the bushes but birds still got in. It was hard to pick the berries. What else can I do?

Birds Eat Rasberries

Birds are highly intelligent problem solvers. If they want something bad enough, they will do whatever they can to get to it. However, wind-chimes, especially the reflective kind, disturb them, cats also disturb them. And I'm thinking these garden decorative balls that are highly reflective will also disturb them. (Because if they see movement, but don't recognize what it is, it will trigger their flight response.) Also, putting feeders strategically away from crops will attract more birds to your property, and more birds will draw in more birds of prey. But if you put this activity outside line of site of the crops you want to contract, and more on a street, or barren driveway, and so on, they will feast on bugs exposed on pavement, and the seed from your feeders. A lot of bird-species seems to be territorial even if they aren't birds of prey, and so if you attract birds that really love specific seeds, they'll end up fighting for roosting space with black birds like crows that will eat everything they possibly can. Ideally you combine these strategies, if you can afford them all, because then you're making some feeding opportunities riskier than others, and birds will quite happily be gluttons for the easier meal. (Between the cats I have, and the wild berry and muskdine vines growing in my treeline/hedge acreage, they don't bother with the more groomed crops I care more about. They seem to prefer wild-growth, and I don't blame them because some of muskydine vines shoot all the way up to the canopy of trees, and blackberry vines grow as large and tall as hedges, if left to grow wild. If you work against nature, fighting it will be a full-time job, but if you sacrifice a little property in order to roll with it, you can still generate a good harvest. So, the real key is understanding the wildlife around you. (whatever that may be)


In another comment I mentioned to Anne that I don't have a problem with birds because a nearby mulberry tree gets ripe about a week or two before my berries do. The birds just flock to that tree and only rarely do I see a robin in my berry patch. So....you may want to invest in a mulberry tree and hope it produces soon. Or maybe a birdfeeder to attract them to it instead of the berries.

Those are just some thoughts but I think one thing that really does help is picking berries often. I try to get to them early in the morning before the birds do and then I may do a light picking again in the evening. They're like us, they want a ripe berry and tend to leave the unripe ones alone.

Cross pollination

I have a long row of an old, red, thornless variety of raspberry. My neighbor is bringing me 20 golden raspberry plants, and I was planning on placing them in a long row beside the red, 6 feet apart. Am I going to end up with some ugly pink or orange berry due to cross pollination, or am I okay doing this?

Thorny Question

Hi, Sara: This really depends on a number of factors, including the exact types of raspberries that you will start with. It sounds to us like there will be some inevitable cross-pollination, but what results may not be bad and all, and also may be varied. Good luck!

How early

I live in North Dakota - zone 4 - and bought raspberries that I'd like to plant as early as possible. Is late March, early April okay?

planting raspberries

Plan to plant bare root raspberries (dormant) in early spring, when soil temperatures are above 45F and air temperatures remain above at least 20F.  If you bought container-grown plants, plant them after the last expected spring frost. To find your frost dates, go to: http://www.almanac.com/gardening/frostdates


raspberry and strawberry growing

I read your recommendations on how to plant these plants.I really enjoyed reading it. I have a small garden in which I'd like to grow berries.best wishes,Ravanbakhsh.

raspberry and intense sun- heat

I am starting over with a new group of Heritage raspberries. We get real hot weather and intense sun. My berry bushes burnt in full sun. Then I moved them to mostly shade and they got bushy but no berries for 3 years. So with my new canes I want to plant them in another spot with morning sun afternoon shade - so my question is will this work if the area gets less than 6 hours of sun light ?

Most raspberries need as much

Most raspberries need as much sun as possible. But if you live in a region that gets intense sun most of the day it is  better to plant them in part shade and give them morning sun. Water is very important and especially during hot weather. Good luck!

Row spacing

I have a 2ft wide bed of Heritage red raspberries that were trellised during the growing season and then cut down to the ground this winter. This spring I would like to add another row of the same berries. I've read that the minimum spacing for red raspberries is 6 ft between rows. Do I really need that much space between rows? It would seem like I could get by with less space since the canes will be cut down to the ground each year and also trellised. I do want to be able to get between the rows comfortably for picking and bed management. I am a home gardener with no need to fit commercial equipment between rows. Please advise and many thanx!

It’s important to have good

It’s important to have good air circulation and direct sun on your bushes. The 6 feet between the rows will allow for this. You can maybe plant the raspberries 5 feet apart if that lets you get between the rows to mow and weed.

Varieties of Raspberries

Does anyone know of a guide to what types of raspberries grow in the wild by region?

I'm trying to identify a smaller, shinier raspberry-looking berry that grows locally here in CT and NY.

berry identification

For a good guide to raspberry varities in the Northeastern region, Google “Cornell Guide to Growing Fruit at Home.”  However, this doesn’t cover wild berries. From what you’re describing, this may be a wineberries. See this page: http://extension.psu.edu/cumberland/news/2011/wineberries

Could raspberries be grown in Central America?

I live in British Columbia & am thinking of selling here & moving south & try to become self sufficient but the only problem is leaving behind our pears, apples, blueberries & raspberries. I realize we have longer days here in the summer & all of our plants go dormant for a few months. Would it be possible to build a 10' greenhouse that could put a tarp over it to deflect the sun & have a freezer motor to drop the temperature? Would they then produce fruit? I realize they would need windows to allow pollinators in. It's only a dream at this stage but growing our own fruit for the past 17 years will be tough to give up. Solar panels to run the compressor is the plan right now.

Magically sprouted

Earlier this summer my mother and I noticed a tiny baby raspberry plant that had taken root in my herb garden. We're guessing it most likely is from an animal doing it job with the seeds. :) I LOVE raspberries and so my question is, how big should I let it get and what is the best time of year (I live in lower western Michigan) to move the plant? Its currently at the very far edge of my garden, almost butting into the wood boarder that separates my garden from my cement. I'm afraid leaving it as is will eventually kill it as it runs out of root room.

Early spring is the best time

Early spring is the best time to transplant to a new spot in your garden. Add some mulch around the plant this fall to protect the roots from the winter chill. See our planting and care information on this page.

Pruning and transplantin

My raspberries winter killed last November when we had little snow and -30 below weather. They are a summer bearing variety so I didn't have any bearing canes this year. I want to move the patch from it present place. Can I do this now? The weather is still fairly mild and we haven't had any real hard frosts. The weather is turning colder with more frost forecast .I live in a zone3-4 part of of Southeast Idaho

I transplanted successful red

I transplanted successful red raspberry plants. They are everbearing, but have not produced any fruit or blossoms, but have grown to 8+ feet tall. Yes, I said 8! How do I prune these for fruit next year. My brother has some of the same, and gets fruit. HELP!

It sounds like they put all

It sounds like they put all their energy into growing healthy plants - a good thing for the first year. If you want 2 harvests then cut the tall canes back to 4-5 feet high in early spring and after that harvest cut out any canes that bore fruit. They will bear again later in the season.
If you just want one late harvest, mow them all to the ground in the fall. They will produce one flush of fruit later in the season.

I have about 30, 10 year old

I have about 30, 10 year old red raspberry plants. These are just becoming good producing plants. I want to dig them for a move from VA to NY coming next summer. Should I dig them this fall and plant them in pots until next spring or wait until early spring and dig them out? How short should I cut them? Thanks!!

Wait until spring. Cut them

Wait until spring. Cut them back to about a foot and plant in containers. Make sure to water the tranplanted canes so that they don't dry out.

We have a raised bed of red

We have a raised bed of red raspberries that started from roots that my mother had for probably 30 years and now we have had them for another 20. Even with following advised methods of care - proper trimming, fertilizer, etc. they have never produced more that a few berries each year. We are in Michigan and the japanese beetles do enjoy the new growth but not to the point of exfoliating an entire branch - more like an entire leaf here or there. My question: Do raspberry roots have a shelf life - where after so many years they just won't produce anymore?

