Planting, Growing, and Harvesting Grapes



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Grapes are often ignored in home gardens, and yet are one of the most widely produced fruit in the world—as well as beautifully ornamental plants. We have plenty of tips for growing grapes in your own backyard.

Grape vines not only produce sweet and versatile fruits, they add an element of drama to a garden or landscape. They are vigorous growers, and with the proper pruning, they will produce fruit with ease and can last longer than 30 years.

There are three different types of grapes: American (V. labrusca), European (V. viniferia), and North American native Muscadine (V. rotundifolia). American grapes are the most cold-hardy, while European grapes, usually more for wine than the table, do well in warm, dry, Mediterranean type zones. Hybrids are available. Thick skinned Muscadines thrive in the South.

Make sure you purchase grape vines from a reputable nursery. Vigorous, 1-year-old plants are best. Smaller, sometimes weaker, 1-year-old plants are often held over by the nursery to grow another year and are then sold as 2-year-old stock. Obtain certified virus-free stock when possible.


  • Plant dormant, bare-root grape vines in the early spring.
  • Construct a trellis or arbor before planting. Grape vines will need to be trained to some sort of support to grow upward. This will also cut the risk of disease.
  • Most grape varieties are self-fertile. To be sure, ask when you are buying vines if you will need more than one plant for pollination.
  • Before planting grapevines, soak their roots in water for two or three hours.
  • Select a site with full sun. If you don’t have a spot with full sun, make sure it at least gets morning sun. A small amount of afternoon shade won’t hurt. Your soil needs to be deep, well-drained, and loose. You also need good air circulation.
  • Space vines 6 to 10 feet apart (16 feet for muscadines).
  • For each vine, dig a planting hole 12 inches deep and 12 inches wide. Fill with 4 inches of topsoil. Trim off broken roots and set the vine into the hole slightly deeper than it grew in the nursery. Cover the roots with 6 inches of soil and tamp down. Fill with the remaining soil, but don’t tamp this down.
  • Prune the top back to two or three buds at planting time.
  • Water at time of planting.


  • In the first couple of years, the vine should not be allowed to produce fruit. It needs to strengthen its root system before it can support the extra weight of fruit.
  • Pruning is important. Not only would vines run rampant without control, but canes will only produce fruit once. Prune annually when vines are dormant, in March or April. This is before the buds start to swell, but when winter damage is apparent.
  • Don’t be afraid to remove at least 90 percent of the previous season’s growth. This will ensure a higher quality product. Remember, the more you prune, the more grapes you will have.
  • In the first year, cut back all buds except for 2 or 3. Then, select a couple of strong canes and cut back the rest. Make sure the remaining canes are fastened to the support.
  • In the second year, prune back all canes. Leave a couple of buds on each of the arms. Remove flower clusters as they form.
  • Do not fertilize in the first year unless you have problem soil. Fertilize lightly in the second year of growth.
  • Use mulch to keep an even amount of moisture around the vines.
  • A mesh net is useful in keeping birds away from budding fruit.



  • If grapes aren’t ripening, pinch back some of the foliage to let in more sunlight.
  • Grapes will not continue ripening once picked from the vine. Test a few to see if they are to your liking before harvesting, usually in late summer or early fall.
  • Grapes are ripe and ready to harvest when they are rich in color, juicy, full-flavored, easily crushed but not shriveled, and plump. They should be tightly attached to the stems. Sample different grapes from different clusters, and the taste should be between sweet and tart. Check our ripeness guide for more tips on color.
  • Grapes can be stored for up to six weeks in the cellar, but grapes can absorb the odors of other fruits and vegetables, so keep them separate. Use cardboard boxes or crates lined with clean, dry straw. Separate bunches with straw or sawdust. Check often for spoilage.
  • See our article on making jams and jellies with fruit from your garden.

Recommended Varieties

Wit & Wisdom

Grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) resemble grapes only in that they grow in clusters, but that was sufficient reason for early European explorers in Barbados to bestow this name on them.


Reader Comments

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I have a mature 8 year old vineyard section in the house that I got in Middleburg, VA. It has grapes on it however the leaves are yellowing, and it was overgrown until I got here. I took out the weeds that were growing between the vines however I'm trying my hardest to save it. Any tips on daily or monthly care to make sure that they survive?


Hi Caitlyn,

There are a number of reasons the leaves are turning yellow, but all are from deficiencies of different nutrients or minerals. Go to your local cooperative extension to get a soil test and see what you’re missing: Also, a bag of compost spread around the root bases never hurt! 


Thank you

Yellowing of leaves

Not sure what to do for my grapvines.i like in Southeastern Washington, wine country! They are 2 years old and in a large wood bottomless box below our pergola with sufficient drainage into the ground underneath. They've been fine these last 2 years until today. There's a good handful of leaves that are yellowing in a speckled pattern and some of the veins are not green. I recently used Miracle grow to fertilize but it was just once and 2 weeks ago. I'm worried I'll lose them. Please advise. Thanks so much!

yellowing leaves

If the yellowing is sporadic and nonuniform, then it may be an iron or magnesium deficiency. However, there are many reasons for vine leaves to yellow. If plants begin to fail, have your soil tested for nutrient deficiencies by your area cooperative extension (find it here: Fertilizer is good if it contains what the plant needs; soil quality is paramount.

We hope this helps.

Bark breaking down

3 summers ago I planted some seeds from grapes I purchased and ate. Never expecting anything. The following summer I noticed growth in the area and realized one of the grape seeds actually began to grow. Reached a foot and half and made it through our harsh winter in Chicago. Year 2. It's growing at a rapid pace and up to almost 3 foot. Yesterday I noticed that the bark at the root system was breaking down and about a foot and a half the bark is like beginning to peel can't find any info out there and grown attached to this vine. Please advise.

Bark Peeling off Grape Vine

In mature grape vines, it’s normal for the outer layer of bark to sometimes crack or peel off, which is a sign that the vine is growing and “bursting at the seams,” so to speak. Another cause of bark-peeling is frost damage, but because the problem is occurring now, mid-summer, this seems unlikely. A third possibility could be that your vine is getting too much moisture. Does your vine have a lot of mulch or soil around it’s base? If so, try pushing it back from the stem to allow the base to get more air and less moisture.

Concord Grapes, don't appear to be fruiting, overgrown

Hi, I was not home to prune my grapes last year or this spring thus they are overgrown, and do not appear to be fruiting. There are some clusters that appear to be flowers. Should I prune back now or wait til fall or early spring. I don't wish to damage the vines. Three years ago the vines had very nice grapes on them. The vine is about five years old. I live in southern British Columbia-Okanagan Similkameen.

Pruning Grapes

It would be best to wait to prune until late spring (March or April). At that time, vines will still be mostly dormant, but you will be able to tell which canes are alive from emerging leaf buds. Just let them grow and gather energy this year, then prune in the spring and hope for grapes in the summer!

growing vines

Thanks for the information but can these vines grow in Uganda? I could like to try.

Growing Grapes in Uganda

We are based in North America, so we can’t be sure about gardening outside of our region. However, Uganda seems to have relatively even temperatures throughout the year, which means grapes shouldn’t have trouble growing there. Try to find a local gardener to ask about the best varieties for your area.

zone 8 b

I planted 3 different varieties of grapes (2 of each) all in different areas. They all died and I followed the pruning schedule. In zone 8 B, I understand there are only certain grapes to grow and do well. You list many varieties but don't say which ones are good in zone 8B and zone 9.

grapes for zones 8B and 9

Sorry to hear that the grapes died; it’s always wise to consider zone hardiness. Yo have a point about our not noting the zones for the varieties named and we’ll look into that; be assured that there are far more varieties than are named here—and that can be named here. For that reason, we advise you to consult a cooperative extension for more local guidance; find your state here and make contact with the nearest extension service as directed.

It may be more than the variety/zone hardiness that is at issue. Often soil quality, moisture, and disease are involved, too.

We hope this helps.

Growing vine up existing tree as support

I have wine grapevine cuttings from a mature (decades old) plant growing in the backyard. Recent changes in the garden layout mean I have to start a new vine someplace else in the yard. There's this young avo tree (~3m tall, sturdy stem) growing in a prime position with ample soil around it.

So my question is, do you think it would be a good idea to grow the vine at the base of the avo tree and train it up the tree as a support?

Extra info

Forgot to mention, I live in Cape Town, South Africa.

grape support

Although it sounds like an interesting idea, probably both vine and tree would be better off if the grape was supported by a manmade support system. Concerns include competition for light and nutrients; weight of the grape vine on the young tree; and access to the vine for training, pruning etc.

Planting of grapes

Got very useful information. Will like to embark on grapes farming in Nigeria , and will need guidance into it. How do you get the roots or stem to plants. Need information on planting of grapes, peaches, apples and other fruits that are not common in Nigeria. I have acquired some plots of land but need the technical know how and the materials to plant. Thanks

Tomatoe Plants & Grapes

My husband just planted tomatoe plants below our grape vines. Am I correct in understanding that the acid from the tomatoe plants will destroy the grape vines?

Any weed killer safe for vines?

