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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Hanover, ON

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 22 (at HANOVER, ON climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 18
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 8
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 9Frost June 17N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 11Frost Jul 9N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 1Frost Jun 29N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 24
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 3
CauliflowerFrost Jun 11Frost Jul 9N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 31Frost June 17N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost July 1
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost June 24
EggplantsFrost Apr 9Frost June 24N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Jul 24
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost June 24
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 29Frost Jun 24N/A
KaleFrost Jul 1Frost Jul 29N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 3
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 13
OkraN/AN/AFrost June 24
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 19
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 19
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 9
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 24
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 18
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Aug 28
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 20Frost July 1N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 13
TomatoesFrost Apr 14Frost June 24N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 13
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 24
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost July 8
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost July 8

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 27 (at HANOVER, ON climate station, elevation 885 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
BasilFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost May 27-Jun 17
Moon May 27-Jun 3, Jun 17
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 13-18
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 3
N/A
BroccoliFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-20
N/A
CabbageFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Apr 29-May 13
Moon Apr 29-May 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 29-May 6
Moon Apr 29-May 5
Frost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 17-24
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 6
Moon May 6
CauliflowerFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-20
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 3
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 6
Moon Apr 29-May 5
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 3
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 10-Jul 1
Moon Jun 17-Jul 1
CucumbersFrost Apr 29-May 6
Moon Apr 29-May 5
Frost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 17-24
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jul 1
Moon May 27-Jun 3, Jun 17-Jul 1
EggplantsFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 17-24
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 19-29
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 3-24
Moon Jun 3, Jun 18-24
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 3
N/A
KaleFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-20
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 19-29
Frost May 6-13
N/A
LettuceFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 19-29
Frost May 13-Jun 10
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 17-24
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 20
Moon May 6-18
OreganoFrost Mar 18-Apr 15
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Frost May 27-Jun 17
Moon May 27-Jun 3, Jun 17
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 13
Moon Apr 29-May 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost May 6-27
Moon May 6-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 19-May 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 10
Moon Jun 4-10
PumpkinsFrost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
Frost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 17-24
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-22
Moon Apr 6-18
RosemaryFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Jun 3-24
Moon Jun 3, Jun 18-24
N/A
SageFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 3
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 19-May 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 17-Jul 1
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 19-29
Frost May 6-13
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 18-Apr 15
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Frost May 27-Jun 17
Moon May 27-Jun 3, Jun 17
N/A
TomatoesFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Jun 3-24
Moon Jun 3, Jun 18-24
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 20
Moon May 6-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 29-May 6
Moon Apr 29-May 5
Frost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 17-24
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 10-Jul 8
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 10-Jul 8
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3