Planting, Growing, and Harvesting Blueberries

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Blueberries are one of the easiest fruits to grow.



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The modern blueberry is a 20th-century invention. Before the 1900s, the only way to enjoy these North American natives was to find them in the wild. Then, scientists started to unlock the secrets of cultivating blueberries, and we’re glad they did!

Plump, juicy berries are now easy to grow in your backyard on bushes that are resistant to most pests and diseases, and can produce for up to 20 years. A relative of rhododendron and azalea, blueberry bushes aren’t just a great edible plant but also an attractive addition to your overall landscape, offering scarlet fall foliage and creamy white spring flowers. Learn more about why you should grow blueberries in your home garden.

Note: Blueberries are a favorite snack of hungry birds, so it’s recommended that you protect blueberry bushes ahead of time with netting or other methods.

There are three types of blueberries: highbush, lowbush, and hybrid half-high. The most commonly planted blueberry is the highbush. Most blueberry breeding has focused on this species, so there are many varieties that range widely in cold hardiness and fruit season, size, and flavor. See more about blueberry varieties below.


  • Blueberries thrive in soil that is acidic. The soil pH should ideally be between 4 and 5. The more organic matter added, the more tolerance to acidity blueberries will have.
  • The blueberry is a shallow-rooted plant. Therefore, it requires a soil that hold moisture, but also drains well and doesn’t stay wet.
  • Mix organic matter bushes into the soil before you set your blueberry bushes. (See more about soil amendments and preparing soil for planting.)
  • Bushes should be planted as early in the spring as possible. If available, one to three-year-old plants are a good choice. Be sure to go to a reputable nursery. 
  • Dig holes about 20 inches deep and 18 inches wide (about twice as wide and twice as deep as the roots of the plant).
  • Space bushes about 5 feet apart in a row, with at least 8 feet between rows. Prepare a planting mixture of 2 parts loam and one part oak leaf mold, peat moss, aged sawdust, or compost, and place a layer of this mixture in the bottom of the hole.
  • Set the bush, with its roots spread out, at a depth of one inch more than it grew in the nursery and pack the hole tightly with soil.
  • Apply fertilizer one month after planting, not at time of planting. Then apply 1/2 ounce of a 10-10-10 fertilizer in a band around the plant 6 to 12 inches from the crown.


  • Mulch to keep shallow blueberry root systems moist, which is essential. Apply a 2-4 inch layer of woodchips, saw dust, or pine needles after planting.
  • Supply one to two inches of water per week.
  • It is imperative to drape netting over ripening blueberries, so that the birds won’t make away with the entire crop.
  • One year after planting, apply one ounce of 10-10-10 fertilizer per bush at bloom, and increase the rate by one ounce each year thereafter to a maximum of 8 ounces for mature bushes. 
  • Do not allow the bush to produce fruit for the first year or two after planting. Pinch back any blossoms developing on newly set plants to allow growth.
  • For the first four years after planting, there is no need to prune blueberry bushes. From then on, pruning is needed to stimulate growth of the new shoots that will bear fruit the following season.
  • Prune plants in late winter or early spring before new growth begins. 
  • Cut out dead, broken, short, weak, and spindly shoots.
  • On highbush varieties, begin with large cuts, removing wood that is more than six years old, drooping to the ground, or crowding the center of the bush. Also remove low-growing branches whose fruit will touch the ground, as well as spindly twigs.
  • Prune lowbush blueberries by cutting all stems to ground level. Pruned plants will not bear the season following pruning, so prune a different half of a planting every two years (or a different third of a planting every three years).



  • Blueberries will be ready for picking in late July to mid August.
  • Don’t rush to pick the berries as soon as they turn blue. Wait a couple days. When they are ready, they should fall off right into your hand.
  • If you plant two-year-old blueberry plants, they should start to bear within a year or two. (Pick off any flowers that form the first year or two after planting, to allow the bush to become established.) Be aware that full production is reached after about 6 years.
  • Blueberries are one of the easiest fruits to freeze. Learn how to properly freeze blueberries so you can have them all winter long.

Recommended Varieties

Wit & Wisdom

In Ireland, baskets of blueberries are still offered to a sweetheart in commemoration of the original fertility festival of Lammas Day, celebrated on August 1.


Reader Comments

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high bush blueberries variety

I want to grow blueberries in shimla ,india in the northan region I am an apple farmer .can u plz suggest blueberries variety and help us in growing and providing nurseries thank u so much

Blueberry Bush recommendation

Love the site...I live in Ky (Zone 6b I think?) and very curious about which type of blueberry bushes I should look for....Also would like to know how I should amend my soil and when? (currently a 6.9ph) Thank you!


Highbush blueberries, such as Spartan, Bluecrop, or Elliott, grow well in Kentucky. Rabbiteyes in warm southern parts. Lowbush types would not do well. For more on growing blueberries in Kentucky, including soil requirements, here is information from the University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service:
Hope this helps!

pick flowers or not?

I'm a little confused about when to allow bushes to fruit. lots of sources say prune the buds in the first couple of years (yours included in the 'care' section) but then you go on to say (in the 'harvest' section) that plants a few years old are ok to let put on berries. I have a "new" plant (as in- new to me) but its a decent sized bush probably 2 or 3 years old. I potted it. do I let it fruit or prune and focus on plant growth?

flower buds

For the first year, the same as when you planted the bush, pick off the flowers so that the plant can focus on becoming established. You can start harvesting fruit the second year after planting, as long as the plant is healthy. If it still seems to be struggling, give it another year before allowing it to fruit. We’ve revised the text so this is clearer. Hope this helps!

blueberry bushes and vinegar

I'd like to know how white vinegar sprinkled near blueberry bushes to control weeds will affect the bush...please let me know if I should use the vinegar or not....thanks so much

vinegar on blueberry bushes

Vinegar is an acid, so it would make the soil slightly more acidic. Soil acidity is measured as pH; blueberries like a pH of between 4.0 and 5.0. Have you done a soil test? If you bring the soil too much below 4.0, you may notice that your bushes underperform. If, as it happens, your soil is over 5.0, the bushes might appreciate the acid. How much are you going to pour on? Bottom line: if you hand weed well and then mulch heavily, you will probably deter most of the weeds.

For the record, some sources recommend maintaining a soil’s acidity by adding 1 tablespoon of household vinegar to a gallon of water, when watering.



what type of blueberry bush

Hi i was wondering what type of blueberry would be stand up to oklahoma weather

Blueberry types

Highbush and rabbiteye blueberries both grow well in Oklahoma, depending on the location and the cultivar. Highbush blueberries generally ripen in May and June and perform best in northern Oklahoma. For best yields, two or more cultivars should be planted together, making sure that bloom time overlaps. Bluecrop and Bluejay are two good highbush varieties that pollinate at the same time. Rabbiteye blueberries ripen from late May to early July, and grow best in central and southern Oklahoma and are more heat tolerant than highbush types. Rabbiteye blueberries bloom at different times so it’s important to select varieties which have overlapping pollination times. Premier and Brightwell are two rabbiteye varieties that overlap. Check with your local nursery or cooperative extension for more local knowledge.

Containers for blueberries

I have two Sunshine Blue's in a container and I just bought a Northland which I understand is a much bigger plant. I would prefer to plant the Northland too in a container in order to keep it in a full sun spot. What size container would you recommend?

containing a northland blueberry bush

Well, sources suggest that the Northland Blueberry stands at about a 4-foot-spread at maturity (that’s above ground). Generally speaking, blueberry bushes have small root systems. We’d recommend perhaps a 15-gallon size container to start. As it matures, you might need or want to transplant it into a half whiskey barrel or the like (with obvious drainage).

How much hot weather blueberries can take??

Hi, I want to know if blueberry plant can tolerate hot weather up to 40-45°C?

heat tolerance

Good question! I don’t think that the northern types would be happy at all. The southern highbush and rabbiteye types, which are grown in mild climates due to their lower chilling requirements, might be OK with extra care. Blueberries can be grown in desert climates, such as in Arizona. Some gardeners grow them in containers, so that they can move them to shade during high heat (and also, so that they can use appropriate soil, as sometimes native soil may be too alkaline). For more information, you might contact your county’s Cooperative Extension service. There might be someone there who would know about the temperature tolerances of these plants. For contact information, see:

Coming Out of Dormancy Early

I have one bb bush with flowers & one bush with buds. I've had both pots in the garage since Dec. Do I need to be concerned about them coming out of dormancy so soon? I live in NW MO so we will not have our last frost until mid-April. I have a Bluecrop, Pink Icing, & Peach Sorbet bush. Thanks

Blueberry bushes not producing blueberries, planted edge woods.

We have 6 blueberry bushes (all different varieties), planted just inside edge of woods next to our yard. They get partial sun/shade. We have provided them fertilizer early March, then early July faithfully for 3 years. They are not producing blueberries. Do you think it's lack of sun? Do you think they are not able to absorb nutrients being amongst White Pines? My husband & I love blueberries, and are very discouraged. Just got a new variety to try in half whiskey barrel on patio.

They will need at least 6

They will need at least 6 hours full sun. The white pines would have nothing to do with their up take of nutrients. The shade would be a major factor. Also the soil Ph would be a factor. A Ph close to 5 would works best. Use peat moss worked in around the plants. Blueberries also need a regular water supply to do well. Without water or a low moisture level no photosynthesis takes place. Also photosynthesis is very low when the plants are shaded. All the fertilizer in the world will not help these conditions. Just on a few plants azalea miracle gro plant food will help bring the Ph down.

seed dormancy

Hi. I want to grow blueberry seeds in a container. Six months ago, I bought the blueberry seeds (highbush corymbosum) and kept them dry in fridge (50F to 45F temp.) and after 3 month I planted them in peat moss, I've kept them moist and have not seen any germinating. How do I break their dormancy? Please help. Special thanks.

Hello please grow herbage

Hello please grow herbage blueberry


Hi i'am from Serbia. I wish to know where to plant blueberry? Because, someone told me that you have to find acidic place which i did, and they told me also that blueberry has to be on sea level above 500m.



I want to buy at least best

I want to buy at least best variety 24 blueberry plant to start a garden in my home town India. So can you please provide the plant.

Buy a jersey berry bush

I use miracle gro , seed starting potting mix. Do I had to change the soil? It rain a lot. I give it plant food by miracle gro every 7 days? Am I doing something wrong.


I have 4 small blueberry plants that I purchased and planted this summer. They are growing, but I don't know what to do with them over the winter. They are in small pots that came with them.

giant blueberry plant

I have a similar question. I have 3 small plants I have bought for my granddaughter. We have them in pots on the patio. What should we do to winter them? Do we cover them? Or can we bring them indoors? Would really appreciate your help on this matter. Thank you.