Usually a raspberry planting

Usually a raspberry planting is productive for about ten years and produces best in the first five years after planting. Viruses can accumulate in the plants overtime. Remove the plants when they begin to yield poorly and start new plants in new soil if possible.

Hi, i have an everbearer

Hi, i have an everbearer variety. This year i have a vine growing all over it with white flowers. It is only on the top but its crowding out all of the berries on top. I also want to make sure it isn't poisonous. It looks very similar to honeysuckle? But not sure. Are you aware of what kind of vine this is and if i can tear it off the berries? I live in Northwest Indiana.

I'm a new gardener in

I'm a new gardener in southern Ohio. I planted raspberries, blueberries and blackberries in containers. They are thriving. Can I put them in the ground now and prune them for winter in 6-8 weeks or do I need to leave them be and plant in the sping? If I have to leave them, how do i winter them? Thanks.

Since your container-grown

Since your container-grown plants are thriving and healthy you can transplant them to their permanent location now or wait until they have gone dormant in the fall.

Thanks for your reply!

Thanks for your reply!

What kind do I have? Please

What kind do I have?

Please help me identify if i have ever-bearers or summer-bearers!

Ever-bearers produce two

Ever-bearers produce two crops from each fruiting cane. If you cut a fruiting cane open, it will be green inside. The canes of summer-bearers die once they have produced berries so if you cut one of them open it will be brown inside. I hope this answers your question!

I planted several raspberries

I planted several raspberries this spring. They are definitely growing but I do have a question. My canes are at about 10-12 feet in length and some with shoots off of the main cane. I have seen no flowers as of yet. Is this normal?

Hi, Jaaaason: Without knowing

Hi, Jaaaason: Without knowing where you are, what kind of rasperries you have, how much water and sun they have been getting, etc., it is tough to tell, but more likely than not, because raspberries are a biennial, they won't bloom until next year. You should cut back those canes to 5 feet or so, though. So, is this normal? Yeah, probably, or at least it doesn't appear to be terminal. Thanks for asking!

Thanks for feedback. I live

Thanks for feedback. I live in Ventura County area. I am growing red and black raspberries. They are planted in raised planters with at least 8-10 hours of sun. I water once a week. They were planted as bareroot so I am assuming this first year is a wash. The length of the canes are surprising. My boysenberries are just as long and a flowering, but they were already growing in 5 gallon pot.

If you are growing

If you are growing ever-bearing raspberries you may get some berries in late summer/early fall of the first year. Next year you'll get berries in the summer.

We had raspberries in

We had raspberries in Truckee, CA for over 40 years all went very well. We moved ourselves and raspberry root stock to a much warmer climate in Groveland, CA near Yosemite at only 3000'. With water and not necessarily "a lot" of water they have produced quit well. The problem is the drought, can I cut back or stop the watering of the plant and not damage or destroy the plants that will produce next year? My presumption is that I need to keep at least some water going to the plants. Please let me know your thoughts for drought problems I am sure are on the increase at least in the west.

Drought conditions are tough

Drought conditions are tough on raspberries. They need a good amount of water to produce good berries. You will need to keep watering the plants to keep the root system healthy for next year. To conserve on water, cut back the canes that have already fruited so the young canes won't have to compete with them for moisture. Be sure to water them well in late fall to lessen chances of winter drought damage.

I have little white worms in

I have little white worms in my raspberries, what are they and how do I get rid of them?I'v had them for 7 yrs and never had to sray them before,never a bug before.. thank you for your help..

The worms are larvae from a

The worms are larvae from a type of fruit fly, Spotted Wing Drosophila, that lays eggs in the ripening berries. There are a few preventative measures. Keep plants picked of ripe fruit. Set apple cider vinegar traps. Cover the bushes with thin row covers in early summer so that the flies can't lay the eggs. Keep the ground around the bushes clean and prune the bushes so that there is plenty of air circulation. A couple of organic insecticides are available, Entrust and Pyganic.

I planted red raspberry

I planted red raspberry plants about 8 yrs ago and every year get more plants coming up with flowers that fall off and have never seen a single berry! what can I do to get the plants to actually produce fruit! I have even added other varieties.they are next to our vegetable garden if that makes a difference?

We just bought our house and

We just bought our house and the owners before hand had planted about 3 feet of raspberry brushes. I was told that they had cut them down short and they grew bmack completely. My question is do I have to cut them down every end of the fall?

Time of pruning depends on

Time of pruning depends on what type of raspberries you have. Please see our pruning advice above for some guidelines.

I live in ND. My raspberry

I live in ND. My raspberry plants are beautiful with an abundance of raspberries but they don't get very big and fall apart when they are picked. they also are very seedy. Is there anything I can do to prevent this

Dumb question from the green

Dumb question from the green horn (apprentice green thumb). Do you get more than one raspberry per bud? When we harvest the berry, does another one grow in the same place?

Hi, Green (t)horn: Nope. And

Hi, Green (t)horn: Nope. And fear not: There's no such thing as a "dumb" question! Thanks for asking!

I have raspberry plants that

I have raspberry plants that 4 or 5 yrs old. they grow beautifully and produce lots of fruit but the fruit are little and when picked fall apart in my hand while picking. They also have lots of tiny little seed type things that are hard to separate from fruit when I wash them. Any solutions as to what I could be doing wrong? I live in ND.

I have a number of raspberry

I have a number of raspberry plants and they certainly produce fruit.

My question is why is it that I see two different types of plants when they grow, one appears to look similar to the correct plant but is slightly different and the other one looks like a weed, has no buds, berries and looks very green.

Please advise.

We are guessing that you're

We are guessing that you're not removing the old canes each year. Raspberry plants produce biennial canes. The first year they do not produce fruit. The second year, they do produce buds, flowers, and fruit, and then they die.
So, the new plant that has not produced fruit will do so next year. And the plant that produced fruit last year and is no longer producing is dead. Remove the old canes. See this page for more information.  Hope this helps!

I have a large area of

I have a large area of raspberries in the full sun along the side of my garage. The greens are quite tall and healthy. The plants produce many buds and flowers. It looks as if berries are forming and then they die and I get no fruit. I can not see evidence of the caneborer if that is my problem. Any other thoughts as to what the problem might be?

Hi, Karen: This can be a

Hi, Karen: This can be a pretty complicated question to answer. Or rather, a simple question with a complicated answer. You do not say whether your raspberries have ever fruited. That can be a key issue sometimes, pertaining particularly to pollination and variety. Assuming that they have, and that you have eliminated all plant and animal pests as possibilities (inspect minutely), and that you understand that raspberries fruit only every other year, then there are four possibilities: Need more water. Need better soil (especially potassium). Need to be thinned out considerably both above and below ground once they go dormant in the fall. Need some combination of the above. Good luck, and please check in to let us know how you do! 

I live in Oregon, Willamette

I live in Oregon, Willamette Valley.
The fruit on my red raspberries ripens unevenly - the druplets on the berries will be overly ripe on one side and still unripe (orange and hard) on the other side. This seems to be slowly spreading through my patch. Does anyone know what is going on - I can seem to find any information about this situation. Thanks

It might be due to the

It might be due to the dryberry mite, which can feed on leaves, causing yellow patches, and feed on fruit, causing uneven ripening. Uneven ripening also can be a symptom of disease, such as anthracnose, or cultural conditions, such as inadequate pollination.
For more information, check out the following:

I have black raspberries that

I have black raspberries that were here www I bought the house 7 years ago. There seems to be a new shoot that is growing upright like a small tree with a thick trunk, branches and no thorns on the main stem. No raspberries on it this year but the leaves definitely look like raspberries. Have you ever seen this before? I find it rather strange. I am very bad at pruning them regularly, it needs a good cleaning out. What do you think?