Hi, I just purchased some land, and the previous owner planted grape vines a couple years ago, (not sure if it was 1 or 2 years) but he had kept the land maintained up to last year. We looked at the property back in March and put an offer on it and got the land, but with the process of closing and everything, we only took possession a couple weeks ago. Now the land is a field with 4 foot high grass, I started mowing and was looking at the grapes, and there are some massive weeds growing in there, like 1 inch diameter weeds. (the prickly kind, but way bigger than I've ever seen on my lawn) There are several rows of grapes and I was planning on spraying week killer or maybe even spot spray round up, but after reading this and a couple other things, it seems grapes are very sensitive to weed killers. I was wondering if there is a weed killer that would be safer than others for this. Also, I missed the chance for any pruning I'm sure, but is there a way to tell how old they are and if I should remove the flower clusters like you suggested for second year vines.

Grape Vines

Hi Dan,

You are right, grape vines are sensitive to weed killer. All chemical weed killers would harm the vines, and if you plan on eating the grapes it’s best not to spray anything. Try to dig up the weeds as best as you can by hand, and then spread a thick 3-inch-layer of mulch or compost over the ground. Over the winter, lay a tarp over all weedy areas, leaving it to prevent new weed growth next spring. As for the age of the vines, it’s hard to tell the exact year, but you could ask the old owner if he remembers when he planted them. Lastly, you should remove the flower clusters as we suggested. If the vines have not been pruned in a year or two it’s best to have them focus their energy on growth, and then to prune them next spring. It’s a long process, but next year’s grapes will be healthier and more abundant. 

Established vines

Hello! I just bought my first home and with it came a Pergola with established grape vines all intertwined throughout. It looks like the previous owners haven't pruned or cut back in awhile. Some of the vines have started to grow into other surrounding plants/bushes. Any advice on where to begin and how to maintain? I know nothing on how to grow grapes. I live in Maine if that helps. Thanks in advance!

growing season pruning

i purchased 2 starts from a northern Illinois catalog co i ordered red seedless i ended up with a blue seeded. i was wandering ,because the canes already over took the arbor i put up for them,should they be pruned now to keep them in check or let them go? i did prune in early i bought 2 red seedless from a local store the leaves are turning brown around the edges . do you have any suggestions?thank you

in season pruning

on may 23rd i asked about in season pruning of concord or blue seeded grapes and a question about red seedless vines

Over grown vine :/

I moved into house and have a HUGE, beautiful, vine on one side of our chain length fence. A neighbor said it used to produce grapes, but I have seen none. Would a massive pruning project help next time it's dormant? I mean trunk is at least 8 inches in diameter and probably hasn't been pruned in MANY years.

HUGE vine

Well, we would be guessing if we were to try to identify this plant. If it is in leaf, why don’t you bring a few leaves to a local nursery and ask them to identify it—at least, to confirm it is grape. (Maybe they’d come out and take a look at it if they are into solving mysteries!) Once that is known, you can plan. Pruning would be a good idea, if it is grape. (Any chance it’s wisteria?? Also, you do not mention it’s having support other then a chain link fence; how high is the vine?? We’re just curious.)

Wild Grape

I have wild grapes growing in my yard in Illinois that produce flower clusters but no grapes. Based on the flowers, I believe them to be male. Do you know if there is a source for female grapes online?

Ground under grapevine

I have 2 established grapevines growing on a split rail fence between our yard and neighbor. There is grass (and some weeds) growing under the canes and up to the main trunks. I believe that we should clear the ground around the main trunks, but not sure how big an area to clear or if we can then put mat and mulch or stone in the cleared area.

Appreciate your thoughts!

saving grapes

You want to keep grass and other plants/weeds from growing under the grapes. Weed and hoe gently under the vines to kill seedling weeds and deter other things from starting. The best mulch is your time. If the area at the base of the vines is clear, the soil will heat up and maintain higher soil temps to encourage growth. grass or other plants at the base cool the soil.  As a result, growth in spring will be delayed. Keeping the soil clear of grass and weeds will produce the best results. So no mat, no stones, just busy hands under the vines.

Thank you, but to be clear,

Thank you, but to be clear, the ground underneath the entire vine should be cleared of grass and weeds? And how much clear area should there be around the main trunk/base?

Correct: clear the ground

Clear the ground around the trunk of the vine—where it comes out of the ground—of weeds and grass. We would suggest about a 3-foot circumference.

Growing grapes in oHIo

Hello, I wanted to grow grapes, but wasn't sure if it was possible where I live in youngstown Ohio!
Any suggestions!?

grapes in Ohio

Sure! You can grow grapes in your home garden in Ohio. You are in USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 6a. We’d suggest contacting a local nursery or your county’s Cooperative Extension for advice on varieties best for your area and their care. To start, you might be interested in:

To contact your Cooperative Extension, visit:

Growing grape vines up a pergola

I planted two grape vines to grow up two different legs of a pergola o e year ago. They are about 4 ft high. The pergola is about 7 foot high. Do I cut off all side shoots every year until the vines reach the top of the pergola? Thank you for your advice.

grape vine training

How lovely. Pergolas are a great idea for grapes. You are in the training stage. To train the grape vine to reach the top of the pergola, you want to focus on one training shoot so that your vine reaches the pergola as soon as possible. Yes, remove all other growth. By the third summer, your vine should reach the top. Only after that will you allow the vine to fan out.

High altitude suitable grapes

Can any one suggest me what type of grapes for vine I could grow at a hight of 1200 meter above sea level? The place does have 8 to 10 hrs sun light during summer with temperatures 20 to 30° throughout summer and plenty of fresh mineral water coming out of mountains if needed but winter snows in meters
I appreciate any help.

high-alt grapes

We can suggest these varieties: Beta, Canadice, Edelweiss, Elvira, Minnesota 78, St Croix, Swenson Red, Valiant, Vanessa, and Worden. We would also recommend that you contact the cooperative extension service nearest you; click here , find your state, and contact the appropriate service. You might also contact a service in a high-alt area that may not be your own (Idaho, for ex.) and see what they recommend.

I live between Williamsburg

I live between Williamsburg and Richmond, Virginia. What are some of the best table grapes I can grow? I would like to grow a red, white, and blue grape. Thanks

Have i messed up?

I started two new grape vines (concord),I have fertilized and composted the first year only organic fertilizer and it is the first year do I need to pull up and start over or be patient and wait and see?

bare root from the store

Seems like the temperature is fluctuating here in Virginia. It was getting warmer 40s-50s even 60s sometimes a few weeks ago and now back in low 30s. So I already purchased from the store some single roots of the seedless grapes. Since temperature have dropped back to 30's, what do you recommend I do with the root? Can I just leave it outside and occasionally pour water on it? Or is it ok for me to initially plant them in a pot and leave it outside?

rooting for grape roots

Wait a few more weeks until the below-freezing temps have passed. Then follow the guidance above. (It says “early spring” above—and spring does not officially start until March 20—so you have plenty of time. The average “last frost” dates for Virginia can range from around March 20 to April 6…but Mother Nature may say otherwise.) We would not recommend putting it outside and pouring water on it. Spray mist the roots and wrap in newspaper, keeping the root damp until you plant.

growing grapes in qld australia

wy does my grape vine produce for the second time grapes after haversting the first lot

2 harvests in one year

Sometimes this does happen. Growers in the tropics can get 2 harvests due to certain pruning methods. Others find that certain plants mature later than others, giving them a slightly later harvest than earlier-ripening vines in the same orchard. If it is the same vine producing twice, be sure to pamper it, so that it doesn’t get depleted in nutrients etc.

Grapes cultivation

I want to grow some vegetables in between the rows of grapes orchard.
Will that harm the grapes growth ?
If no, then please suggest me which vegetables will grow best in company of grapes.

Growing Grapes

I love Concord grapes and I am interested in growing grapes. I see I have a lot to learn. Can you please tell me what does pruned mean? And what are the best places in the U.S to grow grapes?

Soil type

I have clay soil and use raised beds to grow my garden in central Virginia. The question is can I grow grapes this same way, and if so what type would be best?

Growing Grapes in Raised Beds

Most grape vine varieties have deep root systems–some will go down 20 feet! So, ideally, you would plant them where their roots won’t be thwarted; a raised bed might be too shallow. As for a type to grow, go with an American variety like Concord, Delaware, Nimrod, Mars, or Sunbelt. Though grapes are not especially fussy when it comes to soil, they do not tolerate consistently boggy soils so consider amending your clay-heavy soil.

Attempt to grow grapes.

I have a chain link fence around a pet kennel. I do not have a dog and do not plan on getting one, but do not want to remove the fence. I just want to hide the chain link fence. I was thinking about trying grape vines. Would they grow on a chain link fence? Can they be trained to climb a chain link fence?

growing grapes on fence

Yes, you can grow grape vines on a chain link fence. It’s often more difficult to prune and harvest grapes with a chain link fence than a trellis or arbor, but also the grapes will like the support and take to it.

Besides grapes, you could grow some great vines that will go crazy, including morning glory vines, passionflower, trumpet vine, honeysuckle (not the invasive kind).

Please help

I bought a house on 7 acres a year n half ago.
I have a grape vine and it's on the ground. It has ALOT of grapes. I want to proper care for it and get it off the ground. Should I try to separate the vines now and build a trellis now or do it in the spring?
I can send pics of someone emails me.

Thank You very much

Grape Vine

From the sound of it, your vine probably hasn’t been pruned for a while. That would be your first step. Because of the way grape vines grow and fruit, they should be pruned every year. You will want to choose some of the older wood to serve as the “permanent” framework to support the fruiting canes; pruning should be done to remove the previous year’s fruiting canes. The idea is to remove the canes that have fruited and keep the younger canes that have yet to fruit–each year you are making room for the following year’s fruit. It would be a good idea to get it pruned and onto a trellis now.


