First Signs of Spring in Nature | The Old Farmer's Almanac

5 Signs of Spring: Birds, Peepers, Tree Buds, and More

Spring Peeper
Photo Credit
Jessica Crabtree

First Signs of Spring for Nature Lovers

Print Friendly and PDF

Every year, we patiently look for the first signs of spring—leaves budding, birds singing, and butterflies migrating. Tell us: What are you observing in your neck of the woods?

Even if it’s still winter and the ground is covered in snow, observe closely! There are always subtle signs that spring is on the way. For example:

1. Birds are singing!

Backyard birds are one of the best predictors. There is a weather proverb that states, “Bluebirds are a sign of spring; warm weather and gentle south breezes they bring,” and this appears to be true in the northern tier of the United States. Bluebirds do not come north until all chance of winter has passed and they are assured an ample food supply.

Hear the sound of a bluebird.

We started hearing bird song in mid-February from chickadees, titmice, and red-winged blackbirds. The cardinals sing their “cheer, cheer, cheer” to say that we are turning a corner.

Many migrating birds are arriving as many as two weeks earlier compared to decades past (and some never leave!).

As the days gradually become lighter and temperatures start to lift, the chorus will become louder. In March, a chorus of birdsong fills the air as the migrating birds return. Warblers, sparrows, yellowthroat, and finch are more favorites. You may hear the knock of woodpeckers, too! Even ducks start to return to our lakes.

What bird sounds do you hear?

Image: Eastern Bluebird.

2. Trees are budding, sap is flowing!

Observe the buds on your trees. Some of the first trees to bud are the willows and silver maples, followed in March with the red maples.

Another sign is the flowing sap. The sugar sheds are firing up in New Hampshire!

Mmm … there’s nothing like the taste of maple syrup, liquid gold! The first to notice seem to be the squirrels, who start poking around the trees looking for oozing sap.


3. Peepers are peeping

As soon as the ponds and wetlands thaw—as early as mid-March—listen for the spring peppers (Pseudacris crucifer) and the western chorus frog (Pseudacris triseriata). These tiny amphibians sing loudly, creating quite a chorus at dusk!

Like its name, the spring peeper tends to call a high single “peep!” Put all those spring peepers together and it’s a “peep, peep, peep, peep!” The call of the chorus frog is hard to describe. It sounds a little bit like someone is running their thumb along a comb.

These tiny frogs live beneath logs or underground and are freeze-tolerant, and tend to like moist, wooded areas, ponds, and wetlands.

As they emerge from hibernation and begin to spawn, look for the appearance of small jelly-like egg masses. While it may seem like there are an overabundance of tadpoles, most (up to 90%) do not survive due to predators.

Image: Western Chorus Frog. Credit: naturewatch.ca

4. Fresh, soft scents

Ever notice that entrancing smell of spring? The Earth is awakening and it does indeed smell more, well, earthy. With warmer weather, misty mornings and soft wet smells fill the air.


5. Butterflies and Bumblebees Return

As warmer weather returns, you may start to see butterflies and bumblebees return. Both are pollination wizards.

To encourage butterflies to reside in your garden, it’s best to include food sources in the form of host plants for caterpillars and nectar plants for butterflies. See our article on plants which attract butterflies to the garden

We adore the slow, fat, gentle bumbles. The first bumblebees are the queens who survived the winter months. If you wish to attract butterflies and butterflies, be sure to have available flowers and plants. 

Learn more about bumblebees and which flowers attract the bumbles.


And more from our readers … 

Some of our readers also have practical and often humorous observations. Winter will end shortly after…

  • The snow melts and reveals bumps, holes, and potholes in the road!
  • you are inside your warm home and you hear the sound of icicles crashing from the gutters and roofs to the ground below,
  • whenever you feel motivated to peel off the 3M plastic you so meticulously taped and blow-dried tight to your windows,
  • when your mailbox stops getting knocked over by the plow,
  • when the kids lose a mitten and you don’t bother to replace it,
  • and the first time you can drive with your car window rolled down—best feeling ever!

What are the first signs of spring in your neck of the woods? To comment, just type into the field below. 

See our Spring Equinox page for facts and folklore about the start of astronomical spring.

2023 Almanac Club