Protecting Blueberries During Winter

Hi Laura,

The best thing to do is push the pots up against the side of the house for a bit of protection, add a nice thick layer of mulch around the crown of the shrubs, and lay burlap or some kind of tarp over them. Blueberries require a cold dormancy period to fruit. They are pretty tough; they should be fine come spring.

What happens when the plant makes seeds?

Once the plant start making flowers for seeds what do you with them? Do you leave them or cut them off after all the seeds have blown away?

Blueberry Flowers

When a blueberry bush starts to flower, you do not have to cut the flowers off. The flowers will drop off in a few weeks.

Zone 9...!

I just love blueberries, I go to Finland in the summer every year but I live in Rome, which appears to be in zone 8-9...
Is there any chance I can grow them, and if so, which variety...?

Shade blueberry bushes

I live in eastern MA (zone 6b) and have a small yard that is very shaded. While I realize that I will never get the amount of berries a sunny location would, I still want to replace my 2 quince bushes with blueberry bushes. What variety will have the best chance of survival with shady mornings and sunny afternoons?

Native Blueberry

Hi Bill,

Try your region’s native highbush blueberry, Vaccinium corymbosum, as it is a woodland garden shrub that can take part shade.

getting started in blueberries

I just moved to Hermosa SD, which seems to bee a zone 4.5. We have LOTS of pine trees. I'm assuming our soil is somewhat acidic, due to the pine needles.

We have lots of places to plant under trees, and also lots of full sun spaces... I'm wondering what variety to plant for flavor and harvest number.

What size plant should I start with?
What time of year?
Where to plant them?
When will here be fruit?
How many plants should I plant for two people who eat a few pounds of blueberries a week?

Planting Blueberry Shrubs

First, I would caution against digging under established evergreen trees; it is very difficult, as they have tremendous root zones that require very aggressive measures to get through, which is not good for the trees, and ultimately not good for your blueberries, as they will be competing for room to grow as well as nutrients and moisture. If you can plant them elsewhere, start with two-gallon pots. Plant them in the fall when the weather is cooler. If they are happy, they should fruit the next summer (in time they will likely produce more fruit than during their first season). You would have to plant a whole lot of shrubs to eat a few pounds weekly! Space depending, five to seven plants will give a reasonable yield.

Where to plant

Thanks for your response. Can blueberry shrubs get full sun? Is a "2 gallon pot" a typical size I can find at a nursery or is that an older plant? And would they do better if all in the same area?


They can take full sun, but do better with a bit of shade. Two-gallon pots are a common size; you will also find 5-gallon pots. You are looking for container plants that are 2 to 3 years old (you can also buy bare-root blueberry shrubs). They won’t necessarily do better planted together but by grouping them you are ensuring they have the same soil conditions, and it makes watering both easier and more uniform. When planting, space the shrubs 4 to 6 feet apart (If you go with bare roots, plant them in early spring while plants are still dormant.)

Blueberry bushes disease

My blueberry bushes have developed black dots on the leaves. What is this and what do I do about it?

Leaf Spot on Blueberry Foliage

It sounds like they might have Septoria leaf spot disease. Try to keep the foliage as dry as possible (avoid overhead watering) to limit the spread of spores; also remove the most disease-riddled leaves as well as any that have dropped into the soil. This is a difficult disease to manage once spores are in the soil. If the plants continue to succumb, consider replacing them next year with disease-resistant varieties (start with clean soil, i.e. remove what is there and replace with compost-rich, amended soil).


I live in northern Califirnia and I have 2 blueberry bushes that are doing pretty well except one has very sour fruit. I have waited until the berries are dark blue but still are bitter. Do you have any suggestions as to why one bush has very tasty berries and the other does not..

bitter blueberries

Are the two bushes the same variety? If not, it could be that the other variety has a different, more sour, taste. Flavor will vary between varieties. If your bushes are the same type, was the bitter plant producing an unusually abundant crop of berries? If so, those berries can be bitter. When your bush overproduces, you’ll want to be sure to thin the fruit so that the plant can focus on growing fewer berries, and that can help the sweetness. Perhaps another possibility is that the plant is under stress–mechanical injury, disease, environmental, pests, etc. – check to see if the plant looks healthy overall, including the base of the trunk (to check for any damage to bark by weed trimmers, etc).

Just a hint, add hard wood

Just a hint, add hard wood ash about 2 in deep in a circle about 4 in from bush. Water lightly. do this early June and you harvest in Aug will be so sweet your mouth will hurt lol.


I have two blueberry bushes in large pots, Climax variety, I believe. I don't seem to have any growing problems, but I wonder why my berries have so many seeds. Is it the variety or is there something I can do?

Blueberry Seeds

All blueberry species have about 20 small seeds, but your blueberry variety’s seeds are more noticeable. The climax variety is a type of rabbiteye blueberry, and rabbiteye blueberries tend to have more noticeable seeds. You could try a non-rabbiteye variety if you would like the seeds to be less noticeable.

Care for Blueberry bush

I have a few blueberry bushes. I notice their leaves are more yellow than green and they do not look healthy to me. What should I do? I would really appreciate some advice.

Kind regards,
Verceles Laron

yellow leaves

It sounds like the plant is struggling in soil that is not the proper pH. Yellow leaves on blueberry plants are a sign of iron deficiency. Have your soil tested before doing anything hasty. Soil kits are available at garden and nursery stores. Or contact your local cooperative extension (usually at a public/state university).


useful website

useful website

Bluberry wheather

I live in iran ,The north name is mazandaran which have a 60 percent humanity by the bigest lake (caspian see)in the world also rains almost 2 days of the week or more but good sunny days as well in summer , rains more in spring than summer dear and no body try to grow bluberry and i have request some blueberry seeds to cultivate for testing and need to know some advice and wanna know rainy days effect my bluberry plant do u think?

wild alaskan blueberry

was looking for wild alaskan blueberry plants or seeds . Would they grow in western pa. if i can find some?

pink lemonade y

I planted my pink lemonade blueberries last year and wondered when they will produce blossoms. It's the first week in April plants look healthy but no blossoms.

Blueberry blossoms

Your pink lemonade blueberry plant should show white-pink flowers in spring, and the berries should ripen in late July to early August. Often, when blueberries are not flowering, it is due to lack of pollination. Perhaps it has been poor weather and the busy bees have not come out?  Blueberries are very susceptible to late spring frosts, too. Also, while blueberries are self-fertile they do much better when there is a second blueberry plant that blooms about the same time. There could be other issues, such as acidic soil pH (which needs to be below 5.5), good drainage (no wet feet!), and proper pruning, but usually it’s the bees.

Berkely bush died in first season

I planted a Berkely blueberry bush I got from a reputable supplier last year, next to 3 other new bushes. All were planted in large containers, in good full sun. The Berkely shrivelled and died just after the fruit started to show. I pulled the container away from the other containers. The dead bush smells like garlic when you snap its branches. Any idea what killed it and do I need to worry about the other bushes?

The Blueberry Blues

Hi, sodagirl: This is difficult to diagnose from afar, but it almost sounds like this bush became infected with parasitic nematodes (microscopic). Another possibility is a virus, although it would be more probable that nematodes would infect only one out of four plants, rather than all. Odors from dead plants usually are generated not by the killers, but by bacteria that are late to the (dead matter) party. We would get rid of this plant by double-construction-grade-bagging it up, soil and all, and taking it to the landfill (consult with attendant) or burying it in a deep hole. In the meantime, to be on the safe side, apply an organic (if possible) nematicide to your remaining plants per directions. But the main thing is to not let this dead bush be sitting around: It needs to be quarantined ASAP. Good luck!

New Blueberry Plants

Hello Everyone,

I am need of some good, sound advice. I have been doing a lot of research on Blueberry plants as far as planting, soil type, care, and I have realized that I am very confused. lol. I have purchased 2 Blue Ray plants and I am going to buy 2 of another variety to start. My soil isn't the greatest. I have about 12 inches of good soil then another 6 inches of iffy soil then it goes to fairly hard clay. Can I ammend the soil to work or is it good enough. I'm not opposed to a little work to get the soil up to par. Any input is appreciated. Thank you in advance..

Blueberry climates

I live in Nebraska and would love to plant a blueberry and raspberry bushes. Are blueberry and raspberry bushes hardy enough to grow in Nebraska with colder temperatures?

Both blueberries and

Both blueberries and raspberries grow very well in colder regions. Go to your local garden center and see what varieties they have to offer.

Go to to read about growing blueberries in Nebraska.

Go to to read about growing raspberries in Nebraska.

birds and blueberries

The "banger", compressed air gun, goes off every10-15 minutes for several weeks, end of July and into August. It drives neighbors, summer visitors, dogs, etc. up the wall or under the table. I have read that the birds can actually locate fields by listening for the blast. An old guy in the neighborhood swears this is the only way to protect the crop, another claims that the loss from birds is not significant, unless it is a flock of Biblical proportion. Could the banger technique be a carry over, like a rural myth? For example: We used to plow to warm the soil in early spring but now know that "no till "is more productive and stops erosion.) I believe there must be a quiet solution. Ideas?

Quick Question: I planted a

Quick Question: I planted a Vaccinium Corymbosum blueberry bush today, do I need to get another bush for it to produce blueberries or will this bush produce berries by itself ?

Blueberry plants are self

Blueberry plants are self-fertile, so no worries. However, it’s always good to have different varieties to aide pollination to ensure you get fruit.

Blueberry bushes

I live in North Florida, we just bought a house that has some blueberry bushes, they appear to be young. When and how should we fertilize them?

Fertilizing Blueberries

Wanda, Here’s is advice on fertilizing blueberries from the UF extension:

“Blueberries respond best to frequent, light fertilization. They can be killed or damaged by over-fertilization. It is best to be conservative and gradually increase fertilizer rates as you gain experience with your soil type and the kinds of fertilizer you are using.

Do not put fertilizer in the planting hole. After planting, when the soil is well settled from irrigation or rainfall, give un-mulched plants 1 ounce per plant of 12-4-8 (N-P2O5-K2O) with 2% magnesium (Mg). Use ammoniacal nitrogen or nitrogen from urea or organic sources, rather than from nitrate sources. Chlorine levels should be as low as possible, preferably below 2%. A special formulation called “blueberry special” is available in Florida and meets these requirements. Another possibility is “camellia-azalea” fertilizers. Many of these fertilizers are suitable for blueberries, and they are usually readily available in small quantities for home gardeners. Spread fertilizer evenly over a circle 2 feet in diameter with the plant in the center. Repeat this procedure in April, June, August, and October. If plants are heavily mulched, use 1.5 ounces per plant per application rather than 1 ounce because some of the fertilizer will be unavailable for plant uptake. During the second year, use 2 ounces of 12-4-8 per plant per application and spread it evenly over a 3-foot diameter circle. In the third year and beyond, use 3 ounces of fertilizer per plant per application spread evenly over a 4-foot diameter circle, or broadcast in a continuous band 3–4 feet wide, centered on the plant row. These are general guidelines and should be adjusted based on plant performance. Slightly more fertilizer may be required if plants are heavily mulched. However, more often than not, cultivated blueberries suffer more from over-fertilization than from lack of fertilization.”