I pick black raspberries in a

I pick black raspberries in a very large patch but I am afraid that the person who lives there may move in the future so I want to start my own patch. If I cut some of the new ones will the make roots or do I have to dig them roots and all? He has a LOT of new ones that he is going to cut back in the fall. I jokingly call it my raspberry nirvana because it is such a large patch. I share with a friend so they don't go to waste.

Raspberries are best

Raspberries are best transplanted in early spring. Dig them out as completely as possible and replant them right away. Raspberries are like weeds and transplant fairly easily.


JAPENESE BEETLES- Last year these creatures took out over 2/3 of our raspberries. What can we do to prevent this year? We put grub control in the lawn surrounding the garden. Does killing any you see before the swarm come work? Any other ideas?

The only real product the

The only real product the works is called d TelStar. It can only be purchased at Southern States. It can be applied moist/stray, or in a powdered for gardens and lawns. A Lowe's employee recommend it. It's killed my beetles like magic.

Hi all, This is my first time

Hi all,

This is my first time on but I have a question I'd love to get answered:

I need to cover my berries with row cover to deal with the Beetle infestation I have. When can I cover them and be safe from Beetles but still have time for the bees to pollinate?

Hi, there, Eph: Row covers

Hi, there, Eph: Row covers and pollination are pretty much incompatible, as what prevents the beetles from reaching the plants also prevents the bees. You could try covering only at night, when bees aren't active, but that doesn't do anything for the days, when beetles are also active. Your best bet may be some sort of organic pesticide. If you have (or step out and buy) a 2015 Old Farmer's Almanac Bookstore Edition or OFA Garden Guide, you'll find a page in there titled "Plants That Repel Pests," which gives a number of flowers and herbs that can be planted to eventually deter beetles and others. Thanks for asking!

Hi I got Bristol black

I got Bristol black raspberry shoot planted in container from local nursery nearby Chicago. Since two weeks it started bearing good leaves and had good growth. I water the plant once in 2,days or according to weather. Now the leaves have started to dry up. The plant is not looking healthy. It's becoming pale. What might be the reason?can u give any suggestion?

Can i grow raspberries in a

Can i grow raspberries in a large pot? Is zone 7a good for red raspberries?

Hi Nicole, Yes, you can grow

Hi Nicole,
Yes, you can grow raspberries in a pot. Select a big pot (a 24-inch pot can support 5 to 6 canes) with drainage holes. Add a soil/compost mix and plant your canes. Water to keep the soil moist.

My friend gave me branch

My friend gave me branch cuttings from her health raspberry bush. How do I grow these...in water til roots appear? In wet soil until roots come? Or, am I out of luck?

We bought 8 plants a month

We bought 8 plants a month ago from a reputable nursery and planted them along with some neighbouring blackberries. The blackberry bushes are flourishing, but in 7 of the 8 raspberry plants the two canes that came from the nursery are showing no signs of leaves. The 8th one is showing a couple VERY small leaves on one cane, but the other 15 canes all look basically dead.
Is this normal after a month of planting or have I got a dud batch? Others I've seen in local hardware stores are showing much more in terms of leaf growth. I realize I'm not likely to get MUCH in the first year, but I thought I'd do better than this so far!

Hi Murray, We suggest that

Hi Murray,
We suggest that you contact the nursery and see if they will replace the canes. The raspberry plants should show new growth buy now.

I am an avid gardener but

I am an avid gardener but rather new to raspberries. I have planted 3 rows of Boyne a couple years ago, which I believe are summer bearers? Surprisingly, I had some pretty good fruit the first year but nothing last year just thick foliage. I cut out some dead stocks this spring and it doesn't look very good so far except for some thick runners outside the row. I guess my question is should I transplant the plants that are running between my rows or give the other main plants a little more time?

Rec'd some yellow raspberry

Rec'd some yellow raspberry plants from a friend last year and planted them 10-15' away from my red raspberries, (they are all in my vegetable garden). Well, now I have all kinds of babies 6-10" tall all over my garden, but not sure if they're yellow or red. Should I just let them grow & see what happens or pull all of them out - they're very healthy looking!

If the plants are near your

If the plants are near your originals, these may be suckers--little plants that pop up from the roots of the mother plant; you can divide these and replant in a desired location. Suckers will draw energy from the mother plant, so if you do not wish to divide and replant them, remove them so that the parent plant will have more energy for fruit production. Too thick a patch of raspberries will encourage disease (reduced air circulation being one issue).
If these young plants came from seed from your yellow or red raspberries, any fruit produced from the new ones may not match those of the parents.

When should I place netting

When should I place netting over my plants?

If you're applying netting to

If you're applying netting to protect your berries from birds, then it's best to install two to three weeks before fruit matures -- as the fruit begins to color.

Without thinking too much

Without thinking too much last year, I started cutting out the dead canes while I was harvesting the berries in July/August. Again, I wasn't thinking too clearly for whatever reason and of course now this year, nothing has sprouted. I was wondering if tthat completely killed off the plant and if I would be best to replant quickly and try to get them ready for next year or will they be able regenerate on their own?

Pruning is a good idea, but

Pruning is a good idea, but that was early for pruning. The best time is late-winter (some also say Dec to Feb). It's still early in season; see if they come back before doing anything right away. Raspberries are generally pretty hearty.

Is a raspberry technically a

Is a raspberry technically a rhizome?

I have a senior community

I have a senior community garden plot in an isolated bed. Last year I grew a raspberry plant (which I bought from a local California nursery) in a large pot. Now the pot is full of raspberry plants and I want to transplant into the bed.

The problem is that the supervisor claims that raspberries are "rhizomes" and the rules strictly permit "rhizomes" from being grown. So are my raspberry rhizomes? If so, I have to keep them in the pot.

If not, how can I ensure that my raspberry plants will not be a problem for other gardeners (and myself)?
Thanks for your considerations.

I'm not sure where you are

I'm not sure where you are located and I don't want to give you bad information. Check your local agricultural extension they usually have growing guides online.
One thing I did find was this that address you direct question :)
"You can confine blackberries and raspberries to small garden beds by burying 14-inch-wide strips of aluminum or galvanized steel flashing (used in roofing) around the outsides of the beds."
This was taken from university of Idaho guide.
I use pot liners to put things like mint in my garden beds to prevent them from spreading the same idea might be a good comprise with the rules?
Best of luck!!

Hi, I wanted to ask a

Hi, I wanted to ask a question. I have summer bearing red raspberries in my garden, I'm not sure which variety. I asked my grandma if I should prune them before spring and she said yes. SO i cut them down to waste height, I live in the PNW and the stalks are already producing blooms, but the stalks haven't grown much like grandma said they would.( she lives in Eastern WA and her raspberrie, I know think are ever-bearing.) It's April. So I guess my question is, will my plants grow more and produce more raspberries or are the waste height stalks going to be done once they set fruit?

Summer bearing raspberries

Summer bearing raspberries should be pruned with a light hand in the spring. The top 1/3 of the canes produce most of the berries. It is suggested to just prune the very top of the growing canes and leave them at about 5-6 feet high. You should remove all the old canes and also thin the new fruiting canes so that they are about 4-6 inches apart.

Hi I don't know if anyone can


I don't know if anyone can help. My raspberries flowers in spring and autumn and are the red kind. Every time I harvest my berries the new berries underneath dries out and die, I gave the plants more water but they only give me berries once and then die, friends of mine whom also have berries said that the plant should be able to produce fruit on a regular basis. Please help this year was the first time my plant produced berries, we also live in an area where there is frost and I don't know if I should plant them out and keep them in my green house or if they would survive the frost?