What month is good to plant grapes, what month are they ready to prun and what month are they ready to pick.


harvesting grapes

Planting is early spring and depends on where you live. If the grape vines are one year old, you may prune the vine each spring before growth begins. Harvesting is less related to a specific day than it is related to the taste and feel of the grape as described above.

i want to know about the

i want to know about the growing grape gardens

When to harvest Concord Grapes in Utah

I am wondering when is the best time to harvest concord grapes in Utah. I have heard several opinions regarding the best time such as waiting for the first frost. The grapes are sweet and plump, but the vines are still mostly green. Any advice?

Harvest Grapes

Hi Abe,

If they are plump and sweet, then the time is now. The color of the cane is not an indicator in terms of harvesting. Pick them now before the birds do!

Bare Root Plants

It is mid September in Michigan. We were given seven bare root grape plants. Should we plant them now? Or should we wait until spring? How would we preserve them until spring? Thank you.

Look Out, Below!

Hi, Colleen: It’s best not to plant now. Please see the answer below, and thanks for asking!

Keeping grape cuttings until spring

Hello, I am being gifted a cutting from my grandfather's heirloom grapes but it's September! Is there a way to preserve the cutting until spring or shall I try to plant and winterize? I live in southern Idaho. Thank you so much for any advice.

Storing Cuttings

Hi Melanie,

Wrap your cutting in a moist paper towel and seal it in a plastic bag, then refrigerate (or put it in a location that maintains an even temperature between 32–33°F). If properly stored, cuttings can last up to a year!


Dear Sir/Madam
first forgive me I don't know English well
I production organicVinegar in Iran I'm going to To buy Stainless steel rod or the keeper bar & rod
My vineyard area of 3 hectares and do you know for this amount what number is required
And can you help


overgrown grape vine repair

what is the best way to get overgrown grape vines pruned and back to a normal growth

125 year old grape vine

I have old vine it has some dead wood and split wood 4years ago I had termites eat a lot of the trunk no more termites but still have some dead wood also a lot of the tree has bark coming off of it should this be taken off. It has 4 main branches that are over 3 inches round how far back should I prune them also part of them have dead wood split and are about 4 to 5 foot long. also I pull all old vine off fence chain do not want them to grow on fence they have three big T and pipes over 8 ft. also 4 main branches all go the same way south.

ANTS on grapes during harvest

I have tiny black ants on some of the clusters of my Thompson seedless grapes when they are picked. When I wash them in the sink they are all over the place. Can I use vinegar water or Clorox diluted in water to rinse them off before bringing them into the house to wash? They are a real problem this season. Thanks for your help.


I use the Listerine, Dawn dish soap method. Have had success so far!


I use the Listerine, Dawn dish soap method. Have had success so far!

Your article has been helpful

Your article has been helpful. Please I want start grape, strawberry, tomatoes and pepper cultivation and I will want to know the areas in Nigeria that grape will probably do well. Although I'm looking at doing it in a green house.
Thanks for your anticipated response.

Debudding grapes

I live in central (Delano) California. What time of the year do you debudd grapes?

Planting in fall

I'm hoping to expand my backyard garden next year with both grapes and blackberries. I've read that you can plant blackberries in the fall to give them a head start on growth for the next year. Can you do the same with grapes? I live in the Texas panhandle, so our summers are hot and dry. We do get some cold weather and snow in the winter though.

Grapes in the Texas Panhandle

Hi, Shannon, We have consulted a few sources and we’re sticking with the advice above on this page: plant grapes in early spring. However, while looking into this, we noticed that Texas has “grape networks” through the aggie schools and cooperative extensions. (These networks are in other parts of your state, so far as we can tell.) Have you contacted such an org/facillity in the Panhandle? They often have boatloads of advice. (That should have been “barrels of advice…”.) Here’s one, for example: These folks might take a different position on the planting question—and that’s fine with us (but let us know if you learn anything different.)

Thanks for taking the time to write. We hope this helps.

Thank you for the advice! I

Thank you for the advice! I'll get in touch them!

How to grow grapes

This article was very helpful. Thank you.

plant in garden bed or keep in the container?

Hi, I have a new grape tree which I bought this spring. My dilemna is that I currently have it in the greenhouse in a large pot just layed in my raised bed. I am worried about planting it in the bed, because I worry that the root system will take over the rest of my garden. Also the greenhouse is a new build and the base is made with a layer of thick plastic on the very bottom to control weeds, then flag stone and a layer or crushed stone on the top . All my other vegetables will have good drainage but I am worried that if I plant the grape tree the roots will grow sideways and into the rest of the garden as there is really no where for them to grow down? Or will the roots just make there way down through the rocks and eventually out the side into the actual ground? What do you think? Keep it in the large container or plant in the garden bed?


Grape vine roots can reach 15

Grape vine roots can reach 15 feet deep, with the majority located in the top 3 feet of soil. The barriers you have put in place would be a hindrance to healthy root growth–you are right to think that. Growing grape vines in containers is not ideal, as they are rampant growers and need room to sprawl. But, if you decide to give it a try, use a very sturdy and large trellis. Bear in mind that as the vine ages (5-10 years), it may become root bound, which would require root pruning.

Grapevine roots next to a house foundation wall.

Hello, I live in Illinois and am wanting to plant grapes.Vitis vinefra Italian wine grapes! I was told to plant them two to a hole and up close on the sunniest side of the house. Is there any truth to this advice. Will doing this harm the buildings foundation?

Planting grapes next to the house?

Answer is "no" to planting next to the house, not unless you want water in your basement. And, importantly, only ONE vine per hole, wherever you put them. If you plant two vines, plant them at least 8 feet apart. If you want to train a vine over a porch pergola or whatever, plant the vine away from the foundation and train the vine to go wherever you want it. Sunny side is of course good advice. Without sunshine, there will be no grapes, at least no ripe grapes. If both of your parents and all four of your grandparents are Italians, that MIGHT make this advice null and void.
Note that grapevine roots grow down, WAY down - 20, 30, 40 feet - looking for nutrients and a controlled input of water. Too much water (too much clay in the soil) will cause roots to drown and the plant will ultimately die. "Grapevines don't like wet feet."

Grape vine

We have 3 year old grape that has produced what I thought were small bunches of grapes all over the vine, but these are now opening into small type flowers?.
The vine is in full sun and has been growing very well this last 2 years.

grape pollination

Yes, grapes do grow some small flower clusters, not always observed! After these flowers are pollinated in May/June, the fruit will grow.

Grape vine

Thank you for your reply. Will observe the vine and make notes of its progress, hopefully will get some grapes this year.
But our weather has and is still not good wet and warm with odd dry days, this may play a part in the vines progress.

grape vines

we have our grape vines that get clusters of baby grapes on it-say like a large pin head then in a few weeks they just open up and looks like a feather and we never see any grapes- the smell of them is wonderful-yet we never have any grapes- we have other grapes next to them a different kind that get grapes- we have plenty of bees- did your grapes ever get fruit. we have been waiting for years. for fruit from this healthy vine(did you have grapes since the article was printed. thanks kindly


Moved to house that has grape vines. When is best time to harvest grapes, and how do we know when they are ready to pick?

Thank you.

When to Harvest Grapes

There are a few ways you can tell that the time is ripe to harvest your grapes! Ripe grapes should be plump, rich in color, juicy, crushed easily but not shriveled, and full-flavored. You can check our ripeness guide for more tips.

We have a 3 year old grape

We have a 3 year old grape plant this year. First - we didn't do anything to it the first 2 years because we didn't know. Oops, are fault. But we noticed we weren't getting grapes so this march I pruned it back, probably not as much as I should have. My question is should I just prune it all back and start over? Can I even do that without killing it? Or is there something I can do to make it better this season?

Pruning Young Grape Vines

Luckily, grape vines are vigorous and forgiving. When it’s time, cut it back to three full buds. When shoots are 8 to 12 inches long, choose the strongest among them (growing from the original stem versus coming from beneath the soil surface) and support it with a stake tied at the top and bottom. Then, prune off the remaining two shoots.


I have a vine with grapes on it. I was told that I had to have a male grape vine in order for my grapes to be sweet?.


im wondering why my grape leafs are turning yellow, is it too much water, or do they need minerals?

Yellowing Grape Vine Leaves

If the yellowing is sporadic and nonuniform, then it may be an iron or magnesium deficiency. However, there are many reasons for vine leaves to yellow. If plants begin to fail, have your soil tested for nutrient deficiencies by your area cooperative extension.

Planting Concord grapes in Columbus, ohio

My backyard has mud with pool drain
I want to plant Concord grapes (1 year old )
What do I have to plant the grapes in the mud area?

Grapes are best pruned in the

Grapes are best pruned in the late winter, about a month your last frost. If you prune in the fall it may stimulate growth that will be sensitive to freeze damage. We suggest that you wait and see what happens. Do not prune now. You can take a couple of 12-inch length branch cuttings from the healthy grape and root them in pots with soil. They are very easy to root.

Thank you!

Hi, I'm very grateful for your response! I will heed your advice.
Thank you kindly.