Blueberry cross pollination

Quick question about cross pollination. I'm brand new to gardening. I bought a pink lemonade blueberry bush without knowing anything about blueberry bushes. Everything I read says that it's better to have two bushes of different variety. Why a different variety? Could I just get a second pink lemonade bush?

Blueberries have both male

Blueberries have both male and female organs on the same flower, but not all are self-pollinating. Pink lemonade is fully self-pollinating and you don’t need a different variety for cross pollination. Some growers suggest that the berries will be bigger and sweeter if you grow a different variety nearby. For best fruiting choose to plant a rabbiteye variety like ‘Climax’ or ’Tifblue’.

growing blueberries

I live in Costa Rica and have property with good water and lots of sun. I want to grow something and I just happen to love blueberries. Is this viable


Sounds like you climate is perfect for blueberries. Plant in full sun, give it adequate water, and you should be good to go with periodic fertilizing. Be sure to plant two different varieties as they need cross pollination. Underwatering will cause small dry berries and overwatering will create bland tasting berries. Homegrown blueberries are the best! You can't buy that in the grocery store.

Blue Berries

I live in zone 9 and saw some "Sun Blue Berry Bushes" and am thinking of trying about 3 where I will plant them is on north side and will get afternoon and evening sun, ido you think they will survive?

Blueberries need as much sun

Blueberries need as much sun as possible to produce well. They are also picky about the soil. Please see our planting advice at top of this page. Sunshine Blue is a nice variety for warmer climates and will produce lots of berries.


I would like to know, if it is possible to grow blueberry small bushe hydroponically? Can i get berries all year long in a closed environment with 16 hours grow lights? how much berries can i get, if i could keep the growth 365 day?
Thank you very much in advance.

Blueberry plants and sunlight

Hi, I plan on buying some blueberry plants. One area I'd like to
try in my yard doesn't get Sunlight until 1pm then gets sun until sundown.
In the summer that is 1pm to 8pm, about 7 hours. Is sunlight starting at 1pm
not enough?

Shedding Light on the Subject

Hi, jj: Much of this depends on whether they would be getting direct sunlight. Seven hours in the second half of the day is somewhat pushing the envelope for success, but it certainly might be possible. Another possibility might be to plant bushes in containers and move them (such as on a child’s wagon) to get maximum sunlight. If it were up to us, we would definitely try it with a couple of bushes as a test. Good luck!

Transplanting Young bushes

We planted a variety of 4 blueberry bushes in our yard this spring (2015). We realized halfway through the summer they had been planted too close (in a line about 2ft apart). What is a safe way to dig them up and spread them a little furthur apart? We live in Southern Louisiana and were planning on waiting until late December, January, or February, the coldest part of the year for us, when we thought the bushes would be dormant. What is the best way to do this without damaging the plants? Thanks!

Yes, transplant when the

Yes, transplant when the bushes are dormant, usually after the first frost of the fall/winter. Make sure to dig far enough around the root ball and deep down to get as much of the roots as possible. Have the new holes dug and ready for the bushes.

How much & how often can i add 20% Iron Sulfate to each B.B Bush

How much & how often can i add 20% Iron Sulfate to each Blueberry Bush to lower the P/H , i have added some Elemental Sulfur, about 2 months ago & Pine bark Fines and pine Mulch . I keep checking the P/H but everything is very slow in falling, so i bought some 20% Iron Sulfate... So i need to know how to apply it, i think 2 Tbsp's per Bush , per month is correct? But i am not for SURE? Can you help me? Thank You Jerry

The acidification process

The acidification process with elemental sulfur is slow and can take up to 6 months. It works faster when the soil is warm. Wait until spring to test the soil again and see what the values are. If you still think you need to use the iron sulfate use about 2 tablespoons per bush.

Should I cover my 1 yr old

Should I cover my 1 yr old high bush blueberries this fall to help protect from northern new hampshire winter? they are still very very small.

As long as the varieties you

As long as the varieties you have chosen are hardy to your zone, they should winter over just fine with 6 inches or so of shredded bark, pine needle, straw, or shredded leaves for a mulch; heavy snow cover will do the rest. I don’t know how practical covering them is since I don’t know how many you have or how tall they are but if you want to baby them you can place chicken wire cages over them and fill the cages with leaves or cover them with a heavy weight polypropylene row cover.

We just bought a house in

We just bought a house in middle TN that has a row of 4-5 blueberry bushes. It had a good crop this year, but i don't know how old the bushes are. Any recommendations for how i should care for them? thanks,

We live in zone 8A Pacific

We live in zone 8A Pacific North West. There is a local legend / but supposedly true story about an old Blueberry farm that was abandoned over 50, 60 years ago land locked back in the woods between other private farms. They say there are only a few plants still growing and some of them have turned into 20 or 30 foot tall trees with huge trunks that produce berries of intense flavor. Every article I have read notes that Blueberry plants only live for around 25 years. Have you ever heard of or seen any old plant living that long or looking like a tree trunk? Thanks for your help.

Our farm is in Gresham,

Our farm is in Gresham, Oregon. Our blueberry bushes are approximately 75 years and younger. We have been in operation for 58 years. As long as you prune yearly, fertilize, water and deal with the most common diseases, you can get more than 20 years at least in the older varieties.

I have two blueberry bushes,

I have two blueberry bushes, which are about eight years old. Last year only one bush bore fruit. This year neither one had fruit, just a few berries on each. We had severe winters here on Long Island the last two years.Previous years I had more berries then I could handle.

I would cut them to the

I would cut them to the ground in late winter to stimulate new growth. You probably will not get fruit the first summer, but they should start producing the following if they are fed, watered, and other conditions are correct.

iwant to cut my bushes back

iwant to cut my bushes back in november will it hurt the bushes or kill them. they are old and some young plants i need to clean them out.please let me know

Sara, See the "Care" section

Sara, See the "Care" section of this page on pruning back your blueberry bushes. When you cut the stems back to ground level, it does not kill them. In fact, it only makes them stronger. Now, if you want to get rid of your blueberry bushes, that's another story...

Greater than 15yr old

Greater than 15yr old blueberry bushes, last year one had a few new branches with bright red berries, not blue berries that weren't ripe. This year a bunch more, look a lot like honeysuckle berries. These branches are sprouting off the main trunk and producing these bright red berries right next to other shoots that are produceing blueberries. All from the same plant! What is going on with my blueberries!! Please help!

Hi Eric, The blueberries may

Hi Eric,
The blueberries may have something called the blueberry shoestring virus. It is spread by aphids. One way to reduce infection risk is to get rid of the aphids. Read more at

I live in southern Alabama.

I live in southern Alabama. We want to plant Blueberry bushes. What would you suggest for this area and how many?

Rabbiteye varieties are best

Rabbiteye varieties are best for Alabama - and where I live (between Mobile and Tuscaloosa) the Climax and Tifblue varieties work really well. Make sure you have at least two different varieties growing near each other for maximum production.

I am in Western Massachusetts

I am in Western Massachusetts (Zone 5a) and I have 8 lowbush Brunswick's to plant (they were a gift). They are all the same variety...should I pick up a different variety or are these self-pollinators?

Hi Kim, Brunswick blueberry

Hi Kim,
Brunswick blueberry bushes are self pollinating. This is a wonderful hardy blueberry variety.

I bought a Vaccinium Hybrid

I bought a Vaccinium Hybrid two years ago from a reputable greenhouse and planted in it in a large container. So far it has not blossomed or produced any fruit. I am just curious if there is something I am missing, or does this variaty take a few years to produce fruit. As a side note I live in Canada.

Hi, B: In some respects this

Hi, B: In some respects this may depend on the exact type of hybrid you have and where you are in Canada, but it is true that most blueberries take 2 or 3 years, at least, before they become established enough to produce blossoms and fruit. Patience! And thanks for asking!

Where can I buy blueberry

Where can I buy blueberry seeds? How much? When would they be ripe enough to fall? Where do I get the seeds? I live in Montebello, New York. And, where do I plant them? Please answer my questions.

It's best to purchase

It's best to purchase blueberries as a plant, not grow from seed. Visit your local garden center or there are many online plant retailers such as and Just Google "buy blueberry plants."

You can grow them from the

You can grow them from the fruit if you really want to though. My mother in law threw some old blueberries in her compost hole and a blueberry plant started to grow. It took 2 years to tell what it really was, and another 5 to start to actually blossom. It was about 2 years after that before it really made enough berries to call it producing though. So, 9 years from seeds/berries that she got from the store.
I went and got a 5 gallon plant and it started making berries the next year.

Would it be ok to plant some

Would it be ok to plant some bushes this late in the season? I'm not expecting berries but is like to get them hardy and healthy for next year. I live in northern Arkansas.

A while ago I bought

A while ago I bought blueberries in a store that had worms inside. This year I planted three bushes and I wonder if they should be sprayed to prevent worms. If so what should I use?

At least a week before the

At least a week before the first insects are expected to emerge (early June), place yellow monitoring traps baited with ammonium acetate in the the top third of bushes without foliage touching them. If you monitor the traps and detect flies, only then should you spray an insecticide. Speak to your local cooperative extension about approved insecticides.

I have a Patriot and an

I have a Patriot and an O'Neil blueberry bush planted near each other in a large container. Both had white flowers, but these are turning brown and only a few appear ready to produce blueberries - the majority seem to have shriveled. They get morning and evening sun and indirect but bright light the rest of the day. The plants come from a garden centre this year and appear to be about a year old. I water them weekly. Can I save them?

It's normal for flowers to

It's normal for flowers to turn brown and drop off after they are pollinated. The flowers that are not pollinated will stay on the bushes for a few more weeks and then drop off. Make sure that you have some bees or native pollinators in the area.

I have a few questions. I

I have a few questions. I bought some blueberry plants in 2 gallon pots this week that are presumably two years old. Two of my plants already have a dozen green berries. Should I pick them off to encourage plant growth, or is it to late after the blossoms turn to fruit. Another question. How do I know it the plant is in the first year or second. Also with spacing of the plants, since I have half high varieties that grow 3-4 ft Can I bring the plants closer together. I was thinking 4 feet or 5 feet apart. Thanks!