When you harvest a berry the

When you harvest a berry the underneath is not a new berry it is the stem and will dry up. If it is every worrying. It will flower twice in a year and the fruit comes from the flowers. Don't move them to a green house just put mulch, such as bark or straw at the base of raspberries.

Hello, About 4 yrs ago I

Hello, About 4 yrs ago I planted Some raspberry starts. They did good. In the fall I mulched with some shavings (white Pine) I think. Anyway next year most all the plants died. Transplanted again and next year most plants died again. Do you think the mulch poisoned the soil? What can I do to make it suitable for planting again?

Hi Tom, Raspberries prefer a

Hi Tom,
Raspberries prefer a slightly acid Ph (5.6-6.2). If your soil is already acidic and you add pine needles they will make the soil more acidic. You may want to test your soil.
Here a link discussing raspberries and Ph.

We have built the raised bed

We have built the raised bed last year and used it for tomatoes - wooden raised bed without the bottom. Now I bought raspberry and blackberry plants and wanted to plant them in this bed instead of tomatoes. I read in different Internet sites not to plant raspberries where tomatoes were grown for last few years (from one year to four years on different Internet sites). What can I do to prevent the disease? Can I take the soil out of the bed (as much as I can) and put the new soil? Is it better to plant the raspberries in the pot until next spring?
I have Bababerry and Heritage raspberry, black raspberry and Navaho blackberry (all 4 from Armstrong gardens). I am not planning to grow tomatoes anymore.
Can I grow black raspberry near red raspberry or blackberry?

To be on the safe side remove

To be on the safe side remove as much of the soil from the raised bed as you can before adding new soil and compost, or grow the plants in big pots this year. It's not recommended to plant black raspberry plants close to red raspberries as they are susceptible to mosaic virus.

Hey I am planing to plant

Hey I am planing to plant raspberries and blueberry In Algeria North Africa
I am looking for place in North America to buy the plants

***Gurney's Nursery. Burpee's

***Gurney's Nursery. Burpee's nursery. Just write in American seed catalogs.

Hey guys. This is the second

Hey guys. This is the second year since I planted only a small couple of branches from my friends bush and this year there is fruit on them and because I love raspberries so much I check them everyday and noticed the fruit turning ripe or even still green were being eaten. I thought it was my 5 yr old son picking them as they were taken off whole not from an insect or anything small. So I have put some green netting type stuff over it but about 50% of the recently flowered fruit has been eaten. Should I prune the branched that have been eaten or just leave them??? Also there are so many little raspberry offsprings sprouting up everywhere and I don't have a big enough area to just let them go crazy should I just pull them out?? Thanks for any help guys. Am very new to all this but LOVE LOVE LOVE my RASPBERRIES. CHEERS. I live in Tasmania, Australia by the way if anyone has any tips on keeping the plants alive during crazy day to day hot then cold whether.

Help! My parents, who lived

Help! My parents, who lived next door to me, just sold their house and moved to Florida. My mom has a bunch of raspberry plants behind her garage (in the shade too), and yesterday, I dug up two babies to transplant into my yard tomorrow. The new owners took possession of their house today. First, I've been reading these should be in full sun, I don't know why mom had to in half sun. I can do full sun, no problem, but am I too late to and these? I'm in Aurora, Illinois, Zone 5. Should I plant them and see what happens, or maybe plant them in a pot till Spring?

The raspberry plants will do

The raspberry plants will do better if you plant them in the ground. They need to go dormant over the winter. Plant them as soon as possible so that they may have a chance to start growing some roots before the ground freezes. Add a layer of mulch around them for protection. Water well.

No one cares :)

No one cares :)

I forgot to mention we are in

I forgot to mention we are in southwest Michigan in my comment sent!

We planted raspberry starts

We planted raspberry starts (one stem) this spring. Over summer they grew and sprouted new plants around them. Confused on what to do now, Oct.22, do we cut them all back including new sprouts, do we dig up new sprouts to give more energy to original plant? Is it too late to cut them back?Thanks!

Find out what type of

Find out what type of raspberries you have (summer-bearing or ever-bearing) before pruning. See our pruning advice on this page. For best growing conditions it is recommended for rows to be 1½ to 2 feet wide and to have about 3 canes per linear foot. Wait until early spring to prune and to remove suckers. You probably don't need to do much pruning on your young plants next spring. Just make sure to remove any dead (brown) canes.

Hello: I live in Michigan and


I live in Michigan and I need to move/transplant about 400 raspberry plants in the FALL> I wondered if anyone had any opinion or advice.

I have the best soil and my plants are currently in about 3 inches of vermicompost. I never worry about moving anything, however , this bunch of plants was to be moved in the spring and now they are huge and my nursery is overloaded.

If I hear that this will be impossible then I will wait, but I have a field with 3-4 inches of finished compost on top of sany soil and I just know that I will not have the time for the move in the spring.

Thanks for any advice.


It's getting pretty late in

It's getting pretty late in the season to transplant raspberries. We suggest that you wait until spring. But you may want to contact the Michigan Extession Service to see if they can give you advice for transplanting. http://msue.anr.msu.edu

I have recently moved into a

I have recently moved into a house that has several raspberry vines. They aren't producing very much fruit. Can I transplant them to a much sunnier spot?

Wait to transplant until

Wait to transplant until spring. Early spring planting is preferred over fall planting. Plant as soon as the soil can be properly prepared. You should also prune the plants in early spring for better growth.

I was derelict about getting

I was derelict about getting my black raspberry root into the ground this spring- it's still in the pack, green and faithfully watered. Is it safe to plant it now, late August, in zone 4/5 WNY before the approaching winter? Will it winter over alright without a full season's root growth to back it up, or ought I baby it indoors until next spring?

Hi Ericka, Plant the

Hi Ericka,
Plant the raspberry now. It will have time to grow new roots before the cold weather sets in. Keep the plant watered and add mulch around it. This will keep the soil moist and will also protect the plant during the winter months. Read our planting instructions on this page.

I have had raspberry plants

I have had raspberry plants in my yard for the last 5 year with no berries. Plant grow to 5 to 6 feet tall every year what am I doing wrong. Thanks

Hello, I want to try growing

I want to try growing Raspberry plants in South-India.
I would need your suggestion:
1. I want to propagate them through seeds. Is that ok?
2. Weather conditions - warm to hot but there is no limitation of water for irrigation. This is okay ?
3. I am right now in Germany. How do I distinguish Summer-bearers and ever-bearers ?

Thanks in advance!!

This will be the third year

This will be the third year I've been growing raspberries. when I planted my new garden in our new house, these raspberries started to grow. I'm new at this, so could you tell me why my raspberries are still so tiny? Not just small but tiny. they fall apart when you pick them.
Thank you

(Coeur d'Alene, ID)

We have been growing

We have been growing raspberries for 10 years. Our first plot became too shady so we moved the suckers to a sunnier spot. Raspberries have numerous small mounds that make up the berry- I don't know what these are called. We have more and more berries where a few of these "mounds" -especially near the open area of the berry- are hard, and black. It is not an insect, and the rest of the plant (stem and leaf) are very healthy. We do have problems with Japanese beetles, and because we are organic farmers, we hand pick these off (ugh!) daily. I googled "black spots on raspberries" and there were many comments from people who bought raspberries at supermarkets or farmer's markets and noticed these black spots. The advice was to not buy berries from these farmers again! But, we are "these farmers", and I can't find out what this is or what to do about it. We follow all the advice closely for care of the plant. This year, the very first berries began showing the black hard "mounds". I cut them off, and the rest of the berry is fine, but freezing 50 pints a year, this takes way too long. I need to know how to prevent them in the first place.

