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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Caledonia, ON

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 5 (at HAMILTON A, ON climate station, elevation 777 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 21-May 5
BasilFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost May 5-26
Moon May 5, May 20-26
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 12
Moon May 6-12
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Feb 23-Mar 7
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 19-26
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost Apr 7-28
Moon Apr 19-28
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 19-21
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 7-14
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 6-14
CauliflowerFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost Apr 7-28
Moon Apr 19-28
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Feb 23-Mar 7
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 19-26
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-14
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 5-19
Moon May 5
CornN/AN/AFrost May 19-Jun 9
Moon May 19-Jun 3
CucumbersFrost Apr 7-14
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 5-Jun 9
Moon May 5, May 20-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 9-23
Moon Feb 20-23
Frost Mar 17-Apr 7
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Feb 23-Mar 7
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 19-26
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost Apr 7-28
Moon Apr 19-28
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 24-Apr 5
Frost Apr 14-21
Moon Apr 19-21
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 24-Apr 5
Frost Apr 21-May 19
Moon Apr 21-May 5, May 19
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-28
Moon Apr 7-18
OreganoFrost Feb 23-Mar 24
Moon Feb 23-Mar 7, Mar 21-24
Frost May 5-26
Moon May 5, May 20-26
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 19-21
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 14-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-Apr 14
Moon Mar 24-Apr 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 19
Moon May 6-18
PumpkinsFrost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 19-28
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 9-31
Moon Mar 9-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Feb 23-Mar 7
Frost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
SageFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-Apr 14
Moon Mar 24-Apr 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 26-Jun 9
Moon Jun 4- 9
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 24-Apr 5
Frost Apr 14-21
Moon Apr 19-21
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 23-Mar 24
Moon Feb 23-Mar 7, Mar 21-24
Frost May 5-26
Moon May 5, May 20-26
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-28
Moon Apr 7-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 7-14
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 19-Jun 16
Moon May 19-Jun 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 19-Jun 16
Moon May 19-Jun 3

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 9 (at HAMILTON A, ON climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 4
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 25
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 26Frost Jun 21N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 28Frost Jul 26N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 18Frost Jul 16N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 11
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 20
CauliflowerFrost Jun 28Frost Jul 26N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 17Frost Jun 26N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 1
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 6
EggplantsFrost Apr 26Frost Jun 21N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 10
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 6
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 16Frost Jul 11N/A
KaleFrost Jul 18Frost Aug 15N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 20
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 30
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 1
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 6
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 26
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 2
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 4
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 14
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 7Frost Jun 11N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 30
TomatoesFrost May 1Frost Jun 26N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 30
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 11
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 26
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 11