My son gave me a blueberry

My son gave me a blueberry bush he got an event to do with Arbor day. I planted it a couple of weeks ago but not as deep as you said. i have no idea what kind it is. I think I will replant it in a pot. Do I need more than one bush? So many have told me different stories. I know I am late planting. I live in Birmingham, Al.

If you don't know the variety

If you don't know the variety it's best to get another bush that blooms at around the same time for better pollination. See our planting and care inforamtion above for best soil and growing conditions.

I don't knot if you are still

I don't knot if you are still helping out Almanac Staff, but I could use your assistance. Last year my husband and I went to a reputable nursery, interested in planting blueberry plants. We had already tested our soil and were in good shape there. I am new to planting these, and unfortunately took only the advise of the nursery and bought only ONE plant. Will this produce fruit? I have the room the plant a second, but for the life of me cannot find any of the information that came with the blueberry plant. I have idea what type it is. The plant is thriving right now with it's newish home and growing immensely. So again:

#1 - Will I have to get another plant?
#2 - If so, how am I going to be able to determine what other strain of plant, as I do not know what mine is.

Thank You!!!

Marianne from Maryland

Make a note of when the

Make a note of when the blueberry is blooming this year and wait to see if you will get blueberries this summer. Some varieties do not need another bush to produce berries. With a second bush the harvest is usually bigger. If you don't get berries this year find another blueberry bush that blooms during the same period that your bush was blooming this year (there are early, mid and late blooming varieties).

Hi, I planted my first 4


I planted my first 4 blueberry bushes 5 years ago (3-year-old plants Bluecrop, Elizabeth, Duke & Bluejay). My question is: Is it normal for a Duke to be tree-like? It only has 1 stem coming out of the ground which is getting to be close to 2.5 inches in diameter. It produced gangbusters of fruit the last 2 years. I've read you should prune canes older than 8 years, but that would mean cutting off the entire plant!

I should clarify. About 2

I should clarify. About 2 inches above ground, the single stem splits into 2 stems, each of which splits again in another 2 inches. Each of those 4 stems are between 1/2 and 3/4" in diameter.

I just decided to grow

I just decided to grow blueberries and chose 2 different varieties for cross pollination: Tiftblue and Vernon. Now, I'm concerned they may not work well together as one is an early bloomer and one a mid-to-late bloomer. Will this be a problem?

It's best if the bushes bloom

It's best if the bushes bloom at the same time or overlapping times. Rabbiteye 'Tifblue' is a good pollinator for other rabbiteye varieties as it blooms for a long time, starting in mid season. Vernon is an early bloomer. You can watch the bloom cycle this season to see if you need to buy one more rabbiteye variety that blooms early to mid season.

I just planted a one year old

I just planted a one year old blueberry shrub which already had fruit on it when purchased. Should I pluck the fruit off before it ripens to encourage a greater crop in the years to come, or is it too late for that since it has already blossomed and produced the fruit? Also I only planted one shrub. Is it necessary for survival to plant more than one of different varieties, or is that just the preferred method?

I forgot to mention I live in

I forgot to mention I live in Harrah, Oklahoma. I asked about how to prepare the soil before planting the Premier Blueberry and the Climax Blueberry and how to test the pH in the soil. Thanks.

You purchased Rabbiteye

You purchased Rabbiteye blueberries. It's good that you bought two because they are not self-fertile and you must plant 2 or three varieties that bloom about the same time (which is true for Climax and Premier). Normally, you should have planted the blueberries in February or early March before growth resumes so get them in the ground as soon as possible. According to your local extension, "Space your blueberry bushes by 6 by 12 feet. Each hole should be 18 to 24 inches across and the same depth. Add one-third cubic foot of peat moss to each hole, and mix it with the native soil. Avoid fertilization in the hole. Let the hole stand for two weeks after this to allow the peat moss to become thoroughly damp, adding water as needed. Keep root systems of bare-root plants overed with damp sawdust, hay, or peat moss while you are preparing to plant. Score the root balls of containerized or container-grown plants before planting them, in order to encourage the roots to grow outward. Plants should be set
about one-half inch deeper than they were in the container. After replacing the peat and soil mixture into the hole, tamp it lightly to remove air spaces. Unless rain is likely, water the newly set plants. Cut back shoots on large plants to keep them from being blown over by high winds."

I am a beginner at planting

I am a beginner at planting blueberries and just purchased a Climax Blueberry(Vaccinium ashel)and a Premier Blueberry(Vaccinium sp.)and was wondering what to put in the soil before planting them. Also how do I test the pH level of the soil? Thank you for any advice.

I have a blueberry bush that

I have a blueberry bush that has these hard brown balls on the branches. Thought it was just this one but noticed another bush with it. I mulch heavy with leaves.
Can you tell me what it is and what I should do? thanks so much

You may have stem cankers on

You may have stem cankers on your bushes. It is caused by a fungus. It's important to remove dead and affected branches as soon as possible. Read more about this disease at

Hi; we are having some

Hi; we are having some trouble keeping blossoms on the bush. It seems that more are falling off of the plant. Even the bees knock the blossoms off. We have netting up, what else can we do ??

Tarilyn and Gary, the

Tarilyn and Gary,

the white /pink blossoms are meant to fall off. Their purpose is to attract a pollinato, once that is are they. The part left behind grows into a blueberry

What about Vaccinium asher or

What about Vaccinium asher or Vaccinjum darrow ?
They are all over the South, even wild in the wood lands.
You can get up to 25 pounds per bush per year
off these plants.
We even have a wild low bush blueberry with bluegreen leaves.

Thank you for all the

Thank you for all the information on this post! I live in zone 7B and have a Duke blueberry bush in my yard. What variety would you recommend I get to pair with it?

As Duke is a Northern

As Duke is a Northern Highbush, you just need to select another Northern Highbush. For example, Bluecrop and Blueray are a popular choices for your zone and widely available.

Ideally you want a pollinator

Ideally you want a pollinator that will be blooming at the same time so you get max. cross pollination.
Duke is early so Reka, Sparta, and Patriot would be fine and all very good plants in their own right.
But of course, now you've limited to a small slice of the growing season. So if you have the room the inclination is always to put in two different late bloomers.

I just purchased 2 blueberry

I just purchased 2 blueberry bushes & it says I need 2 different varieties to get berries. Can I plant 2 of the same kind to get berries or do I need to get another variety?

It's best to get different

It's best to get different varieties of blueberries planted within 100 feet of each other. Unlike some plants, the same blueberry plant cannot be fertilized by their own pollen.

I have a blueberry crop at

I have a blueberry crop at what tempature do you think it would grow best

I would also like to add

I would also like to add rabbits to the list of pests! If your plant is still small, they will nibble branches and new shoots off in a 45° angle. Very annoying!

And when the goats escape

And when the goats escape from the pen...they REALLY enjoy blueberries!

Just wanted to say Thanks to

Just wanted to say Thanks to Almanac editors and community for the wealth of information on this BB forum. I ordered three high-bush varieties this morning on-line, and with your tips pasted into my word document, I feel prepared for arrival of the 2 year rooted crowns.

when is the best time to

when is the best time to plant bluebarries i live in zone 5b

As soon as possible after the

As soon as possible after the plants arrive in early spring, plant them in soil that you prepared the previous season.

Greetings from south central

Greetings from south central PA. I am going to try again to plant blueberry bushes in the Spring. I am concerned about my soil which is dense with shale not far below the surface. Your information advises, "Dig holes about 20 inches deep and 18 inches wide." I expect to need to do a lot of work to get the soil to a suitable condition. How deep do you suggest I go in preparing a suitable growing area? I am going to start with 4 each of 3 varieties. Thanks.

Hi Mary, Dig down about 2

Hi Mary,
Dig down about 2 feet and amend the soil. Make sure that the soil is bit acidic. After you plant your bushes add a layer of mulch.
Good luck!

hello I'm from Bulgaria and I

hello I'm from Bulgaria and I want to sow 15 acres of blueberries. will you give me information on what varieties is better to buy, how to look, what they cost for 4500 units. Could you send me Email varieties here with us because PH is 4.50 to 5.50 and from May to September is 25 to 40 degrees. Can you give me advice on what to do and how to do it. Thank you.

Zdrasti, Any variety will do


Any variety will do better than what's presently available. I tasted a few blueberries in BG (Varna) and they were, no offense, terrible. They had huge seeds in them and were bitter. It was not what I had expected and I was disappointed.
(I come from a small farm and knew there was better.)

I would imagine you are looking at about $35-$40 per bush and then add on any delivery and import fees. Quite an expensive undertaking, but once your bushes start growing, I am sure you will make your money back and start seeing plenty of profit by the 10th year.


Be very careful to purchase

Be very careful to purchase from a reputable nursery/wholesaler. We have been stuck by many growers. They don't tell the truth. I would be happy to give you more advice if you need it. Shipping from the US to Bulgaria has to be expensive but you can get great quality bushes for under $5 in the US. Be careful.

Look at the zones in the US for agriculture and apply that to Bulgarian temperatures. Buy bushes that are recommended and grown in that Zone.


Ivan, 15 acres? You

15 acres? You should be growing more than 1000 per acre (based on 4 ft and 10 ft aisles.

You should be buying Tissue Cultured, Virus indexed and paying (at that volume) around 2.00 US per plant. Shipping costs, irrigation, labor, peat will add significantly to your costs.

Do you want to harvest all at one time? Then I'd consider Draper.
If you want to harvest over a period of time: Reka, Blue Crop, Liberty would be my three.
If you are serious I can hook you up with growers and shippers.

I'm reading all the comments

I'm reading all the comments about soil acidity and am concerned. The water in my area is very alkaline. How do I overcome this obstacle?

To lower pH, add common

To lower pH, add common sulfur to your soil. Ferrous sulfate and aluminum sulfate are sometimes used instead. You can also lower the pH of alkaline soil over time by applying compost and manure regularly.

Aluminum sulphate can attack

Aluminum sulphate can attack the delicate fibrous root system of the blue berry plant and kill it.
The run off is also harmful to the environment.
I strongly recommend against using it.
Cottonseed, coffee grounds, hollytone, ammonium sulphate will all lower your ph.
Adding seasoned pine bark or chips of pine wood will help but it must be aged.

Hi there! My father ordered a

Hi there! My father ordered a large bag of blueberry "starts" I guess you'd call them around November 2014. We literally just took them out of the bag they were shipped in (March 2015). Do they even stand a chance? They were kept indoors, not refrigerated. Many thanks for your help!

Hi Tracy, The sooner you get

Hi Tracy,
The sooner you get them in some soil the better. Depending on where you live you can plant them in containers or in the ground. If the "starts" were dormant and were kept in a cool, dark place they may still be OK. Plant them and see what happens.