This is a puzzle. I do

This is a puzzle. I do remember seeing such berries at the market, though. I'm wondering if it might be due to a type of mite? There is a similar condition that occurs with blackberries, in that one or more drupelets (the individual small mounds on a blackberry or raspberry--actually, individual fruits) remain red and hard and do not develop further, due to the feeding of the redberry mite (Acalitus essigi), which is microscopic. From what I could find, it is not a widespread pest of raspberries (but is a problem for blackberries). If it is not this pest, perhaps it might be some other kind of insect damage that is interfering with proper fruit development of that one drupelet, or damaging it. (White or light druplets, on the other hand, are caused by sunscald--UV radiation.) You might ask your county's Cooperative Extension about your raspberry symptoms and ask what they think it might be (and if redberry mite would be a possibility). See:
For more information about redberry mite, see:

I live in a house that had

I live in a house that had been in my family for over three hundred years. Recently my dad cut down a tree and raspberry bushes appeared last year. I know for a fact thay he didnt plant them and that they were not there when I was a child as I used to run through what is now a raspberry patch. My grandmother comfirms that there used to be raspberries in that General area when she was young.

The tree that was there was planted after my parents got married and I am fairly positive that my dad would not plant a tree in a raspberry patch. Is it possible that the radpberries had gone dormant before this point?

We're guessing that birds (or

We're guessing that birds (or other animals) had dropped raspberry seeds in the area recently. Because the site now (we assume) is getting more sun, the raspberry seeds that the birds dropped sprouted. Or, if you have any raspberry bushes elsewhere on your property (within about 10 feet or so), it is possible that the bushes by the former tree appeared via underground shoots from the other bushes. We don't know how long a raspberry bush (or seed) would remain dormant--we suspect that they wouldn't remain so, though, as wild raspberries are often found growing under trees in partial shade (although they don't produce as much fruit).

We planted raspberries this

We planted raspberries this Spring in Solon, OH the soil is clay early summer they looked pretty nice but now the leaves to turn brown and yellow. What can I do with them, do they need fertilizer?

Browning and yellowing leaves

Browning and yellowing leaves might be due to several factors, from pests and diseases to cultural problems, such as too much heat, or too little water, too much or too little fertilization. Research the specific symptoms of each to see if any fit what you are seeing on your plants. Or, show a sample to a local garden nursery in case a horticulturist there could identify the problem, or contact your county's Cooperative Extension. See: http://www.almanac.com/content...
You might also be interested in this diagnostic tool from Cornell University:

I have had a patch for about

I have had a patch for about 11 years and this year my plants are not getting any up-growth they are spreading, but not growing up only about 8 inches tall. They are fall bearing red. What is causing this?

I planted raspberries two

I planted raspberries two years ago and waited patiently for berries this year. There are a ton of berries, but when I pick them and look inside there are little white dots that look like seeds. Is that what I am seeing? Or are these insect eggs?

I planted my first black

I planted my first black raspberry bush this spring and it was doing very well until my husband accidentally sheared it off with the weed whip. What can I do to save my plant? Will it come back or do I have to start all over?
Thank you, Mary

I have a row of rasberries

I have a row of rasberries that are Heritage and Meeker varieties. Unfortunately, I did not mark them well and I am not sure which plants are Heritage and which are Meeker. I know one is the summer and one is so called everbearing. I have never grown them before.How can I best tell them apart. Do I need to wait and see the berry shape?

My mom has several black

My mom has several black raspberry bushes that are producing amazingly well this year. Any tips for getting fruit that is too high or too far into the bush to reach easily? These were inherited wild bushes- what's the best way to prune them to make it easier next year?

Every year our raspberry

Every year our raspberry bushes produce lots of berries and we are happy with what we get. This year so far the bushes are sparse and not high. Over the last couple of weeks we are seeing tall stems with leaves and tiny yellow flowers. at the top of the vine or stock looks like a dried up flower with very small tentacles (hope I spelled it right) on it. The stock or vine is not prickly like the rest of the bushes we have. Can you tell me if it is a kind of raspberry plant or something else invading us. There are 3 leaves together but far apart on the stock. Please let us know.
Thank you
Helen Ficycz
Pickering, Canada

Hi, Helen: You've done a

Hi, Helen: You've done a great job in trying to provide a description, but it's still too little. Whatever this is, get rid of it ... then focus on re-following (since you've had success before) the gardening tips and advice above ... diligently! Good luck to another one of our thousands of Canadian gardeners!

I live in Central Illinois.

I live in Central Illinois. I planted a black raspberry plant 4 years ago and it has not neared any fruit. The plant looks healthy. Does more than one plant have to be planted for pollination?

Raspberries are

Raspberries are self-pollinating. In terms of not producing berries, here are just some thoughts: Remember that they are a biennial cane that produces fruit every other year. It also can take two years for a can to start the fruit production. If you happened to cut off the one-year-old canes your raspberries will not produce fruit because you have no 2-year old canes left in the patch.

I planted a rasberry cane in

I planted a rasberry cane in may and so far i have not seen any other canes come up or any growth on the existing cane. is this normal?

Did the cane have any new

Did the cane have any new growth on it when you planted it? You can test the cane by cutting a small piece off the top to see if it's green inside. If it is green it's still alive.

Our black raspberry bushes

Our black raspberry bushes (over 20 yrs old) were growing this spring and looking very healthy with lots of berries forming. In the last week, the leaves have started to turn yellow and then Brown. Don't see any insects on the plants. Were fertilized this year. Any ideas? Thanks

Did your bushes get enough

Did your bushes get enough water? Drought can cause leaves to turn brown. Raspberries can also suffer from both viral and fungal diseases, and the symptoms are usually similar.

I live in middle TN and had a

I live in middle TN and had a raspberry plant that was doing great, already even had a few delicious berries from it. All of a sudden all the forming berries turned black and shriveled up, and not from lck of water. Whats going on?

Hard to say. Have you checked

Hard to say. Have you checked for insects on your plant? Winter injury or poor pollination can also cause berries to drop. A fungus or a virus is another possibility. Contact your local extension service office at https://utextension.tennessee.... for more information.

Our raspberries are doing

Our raspberries are doing great and are just loaded with berries, but they are ripening and have no size to them at all. Some years they have been big berries. We fertilized them with 10-10-10 in early May and are watering them good. Can't figure out what else to do.

Raspberries do need a lot of

Raspberries do need a lot of water when producing berries and they also need sun. Pruning is also important to keep the canes under control. Make sure to follow the pruning advise at the top of this page. If the bushes begin to consistently produce small berries, consider replacing it.

Planted a Meeker and a Coho

Planted a Meeker and a Coho raspberry bush and I like to label my plants ... the containers with the name on it got mixed up :( ... Is there a way I can tell the difference? Differences between the shape of the leaves, leaf formation, fruit? I tried to google with no luck. Thank you in advance.

Both are late season

Both are late season cultivars. The Meeker, however, will ripen first, and it has long fruiting laterals.

Wbat is the best mulch for

Wbat is the best mulch for Latham raspberries? My mom used saw dust once and her pllants all died. Does it make a difference what sawdust? Pine, maple, oak? Are leaves a good mulch in the fall?
Thank you.

For any raspberry, mulch

For any raspberry, mulch between the rows helps reduce weeds, retain soil moisture, and add organic matter. The best mulch is wood chips, bark, pine needles, or rotted leaf mulch. Spread over the plant rows, and maintain it at a depth of 3 to 4 inches.
You'll still want to fertilize each year in early spring, a little extra if heavy mulch is used. 

Why would some of our

Why would some of our raspberry plants be producing very small leaves?

We don't know if you have a

We don't know if you have a bug or pest, or the conditions are inhibiting growth. (Leaf curl, roll, or crinkle are problems.) Review the advice above and below for ideal conditions. If there is no solution, you might ask a local extension service of nursery. Sorry...

