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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Kanata, ON

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 26 (at OTTAWA CDA, ON climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 12
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 13Frost Jun 8N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 15Frost Jul 13N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 5Frost Jul 3N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 10
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 7
CauliflowerFrost Jun 15Frost Jul 13N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 4Frost Jun 13N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 18
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
EggplantsFrost Apr 13Frost June 10N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Jul 28
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 3Frost Jun 28N/A
KaleFrost Jul 5Frost Aug 2N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 7
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 18
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 23
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 13
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 10
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 1
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 24Frost June 17N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
TomatoesFrost Apr 18Frost Jun 13N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 10
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost June 24
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 28

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 13 (at OTTAWA CDA, ON climate station, elevation 259 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 13
Moon Apr 29-May 5
BasilFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 20
Moon May 6-18
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 19-29
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 19-22
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-22
Moon Apr 8-18
CauliflowerFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 19-22
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
CornN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 17
Moon May 27-Jun 3, Jun 17
CucumbersFrost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 19-22
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 13-Jun 17
Moon May 19-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 3
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 17-Mar 3
Moon Feb 20-Mar 3
Frost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 10
Moon May 20-Jun 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Apr 22-29
Moon Apr 22-29
N/A
LettuceFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Apr 29-May 27
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-27
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 15-18, May 6
OreganoFrost Mar 3-Apr 1
Moon Mar 3- 7, Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 19-29
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 13
Moon May 6-13
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-22
Moon Apr 1- 5, Apr 19-22
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 6-27
Moon May 6-18
PumpkinsFrost Apr 22-May 6
Moon Apr 22-May 5
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 18-Apr 8
Moon Mar 18-20, Apr 6- 8
RosemaryFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost May 20-Jun 10
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
SageFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-22
Moon Apr 1- 5, Apr 19-22
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 4-16
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost Apr 22-29
Moon Apr 22-29
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 3-Apr 1
Moon Mar 3- 7, Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost May 20-Jun 10
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 15-18, May 6
WatermelonsFrost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 19-22
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 24
Moon May 27-Jun 3, Jun 17-24
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 24
Moon May 27-Jun 3, Jun 17-24