How to Grow Vegetables
Different vegetables require different conditions to thrive. Plan your garden accordingly with our guidelines below for growing vegetables.
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Growing Vegetables Guide
Note: Each of the vegetables listed below links to a free planting and growing guide!
|Vegetable||Start Seeds Indoors (weeks before last spring frost)||Start Seeds Outdoors (weeks before or after last spring frost)||Minimum Soil Temp. to Germinate (°F)||Cold Hardiness||When to Fertilize||When to Water|
|Beans||—||Anytime after||48–50||Tender||After heavy bloom and set of pods||Regularly, from start of pod to set|
|Beets||—||3 before to 3 after||39–41||Half-hardy||At time of planting||Only during drought conditions|
|Broccoli||6–8||2–3 before||55–75||Hardy||Three weeks after transplanting||Only during drought conditions|
|Brussels sprouts||6–8||—||55–75||Hardy||Three weeks after transplanting||At transplanting|
|Cabbage||6–8||1 before to 1 after||38–40||Hardy||Three weeks after transplanting||Two to three weeks before harvest|
|Carrots||—||3–5 before||39–41||Half-hardy||Preferably in the fall for the following spring||Only during drought conditions|
|Cauliflower||6–8||1 before to 1after||65–75||Half-hardy||Three weeks after transplanting||Once, three weeks before harvest|
|Celery||6–8||—||60–70||Tender||At time of transplanting||Once a week|
|Corn||—||2 after||46–50||Tender||When eight to ten inches tall, and again when first silk appears||When tassels appear and cobs start to swell|
|Cucumbers||2–4||1–2 after||65–70||Very tender||One week after bloom, and again three weeks later||Frequently, especially when fruits form|
|Lettuce||4–6||1 before to 2 after||40–75||Half-hardy||Two to three weeks after transplanting||Once a week|
|Melons||2–4||2 after||55–60||Very tender||One week after bloom, and again three weeks later||Once a week|
|Onion sets||—||4 before||34–36||Hardy||When bulbs begin to swell, and again when plants are one foot tall||Only during drought conditions|
|Parsnips||—||0–3 before||55–70||Hardy||One year before planting||Only during drought conditions|
|Peas||—||4–6 before||34–36||Hardy||After heavy bloom and set of pods||Regularly, from start of pod to set|
|Peppers||8–10||—||70–80||Very tender||After first fruit-set||Once a week|
|Potato tubers||—||0–2 after||55–70||Half-hardy||At bloom time or time of second hilling||Regularly, when tubers start to form|
|Pumpkins||2–4||1 after||55–60||Tender||Just before vines start to run, when plants are about one foot tall||Only during drought conditions|
|Radishes||—||1 before to 1 after||39–41||Hardy||Before spring planting||Once a week|
|Spinach||—||4–6 before||55–65||Hardy||When plants are one-third grown||Once a week|
|Squash, summer||2–4||1 after||55–60||Very tender||Just before vines start to run, when plants are about one foot tall||Only during drought conditions|
|Squash, winter||2–4||1 after||55–60||Tender||Just before vines start to run, when plants are about one foot tall||Only during drought conditions|
|Tomatoes||6–8||—||50–55||Tender||Two weeks before, and after first picking||Twice a week|