Kind regards,


Desperate to save my Concorde Grapes

Hi, I live in Montreal and have three Concorde Grape plants that are 15' tall and spread well enough to cover the balcony area 6' x 15' to provide much needed shade and of course some very tasty fruit year after year. I don't know how old they are but I've owned this house for nine years and they were already well established at that time. I've never needed to fertilize although I suspect that the roots may be running from the base of the house under a two foot wide path to the garden and probably have fed from there every year. I always fertilized the garden with sheep or chicken manure at the beginning and end of the growing season but this spring we used cow manure instead. Also, I have always pruned in mid November and it never seemed to be a problem but this past November the leaves had not fallen off completely when I pruned.
This spring only one of my plants has provided the start of foliage and grapes but the other two are completely bare. Not even a bud. I have scraped the stems and I see that they are still alive but I'm not sure what to do from here. Do I try to fertilize with something in particular, or, do I prune further even though it is the end of May or should I wait until the end of season? If they are hurting I don't want to harm them any further I just want to save them. For me the shade and beauty they provide far outweigh even the fruit they produce so I would really appreciate any help or suggestions.

Is it hard to grow grapes?

Is it hard to grow grapes?

How to grow grape in coastal Ecuador

Any help will be great

very fresh in vineyard farming

I am very much interested to cultivate the vineyard farm. but I am very fresh and new to this farming. I am plannnig to harvest the most good red wine maker grape. Please can you suggest me the which grape has the most demand for wine or red wine in the world market and how can i grow the grapes in India region..Nashik, Maharashtra.

We are a North American

We are a North American publication so our knowledge is based on growing in the United States and Canada. We would suggest you look for local experts in your area. Good luck!

growing geapes

I would like to know whether in the Kenyan highlands with red volcanic soil grapes can do well, and which variety.

Grapes is part of a nature

Grapes is part of a nature

Growing grapes

I am wanting to know if I would be able to use grape vine cuttings from my daughter's established grape vines his spring when she prunes. Hers are 10 years old.

I have the green nut like

I have the green nut like bulbs on the grape vine... Purple grapes, live on the west coast of B.C. Canada. what use are they if any

Not sure from the description

Not sure from the description what these are. If the "bulbs" are growths on the stems or the leaves they may be galls and should be removed.

Hi, We live on mainland

Hi, We live on mainland Greece and we were gifted with three seedless white grapevines in pots. We have the ideal place in the sun to plant this three grapevines, but we understand that it is the wrong time of the year. What can we do? Will we be able to keep them in the same small pots until early spring to plant them as you suggest. Please let us know so that we do not loose them. Waiting for your assistance. Kind regards Kaiti.

Hello, I built a very nice


I built a very nice Arbor in my back yard and planted grapes at the base of each of three vertical supports. Unfortunately trees are shading the grapes and limited sun is getting through. Once they grow to the roof of the Arbor they will have ample direct sun, in the meantime they appear to be stunted in growth and just "surviving". Can i use grow lights to assist them in getting to the top and enjoying natural sun? BTW- I'm in Colo Springs, CO. thanks for any help!

The young grapes at the lower

The young grapes at the lower end of the cluster are drying and falling off. Not enough water? Temperature to Hot? This vine is four years old with his second year producing fruit. I prune every year and this year has over 50 clusters compared to 17 last year. Comments please! Thank You.

Grapes fall off the cluster

Grapes fall off the cluster if they have not been pollinated. Make sure you have good air circulation and plenty of pollinators next year. Too much or too little water can also cause grapes to drop.

Thank You. I will start

Thank You. I will start planting pollinators.

There were leftover grapes on

There were leftover grapes on the vines when we bought this house in northern CO in November of 2013. Last year we had leaves and vines, but no grapes, and this year we have lots of lovely leaves ad vines, but again, no grapes. Any ideas?

There are a number of reasons

There are a number of reasons why folks find that grapes aren't growing on vines. One common reason is usually: ample sunlight.  Grapes need lots of sun and if the canopy is too thick, the sun can't reach the buds. A second (and related) common reason is: lack of pruning or improper pruning. Our guess is that you will want to read up on pruning. It's critical for fruit production. Hope that points you in the right direction.
It's also important to feed the soil with the right balance of nutrients -- and have plenty of pollinating going on.

Soil rich in alkali is

Soil rich in alkali is preferred but like was mentioned pruning is key

I recently took some seeds

I recently took some seeds from a wild vine in West Texas (probably muscadine)
and am wondering when, where, & how to plant them.Thanks.

Fresh seeds need a cold

Fresh seeds need a cold treatment to germinate. Nick the seeds with a razor blade and place them in a bag of moist peat moss. Put in the fridge for 3-4 months. Check periodically to make sure the peat moss doesn't dry out. After this cold period sow the seeds 1/2 inch deep and 2 inches apart in a nursery flat. Keep in a warm place. It takes 4-12 weeks for them to germinate. Transplant to individual pots after they have developed 2 sets of true leaves. Grow them on for the summer and transplant to their permanent location in the fall. They need a warm spot where winter temps. don't get below 10 degrees. All that said, you will need both male and female plants to get any fruit at all and the fruit from these seedlings may not be anything like the fruit of the parent plants.

I'm looking to relocate to

I'm looking to relocate to Tillamook OR. I am into wine and the property we are looking to purchase is southern facing 2 acres, i believe perfect for wine grapes. I looked up the soil survey and it says we have medial silt loams soil which i believe is okay for wine grapes. I'm wondering if anyone has some critical steps for getting started. Sounds like i shouldn't plan until the spring, is that accurate?

Yes, we'd suggest you start

Yes, we'd suggest you start with your Oregon Cooperative Extension. They have a lot of expertise to share. Here's a reference guide:

Hey there I started vines

Hey there I started vines from cutting this spring in pots and am wondering if I should plant them in the fall or how to protect them from the cold.

Hi Frank, Transplant your

Hi Frank,
Transplant your grapes to their permanent location once they drop their leaves this fall. You can mulch them with an organic mulch such as shredded bark or straw. They should survive their first winter just fine. If you want to winter them over in the pot, sink pot and all into the ground, cover with mulch, and transplant to a permanent location in the spring before they start to leaf out.

Hi, I am down here in

Hi, I am down here in Atlanta. Planted 3 Concord Grape plants about 4 years ago. First 2 years got fabulous purple grapes, lots of them. Third year I got tons of green grapes, none of which ripened(turn purple).
I cut them all down to the ground and fourth year they all grew back with tons of green grapes and no sign of ripening or turning purple. Any idea what my problem is?

You may need to amend the

You may need to amend the soil. A lack of phosphorus will cause grapes to stop growing and maturing. You can add compost to the soil or mix in some azomite (rock dust). Also check the soils pH level. It needs to be around 6.8.

I have a wild purple grape

I have a wild purple grape vine. It has produced a medium amount of fruit for great jam & some for snacking. I want to move it to our yard. It is about 20 ft high. How DEEP should I dig it up after late Fall pruning to about 5'? Very healthy w/ huge leaves & fruit coming. I'm in zone 5 w/severe winters - Massachusetts. Thanx for all your great help!

Depending on the age of the

Depending on the age of the grape the roots may be massive. For best results you need to get as much of the roots as possible and try not to break too many roots. You also need to prune the vine to a managable size. Prune it down to just a couple of strong stems. Soak the roots in water before replanting in hole that is big enough to fit all the roots. The first couple of weeks after replanting the grape vine needs lots of water. Make sure to water daily and keep the soil nice and moist. You may also want to take a few cuttings from the vine to see if you can start some new vines.

Hello, I recently purchased

Hello, I recently purchased a house that has grapes spread out on the ground - not trellised or arbored at all. (The mound of grape plants is approx. 15' in diameter.) As it's summer in Michigan, is there anything I should do now or just let them go until winter, and the prune them drastically back in order to build a trellis for them? (Last summer there were a few clusters on the plants, but the projects inside the house took all my time.) Would it potentially kill the plant to prune and trellis it now? Thank you.

You can do some pruning now

You can do some pruning now but save the heavy pruning until the vines go dormant. See some tips on summer pruning at

We were able to get a

We were able to get a European grape starter back in March (St Emilion). We planted it in a large pot as directed and were astonished to see large leaves appear in a week or so. Since then it has slowed down, the leaves are small and dry up quickly. Soil is good, not overwatering, direct sunlight...what's wrong? We are in the Denver area. AL

I have 5 vines that were

I have 5 vines that were mature when I bought the house 35 years ago. Last year, we had a bumper crop. Lots of juice, wine, and jelly. This year, none of the vines have put out any growth. Pruning, watering, fertilization has remained constant. What could have happened?

I have clay soil on a small

I have clay soil on a small hill. Will grapes grow well is such soil even with soil additives?

Hi John, You need to amend

Hi John,
You need to amend the soil so that it is well-drained and loose deep down. Maybe you can grow some grapes in containers with a good soil mix.

Hi John, I live in the

Hi John,
I live in the Pacific Northwest and have solid clay soil. My grapes grow beautifully here and produce delicious, sweet fruit. I've not amended it in any way -- just planted the vine and it took off. Good luck.

I live in South Florida, zone

I live in South Florida, zone 10+; 20 mins from Miami. I recently purchased a potted cab vine from Walmart. Today I replanted it into a bigger pot but is this all for nothing? I realize it's too humid and wet down here with no elevation and really no drainage but will keeping the vine in a pot give it a chance??? Any tips and comments are appreciated.

You can grow the grape in a

You can grow the grape in a big pot and it should do OK. Make sure the pot has good drainage and place it in a spot where it is a bit in the shade during the hottest hours of the day.