I live in Southern

I live in Southern California, zone 10b. I planted two blueberry bushes at the same time in my back yard, but on different sides of the yard. One bush gets morning sun, afternoon shade, and has a number of clusters of berries starting to form. The other bush gets morning shade, afternoon sun, and all the leaves have dried up and fallen off. It had flowered first, before the other bush, but the flowers fell off and no berries formed. They both get the exact same amount of water, since the entire back yard is on a timed sprinkler system. What could have happened to this second bush? Is the afternoon sun too much?

Blueberries do best in full

Blueberries do best in full sun but they do tolerate some shade. We suggest that you check the soil around the sad bush. Blueberries prefer moist, well-drained acidic soil that has been amended with compost. The pH value should be  between 4.5 and 5.5.

I live in southern Arizona

I live in southern Arizona and you problem could be the sun is hottervin the afternoon then in the morning which I know that here plants have a harder time with the afternoon sun giving it shade for afternoon or moving it to an area closer to you other plant may be a good idea. Even though plants say they need full sun doesn't always mean it can handle it when 100+ temps get to the summer heat as it does here and probably there in Ca.

All that I have heard, you

All that I have heard, you need 2 different types of blueberries to be grown near each other. They need cross pollination in order to get a good crop of blueberries. Lots of acidity to your soul as well.

will blueberrys grow well in

will blueberrys grow well in half whiskey barrels? I live in south louisiana

Hi Carroll, Blueberries do

Hi Carroll,
Blueberries do well in containers. Select a variety that doesn't grow too tall or big. Make sure that the barrel has adequate drainage since blueberries don't like to have ‘wet feet.’ Drill at least 6 good-size holes in the bottom.

Hi! I live in Manila where

Hi! I live in Manila where the sun is hot during summer and the wind is cold at night during Dec-Feb. I keep my aircondition open at night and managed to grow some strawberry seeds after a few patient months. Can i grow blueberries from the frozen blueberry packs in the grocery and could I probably use the same technique as with aircondition?

I recently came into 20

I recently came into 20 potted blueberry plants. It's December in NY. We have a break in the weather for the next few days - 40 to 50 degrees. Should I try to plant them or store them in a makeshift greenhouse until spring?

I'd keep them in containers.

I'd keep them in containers. You probably can't set out new blueberries until after frost. Plus, you have to get the soil ready-- you need well-drained, light, sandy loam soils that's high in organic matter and has a pH between 4.5 and 5.5. If the soil pH in the container is not between 4.0-5.5 then work large quantities of such materials as peat moss, oak leaves, pine needles or sulfur into the soil.
Blueberries do need some winter chill to produce but not too cold. So bring the containers into an unheated shed or garage during winter months. It should say in the 30 to 34 degree range--no colder. Check the container soil once in a while to make sure it doesn't dry out and water if you need to.
If they are young blueberries, they probably won't produce the first year or two. See how it goes!

Hi, I live in Upstate NY zone

Hi, I live in Upstate NY zone 5a. I have 10 bb bushes, Bluecrop and Vaccinio. They are 8-10 years old and only about 3 foot tall. I used to get tons of blueberries and now only three trees produce. They all have nice leaves but not a lot. I have never pruned them for they all look dead and I wouldn't have anything left if I removed what looked dead. I have never seen a new shoot yet. We thought it was because of the harsh winters so we started putting huge heavy plastic tubs on them with huge cut out doors so snow could get in but not allow the snow to crush them. Was/is this a bad move? Should I be putting 3-4 inches of straw on them instead? We water and use Miracle Gro Miracid every two weeks during the spring and summer. Thanks for your help!

For winter protection it's

For winter protection it's better to add a thick layer of mulch around your bushes (about 6 inches thick). Bark, pine needles or straw works well. The bushes should be pruned once a year to ensure good fruit production. Prune late in the winter or early spring when the plants are still completely dormant. Remove any diseased, weak or spindly branches.

Try adding sulfur to your

Try adding sulfur to your plants to make the soil more acid. Blueberries won't produce much fruit if the soils is not acid enough. I add sulfur to my blueberries every fall. Also, you could be adding too much nitrogen with your Miracle Grow. The N ration should be smaller than the P and K.

I would test your PH also

I would test your PH also fertilize in march, read up on what type of fertilizer and PH blueberries like.

You're killing them wiht an

You're killing them wiht an excessive of Miracid.

Miracid is not organic, it's quick acting and can burn.

Blueberries need very little fertilizer. Hollytone is organic and slow acting, you should use no more than 1/2 cup over the course of a years.

I live in North Western

I live in North Western Alaska, in a small village of Eek. And we have a lot if wild blueberries around on the Tundra. And we don't need to plant anything, we have all the berries. That includes: Salmonberries, Red Berries, Cranberries, Blackberries, Raspberries, and other berries i know in Yu'pik but cannot translate them. Yeah. Living in Wild Alaska in a remote town is kind of peaceful. :) Anyway, i'm not trying to brag....but i am. So...have fun planting berries :)

Hi Kiara, ive always wanted

Hi Kiara, ive always wanted to live where i could be self sufficient. Thats not going to happen, but I enjoy watching the Alaskan shows. Anyway, I can enjoy planting berries here in the subdivision, in New York. Your post got me daydreaming thats all.

I am planning to grow

I am planning to grow highbush blueberries in Turkey for commercial purposes. I bought a land and now I am at the stage of preparing the soil for plantation next year. I might buy 1 year old seedlings next year but I want to experiment with growing seedlings from seeds. I read at that "Most blueberries do not self-pollinate -- they need a nearby mate with similar genetic qualities to fertilize their flowers. This means blueberries are an unpredictable lot whose offspring seldom duplicate either parent. For this reason, it's usually better to purchase seeds collected by plant societies that contain known cultivars". So I am looking for a company or institution where I could buy reliable seeds. Can you please let me know about such companies or societies. Thanks.

I am going to assume that you

I am going to assume that you want seeds to get around some import restrictions.
It is a difficult process and adds years onto the time you have to wait for a bountiful crop.
A single cultivar (take BLUE CROP) as an example are really one plant that has been split and asexually reproduced millions of times. So genetically all the blue crop blueberry bushes around the world are, in a very real sense, one plant.
Man is contradicting nature that wants to produce diversity as a survival technique. The only way that I know that can get a seed of bluecrop is to put the plant in sterile conditions, cover each blossom and attempt to introduce its own pollin at a propitious moment.
Even that might not be successful, blue crop, in it's relentless drive to preserve its gene pool through diversity, might reject it's own pollen.

I live in Illinois, and the

I live in Illinois, and the PH of the soil is around 6. I've applied soil acidifier, and have mixed in peat moss, but the PH hasn't declined much. So if I go ahead and plant the blueberries, and the PH stays high for awhile, what will happen? Will the plants die, or will they live but not produce any blueberries? Or will they make blueberries, but they'll be few and far between and puny in size? Thanks for your help!

Make sure the soil around the

Make sure the soil around the plant is what they like and they will be fine. It can take a while for the soil acidifier to work so dont over do it.

Mr. B.

I live in the Toronto,

I live in the Toronto, Ontario area. I was given a pot with three varieties of blueberry plants in it. It was bought like this at a local garden centre. It's quite lovely with an abundance of blueberries on it.
The tag attached states that it's "a cold resistant fruiting shrub and self polinating....great to plant in the garden but our decorative pot makes them right at home on the patio." It also states it will grow to 2.5' high and 3' wide.
I don't believe my garden would have enough sun for this plant so I was hoping I could leave it in the pot on our patio. Will this be ok with our cold snowy winters? What do you suggest that I do please? Any advice would be appreciated. Thanks so much in advance!

If you can't move the

If you can't move the container into an unheated garage or shed the best thing to do is to dig a big hole and "plant" the container with the blueberries in the hole. Bury it deep enough so that the top of the container is slightly covered with soil. Fill in around the container as you would with a plant and then add mulch on top of the soil for extra protection.

It will freeze and die unless

It will freeze and die unless you plant it in a 20 gallon plus container or bring in into a warmer area.

Mr. B.

hello I'm from Bulgaria and I

hello I'm from Bulgaria and I want to sow 15 acres of blueberries. will you give me information on what varieties is better to buy, how to look, what they cost for 4500 units. Could you send me Email varieties here with us because PH is 4.50 to 5.50 and from May to September is 25 to 40 degrees. Can you give me advice on what to do and how to do it. Thank you.

I would ask local farmers. Mr

I would ask local farmers.

Mr B.

I want planting the

I want planting the Blueberries in India Gujarat State
Soil--black cottan
Temp-summer-25 to 45'C
Winter-7 to 15' c
Monsoon-25 to 35'c

Blueberries must have good

Blueberries must have good drainage. If you have a monsoon season, will the bushes be in soggy wet soil for a long time? They probably will not like that.

This is the first year and

This is the first year and the plant is producing a fruit that is small and red in color. All are red now. Will they turn blue and how soon ? thanks

Maybe it's not a blueberry

Maybe it's not a blueberry plant.

Hi Joel, Some varieties of

Hi Joel,
Some varieties of blueberries turn pink or red before turning blue. You should have some ripe blue berries soon.

Hello there! I am in southern

Hello there! I am in southern California and am having a hard time with reviving my sister's blueberry bush. Right now it is in a medium size pot in her backyard and looks as if it is almost completely dead. I dont know what to do. Can you please help?

Hi Tiffany, Please read our

Hi Tiffany,
Please read our "care" section on this page. How old is the bush? Is it getting enought sun, water? Is the soil acidic enough? What variety is it? You may have to test the soil and amend it.

What varieties of blueberries

What varieties of blueberries have the largest berries?
What varieties of blueberries have best taste?
What varieties are sweetest?
I am in northeastern Arizona where winters get down to 0 and occasionally a little lower. Summer can get up to mid 90's and low humidity.

I did go thru your many posts and that was quite an education!


Hi Chris, Thanks for reading

Hi Chris, Thanks for reading through your comments and your kind words.  In your area of Arizona, growing blueberries can be a challenge.  Soils in the higher elevations of northern Arizona have a pH range of between 6.7 and 7.3. Blueberries require a soil pH of 4.3 to 5.0. Remember that at least 2 varieties need to be planted for cross-pollination and fruiting.
In terms of variety: "Patriot" produces large size fruit (approximately 55 per cup) and has excellent flavor. Taste is very subjective but many people enjoy "Bluecrop" which produces medium to large fruit (approximately 65 per cup) and tends to be good and tart.
Much of this information comes courtesy of the University of Arizona cooperative extension and we would advise getting in touch with their services for more on-the-ground support. 

