Brussels Sprouts

Planting, Growing, and Harvesting Brussels Sprouts

Brussels Sprouts (Unharvested)
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Brussels sprouts are a member of the cabbage family, and an excellent source of protein and vitamins. Here’s how to plant and grow Brussels sprouts in your garden!

They have a long growing season, and are generally more successful when grown for a fall harvest, as they only increase in flavor after a light frost or two.

Planting

  • Start seeds indoors 6–8 weeks before last spring frost. See local frost dates.
  • While starting seeds indoors is recommended, you may also direct sow seeds 4 months before the first fall frost. You may also have luck finding seedlings at a nursery.
  • Raised beds are especially recommended for cold season vegetables, especially when seasons are changing and temps are not consistent.
  • Work fertilizer into soil a few days before planting or transplanting.
  • Plant transplanted seedlings 12–24 inches apart.
  • If direct sowing seeds, plant ½ inch deep and 2–3 inches apart. Thin plants to 12–24 inches apart when they reach 6 inches tall.
  • Water well at time of planting/transplanting.

Care

  • Fertilize three weeks after transplanting.
  • Mulch to retain moisture and keep the soil temperature cool.
  • Do not cultivate, roots are shallow and susceptible to damage.

Pests/Diseases

Harvest/Storage

  • Harvest sprouts from the bottom of the stalk when they reach about 1 inch in diameter.
  • Do not wash the sprouts before storing them, only right before use.
  • Keep in plastic for up to 5 days, in the refrigerator.
  • Protect the plant by mulching with straw or providing a cover if you plan to harvest into the winter.

Recommended Varieties

Recipes

Planting Times

Brussels Sprouts Characteristics

Botanical Name

Plant Type Vegetable
Sun Exposure Full Sun
Soil Type Any
Soil pH Neutral
Hardiness Zones 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10