I have a concord grae vine

I have a concord grae vine that I just pruned. It is may and it has been very wet and cold. The vines had growth on them and I pruned the very long ends with growth. Can these be used for cuttings for new plants and how do I do that?

You can grow grape vines from

You can grow grape vines from cuttings. It's quite simple.
The best time to take cuttings is to when the vine is dormant. This happens after the vine has lost its leaves and before the buds start to grow in the spring.
That said, you can try a "green" cutting. The best cuttings come from the first one to two feet of the base of the shoot. You want healthy canes. The cutting should be pencil size in diameter and trimmed down to about a foot long. 
Cut off any laternal bits. Leave two buds. Cut the top of the cane at an angle just above the top bud. (Remember which was is UP so you don't plant into the pot upside-down!) Cut the bottom of the cane square and straight, right below the other bud. Chomp off any other buds on the cane with plyers. 
Have a pot ready with soil about three-quarters high. Gently scrape the bark off the bottom inch or two of the cutting. Dip this end in rooting hormone. Then, just push the end into the soil of your pot; firm up the soil around the cutting so it won't move around. Give it a little water and put in a warm area. By October, you'l start to get some roots and small roots. By the following year, you can plant.

I have a grapevine in my

I have a grapevine in my backyard. We recently put up a new fence and a portion (about 1/4) of the trunk was cut to suit the job but a clear sap began to leak. We covered a considerable amount of the exposed trunk with soil to help it "heal". The leaves were in the midst of blooming at the time but they are now dry and ready to fall off. Our concern is that the grapevine is dead. Will it grow back in the near future?

Leave the grape in the ground

Leave the grape in the ground and it may send up new shoots if the roots are big enough and didn't get damaged during the project.

Will do. Thank you.

Will do. Thank you.

Hello Ben: My husband and I

Hello Ben: My husband and I inherited a home a couple of years ago that had a couple of small grape vines. He had been taking care of them for three seasons now. Last year we got quite a few clusters but lost them all. This year we have even more clusters and are curiously awaiting a crop. But we have noticed that we are losing the clusters again but not sure why. How can we improve our odds this year to produce a harvest?

Will a grape plant grow in a

Will a grape plant grow in a raised garden bed?

Yes, you could grow grapes in

Yes, you could grow grapes in a raised garden bed though we haven't done this ourselves.
We'd only consider it if you didn't have at least 3 to 4 feet of soil depth or you had an area with high rainfall to improve drainage.

I'm on my way out to Lowe's

I'm on my way out to Lowe's and Home Depot to pick up a few white wine grape plant . I will be temping to make wine in the further wish me luck. I'm normally good with making plants grow I guess it is the country girl in me.

Last year I planted 2 concord

Last year I planted 2 concord seeded vines but now have decided I would rather have a seedless variety and I want to replant this spring. I live in West Virginia what would be a good variety for a table grape for eating,jams,and maybe juice? Thanks for your time.

Hi Ben, I grow Somerset

Hi Ben,
I grow Somerset seedless here in Iowa. It's hardiness is zone 4-8, so should grow well in WV. It's a vigorous variety & flavor is strawberry-like.
The flavor of grapes that are homegrown are incredibly better than the supermarket varieties!
Best of luck & HAVE FUN!


Seedling help. I started some

Seedling help. I started some red globe grapes from seed in January here in zone 5. They are about 6" and several leaves now. When should I move them out? This year, next? Before or after last frost? Any information would help. Thank you.

Keep the seedlings indoors

Keep the seedlings indoors until they have reached about 12" tall, have good roots and at least 5-6 leaves. You may want to plant them in bigger containers before planting them in the ground.
Good luck!

I hope you could help me out

I hope you could help me out to get my 2 grape vines to flower after planting them for 2 years.

In addition to spring pruning

In addition to spring pruning you may need to summer prune as well. During the summer months take out sprouts that don't have fruit and shorten branches that do have fruit to focus energy into producing grapes.

Sir,I have planted 10 crops

Sir,I have planted 10 crops of seadless veriaty of Thomsons grapes in my garden.All the plants are growing nicely .I have put square steel pipe to support the vertical growth of plants.Is it alright or should I put wooden advise. The pune(Maharashtra) is min 15& Max.37 degree Celsius. Thanks.

We inherited a concord grape

We inherited a concord grape vine that is probably close to 100 years old- used to make wine by my great-grandmother. I have a dehydrator, and my son loves dehydrated fruit. We are going to cut it back and restart the growing process. Will it take about three years for the vine to yield fruit again? Also, can we dehydrate the grapes to make raisins? It seems like raisins would be extremely difficult with the all the seeds. Is there anything else this type of grape is good for (besides wine)?

If the vine is healthy you

If the vine is healthy you can prune it back to 5 to 6 feet while it is still dormant. It will have lots of new growth this summer but probably no grapes. If you like more plants you can start new grape plants  from the cuttings. You need to prune again later to shape your vines. Concord grapes are great for juice, jams and purees (that you can freeze). To dry the grapes cut them in half and remove the seeds first.

i just got 6 concord grades

i just got 6 concord grades in a small contaner at lowes i have them in my house by the window till i can plant them in a couple weeks do i water them a lot or do anything to them till i plant them

Just water to keep the soil

Just water to keep the soil moist. Do not overwater. Good luck with your grapes!



Hi Kenneth, Most grapes are

Hi Kenneth,
Most grapes are true to their variety and there is no problem growing them close to each other.

Last year after the buds

Last year after the buds formed they became covered with white fuzz.Grape production Was terrible . The prior year we had black rot.

I want to grow grapes. I have

I want to grow grapes. I have 10 Acres land (220ftX198ft) plots for this purpose. The temperature varies from 0 degree C in winter to 50 degree C in summer. Ground water is potable and available for pumping at 80 ft below. However I have already installed an electric turbine of 1 cusec capacity.
Kindly provide me the details for grapes cultivation

Barkat Ali Riaz



I live in the NC Outer Banks.

I live in the NC Outer Banks. Zone 8 . Very sandy soil. Occasional flooding with brackish water during hurricanes. Would Mars seedless (vitris) have chance growing in this environment? Or can you suggest a seedless grape with a similiar taste for this environment. Thank you.

We don't have much experience

We don't have much experience growing fruits or grapes in brackish water. If the flooding doesn't happen often we suggest that you start with a few grape plants and see how they survive. You can also grow grapes in containers that can be moved in case of a flood threat.

I recently purchased a home

I recently purchased a home that has some concord and pinot gris grapes. The last season produced roughly 20 pounds of each variety. The vines are way overgrown and the supports are getting weak and need to be replaced. What is the best was to prune them back, remove them from their existing support system to transfer them to a new support system, and how can I save some of the cuttings to create more vines?

With overgrown grapes, just

With overgrown grapes, just hack them down in late winter (about a month or less before the last frost). Leave 2 strong healthy canes or arms from the grape trunk (with bark on them) and cu back to two buds per arm. It may sound aggressive but grapes can take it and you'll be amazed at the fruit production. Ask your local county cooperative extension office for more advice.

We're in SW Idaho & have a 4

We're in SW Idaho & have a 4 year old healthy grapevine that produces loads of grapes each year. We love watching the birds love the fruit. This year they did not come. Here it is, Nov 30, the leaves are gone but the vine is still full of bunches of grapes. Why did the birds not come this year?

That is a puzzle. Sometimes

That is a puzzle. Sometimes birds will not return because they have found another preferred source of food. Or, there might be a predator that has moved in (including a domestic cat or dog, or a fox or hawk), or something else that has made them uneasy (such as a child playing nearby). Or, there might have been a change in environment (such as logging, development, etc.) that has removed shelter, water, etc. nearby. Weather can also play a role--was the summer unusually warm, rainy, etc.? Also, have the grapes been treated differently this year? Such as any pesticides? Sometimes, it's just that the flocks didn't choose to visit your area in numbers this time. Hopefully, though, they will visit next year.

I bought a Thompson's

I bought a Thompson's seedless and red flame grape combo in one pot from Costco. I reported it In a bigger pot . We just bought a house and I want to separate them and plant them in the ground. I am worried they will die if I try to separate them.Should I just leave them alone or can ibtry to prune the roots to.separate them?

It's recommended to plant

It's recommended to plant grapes in the spring. Leave the plants in the pot over the winter. It's a good idea to separate the two varieties. In spring remove the grapes from the pot and brush away as much of the soil as possible. Then use your hands to gently pull them apart. If you need to prune a few of the roots it shouldn't hurt the plants.

I would like to plant grapes

I would like to plant grapes near my raised bed garden. The grapes would be placed along a cinderblock wall. My hope is to use them for grapes, but also as a decorative addition to my sunny side yard here in Phoenix, AZ. Any suggestions? Will they do ok in an area like that? Will the other plants help or hinder the vines growth?

i also like to plant.would

i also like to plant.would you join me?

This is my first grape vine

This is my first grape vine and I'm wondering when to prune it 2 vines are pencil thick and about 7 ft long please let me know oh it a concord do I need 2 for pollinate

I have a concord grape that I

I have a concord grape that I pruned back last week here in Chicago. It is best to prune the vines in late winter when the first sunny days arrive (and the snow has finally gone for a while), but before the buds start to break. Pruning in the fall is fine too although there's no way to be absolutely sure which branches may die off from the cold. Pruning later won't kill the grape but it will bleed sap at such a rate that you will never want to chance it again. Mine grows up the corner of a garage to 7 feet then along the 2 sides for about 12-15 feet each way. Last year it produced about 25+ lbs of fruit and despite my not spraying, the only pest was a small caterpillar (looper) that chewed into the berries.