I've enjoyed raspberry plants

I've enjoyed raspberry plants for years and have never had any bug problems. Three years ago I started seeing very small white worms on the fruit, last year there were more. What can I use to avoid them? I sell my berries to family and friends and hate to have them get wormy raspberries?!?!

It's hard to know exactly

It's hard to know exactly what this is.
It could be a fruit fly, the Spotted Wing Drosophila. It's a fairly new pest on raspberries and other fruits. You will need to spray with a raspberry-specific agent; these are numerous. A few include spinosad, pyrethroids, and malathion. Do not apply it when the plants are in bloom. To also avoid this pest, control the weeds around the plants.
If this is a cane borer, you would need to remove the affected canes and burn them, then spray with Sevin next spring before the blossoms open.
Since all of these are fairly drastic measure, if possible, bring a sample to a local extension agent or other expert and see what they advise.

I live in the foothills of

I live in the foothills of the Big Belt mountains in western Montana. I have three each of Red Latham, Canby, and Anne raspberries. The first two are rated for Zone 3, the last for Zone 4 (Gurney's thinks I'm in Zone 4, but they do not take elevation into account, and based on my experience, I'm in Zone 3). I have prepared holes along my eastern fenceline, and wondered if it is okay to plant them alternating between the three (Latham, Anne, Canby; Latham, Anne, Canby; etc). Or, would it be best to plant the same variety in a row, then move to the next variety (Latham, Latham, Latham; Anne, Anne, Anne; etc)? Also, I have a row of Juniper bushes immediately to the west of the holes, to protect them from the afternoon sun, but they should get at least eight hours of morning and mid-day sun. Do Junipers present some sort of danger to them? We are semi-arid, high desert, but I have a drip emitter system set up, and plan to water one gallon every other early morning. Will that work?

Hi, Montana Ann, We can't

Hi, Montana Ann,
We can't comment on your zone; it sounds like a micro/combination. We looked at Gurney's listings for these plants and there seems to be little difference between them: the spread varies a bit, the color is white or gold, and the form is two upright, one arching. Contact the source to be sure, but it would seem like they can live together. The question might be can you live with them: You might not be able to tell the difference (aside from the fruit color) after a few years as they spread.
Note that they would like room to roam from 4 to 6 feet, according to Gurney's description. The juniper being "immediately to the west" may be too close. You might ask Gurney's this question, too.
All require full sun to partial shade; that's 6 to 8 hours of sun per day.
The holes should be prepared with well-drained, loamy, sandy, high-organic matter. One to 2 inches of water per week, dripped as described, should be good (avoid wetting the leaves), depending on local rainfall. And avoid a windswept site, as that can have a drying effect.

I live in Vermont (Zone 4),

I live in Vermont (Zone 4), and just bought a dozen raspberry bushes at a plant sale, in early May. each container plant has one to three stalks and the stalks are at least 4 feet long. The top 1-2 feet already have leaves on them.

I don't know the variety; all I know is they are red raspberries of a cultivated type (not wild plants).

Reading your article I'm picturing most people are buying very short plants, not like the 4 foot tall, spindly plants like I have. Do you have any specific recommendations for pruning or trimming these types of plants? I'm hesitant to remove most of the stalks (all but 8-10" as you suggest), until I hear back some confirmation.

Thanks for your help.

Hi, Jeff, The best time to

Hi, Jeff,
The best time to prune raspberries is in the fall. Just get these planted where they have plenty of good organic soil, sunshine, and room to grow. (They are the kind of plants to sleep the first year, then creep, then leap.) You probably will not get berries this year; these canes will be settling in. But maybe next year!
Nothing like homegrown berries!

I planted rasberry bushes a

I planted rasberry bushes a few months ago and they seemed to be doing alright. The directions said that once new leaves began to sprout that you should fertilize them. Its been about a week since I fertilized them and the leaves are turning dry and look like they are dying around the outside. Is there anything I can do to help them out?

It's hard to tell exactly

It's hard to tell exactly what this might be; anthracnose comes to mind. That's a fungus that is common to raspberries (it's nothing you did) and spreads to other canes. Are the canes also drying/turning brown? Perhaps you can take one to a local nursery. Infected plants should be cut out; removed. You could let up on the fertilizer; water the ground, not the leaves; and see how they go.
In future, to avoid it again, keep a good air circulation between plants.
And, with good organic soil with a pH of 5.6 to 6.2, fertilizer should not be necessary.
We hope this helps.

What would be the best ever

What would be the best ever bearing raspberry in Uxbridge, Ontario? Thank you

There are several varieties

There are several varieties of raspberries that do well in Ontario. See this fact sheet for suggestions: 

I live in Philadelphia, how

I live in Philadelphia, how can I determine which zone I live in? Also I purchased the Red Raspberry plant, is this a plant that has to go into the ground or can I put it into a big flower pot to grow, if I use the pot can I later transfer it to the yard? This is my first time trying to start a garden so I'm not really sure what to do. I also purchased moisture control soil is that ok if I can in fact start it in the pot?

Shalena, You can find your

Shalena, You can find your zone here: http://www.almanac.com/content.... Philadelphia is in the pale greens to yellow zone—right about where zones 6 and 7 blend. 
Raspberries usually grow in the ground, and spread by sending out runners.
Container raspberries are new on the market. One appears in the 2014 Almanac, on page 14. It's called 'Raspberry Shortcake', and it's a thornless dwarf. Is that what you have?
If not, you should plant your raspberry in the ground, rather than a pot.
Save the moisture control for something else in the pot. How about tomatoes or peas or beans or a few of each—depending on the size of the pot. You can find growing information about all of those and more at http://www.almanac.com/gardening.

I'm thinking of growing some

I'm thinking of growing some raspberries. But, what varieties grow best in Southern California?

Southern California NOT South

Southern California NOT South Carolina

What can i do about Spotted

What can i do about Spotted Wing Drosophila,is there any hope.

Unfortunately raspberries now

Unfortunately raspberries now have to be sprayed for drisophilla fruit fly maggots in MN and elsewhere. It was a hard decision after previously growing with no sprays for 35 years. Malathion is readily available and works well with one day harvest interval. I recommend staying away from organic pyrethrum spray as it kills bees and other beneficial insects and I have witnessed it killing black capped chickadees that eat dead flys both times I used it. Trapping and baiting can help with low infestation levels. Spinosad spray may be a better organic control, but I have no experience with it.

We live in southest Michigan,

We live in southest Michigan, very close to the Indiana state line. We had an abundant crop already this year but noticed tiny worms on most of the berries. Further research proved drisophilla fruit fly maggots. This is the first crop for us, as we planted the shrubs 2 years ago, Very disappointed to find this. The question is this; some of the berries were injested by family members before we noticed the infestation. Should there be concern? What effect, if any, does the insect have on humans? Also, do we need to cut the plants back and wait for next years crop or can this year be salvaged?

I saw the comments on

I saw the comments on gophers.Will moles also eat raspberry roots? It is my impression that moles mainly eat grubs, etc.

Correct. Moles eat grubs and

Correct. Moles eat grubs and worms in the ground, not plant material. Gophers, however, can decimate a large area quickly.

How many hours of sunlight

How many hours of sunlight should the plants have to be healthy and productive? I have several places around my yard I can place them, I'm just not sure what is best. Morning light, afternoon light, full light?

Raspberries prefer at least 6

Raspberries prefer at least 6 to 8 hours of full sunlight.

I have black raspberries and

I have black raspberries and trying to find information on prunning the canes and the laterals.I prune the canes down to around 30 inches tall, but I am not sure about the laterals. When to prune them and how long to leave them.