Bonus and Chandler are the

Bonus and Chandler are the largest while Darrow is right after them.
Best taste is subjective but generally speaking the best tasting plants (among the northern high bushes) are: Legacy, Bonus (very distinctive) Blue gold, Elizabeth, Jersey (smallish), Hannah's choice, Hardy blue and Sparta. Duke, highly rated for productiveness but not for flavor, tastes great to me.
Don't worry too much about it, the worst blueberry I ever had was delicious.

I live in South-Central

I live in South-Central Colorado in a zone 5 climate with lots of sun and fairly temperate winters but low humidity. What would be a good variety of blueberry bush(es) to grow and when should I plant them? Thanks.

Blueberries are not the most

Blueberries are not the most natural berry for Colorado, due to the alkaline soil. Blueberries need acidic soil to thrive (pH 5.5). If you're up for the challenge, 'Earliblue' Highbush blueberries grow in zone 5. You'll need two varieties for cross-pollination.  Other highbush types that cover zone 5 are 'Blue Crop", 'Blue Gold', and 'Blue Ray.' Some tips: grow in sphagnum peat moss, ensure that the root zone always stays moist, even in winter, and protect the bushes from winter winds. Wrap bushes with burlap or old sheets while they are dormant.

Im indian,i m having keen

Im indian,i m having keen interst in planting blueberries,especially emerald ones ,is hybridization is possible here,,with othr berries,and what r the neccesary steps required to do the plantation.

I have a blueberry bush that

I have a blueberry bush that I purchased at a local store. I planted it in a large pot because I live in an apartment. It had several berries on it which ripe
ned and I picked. The bush does not seem to be producing anymore. Is that typical? Is there anything that can be done to it to produce again. Also, live in the northeastern US. Will the bush survive the winter?

I just received a blueberry

I just received a blueberry bush from my granddaughter which she has failed to water for most likely a good week. Some of the leaves are very dry and will most likely die, but some are okay and there are berrys on the bush. I need to know if it is a waste to try to revive this bush or should I start over. Also it is in a large pot (patio type container), will it continue to grow or will it need to be replanted?.

Put the container in the sun

Put the container in the sun and give it some water. Blueberries need 1-2 inches of water a week. If it survives you can plant it in the ground next spring.

Are blueberries are loaded

Are blueberries are loaded with fruit. Have gotten several good crops. Now all of a sudden they are getting hard and not turning blue. What is causing that our lack. We had a lot of rain..above average...until about a week ago and not a drop since.

It sounds as though your

It sounds as though your plant(s) may be suffering from "Mummy Berry". A rapid fungus that that infects the blossom by releasing spores into the wind. If you notice tiny mushrooms near by- eradicate them. It may be best to destroy the plant entirely. But, to rid it you must be extremely vigilant. Collect the berries and toss them into a 'Hot" compost pile or remove them completely. If you find you cant get a handle on the disease- destroy the plant(s) and till a new spot.

My blueberry bushes have

My blueberry bushes have spots.....brown ugly spots......they are in full sun my soil bad or is this a type of fungus infection? What are some things I could to remedy this problem?

Wait till next year, it

Wait till next year, it should fix itself.

You mentioned to use 1

You mentioned to use 1 tablespoon of white vinegar to one gallon of water to amend the soil, please mention how often,every watering or once a month?

After adding vinegar, wait a

After adding vinegar, wait a few days to retest the soil's pH before adding any more. Once you get it to your desired pH, test again every 2 or 3 months until the pH stabilizes.

I live in northeastern

I live in northeastern Kansas and just planted 4 Misty and 2 Earliblue. I have not been able to find much on line about either of these. Can you tell me if they are highbush or not and if they are compatible?

Misty is a Southern highbush,

Misty is a Southern highbush, never been to Kansas but I'm pretty sure winters would be too cold for that variety. Misty does do well in containers however so that is an option. I don't have the other variety that I am aware of so no experience with those.

Hello, We have We have 2


We have We have 2 bounties, 1 pink lemonade, 1 peach sorbet, 1 jelly bean, 1 bluecrop, 1 toro and 1 chandler blueberry bush.....we are currently renting our home so we don't want to plant our bushes in the ground (plus we don't really have the ground space to do so, there's a spot we could, but our landlord won't let us), so right now we have them in pots just slightly larger than what they came in when we bought them.....and they are so close together that they are touching......what can I do to remedy this situation? I don't want to kill them, but I also really have no where else to put them. :( right now 3 of them are producing berries, but they are really small. I wish I could upload a photo to show how they are.

Jim: I want to transplant

Jim: I want to transplant four blueberry bushes...presently in my yard in town...want to move to my daughter's place in country...two high boys, two. Low...recommendations ?

Hello, When I transplant, I


When I transplant, I make certain the location where they are going already has the holes dug. In our area we transplant in the fall NOVEMBER when all the leaves have dropped. Water the plant well so that transporting the root ball is moist. Dig up the plant and wrap the root ball in moist newspaper. Put plant in cardboard box. (Not sure how large the plant is you are transplanting). If your new transplanting location is someplace far away, don't let them set over night in a garage or car. I would get them there immediately after digging up and get them in the ground same day if possible. If that is not possible, you will need to keep them in a cool location - away from the sun and keep that newspaper moist. as you don't want the roots to dry out. Hope this helps...

5 years ago, I planted 4

5 years ago, I planted 4 blueberry bushes (1 each in row order: BlueCrop, Elizabeth, Duke and BlueJay). They are planted in a row about 2.5 feet apart. I know, they are slightly too close together, but on the plus side, they are single file with nothing to either side for about 6 ft.! 3 of the 4 bushes flower and fruit well, but the bushes are slightly small... 3.5 ft tall...

The fouth bush (BlueJay) is huge (well over 6 ft) compared to the others, but does not seem to want to flower or fruit. I found 2 blossoms this year, which was 2 more than last year! Also, compared to the other three bushes, the leaves on the BlueJay are less green... Not really yellow, just not as green, or as deep of green if that makes sense.

I've had gangbusters of fruit from the Duke. But nothing from the neighboring BlueJay.

Is this normal? Should I replace the BlueJay?

Bluejay blueberry bushes grow

Bluejay blueberry bushes grow almost twice as fast as other blueberry varieties so it is normal for it to be much bigger than the other bushes. Not blooming can be caused by being too close to the other bushes, not getting enough water or sun. Have you checked your soil to make sure that it is acid enough? Adding a bit of nitrogen and organic matter (compost or aged manure) to the soil may help the bushes to grow healthier.

I have been growing 8high

I have been growing 8high bush blueberry bushes, 2half high bushes and a small bed of wild blueberry bushes. Last year I had a bumper crop of blueberries from all. This year I learned about pruning the high and half high bushes and pruned them.. Howeve, at this point of the spring the bushes should have lots of buds but I don't see any so far. I live in Maine and we have had a long cold winter. So far the weather is still cool. Any advice to increase bloom production? I plan to use Epsom salt but hope it's not too late.

Hi Michele, Sometimes pruning

Hi Michele,
Sometimes pruning will cause the bush not to bloom in the spring. You will have lots of blooms next spring. Adding ammonium sulfate to the soil will help the overall health of your blueberry bushes.

Will cross pollination occur

Will cross pollination occur better with two different varieties of the same production time (like two varieties that develop mid season, rather than two varities that develop at different parts of the season)?

For best cross pollination

For best cross pollination plant two varieties that bloom at about the same time. The chart at the link below may be helpful.

We have had a dozen high bush

We have had a dozen high bush plants for a few years now, 4 or 5 and they are not bigger than knee high... I really hoped to have large bushes. I do get a hand full of berries off most of them but just enough to eat there not do any saving. I put hollytone on for acid what else??

Prune, prune, prune!

Prune, prune, prune!

Also blossom spray. Used on

Also blossom spray. Used on tomatoes for years. Great stuff!

My husband and I are

My husband and I are considering buying our first home on 8 acres and it is known for it's perfect blueberry soil in Michigan. My question is how many bushes would we want to plant to get started with a small income? I would eventually like to sell at local farmers markets and to friends/family as a side job. Also, should I expect to put forth a lot of money into our bushes in the first couple years?

You can start small with just

You can start small with just a handful of bushes. If your soil is perfect the bushes don't need much care. Read our planting and growing advice above.
For more local advice we suggest that you go to Michigan State university's extension service at

I bought two blueberry bushes

I bought two blueberry bushes six years ago, after year two they got eaten down by the deer and I was worried I'd lose them, but four years later they have GREAT foliage, but no flowers. They're six and a half feet tall and again lots of leaves but no flowers. When can I expect flowers on them this year living in Indiana and suffering through a cold Spring? I see what I can only describe as a vanilla bean type of growth on them, that leaf's out and looks like it's creating more leaves. Any help would be appreciated.

Hi Tim, Are you sure these

Hi Tim,
Are you sure these are the blueberry bushes that you planted? Look at photos of blueberry bushes online and compare the leaves. If you do think that these ar blueberries then see our care instructions above. You may need to test the soil to make sure that it is acidic enough and also make sure the bushes get enough sun.

After reading all the posts

After reading all the posts about soil, PH and birds, I sure have my work ahead of me. What recommendations do you have about deer? I'll be starting different varieties in containers but eventually would like to plant them in the ground, where the deer eat everything.

I have two blueberry bushes

I have two blueberry bushes planted in clay pots. Both look very healthy with many flowers. But the flowers soon turn brown and die with few berries produced. This has happened in the past three years.

It sounds like a pollination

It sounds like a pollination issue. Or, it may be a blueberry variety that is not self-pollinating. All blueberries benefit from companions of different varieties--and planting more than one variety is essential for blueberry plants that are not self-pollinating.

Which variety of blueberries

Which variety of blueberries will you recommend for central Virginia climate, for the purpose of growing few bushes for tasty fruit.
Thank you

Here is a helpful guide from

Here is a helpful guide from your Virginia cooperative extension which includes a chart of varieties by region:

I read here that you should

I read here that you should have more than one type of blueberry to increase fruit production, however I didn't see if you could have a highbush and a rabbiteye and have the same benefit. Does it matter?

A rabbiteye needs another

A rabbiteye needs another rabbiteye for pollination and a highbush needs another highbush.

Michigan guy. I want to grow

Michigan guy.

I want to grow blueberries do I have to have 2 plants in order for a good crop.

Blueberries cannot be

Blueberries cannot be fertilized by their own pollen. The best bet for blueberries is to have different varieties of blueberries  within 100 feet, so bees can travel and cross pollinate.  

We live in chicago - we have

We live in chicago - we have a duke and a jersey and are about to plant them. I've seen the recommended distance is 5 ft. How far apart can we plant them without risking that there won't be cross-pollination? Is 5 the max?