This is my third year and

This is my third year and first of fruit production. Between June and July I had 10 grape clusters which we ate because it was to few to produce wine. I thought, well that's it for the season. But a month latter the vine started producing clusters again and now we have about 16 clusters starting to enter the veraison stage. That's OK, but the vine insist in producing more and now I also have about 6 flower buds. Some of the leaves are also turning yellow in a faster rate. The question is, What I do now. Should I cut the flowers should I allow them to produce the third crop of the season?

It depends on where you live.

It depends on where you live. If you live in a colder region the flower buds will probably not have a chance to mature into grapes. With less daylight hours the grapes vines will slow down and the leaves will turn yellow. We suggest that you remove the flower buds and let the energy from the vine go to the ripening 16 clusters.

Hello, I have a question

Hello, I have a question maybe you can help me with.
My l'acadie grapes I have planted in Nova Scotia came down with powdery mildew this year. I sprayed them but they lost a lot of leaves. Last week we had a frost that killed off the leaves that were left. Will the grapes continue to ripen?
Thank You

If you had a hard frost and

If you had a hard frost and the foliage has died back, the grapes will no longer ripen. You should pick them as soon as possible before they dry out on the vine.

We have an grape plant . It

We have an grape plant . It gives small grapes and with seeds but it doesn't get riped on plant . Now what to do to get it riped.

Our arbor is old and huge.

Our arbor is old and huge. 20 years ago it produce a large harvest and has dwindled to practically nothing. The young grapes shrivel up and become hard and black. It has been pruned and spayed with a fungicide. The handful of grapes I pulled yesterday were great, but only have a handful. HELP!

In addition to spring pruning

In addition to spring pruning you may need to summer prune as well. During the summer months take out sprouts that don't have fruit and shorten branches that do have fruit to focus energy into producing grapes. Also remove leaves on the top of the canopy to let more sunshine on the fruit.

Hello! Last fall I

Hello! Last fall I transplanted an extremely aged grapevine from my relatives property in hopes of preserving it.... Fast forward to one year later... I do not have any grapes growing, however, it seems like the vine itself is growing. Is there still hope for grapes in the coming years? Thank you for your help!

Hi Heather, If it is a very

Hi Heather,
If it is a very old grapevine it may need some pruning early next spring, before it starts growing again. You can also take some cuttings when it is dormant and start new plants.

I live in the Caribbean with

I live in the Caribbean with two seasons, 6 months dry and 6 months rainy, I got two grape plants from Denmark. Can you recommend if to plant into the ground where there are lots of sunlight or partial morning sun, as our temperature can reach to 36 deg celcius, we dont experience winter.

I have a concord grape plant

I have a concord grape plant in my driveway corner. Actually there is a space 12 x 12 inches hole in the cemented area.
Plant produces lots of grapes, but very small. 1/2 inch maximum.
Plant seems healthy. There is lots of sun there. What should i do to make grapes grow bigger !

Hi, Nargis: One thing to do

Hi, Nargis: One thing to do is to add a little phosphorus (in the form of bonemeal) to the soil. Repeat: a little, like a quarter of a cup for your area. Then, you need to study up on pruning, with an eye toward systematically paring down the vine shoots and immature clusters (this is called "green harvesting") so that more of the vine's resources can be directed into the remaining fruit. There is an art and timing to this, though, so don't just start cutting. Thanks for asking!

Once again new to gardening

Once again new to gardening and I will be transplanting from a Square Foot Garden soon and need to know what size container I should use as a temporary measure until we buy a house. Also need suggestions for providing support for the canes. I will probably prune it back as well. It presently has one very long cane that is now supported by a A frame of sorts. Would that work in a container?

The bigger the container the

The bigger the container the better. Grape roots like to spread out. Make sure the pot has good drainage and mix equal parts of good quality topsoil, peat moss, and compost for the soil mix. You can use a trellis for support or place the container close to a wall or fence for extra support. Prune in late winter when the grape is dormant.

Three years ago I was given 4

Three years ago I was given 4 grape vines. I built arbors and planted them. This is the 1st time I have gotten a crop of any size - perhaps 50 bunches. But the bunches are ripening unevenly. In a bunch, there will be green grapes, ripe grapes, and even a few over ripe grapes. When should I harvest them and what should I do after I harvest them?


I've planted two vines (Vitis

I've planted two vines (Vitis Flame Seedless) and trained the vine to grow up posts to an 8' trellis. Still in the first year, they've reached the top and I guess I want to halt growth for the year. Do I simply cut back the new growth to allow the vine to get stronger?


Normally, we only prune it

Normally, we only prune it back vigorously in the early spring when the vine is still dormant before leaf-out happens. If you need to prune it back to reduce too much growth, however, it should be OK as long as it's not too severe.

I planted varieties of grapes

I planted varieties of grapes in my yard, seeded and seedless within some 6 ft. from each other. I am now wondering whether all of them will produce seeded fruit by cross pollination.

We transplanted a mature

We transplanted a mature grapevine last year so it will grow up and over our patio arbor. Though the fruit on this plant is marvelous in taste & color we desire the plant to grow up & over the arbor. Can you inform us as to the best methods for growing a grapevine up & over?? We're not certain as how to prune it or keep it...many questions with this new idea!

thanks kindly!


Yes, here is a helpful

Yes, here is a helpful reference article on how to grow grapes on an arbor:
Good luck!

I was searching for an idea

I was searching for an idea on harvest time and found this helpful article, thank you!
We started with two Concord grapevines and I must say, they make for great privacy as they are mammoth. We did not get fruit the first few years then, this year, no less then 50 bushels that are doing great. What's peculiar is the fact that we live in north Texas and the heat is in the high 90's and more often 100 degrees for weeks.. We are under water restrictions due to the severe drought here and we follow the orders to water merely twice a week... These things will not stop growing! In fact, no matter what we grow, just takes off! All the type fruits and vegetables I've grown in New England for years that are harvested in the fall have an additional 2-3 months of high heat grow time... Does this make any sense?
I also wonder, can, and should I, prune back my out of control grapevines though I do so in early spring or should I keep retraining them and wait?

Enjoy your bounty and take

Enjoy your bounty and take adventage of the warmer weather to grow varieties that love the heat.
The grapes will benefit from pruning in early spring.

I planted a concord grapevine

I planted a concord grapevine about 4years ago, get lots of flowers. but no grapes, any suggestions as to why this happens???

Thank you so much for the

Thank you so much for the great info. I just moved back to East TN where the house I am renting has tons, and I do mean tons, of grapes/grapevines. I was not sure about when to actually harvest and how long grapes will keep. This helped so much. Thank you again!!

Is there anyone in

Is there anyone in southeastern PA. Who knows grapes??? I have a 10' by 25' vine, and right now there are probably 1000 grapes and I have no idea when to pick them. They have never ( in 7yrs I've been working on them) gotten sweet. Any help or wine making help would be greatly appreciated. thanks Bob..

My grapes are small, dried up

My grapes are small, dried up and turned brown. What happen? They had about 6 weeks before they should have turned purple.

If you have not pruned your

If you have not pruned your grapes the fruit tends to be small. Pollination is also very important and if the grapes have not been pollinated they will stop growing and shrivel up.

my grape vines look so

my grape vines look so good,but my grapes are small,my husband pruned in feb.when the leaves where i need to prune more or is there something i need to add to the soil.

Thanks for this great info.

Thanks for this great info. My mom wanted a grape tree and I was going to plant one for mothers day, but I couldn't. So I started now for her birthday. THANKS!

You are welcome, Dennis. It

You are welcome, Dennis. It made our day to get a thank you from you. 

I live in Maryland by the

I live in Maryland by the Bay. I have a concord grape vine in its second year (this is June). I am a bit confused about how to let it grow. Right now I have two wires trellis. The first one about 46" up and the second wire about a foot above the first wire. I have laterals growing on each side on the top and bottom wires.

The laterals are starting to extend past the 4x4 post on each side on both wires. Do I cut them from growing past the post since there is no more wire past the post, or do I let them keep growing longer?

I have a grapevine that has

I have a grapevine that has been producing for the last 2 years. This year I am not getting any growth on the vines, just shoots from the base of the plant. I did cut back the vine some when I harvested the grapes last year. Was that too early to prune maybe? What would be causing this?

hello, I started a grape

hello, I started a grape vine from a seed that i saved form store bought grapes, they are growing great, however, i have about 12 grape bunches on one vine, that started to grow little green grapes, then i sprayed them with (seven-bug control) however within two weeks of growth in the second year, all of the green bud grapes are gone, (every single one of them) all that is left is a stem with ,little fuzz at the end, i did not see any bugs or birds after them, what did i do wrong?
Thanks, Tim

You did nothing wrong, what

You did nothing wrong, what you thought were the grapes were the grape flower buds. The little fuzz is the flower that you hope will get pollinated. :) If it does, grapes are the fruit that grow from the pollinated flower bud.

will growing seedless grapes

will growing seedless grapes near seeded ones make them develop seeds? thank you so much.

Sometimes a seedless variety

Sometimes a seedless variety will develop tiny seeds if cross-pollinated by seeded grapes near by. To ensure that your grapes remain seedless, plant the different varieties at least 75 feet apart.