For black raspberries: Top

For black raspberries: Top them at 36 inches, removing 3 to 4 inches of new growth, 2 to 3 times during the season. Topping encourages the development of lateral (fruiting) branches and increases the strength of the cane.
For dormant pruning, cut out all dead, damaged, and weak canes. Thin remaining canes to 5 to 10 canes per plant. Lateral branches of black raspberries should be headed back to 4 to 7 inches per plant.

See below video of how me

See below video of how me made our raspberry patch in Cleveland Ohio. Thanks for the great information! You guys are the best.


Several varieties of

Several varieties of raspberries can be grown successfully in Florida and Desert Southwest here in the United States. Here are a couple of tips. Plant the canes in an area that receives afternoon shade and water deeply every morning. Good luck!

Above is what you have replied to your reader. What varieties are they? Where can I get the seeds? Or where can I buy the plant?

In South Florida, consider

In South Florida, consider Autumn Bliss, Heritage and Ruby varieties of raspberries. "Dorman Red" is a good variety for hot climates. Stark Brothers and other nurseries carry these plants. Just google online. 

Hi, I live in Malaysia. I

Hi, I live in Malaysia. I would like to grow raspberry. Is it possible? Read the posting regarding planting raspberry in Caribean Island, but no reply. I grow successfully passion fruit in my garden. Also Bay leaves plant.

One of the yard people we

One of the yard people we have cut down our raspberry bushes leaving one small single branch left. They were new and planted this year. The branches that were left in the ground are green in the middle. Will they grow back?

Yes, the raspberry bushes

Yes, the raspberry bushes should grow back again. Depending on the variety, they may not have berries for a year.

Will gophers eat raspberry

Will gophers eat raspberry plants? Should I plant them in an underground cage?

Gophers do eat plant material

Gophers do eat plant material and the best solution is to learn how to trap them.  One way to avoid gophers is to use raised beds that are installed with ½”, galvanized hardware cloth stapled to the bottom of the bed. Gophers can eat through chicken wire but they won't eat through the cloth.
If your raspberry patch already exists, or raised beds are impractical, dig trenches around each raspberry row. Dig the trenches at least 2 feet deep. Put hardware cloth into the trenches, and leave at least 1 foot of this protective material above ground.

Is it true that a gardener

Is it true that a gardener should pick off their new raspberries first season of flowers so the raspberry can concentrate on root growth? Does it make a difference and produce a stronger plant? Thanks! :)

Well, raspberry plants do not

Well, raspberry plants do not produce fruit the first year; they have "biennial canes" which means that they are vegetative the first year and then they flower and fruit in the second year, then they die and the old dead canes should be removed. Don’t cut back the canes in the first of the two years because they will be the ones producing for you next year.

I live in the Caribbean

I live in the Caribbean (Trinidad and Tobago). I bought some Driscoll's raspberries...I was wondering if I could grow them from seeds from the actual fruit? And if I can...would they bear fruit in this region? The nightly temperatures are usually around 24-25 degrees celsius and during the day it can get as high as 32 degrees celsius.

I live in zone 9 is there a

I live in zone 9 is there a way to grow raspberries here?

I've read different planting

I've read different planting instructions for raspberries that say to plant different varieties several hundred feet away from each other. Home gardeners usually don't have that kind of space, and I've been to berry-picking farms and the rows are ALOT closer with different varieties in the same field.

Can red and yellow varieties be successfully planted in rows within 5 feet of each other (trellised to keep the canes off the ground and pruned to stay out of each other's way)?

It's fine to plant red and

It's fine to plant red and yellow raspberries in the same patch. Just don't plant nursery bought raspberries close to wild brambles as there may be a virus risk.

Planted s. side of RV garage

Planted s. side of RV garage on a slope, late April. It's mid Sept and our raspberry plant is an extremely tall 12' and we don't know what this means. It has three huge canes we supported (individually) with tall stakes. Theres tons of suckers now too. It's a Willamette from big box store. Is this 12' height normal ? In Cleveland Ohio and not sure about winter wind survival...and spring pruning. Even though they are taller than me, maybe the birds get their share and we get ours next year?

Willamette is a

Willamette is a summer-bearing raspberry. In early spring prune all canes that produced fruit the previous season down to the ground (you can tell which ones are the old canes by looking at the end of the cane). Leave the new canes. Also remove any weak canes to thin the patch and keep it under control.

What type of fertilizer is

What type of fertilizer is recommended for my red raspberries. I get lots of fruit but it is small. I was looking at my daughters plants the other day and I didn't know raspberries grew that large. We bought our plants at the same nursery and they are the same type. She used blood meal on hers. I have had mine for 6 years and the fruit has always been small( or what I thought was normal)

My summer raspberries are

My summer raspberries are probably 20 years old and are now very small. Should I get rid of these and plant new canes in their place?

Sounds as if you should ask

Sounds as if you should ask your daughter what her secrets to success are! 
First, we start with rich, well drained soil. We amended the soil with compost or well-tilled organic matter in the fall. You want fertile soil.
Then, we apply fertilizer in early spring when new growth begins. We use a rate of 4 to 6 pounds of 20-20-20 per 100 feet ofrow.
When new canes start to bloom, we spread 3 to 6 pounds of blood meal per 100 feet of row. You can also spread fertilizer over the surface of the soil in the row when growth is starting.
Hope this helps!

Can i plant these plants in

Can i plant these plants in india , specially in Nagpur. please guide.

yes, you can get red

yes, you can get red raspberry plants at www.abonnaplants.com in India

We did try to reach them but

We did try to reach them but they are not reachable, pls let us know other farmer or company in India or any other country.

Can I use miracle grow on my

Can I use miracle grow on my new raspberry plants that I planted this Spring? They are doing very well and are about 4' high.

Which variety is best for

Which variety is best for year round production? My location has year round spring no more than 27 degrees celcius in the day and no less than 13 at night. Also it's at an altitude of 6890-7546 ft.

For the best recommendations

For the best recommendations for your area, we'd recommend that you talk to a local nursery or farmer. If you live in the United States, you can also contact your county's Cooperative Extension (see: http://www.almanac.com/content....) Many raspberries have a chilling requirement over winter in order for them to produce a good crop next season; ask about those that don't need as much chilling (called low-chill types). Also ask about high-altitude options.
Some farmers in areas of California that have a long growing season have had success with Oregon 1030 or Bababerry, which tolerate heat well and are low-chill options.

We planted our raspberry

We planted our raspberry canes about 3-4 years ago. Our problem is that they are not bushing out, not too sure what to do.

When harvesting raspberries,

When harvesting raspberries, how do you keep them from getting squished?

Raspberries are easily

Raspberries are easily crushed and highly perishable. Here are some tips to avoid this. 1. When it's time to harvest (when berries first become completely red), pick them often--every day or every other day. 2. Use wide, shallow containers no more than four layers of raspberries to prevent crushing. 3. Cool the raspberries as soon as possible to keep them firm; every hour counts. Commercial supplies have extra-cold storage with high humidity levels. 4.  Wrap your containers in plastic to prevent water loss
from the fruit and condensation on the berries when they are removed from the cooler. Do not remove the plastic until the berries are at room temperature.

I planted raspberries last

I planted raspberries last year, they did wonderful over the winter, I had mulched well to protect. I didn't know to cut them back. This spring they started growing and did very well, but I had alot of growth up, tall, some of them 5 foot, with dark green lush leaves, nice thick stalks but almost no fruit, and what I did have was at the bottom of the plant. I did have a problem with beetles eating the leaves at the time this august. I've been squishing them because I don't want to use chemicals. Any tips on how to get more fruit and fight the beetles without (Japanese beetles) chemicals and squishing by hand. Thank you for your help.

See our pruning tips above.

See our pruning tips above. Prune according to what type (summer bearing or everbearing) plants you have. See our page about how to get rid of Japanese beetles at

Loaded with berries but they

Loaded with berries but they are not turning red this year. Bought my plants at local Master gardner plant sale so do not know variety but have been picking for a couple of years now and this is the first time they don't seem to be ripening?