Your Jersey should actually

Your Jersey should actually benefit from having another variety such as the Duke for pollination. You will get more and larger berries if you have a pollinator.They should be planted about 5 to 6 feet apart.

Ok.. I just around 150

Ok.. I just around 150 blueberry bushes. They were growing fine with green leaves and all about 2 weeks ago. Then I put 10 10 10 fertilizer on them and leaves started to fall off. Is it an effect for growing or what? Plants are about 1 1/2 year old cuttings in ga

Blueberry leaves should not

Blueberry leaves should not fall off in the spring. When you fertilize it is recommended that you sprinkle 1 1/2 tablespoons of fertilizer (per bush) about 18 inches from the base of the plant. Fertilizer should not touch the stems or the crown. Water your bushes and see if they will bounce back.

Bad news, please update us...

Bad news, please update us...

Live on central TN/KY border.

Live on central TN/KY border. Which type is best for this area? We have clay-like soil

Some good rabbiteye varieties

Some good rabbiteye varieties for your area are Garden Blue, Climax, Southland, Bluebelle and Brightblue. Blueberries need well-drained, acidic soil that is high in organic matter. We suggest that you test your soil before planting.

I just bought a blueberry

I just bought a blueberry plant and intend to keep it in a pot on my deck for the summer. I live in southeastern Kentucky. I would like a second variety, but don't know what type this is?? Purchased from a local greenhouse and the tag just says blueberry?? How can I tell? And should it take in for the winter or put in the ground??

Hello. I need help, I'm from

Hello. I need help, I'm from Montana, I bought a blueberry bush and raspberry bush from Walmart, not sure how old they are but the blueberry bush is already sprouting flowers, should I pinch them off, also I'm growing them in containers, I'm wondering if this means they will grow fruit this year. Its April. Where I live blueberries grow wild in some parts called June berries, my blueberry bush doesn't have much leaves just mostly flowers. Is that normal

Hi Wilma, Blueberries usually

Hi Wilma,
Blueberries usually have buds before they leaf out. Don't pinch them off. You may get some nice berries this year.

I am planting 12 plants, 3

I am planting 12 plants, 3 varieties. Early, mid, late. Should I put like varieties together or totally mix them up for cross pollination?

It is generally good practice

It is generally good practice to plant several different blueberry varieties together to promote cross pollination. 

I just bought 3 different

I just bought 3 different varieties of blueberry bushes and they were kept inside so they have started to sprout new green leaves, one even has some flowers. I'm worried if I plant them now the frost will kill the plant since it's started to get new leaves. Should I wait until after the may 10 cold spell or just go ahead and plant them. I live in south west Va. Will the frost hurt the plants?

In the spring, dormant plants

In the spring, dormant plants are planted as soon as the soil can be tilled. Your plants are coming out of dormancy.
If you are worried about a late frost, you could cover your blueberry bushes with fabric (found at garden shops).
Also, plant in areas less susceptible to frost (low-lying areas).
Water the soil; moist soil will allow surface heat to keep the bushes warm. Place buckets filled with warm water around the blueberry bushes at sunset before the frost at night.

I am living in dallas,

I am living in dallas, TX.
Which type of bluberry plant is good for our soil.

The best blueberry for Texas

The best blueberry for Texas is the rabbiteye blueberry (Vaccinium ashei). The Ochlockonee variety has the right number of chill hours for the Dallas area.

I bought 4 blueberry trees

I bought 4 blueberry trees where I work. I live in Louisiana. My yard is pretty much flat. Would it be alright to plant the trees in a yard like mine, or will I have to add soil to add height before planting?

Blueberries need soil that is

  • Blueberries need soil that is acidic, high in organic matter, and well-drained yet moist. pH should ideally be between 4 and 5. You may want to test your soil's pH.
  • Dig holes about 20 inches deep and 18 inches wide. Add organic matter (compost or aged manure) before planting the bushes about 5 feet apart.

I would like to plant around

I would like to plant around 1 acre of blueberries (the highbush kind). The terrain is tilted. It's actually quite a steep slope.

I've read that they should be planted in rows facing north-south. Here's the issue: This would make the rows run down hill, and I'm not sure if that's good or not.

So should I plant them so that the rows face north-south or east-west?


It's most important that the

It's most important that the blueberries get a lot of sun. Heavier fruiting happens with more sunshine.It does not really matter if your rows face north-south or east-west as long as the bushes are not shaded by mature trees.

This is interesting as I am

This is interesting as I am planting on a slight hill as well, my question is should I plant in raised beds or directly in the soil?

Mr. B.

I am wanting to start a few

I am wanting to start a few blueberry bushes here in Ohio (Miami Valley) and was interested in knowing if BB's will grow well in a raised bed. Our soil is fairly clay and does hold water, so I wanted to use the raised beds (2) 4' x 8' to plant a few bushes. Will they survive? If so how many do I plant and what type?


Yes, researchers at Ohio

Yes, researchers at Ohio State University have proven that blueberries grown on raised beds produced comparable yields to blueberries grown on flat, tile-drained soil. Here's a fact sheet with blueberry varieties for Ohio:

I need to learn about

I need to learn about blueberries industry's in Maine for a test. Please help me learn.

Can you transplant blueberry

Can you transplant blueberry bushes that are 5 years old?

If the bushes are healthy you

If the bushes are healthy you should not have problems. Take as much of the rootball as possible and make sure to amend the soil in the new spot to match the soil where the bushes grew. Water and fertilize later in the season.

I live in WNY. When is the

I live in WNY. When is the best time to do the transplanting? Thank you.

I need to know any and all

I need to know any and all credentialed info on rooting and or graphing blueberry bushes.

Please help! My son in law

Please help!
My son in law has blueberry plants and they are moving to Rosemond, CA. They have asked me if I know how to keep his plants alive and i have no idea. We are in the desert and it gets very hot here. Our temps during the Spring and Summer can range from 80* to 120*, in the winter we get temps from 25* to 50*, how do we keep these plants alive?

Some varieties of blueberries

Some varieties of blueberries do well in hot climates. They will do better in containers that you then can move into shady areas during the hot summer afternoons. You can also control the soil better in a container. Blueberries love acid soil. Fertilize lightly 2 to 3 times a year.



The maximum cold hardiness

The maximum cold hardiness for most Michigan varieties is about -18°F. If you purchased the varieties that are hardy for your zone, they should be OK. Add an acidic mulches (such as pine needles) and floating row covers for an extra layer of protection. The snow is helpful insulation, too. Do not fertilize after the blooming period; late fertilizing will encourage late growth in the fall which, in turn, can cause winter injury. 

I live in West Virginia. Is

I live in West Virginia. Is Hoover a good, appropriate choice of berry for my climate? Should it be planted in spring? Do vendors still carry the Hoover variety?

Hello, Robert, Blueberries

Hello, Robert, Blueberries are planted in the spring as early as possible. However, you want to prepare the soil a year ahead with a lot of organic matter and the right pH levels based on a soil kit test. Here is a page that lists varieties of blueberries that grow well in West Virginia: Hope this helps! --Your OFA editors

My sister gave me a blueberry

My sister gave me a blueberry plant. It has very few leaves, and she told me to keep it inside. It is about eighteen inches tall. I want to plant it next spring in my community garden. I want to get a grow light for it as well.

Will coffee grounds be good for acidity?

You also need more than one

You also need more than one blueberry bush so they can fertilize one another.

Wish I come to this site

Wish I come to this site before oh well I have two blueberry is 4 years old the other I planted last spring. The 4 yr old is about 3 ft high and the last two years has bore alot of delicious berries, however there is a shoot (not as tall as rest of the plant) that to look at is healthy but never has had one berry on it. Do I need to cut this shoot off at it's base in late winter?

Yes, throughout its life,

Yes, throughout its life, prune out dead or weak, low-growing
shoots. Also, as your plant is four-years-old, you can head back young new shoots about 4 to 6 inches below the top of the bush so encourage branching and compact shape. When your plant is about 6-years-old, start removing 20% of the canes each year, starting with the oldest canes, so that over a five-year period, the entire crown of the plant will have been renewed.

Can I plant my bushes right

Can I plant my bushes right now in the ground? They are still in a pot but want to get them in the ground. I live in Washington state. Thanks

Blueberry bushes are best

Blueberry bushes are best planted in the early spring. However, you could also plant in the fall. Normally, we recommend that you prepare the soil in the fall. Soils not within the range of pH acceptability for blueberry plant growth must be prepared BEFORE planting.

I would like to buy Blueberry

I would like to buy Blueberry bushes for my girlfriend's birthday, which is in November. We live in the Hudson River valley area midway between NYC and Albany. Is this a viable time to plant them?

You plant blueberry bushes in

You plant blueberry bushes in the ground in early spring.We recommend buying bare-rooted plants of two year, or higher grade. Highbush blueberries are most common in your area. ‘Earliblue’, ‘Duke’, ‘Blueray’, ‘Bluecrop’, ‘Sierra’, ‘Toro’, and 'Elliot’ are varieties grown in your part of New York. Two different varieties should be grown to get the best -sized fruit.

I have a new blueberry Bush

I have a new blueberry Bush and the flowers are turning brown.. I'm not sure if it's the soil??

I live in Washington State I

I live in Washington State I bought a small blueberry plant and planted in my gardenI have to tomato plants and two tomatillo plants and they all have about 2 feet in between each other but my tomato plants are growing over my blueberry bush will it hert it and my bb bush is turning brown what should I do?

To do well, your blueberry

To do well, your blueberry bush will need at least 6 hours of sun per day, so it should not be shaded by other plants. You might try putting your tomato in a wire cage, which might help it to keep in its own space.
Also, the blueberry is more fussy about soil pH than the tomato and tomatillo. It will require a more acidic soil (between 4 and 5), than tomatoes. Tomatoes are OK in acidic soils, but do their best around 6.0 to 6.8. Tomatillos are similar. So, test your soil pH (you can get a kit at a garden center or have it tested by your county's Cooperative Extension) and adjust the soil pH to the blueberry's requirements. The tomatoes/tomatillos may not be as robust with the adjustment, but they should do OK. Then next year, if you have space, plant tomatoes and tomatillos in another area of the garden (which is good to deter diseases, too), so that the blueberry bush can have enough sun and space. For highbush blueberries, it's better to allow at least 3 to 6 feet between plants, for air circulation, which helps deter disease. For lowbush types, 1 to 3 feet is fine.
The browning may just be because it needs more light or does not have the proper soil pH (which affects how much nutrients it can absorb). Also check that the plant has good drainage and is not being attacked by diseases or pests.

