Easiest Perennials to Grow

How to Have an Easy, Carefree Garden


Coneflowers are among the easiest perennials to grow in your carefree garden.

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Find out how to have an easy, carefree garden with these beautiful and low-maintenance perennial plants.

To have a carefree garden, choose the right perennials … and plant them in the right spots.

You’ve probably heard that if you want your flower garden to grow with the least amount of effort, you should switch from annuals, those 1-year wonders that need to be replaced every spring, to perennials, which can live for decades. This is generally true: At least you don’t have to replant perennials each spring. However, there are literally thousands of varieties of perennials! Some are indeed as easy as pie to grow; others, though, require at least as much attention as annuals.

What’s a gardener to do? Read on! The following are among the easiest perennials of all!

Why These Perennials Are So Easy

The plants listed here are perfect perennials because they …

  • do not need fussy care, such as pinching, staking, and deadheading
  • are fairly resistant to insects and diseases, and may even be unappealing to deer (although a starving deer will eat anything)
  • have a long life span (more than 10 years)
  • adapt to a wide range of conditions
  • do not spread all over the garden via invasive rhizomes
  • grow and bloom well even if you do not divide them
  • are tough enough to hold their own against invasive neighbors
  • will grow almost anywhere in North America (Zones 2 to 9)

Check out these easy tips for perennial garden care.

Easy Black-eyed Susan Varieties

‘Goldsturm’ black-eyed Susan has been a staple for so long that just about everyone grows it. Take note, though, that it is a late starter, flowering at the end of summer. ‘Early Bird Gold’ is a selection of ‘Goldsturm’ that is physically identical to it but “day-length neutral”: It starts blooming early and doesn’t know when to stop, so it can bloom from late May until Christmas in some climates. (Northern gardeners can figure on a late June through October season.) Sturdy stems bear beautiful golden daisies with a black, conelike center. Read our black-eyed Susan growing guide.


Growing Coneflowers

Kissing cousin to the black-eyed Susan, the coneflower produces big pink, purple, or white daisylike blooms on robust stems with a prickly, green to orange center. There are now hybrid coneflowers in a wider range of colors, including yellow, orange, tomato red, and even green, some with double flowers. It blooms from midsummer to early fall. Read our coneflower growing guide.


Easy Daylily Varieties

Lots of choices here, from big flowers to small, from dwarfs to giants, from early bloomers to fall bloomers—all trumpet-shape and borne over attractive, arching, grasslike foliage. Some varieties, such as the ever popular ‘Stella de Oro’ (yellow flowers), bloom all summer! Colors include yellow, orange, pink, purplish red, and “white” (well, more like cream), often with a contrasting eye. Each flower lasts but a day (thus the name, “daylilies”), but stems can produce dozens of flowers … and there can be dozens of stems!


Growing Goatsbeard

This is a big, tough perennial with stems so sturdy that they have survived tornados unharmed. The giant leaves are fernlike, and the frothy white flowers are rather like astilbe blooms. It’s a bit slow to develop and thus may not reach its full size for 4 to 5 years, but goatsbeard can live for 100 years or more in the same spot. Expect blooms in early summer.


Easy Hosta Varieties

Ever popular, hostas are tough as nails as long as you remember two things: You must buy slug-resistant varieties (these usually have thick leaves), and hostas have no resistance to deer. (Read our advice for getting rid of slugs and deer in the garden.) Hostas come in a variety of sizes and are grown mostly for their foliage—usually large leaves, with attractive veining in shades from dark green to chartreuse and blue, often with beautiful yellow or white variegation. The trumpet-shape flowers are white to purple and usually fairly insignificant; however, there are some large-flower, highly scented varieties. Usually thought of as shade perennials, many hostas will do fine with some sun, especially in cool-summer areas. Hosta blooms early summer to fall.


Easy Peony Varieties

Your great-great-grandmother probably grew peonies … and it’s highly likely that they’re still exactly where she planted them: Peonies are about the longest-lived perennials around. The deeply cut leaves are a glossy dark green that reddens in the fall, but their main attraction is the huge, beautifully scented flower in pink, white, or red (and, more recently, yellow or peach). Flowers can be single, semidouble, or double, but take note: Many of the double varieties require staking. Peonies bloom in mid- to late spring. Read our peony growing guide.


More Easy Perennials to Grow

Got more space to fill? None of these plants has caught your fancy? Okay, here are a few more …

  • Cushion spurge: Chartreuse flowers rise from mounds of green foliage that turns red in fall. Blooms in early spring.
  • Hens and chicks: Low rosettes of succulent leaves in green to silvery to red send up stalks of purplish red flowers. Blooms in midsummer.


  • Russian sage: This shrubby plant with sturdy white stems has silvery, highly aromatic leaves and a haze of lavender-blue flowers. Blooms from summer to fall.
  • Stonecrop: White to pink cauliflower blooms appear over succulent, blue-green leaves. Blooms in fall.
  • Siberian iris: This is the easy iris—it produces abundant blooms in purple, lavender, pink, white, or yellow in attractive, grasslike foliage. Blooms from late spring to early summer. Read our iris growing guide.

Which of these easy perennials is your favorite? Let us know below!


Larry Hodgson

Reader Comments

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Russian Sage/perennial

Russian Sage establishes deep tap roots and is next to impossible to get rid of once it gets started. I've been trying to clean it out for five years. Roundup wiped on the stems will kill them but the roots just send up more runners. Would love to roundup the whole bed, but I've got a beautiful 40 year old clematis that I don't want to hurt? Will never again plant one on purpose!

Black Eyed Susans

BES are easy to grow and I love them, but be careful. They can take over the whole area at the expense of other flowers.

The coneflower is my favorite

The coneflower is my favorite and I find it does best by staking and securing to the stake with hemp string, otherwise with heavy rain and time they flop over and don't look as good.

FAvorite perennials

I love bleeding heart - the old-fashioned Dicentra spectrabilis. (Probably mangled that Latin, despite 3 years of it in H.S.!) It grows well on the north shore of Long Island, seeds more of itself readily, and is reliable year to year. The flowers are graceful and colorful, the white variety is like snow blossoms against other more vivid blooms, and the large foliage is handsome. I have iris that are over 80 years old from my grandma's farm in Va. as well. And I love my patches of rue (Mom's Leslie clan badge) with it's ferny leaves, yellow flowers and interesting woody "berries".

Favorite flowers

I have the black eyed Susan's and a smaller dwarf like plant that resembles the Susan's , I would like to try the peonies , as I remember how heavenly they smell.

Easiest Perennials to Grow Article

As always...I appreciate the articles I read on TOFM, always informative and most helpful!! I wish I had read this article this past spring. We recently moved to VA, and the landscaping on the home we purchased was overgrown, out of control or dead. :( I started with some simple perennials, ie. day lilies, purple sage and lost all of my plants to either deer, or poor soil conditions. Not knowing this area or grow zone very well, I took a chance. After reading this article, I will know what to expect next season and look forward to a beautiful flower garden in my front yard!! Thank you.


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