We're not sure which zone you

We're not sure which zone you live in; usually, berries that grow to their full size but do not ripen aren't getting enough direct sun due to a low sun angle and shorter days.

I have raspberries that grow

I have raspberries that grow like red raspberries (new canes shoot from the roots) but the fruits are deep purple. I'm not sure if they're ever-bearing or summer-bearing. How can i tell the difference?

Summer-bearing types bear one

Summer-bearing types bear one crop in summer for about 1 month on the floricanes (2nd-year canes, stems are usually brown)--there will be no fruit on the primocanes (1-year canes, stems are usually green). Although harvest time varies with variety and climate, many cultivars usually ripen in June into July.

Everbearing types will first fruit in fall on the tip of the primocanes; fruit will then develop further down the cane (so, the riper fruit is toward the tip of the cane). In late spring/early summer, another fruit crop will appear at the point on the cane (now called a floricane) below where the last of the fall harvest took place. This second crop is usually not as productive as the first fall crop.

What if you want to

What if you want to transplant a wild bush what do you do?

Fall is the best time to

Fall is the best time to transplant. Cut the canes back to about a foot and dig up as much of the roots as possible. Add some compost to the hole in the new location and make sure to spread out the roots as much as possible when planting.

3 years of beautiful

3 years of beautiful delicious rasberries and this year not a blossom not a fruit is this normal ?

Did you prune the bushes? Or

Did you prune the bushes? Or did you have a late frost this spring? These are the most comon reasons for no flowers. Drought, poor soil fertility and overcrowding can also cause problems.

The leaves of my young

The leaves of my young raspberry plants often curl up during the day (we've had a particularly hot, humid summer). If we water heavily after dusk, they often uncurl but then curl up the following day. Is this due to insufficient watering, weather conditions, or??? What must we do to keep them alive and growing?

Keep watering if the soil is

Keep watering if the soil is dry. Add a layer of mulch to help keep the moisture in the ground.

Raspberries are ripe but

Raspberries are ripe but won't let go of vine. Is this lack of water?? They were easy to pick.

I planted last year in a

I planted last year in a large pot and it is doing very well this year. I am focused as to all of the extra growth that is developing. Should I remove these smaller growths (that are also producing) to their own pot(s)? Should I do it soon or wait until the season is over?

Raspberries do tend to

Raspberries do tend to "sucker."  You should pull out the suckers during the season as they grow and control them. If you wish, you could transplant them.

When harvesting my summer

When harvesting my summer raspberries now, some berries have spots or sides that develop white areas and these areas tend to be hard. What causes this-and can these berries be eaten?

This is called white drupelet

This is called white drupelet disorder. The cause is most likely excessive sun or heat while the fruit was in formation. The berries can still be eaten.

Can you pick raspberries

Can you pick raspberries right before they are ripe and sit them in sunny window like tomatoes to finish ripening?

Raspberries will not ripen

Raspberries will not ripen after they are picked.

I planted my raspberries

I planted my raspberries about three years ago and have never gotten a berry. What am I doing wrong? The Bush keeps getting bigger but just gets dried up blooms.

There could be several

There could be several causes. If you have heavy soil with poor drainage you need to amend the soil with compost. Raspberries require about an inch of water per week to produce well. Canes should be thinned to about 8 inches apart in spring. Apply a nitrogen fertilizer a couple of times during the summer months. Also make sure that the raspberries get at least 6 hours of sun per day. Morning sun is preferred.

The family we share a yard

The family we share a yard with has asked us to move our mature raspberry bush to a new location. Do they transplant well or should we start a new plant and just trash our existing one at the end of the season?

It's best to move the

It's best to move the raspberry in the fall. Prune back any canes that produced fruit during the summer and carefully dig up the bush and any new suckers. Seperate the new shoots and try to leave soil around the root area. Plant immediately and water.

This is our second year with

This is our second year with the Raspberries. We had a ton of flowers in the spring and then nothing. What are we doing wrong? Some are even dying now.

If you had gotten fruit last

If you had gotten fruit last year but not this year, I'd say that's normal. Raspberries produce biennial canes, which means that the first year they are vegetative only but will bear fruit the next year. You do need to prune them back and get rid of the old canes. See more here: http://umaine.edu/publications... If you still have problems and you have them in full sun, perhaps you have a variety that isn't a good fit for your zone.

My raspberry bushes are

My raspberry bushes are approximately 2 years old now. For the first time I see actual raspberries on them. The problem is that they appear normal and the proper color, but they're hard as rocks! What is causing that?

If they're hard, they are

If they're hard, they are about a few weeks from being ripe. At this point, they're good for pies and other cooked desserts. An early harvest could help thin the fruit, too, so that your berries will be larger when they are ripe.

my berries grow like crazy,

my berries grow like crazy, but berries themselves don't develope fully and fall apart when picked. what am i doing wrong?

If the raspberries fall

If the raspberries fall apart, a common reason is tarnished plant bug damage. These insects feed on the fruit. They overwinter in crop residue so good clean up is key. In early spring, spray with Sevin to control.

What varieties would be best

What varieties would be best for East Tennessee?

Latham and Titan are two

Latham and Titan are two summer red raspberries planted in Tennessee. Consult your TN cooperative extension for more local advice.

We are in Vanuatu, south

We are in Vanuatu, south pacific at 15 degrees south. and are preparing some ground to plant raspberries. Our earth is rich volcanic/lime. They are grown about 200 miles further south with success. We use plenty compost as food for them.

Any suggestions or tips? (We'll probably wait for the next moon waxing to put them in the ground). Our mean temp. is 70 - 85 F, dry-ish winters and wet summers (who knows these days what to expect?).

Thanks for any help.....

ruth quinto
Edenhope Project

Several varieties of

Several varieties of raspberries can be grown successfully in Florida and Desert Southwest here in the United States. Here are a couple of tips. Plant the canes in an area that receives afternoon shade and water deeply every morning. Good luck!

Why did my normally fantastic

Why did my normally fantastic raspberries (yellow and red) get a bad flavor overnight, literally? I picked some one evening and they were fantastic the next afternoon they were awful! What am I doing wrong?

Weather does affect fruit

Weather does affect fruit flavors and also how ripe or mature the berries are is important. Maybe your berries were perfectly ripe when you first picked them and the next day they were overripe.

After planting the canes, how

After planting the canes, how many days does it take to see new growth on the canes and from the ground?

Is too late to plant ever

Is too late to plant ever bearing raspberries in NC?

Early spring is the best

Early spring is the best time--in order to get the plants established and maybe get berries the first summer. However, you should be able to plant in the summer, too, if the plants are healthy and strong starts.

How long will wild raspberry

How long will wild raspberry seeds keep for if not refrigerated?

If you are seed-saving: Most

If you are seed-saving: Most seed should be used within three years.

Do blackberry and raspberry

Do blackberry and raspberry plants cross pollinate?

Raspberries and blackberries

Raspberries and blackberries are primarily self-pollinating and do not cross-pollinate.

Single Potted PLant

Can I plant a single potted raspberry plant?

Yes, plant raspberries as

Yes, plant raspberries as either bare-root or potted plants in early spring as soon as the soil can be worked.


I would like to try planting raspberries in central Georgia. What varieties do you recommend?

According to the Georgia

According to the Georgia cooperative extension: Only the trailing raspberry "Dormanred" has proven itself for all of Georgia. The erect raspberry variety
"Heritage" is grown commercially in the Georgia mountains and has performed well in north Georgia. For this reason, it is
recommended for planting in the mountain and upper Piedmont region.


Botanical Name: 


Plant Type: 

Sun Exposure: 

Soil Type: 

Hardiness Zone: 

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