I set some bb plants 3 yrs

I set some bb plants 3 yrs ago,although they did produce some fruit this year, I havn't seen much growth at all,and the foliage never has greened up, they are more yellowish then green,,southern Indiana..thanks

Some blueberries may take

Some blueberries may take about 6 years to produce fully. However, yellow leaves indicates that something else is going on, and can mean several things. First, check the pH of the soil (you can get a kit at a garden center, or have your soil tested by your county's Cooperative Extension). If your blueberry bush is not in the proper pH soil (between 4 and 5), it has a hard time absorbing nutrients, which causes nutrient deficiencies that can cause yellow leaves and other problems. Also, if you over- or under-fertilize, this again can cause yellowing leaves. Iron deficiency is common and starts with the newer leaves (yellow leaves with green veins), and then spreads to the older ones; it usually means that the soil pH is too high. Nitrogen (leaves and veins yellow) deficiency usually appears on older leaves first.
Also make sure your plant has at least 6 hours of sunlight each day, and good drainage so that the roots don't sit in water, and that the soil is loose, not compacted, which can cause damage to the roots. Check for insects, such as aphids, and diseases (such as blueberry stunt or stem blight).

I have four bushes with three

I have four bushes with three varieties all planted in large containers. This year I have seen a lot of growth but no berries. I believe the bushes to be 2 - 3 yrs old. Any idea why I haven't seen any berries forming?

Here is a good reference

Here is a good reference article on reasons why a blueberry bush isn't fruiting:

we bought a blueberry farm

we bought a blueberry farm recently, and there are close to 200 plants, 25 varietys, but some are all blue and so tiny, they are not even worth picking. why are some of the berries so tiny. this is their 4th year and we had a bumper crop, but the later season ones are very tiny berries. the early season some berries were the size of a grape.

We would really need more

We would really need more information. Where do you live? What varieties? Are you giving them the very acidic soil they need? Blueberries prefer a soil pH between 4.5–5.0. You may want to identify the variety first by sending samples to your local cooperative extension; they can also help you with a soil test so you know how to prepare your soil appropriately.

I moved into a new house that

I moved into a new house that was built on an existing Blueberry farm. We have about 200 high Blueberry bushes. Is it me---or is it normal for the berries to be late this year. Houses around me with bushes are the same way. I live in MA. Having a party in 2 weeks and really was hoping my guests would Pick---but now I'm worried!!

It depends on the variety,

It depends on the variety, but the berries should start ripening in mid to late July and peak production generally occurs from early to mid August.

We bought a few Giant

We bought a few Giant blueberry plants 2 years ago and planted them in full sun with acidic soil. This is the third year and we have GIANT leaves on the plants but no flowers. The leaves are green and very healthy looking, the stalk is healthy...I don't understand why no blooms or berries? We live in Southeast Michigan. Any tips??

I have seven blueberry

I have seven blueberry bushes, varieties including Duke and Bluecrop. We planted the bushes two years ago in the early Spring. I was harvesting many ripe berries each day from early or mid june up until now (July 17). All of the sudden, there is not a ripe berry to be found. Im thinking maybe birds are getting them, but bird damage up to this point was minimal at worst. Any precedents for new migrations into areas suddenly taking the ripe berries? Or any other thoughts? There are still many unripe berries on the bushes and the plants appear to be quite healthy.

We'd guess birds. Birds will

We'd guess birds. Birds will completely nail your blueberries as soon as they ripen. 
Are your bushes covered in netting?
Even with bird netting, we have heard stories of gangs of robins.
All kinds of birds love blueberries. You'll find bird species that you never knew existed.
You can find netting at home improvement stores and garden centers.
A 30% shade fabric in a 14 or 20 foot widths for use over single or double rows will last many years.

our blueberries are sour even

our blueberries are sour even when ripe. Older tree and beautiful fruit but sour. Is there something we can do to the plant, soil or other to sweeten them up?

For older blueberry bushes,

For older blueberry bushes, you need to prune. Also, make sure you thin early in the season. Remove blooms and berries so it's not overloaded with fruit and has more leaves versus fruit.

I got a blueberry bush from

I got a blueberry bush from nursery and planted it now its turning brown. What can I do

Can blueberries grow well in

Can blueberries grow well in an appropriately-sized container? If so, are there any variations to the general recommendations that I've read on your site, such as about soil pH, sun exposure and watering?

I live in Los Angeles, CA.

Yes, blueberries grow in

Yes, blueberries grow in containers. We'd suggest a 5-gallon container. You need to prepare an acidic soilless growing medium. Mix one part sphagnum peat moss and one part shredded pine bark. As the plant matures, repot it in a larger container or barrel. The challenge with containers is generally watering. Don't let the plant dry out; at the same time, we don't want the plant to have soggy roots. Keep it moist with light watering and occasional drench to get rid of soil salts. In a container, blueberries need to be fed with the appropriate fertilizers--a mix of liquid and slow-release acid fertilizers. Contact your county Extension agent about the best varieties for your area and what's best for each variety.

I live in Tennesse. I would

I live in Tennesse. I would like to know if it is too late in the season to plant blue berry bushes in my yard. It is Mid July.

Blueberries should be planted

Blueberries should be planted while dormant, usually from November through March.

I live in the SC plains. I

I live in the SC plains. I just bought an O'neal variety Bluberry bush on sale here and it's Early September. What should I do with the plants untill they go dormant? I have them sittin gon my deck, full sun right now in th 5 gal containers they came with.

It should still be fine to

It should still be fine to get them in the ground in the fall. Just make sure the soil is prepared BEFORE planting so it has the pH that is acceptable for blueberries.

How close can I plant my

How close can I plant my blueberry bushes. I have planted 2 about 2 feet apart.

Hi Steve, Spacing depends on

Hi Steve, Spacing depends on the variety of blueberry. We use 4 to 5 feet apart as a general rule but you can see that some compact plants get 2 feet:

Thanks. Great Help, Great

Thanks. Great Help, Great Website. Will space my plants further apart.



Even most small blueberry

Even most small blueberry operations harvest their fruit by hand. Mechanical harvesters are available, but you need a large planting to justify the expense--and many of the berries aren't fit for fresh consumption and better for frozen use.
Blueberries are harvested most quickly when they are at peak ripeness. Look for the whitish, dusty appearance (bloom) of the blueberry. Harvest when it's the coolest part of the day. To easily remove from the bush, use the thumb and forefinger, keeping the hand cupped under the berry to avoid dropping it. Use pint cuts or buckets that are no larger than 5 quarts so the berries don't get mashed or too hot. Never leave berries in the sun; cool the fruit as soon as possible. We hope this helps.

If your bushes are in rows

If your bushes are in rows you can lay sheets or unroll bolts of cloth on either side, slightly overlapped in the middle. I like to prop up the outside edges of sheets slightly - long foam rods such as used in swimming pools for play are great if set under the cloth outer edges so berries do not roll off of the cloth. Shake bushes gently and ripe berries fall. If unripe berries fall you are shaking too hard. Collect by gently sweeping up with a clean broom and dust pan or pick up cloth to gently dump into baskets, then wash and sort. Slightly unripe berries can be left spread out over night indoors and will continue to ripen for a day.

Google "Dirty Jobs

Google "Dirty Jobs blueberry", watch the Discover Channel clip and take a look at what appear to be custom hand made tools specifically for harvesting blueberries (though they might only work for the rabbit eye type) in this clip from Dirty Jobs

Also, studies have shown that 'all caps' text is harder to read so if ya want people to understand ya better, go with standard text :)

I have a bag of frozen

I have a bag of frozen berries that were given to me thinking they were juneberries/serviceberries. They are a red/purple color like a wild plum. However they were bitter even with sugar when in a pie and they had a pit to remove. I do not know what the bush looked like. Tasting the frozen fruit, it seems very tart but not bitter to me. What are they and can I make jelly from them? Thank you for your assistance.

Hi Jody, I'm not sure where

Hi Jody, I'm not sure where you live but here is an interesting page on unusual berries (including pictures);

I just started to grow

I just started to grow blueberries and want to say that value of blueberries is awesome for the body. thanks for this info.

I live in NY state. I

I live in NY state. I purchased a 2 BB plants from Lowe's one is a Sharpblue. The other a Chandler. I am not sure if they will be ok in my zone. I'm sorry if question was asked already, but I really need to know.

Sharpblue is hardy in Zones

Sharpblue is hardy in Zones 7b to 10. Chandler is Zones 5 to 7. We don't know where you live in New York and there is a large range so please check here: http://planthardiness.ars.usda...

I purchased 3 BB bushes from

I purchased 3 BB bushes from Home De 2 years ago
We have had flowers but never any fruit
I made a large cage for them but I think a
chip monk may be getting in
Will they eat the berries??
Please provide any info

I have 8 bushes that came

I have 8 bushes that came from a reputable nursery here in NC.
This is the 2nd year of the bushes having berries, but again the berries are not ripening (all green). Suggestions?

Blueberries grow well if they

Blueberries grow well if they have the right soil. They need acid soil with a pH range of 4.5 to 5.2. Add peat moss to acidify the soil if needed and make sure the soil's high in organic matter.

We moved into a house last

We moved into a house last summer and I never noticed until a couple days ago, but we have what I can only describe as a blueberry tree. It is well over 10 ft. My grandparents always had blueberries, but I didn't recognize this because of its size. The berries are delicious but a little on the small size. Any thoughts on this? I live near Nashville, TN.

Hmmm. Blueberry bushes aren't

Hmmm. Blueberry bushes aren't usually this tall. Take a clipping to your local garden center or cooperative extension to make sure it's a blueberry bush. Blueberry produce smaller berries when they are overloaded with fruits. Thin out older, overgrown branches.

By Byeargan, it sounds like

By Byeargan, it sounds like you have a shad bush tree, also known as Serviceberry (botanical name Amelanchier). You're right, the berries certainly do resemble blueberries and are actually pretty tasty when fully ripe.

Enjoy that tree and fruit. Keep in mind it can easily grow much taller making it difficult to pick the upper berries but you can let the birds have the ones you can't reach!
Happy Berry Pickin'!

A friend just gave me 6 BB

A friend just gave me 6 BB plants, I do not want that many. I was told there are "male" and "female" plants, how do I tell the difference so that I don't get rid of the wrong ones?

Blueberry plants are

Blueberry plants are self-fertile (i.e., they contain both male and female parts in each flower). So, no worries. However, it's always good to have different varieties to aide pollination to ensure you get fruit.

We moved to a location that

We moved to a location that was built in the 60's, and while cleaning part of the property, came across what have to be HIGHBUSH blueberries, as these bushes are 6'-7' tall. Once we cleared the area, it is evident that these were strategically planted and maintained for years. However, they have obviously been neglected for probably near 20 years, but are producing enormous amounts of berries!

They obviously need to be pruned due to the serious overgrowth. Can you give any suggestions as to how this could be done to NOT kill these beautiful plants?



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