I have global grapes, I

I have global grapes, I started them from seed. For the last three the fruit production has been heavy. I cut them back early last .like in december because they were threw. This year they have beautiful lush foilage, but as of today no fruit what so ever. Any suggestion? Can you tell me what I need to do, I am sick because I have grown this vine from seed that I got from the store and planted, pampered and loved. Can you please help me as soon as possible?

Thank you so much for your time and iy Hope to hear from you as soon as possible. Thanks Mary Pearson

Pruning of grapevines is

Pruning of grapevines is recommended anytime after the leaves fall and through the dormant period. Pruning before the leaves fall can lead to  poor bud maturation, which can affect the growth of the vine the following spring. Timing of pruning during the dormant season may also affect the time the vines start budding. You may have pruned too early. Your plant will be OK and you'll have a nice harvest next year.

I bought 50 grapevines last

I bought 50 grapevines last year from a vineyard. 25 cab sav, 9 zinfandel, 8 regent, and 8 mouverdre. I live in mid tennessee, they are planted on a slope in good sun, good drai.nage...they were doing great last year... we had a very cold of today, may 8th, only 9 of the 50 vines have leaves and growth....the rest are all brown and look dead....i did exactly the same to all of there anything i can do to know for sure, and anything i can to to salvage them....i was told its almost impossiible to kill vines......yet it looks like 40 of mine are dead......any info/ help is appreciated! Very upset!!!

We hope that you by now, late

We hope that you by now, late May, have more grapevines budding. The winter may have killed a few of the vines but also different varieties of grapes bud at different times, some early, some late.

We live in zone 9a and hope

We live in zone 9a and hope to plant a Flame & Thompson seedless together if possible, and train on an old metal headboard. We have a garden full of containers and raised beds. We understand a smaller root system means a smaller yield but there are just the two of us and knowing once planted its pretty much permanent. Can we plant them together in a 4' x 4' area? Also, are gophers a threat to the root system?

Flame and Thompson grapes are

Flame and Thompson grapes are great choices for the home garden. However, you can not plant them so close together.
According to Burpee, the spacing for Thomson Grapes is 15 to 30 feet apart. Each vine requires about 15 feet of growing space on a metal trellis.
In general, we wouldn't put vines closer than 8 feet apart nor rows closer than 12 feet apart. Otherwise, the vines compete for sun, water, and nutrients and it will hurt your grape production and quality. Plus, proper spacing means better air circulation and less chance of disease.

Thank you. We do have a 12'

Thank you. We do have a 12' or 14' bed we can place them near opposite ends and build a trellis system between them. Which leads me to another question to best utilize our somewhat limited growing area ... can we plant anything edible beneath them ie carrots, radishes, green onions, beets or low lying vines ie cucumbers or zucchini? any flowers ie marigolds? Thank you again for your advise

Hi I am from maldives and

Hi I am from maldives and pumped up to grow grape vines. but I have never seen a grape vine in the maldives. we are in the equator..temperature here is about between 28c○-45c○. almost always through out the year. We have only two seasons rainy and sunny. But now its very complicated and might rain any day. It rains for an hour and stops and sun shines kinda situation. Sunny season its all about sunny days. So what kind of grapes do ya think is best for the tropical maldives where we have a lot of sand no rocks?? Extremely desperate here!! Thank ya!!
P.s. growing grape vine in the Maldives is what I want!!

Not sure about the Maldives

Not sure about the Maldives but even if grapes struggled there I'd be stunned if you couldn't grow Muscadines. Even in the most scorching heatwaves with little rain they still seem to thrive. They don't really produce in clusters though, not the ones we have at least. As a sidenote, one of the ones my grandfather planted in South Alabama when I was a kid is approximately 25-30 feet tall at this point.

I am in a zone 5 growing

I am in a zone 5 growing area. Our last "official" frost date is not until May 31. Days are fine, but still can get light frost till end of May. I ordered, and received several grape vines, 2 and 3 yr old vines. Do I really need to wait till after May 31, or would they be ok to plant outside now? Keeping them in the house is space/time consuming and their access to sunlight limited. Right now, days in 50-60F range, nights upper 30s-low 40s.

Assuming the grape variety is

Assuming the grape variety is for your zone, it is usually fine to set out grapes 3 to 4 weeks before the last frost date. Choose an area that receives full sun and is sheltered from prevailing winds. The soil should be well-drained and slightly acidic. 

I live in zone 9 South Texas.

I live in zone 9 South Texas. We just bought a house and was wondering what's the best table grape vine for this area? We want to build a trellis for it as well with sitting area under it. What is the best way to stabilize them to last for many many years and produce grapes? Do we need to water it much or the moisture in the air being close to the ocean will be enough?

Thank you,

Muscadine grapes are very

Muscadine grapes are very easy to grow. There are about 15 varieties available. They need full sunlight and good drainage for optimum production. The vines are able to withstand long periods of drought without any damage to the vine. Pruning is important for fuit production and you can find many informative "how to prune grapes" videos online.

I'm having a problem with my

I'm having a problem with my grape leaves. They are having small brown spots on the leaves. What do I need to do for my grapes? Also, some leaves curl in like someone sewed the edges and pulled the string. New grape grower only have two grape vines about 3 years old.

Your grape plants may have a

Your grape plants may have a foliage disease called black rot. You need to have a spraying program with fungicides such as benomyl. See your local garden center and bring a sample. Black rot won't usually kill the vines unless it's severe and occurs on a yearly basis. Start now--and next year, apply earlier to prevent this damage. Keep the vine well watered and free of pests.

Thank you I'll look into it.

Thank you I'll look into it.

I liv ein Italy but comming

I liv ein Italy but comming bacl to USA what is the name for a fragola grape in USA?

This is Vitis vinifera

This is Vitis vinifera 'Fragola.'  We are not familiar with this variety in North America and it seems hard to get a hold of. It seems as if the Concord grape is close, but not quite right. Perhaps someone in our community can help!

I have a 5 month old grape

I have a 5 month old grape vine, it grew from a seed that I planted on a small pot, I was wondering on how I can take care of it properly, any tips on how I can ensure that it grows healthy?

If your grape vine has rooted

If your grape vine has rooted in the pot, then you can move to a loarger pot (a gallon container) or plant the vine in the ground in the fall when the leaves drop, and water in well.

I live in Rio Rancho, NM. I'm

I live in Rio Rancho, NM. I'm planning to plant vines. I was wandering what type of vine is the best in this kind of climate (7a hardiness zone)?
Also, the soil in here is "fine sandy loam". What do I need to add to the soil to have better grapes?


"Golden Muscat," "'Himrod

"Golden Muscat," "'Himrod Seedless," and "'Seneca" are some American hybrid grape varieties that seem to grow well in Zone 7 and central New Mexico.
Fine sandy loams is exactly what you want for growing grapes. The soil should be of average fertilize and drain well. If fertility is low, you can mix in some organic matter (well-rotted manure, compost, peat moss or a green manure crop).

Prepare the vineyard site a year ahead of planting to allow for soil pH adjustment, fertility-building, and eradication of weeds. 
See this page for more detail: Contact your NM cooperative extension for local advice.

Hi, I planted several table


I planted several table grape vines 20 years ago. Not one grape came from them over the course of two decades. This year, they are bearing out of the blue. Does anyone have an explanation for this? I've pruned over the years and they never bore. I've also fertilized to no avail. I can think of no reason why they would suddenly fruit.


As long as you were pruning

As long as you were pruning and fertilizing correctly, and that the plants were getting enough sunlight etc., and were healthy, it is a mystery why no flowers would form. Incorrect pruning, or too much fertilizer, can affect blooming. Amount of full sunlight per day is also important. If plants have had any setbacks, such as diseases or pests, that can also affect blooming. If there are not enough pollinators, then you might get small fruit that shrivels. In general, sometimes if plants are under stress, they will bloom (not sure if grapes do this). Make sure that your plants are appropriate for your climate--those that are not quite hardy in your area may take longer to establish, if they survive. (Although it probably wouldn't take 20 years!) Check the health of the plants, and other conditions that may have changed. If the plants look fine, congratulations on your first crop!

I have just moved in to a

I have just moved in to a house that had old vines. They look scary and creepy like something surrounding a haunted house. How can I tell if they are alive?

To see if your old grapevine

To see if your old grapevine is still alive, take a pocket-knife and carefully scrape back the top layer of the bark to the cambium: the thin layer beneath the bark. Do not cut any further. If the colour of the cambium is a nice green, it's alive. If it's brown, it's dead. If it's very pale green, it may be dying.
Grapevines are quite resilient. If you find it's alive, you can do some very heavy pruning. You can remove 90% of the plant and spark the vine into new growth. Grapevines are very forgiving so it is hard to mess up.

I planted some vines about 3

I planted some vines about 3 years ago, and thought they would use a rail fence behind them to grow on, but they didn't and the trunks are close to horizontal now. They have been growing well and even produced new vines, but I'm not sure how to attempt to stake them at this point. Should I just try to stake the newer flexible branches? Suggestions? Thanks.

It sounds like you didn't

It sounds like you didn't train the vines to grow straight the first year. The second year you train the side branches by pruning. Different varieties often respond differently to pruning. Look online for pruning and staking techniques to see if you can find something that will suit your grapes.

Our scuppernongs aren't as

Our scuppernongs aren't as sweet as they should be. Could you offer some advice? We live in zone 7.

Full sun is the key to sweet

Full sun is the key to sweet grapes. Well drained rich soil is also important. And make sure that they are fully ripe before picking them.

I would really LOVE to grow

I would really LOVE to grow grapes! Unfortunately my zone is closer to zone 3 than zone 4 which is what my area is listed as in all the catalogues. Is there a grape you would recommend. This summer will be the second summer for my one seedless pink reliance. I was thrilled when it made it through that first winter and am holding my breath that it will make it though this winter. It's rated for zone 4. It did get a little growth but not much. Is there ANY grape rated for zone 3?

Hi Gale, Here are a couple of

Hi Gale,
Here are a couple of grapes rated for Zone 3.

King of North is a blue grape hardy to -37F. Bluebell is another blue hardy grape. Beta is a cross between Concord and the native North American riverbank grape. It's deep purple and sweet. Valiant is one of the best cold-hardy grapes for the North. Similar to Beta in color and taste. Morden 9703 is a new, hardy green table grape.  May need some winter protection.


THANK YO SO MUCH! YAY!!! Grapes for Zone 3!! I can't believe it!! I would certainly love to try these grapes! However, I've checked the usual catalogues and no one carries any of these grape varieties. Do you have a source or a catalogue that might have these grapes? Thank you again!

Thank you so much! I'll

Thank you so much! I'll certainly check into those sites!

Hi! Can you tell me where I

Hi! Can you tell me where I can find these cold hardy grape varieties? THANK YOU!

Checkout American hybrids

Checkout American hybrids such as Foch, Valiant, Frontenac, and Brianna(white-1st three are red). Very hardy.Valiant has a concord background and grapiest flavor- created in SD.

We have grapes that produce

We have grapes that produce wonderfully each year and are wanting to expand and grow more to make wines. We have a couple of bare acres with some pine and oak trees surrounding. We are planning to cut the eastern most trees for good morning sun. My question is, will the remaining trees harm the growth or flavor of the grapes?

Hi Warren, Grapes are

Hi Warren,

  • Grapes are very adaptable to varying soils so you should be fine planting on your bare acres. Remember that grapes need lots of sun and no competition from nearby trees, good air circulation and loose, not too fertile soil with good drainage. The pines and oaks you leave standing should not harm the flavor of the grapes.


we live in mexico..east of

we live in mexico..east of mexico city,,,.7,000 feet above sea night it can freeze (January)...but, in the daytime it can get into the low 70' grape plants are four years old and this year produced some grapes...I have been waiting for cold weather to trim...and one of them is setting fruit...all the vines are in a large patio area that gets light and is somewhat protected from frost...the vine in question has great buds and some tiny fruit set...I don't think it's possible for the fruit to last through winter...will it still produce next year...thanks ed

Grapes in NE Texas, sandy

Grapes in NE Texas, sandy soil. 4 year old plants. Lots of sweet fruit, but remains green and thick skinned when picking time comes.
Are we overwatering? These are Concord grapes, well pruned the last two years.

Some grape-growers have

Some grape-growers have experienced uneven ripening this year, particularly with their concord grapes. According to Purdue University Small Fruit Specialist Bruce Bordelon, this condition is known to only on the Concord variety and occurs occasionally, especially in warm years. Uneven ripening is when some of the berries in the cluster remain sour, hard and green while others develop the purple color and soften during the ripening process. The green berries will be full-sized, but will not be sweet. For some reason, those berries never go through the increase in sugar and decrease in acids that commonly occurs during fruit ripening. It is not clearly understood why this phenomenon occurs, but hot weather is partly responsible. We hope that next year improves.

I want to grow grapes near

I want to grow grapes near Bangalore, India.... please suggest which is the best grapes to grow.....

Some 15-20 years ago I

Some 15-20 years ago I planted two rows of grapes (8 plts. to a row) and they took off very well. I can not remember now what routine we used a lot of compost and my 160lb. BullMastiff continued to help with that up until 15 years ago. Due to lack of any care (my health problems) the grapes crossed from their trellis to some nearby Douglas Fir trees. Now the trees and the grapes are a 20+ feet high and producing very well, esp. at ranges above 10 feet. What would be the best way to get these to a normal height without hurting them any. We live near Jamestown, NY 14701 and the grapes are Concords.

Grapes are very forgiving. In

Grapes are very forgiving. In early spring when the plants are dormant prune the vines and leave about 4 feet of main trunk, and only a couple of trailer "branches".

Just got 2 grapevines.they

Just got 2 grapevines.they have about 12"of growth how far should I cut back?they are Catawba grapevines,there are 2stems each stem has12" of growth.we live in Petersburg illinois

Plant the grapes as soon as

Plant the grapes as soon as possible before the soil freezes. Don't prune the canes now, wait until early spring when you see buds developing. Then prune so that you have about 2-3 healthy fat buds on each stem.

my grapes plant is all most

my grapes plant is all most three old it it is look like vine grapes size is not vry big brown clr but not sweet at all
what to do pl help anis

Thanks for the great info in

Thanks for the great info in 2013!

My father is growing grapes

My father is growing grapes 3yr and is concerned he has not gotten fruit due to the climate in clipper mills ca. Approx 4500 elevation and tall trees. This year he removed some trees to allow more sun. Should he follow basic rules of growing. I did explian your info about not getting fruit till 3rd yr and pruning back 90% of previous growth.

The removal of trees will

The removal of trees will help. Grapes need a lot of sun. It is also important to prune the old vines in late winter for healthy new growth next spring.

I have grapes that I planted

I have grapes that I planted 3 years ago. This year they started producing clusters of fruit. However, most clusters have some grapes that are large, purple, and sweet, while most of the grapes on the cluster are still small, with many still being green. Will they all catch up to be ripe together?

The difference in size can be

The difference in size can be caused by how and when each little flower in the cluster was fertilized. After fertilzation a tiny seed starts growing and the grape grows around the seed. The small berries on you cluster may not have been fertilized properly.


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All my grape fruits are all

All my grape fruits are all ripe but what concerns me is that they are all so tiny. Would it eventually become bigger in size in the future ? Thanks.

Hi, Nancy, Grapes grow on

Hi, Nancy, Grapes grow on canes that grew the previous summer (one-year-old wood). Our sources say that un- or underpruned grape vines produce small clusters of tiny grapes. Proper pruning is key. We hope this helps.

I planted 2 Concord Grape

I planted 2 Concord Grape vines earlier this year, after trimming them back as described above. The both are growing foliage now. Do I trim back the foliage, or leave it until fall / winter? I am pinching off the tiny grape clusters that our vines are producing.

what are the best grapes to

what are the best grapes to grow in zone 9a l
Las Vegas NV.

Hi, Ronnette, Though it has

Hi, Ronnette, Though it has it challenges, there are actually many grape varieties that can be grown in your zone. Zindfandels seem to do especially well. We are not experts in this area, but would suggest that you contact your University of Nevada cooperative extension:

Ronnetta, We live in

Ronnetta, We live in Logandale, about 40 miles northeast of Vegas and have been growing grapes very successfully for the past 15 years. We have found that Perlettes (Ripe about 3rd wk in June) do wonderful and are very sweet with the sun they get here. Crimson Seedless and Flame seedless also do very well and ripen early July right about when the Perlettes are finished. Both my and other experience with Thompson here has been so/so. They tend to be very small altho the vines grow well. Black Monukka is new for me but am so far not impressed with the quality of the grape. Concords don't grow here. It isn't cold enough. Seedless concord however do grow here. The vines are a little weak but they do produce fruit. I have had no luck with either scuppernongs or muscadines. I think they need more humidity than we have. I water my vines every other day during the summer and once a week during the winter. I mercilessly prune them back in the winter. We have way more grapes than we can use. The Crimson and Flame dehydrate into wonderful raisins.

I planted my first grape vine

I planted my first grape vine about a month ago in May in Pa. It still just looks like a stick. WHen should it start to grow something? And when it does, I cut it off? Can you please be specific. I am really clueless!


I have 3rd year red wine grapes (Cab Sangreia) now well into green leaves and very small fruit showing. How best to cut away unnecessary greenery now, May 10th in California, to produce most fruit????

the 3rd year wine grapes above

Submitted by Vince Huntington, San Diego Ca

I love this site. I had

I love this site. I had withering problem with my Reliance even when it was watered and drained timely. Any clue?

Planted two reliance grapes.

Planted two reliance grapes. Bought them at Lowes. Followed the planting instructions. It has been cold a lot for spring. All of the new growth has died. Not sure if this is a bad sign or just the result of planting too soon for the new growth. Any thoughts?

table vs eating grape

what is the difference between table and eating grapes? What are table grapes good for?

Table grapes are eating

Table grapes are eating grapes. They are meant to be eaten fresh and are big and usually seedless. Wine grapes are smaller, sweeter and have seeds. They also have thick skins and are juicer than table grapes.

table grape vines

Hello Sir,
I reside here in California, and I had planted table grapes vines red and green type.They are producing small fruits already.Now my question is can I grow dragon fruit cactus in between the grape vines?How are they cross in plantation, and these both plants are my small backyard organic use.


The dragon fruit can be

The dragon fruit can be trained to grow on a trellis or a fence. If you grow it with your grapes it may overtake the grapevines. The dragon fruit has shallow roots and grows well in a pot. You can place the pot at the end of your rows of grapes and prune the vines to grow where you want them to grow. If you have some cold nights in the winter you may need to move the pot with dragon fruit into a sheltered location for the winter months.

Botanical Name: 


Plant Type: 

Sun Exposure: 

Soil Type: 

Hardiness Zone: 

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