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Planting Calendar for Stratford, ON

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The planting calendar below tells you when to plant in the SPRING and also plant in the FALL, based on your zip code or postal code.

Spring Planting Calendar

Our spring planting calendar starts with the very first dates that you can plant (based on the last spring frost). But if you've missed these dates, no worries! This is why we've added "last planting dates" to our spring calendar; this is meant to help new gardeners understand that if they missed the first spring planting window, they could still get crops in the ground.

In fact, many crops with short maturity times (such as radishes) can be succession planted all the way through the summer in northern areas. However, note that some cool-season crops, such as kale and lettuce, do not grow well in hot temperatures, which can cause bolting issues.  For some gardeners, especially in the South, a break to avoid summer heat is needed, but they can start once the heat has passed. 

The dates provided are based on the number of weeks before or after frost, so we can provide a unique calendar to every user in the country. Thus, several crops (especially similar crops) may appear to have the same date. Kale and lettuce, for example, or dates for starting seeds, like broccoli and cabbage. 

Fall Planting Calendar

When we say "fall," we really mean planting in summer in time for a fall harvest. Think of this as a second summer! It's easy to keep the crops going if you've already prepared the soil! 

Many crops that would be started indoors for a spring crop can just be plunked into the soil directly for a fall crop. Not only is the soil already warm but also there are less pests and it tends to be rainier so you don't need to water as often. Some fall vegetables need to be harvested by the first frost, but many are frost-tolerant and even taste better after a kiss of fall frost!

See each plant's individual Growing Guide for more specific planting, plant care, and harvesting information.

Specifically, on the charts, there are different columns labeled as follows:

  1. Start Seeds Indoors: When to sow seeds indoors to get an early start on the season.
  2. Plant Seedlings Outdoors: When to put small seedlings that you grew indoors (OR starter plants that you bought at a garden nursery) in the outdoor soil.
  3. Start Seeds Outdoors: When to plant seeds directly into the outdoor soil.
  4. Last Date to Plant: You may plant any time from the "start seeds" dates until this "last date." Don't wait any longer, or the crop won't have time to get to harvest before fall/winter frosts.

The "Moon Dates" indicate the best planting dates based on Moon phases. You can learn more about this age-old technique below.

When N/A appears in the chart, that starting method is typically not recommended, although it is likely still possible. 

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 19 (at STRATFORD WWTP, ON climate station, elevation 1131 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds OutdoorsLast Date to Plant
ArugulaFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 24-25
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon May 7-12
Frost Apr 21-28
Moon Apr 21-23
Sep 4
AsparagusN/AN/AFrost May 5-19
Moon May 5-6
May 19
BasilFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 8-21
Frost Jun 2-16
Moon Jun 6-16
Frost Jun 2-16
Moon Jun 6-16
Aug 21
BeetsN/AFrost May 5-19
Moon May 5-6
Frost Apr 21-28
Moon Apr 24-28
Jun 2
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 9-24
Frost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
N/AJul 10
Bok ChoyFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 8-21
Frost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
Frost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
Jun 30
BroccoliFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 24-25
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 7-19
Frost Apr 21-28
Moon Apr 21-23
Jul 31
Brussels SproutsFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 8-21
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 7-19
Frost Apr 21-28
Moon Apr 21-23
Jun 26
CabbageFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 24-25
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 7-19
Frost Apr 21-28
Moon Apr 21-23
Jun 19
CantaloupesFrost Apr 28-May 12
Moon May 7-12
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-23
Frost May 26-Jun 2
Jun 26
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 24-May 5
Jul 24
CauliflowerFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 8-21
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 12-23
N/AJul 24
CeleryFrost Feb 24-Mar 9
Moon Feb 24
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon Jun 6-9
Frost May 19
Moon May 19
Jul 24
ChivesFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 24-25
Frost Apr 28-May 5
Frost Apr 28-May 5
Aug 7
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-23
Jun 9
CollardsFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 8-21
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 7-19
Frost Apr 28-May 5
Jul 24
CucumbersFrost Apr 28-May 5
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon Jun 6-9
Frost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
Jul 24
DillN/AN/AFrost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 12-23
Aug 7
Dry BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
Jun 26
EggplantsFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 24-25
Frost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
N/AJul 24
Fava BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-28
Moon Apr 21-23
Jun 2
FennelFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 8-21
Frost May 26-Jun 2
Frost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-23
Jul 17
GarlicN/AN/AN/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 26-Jun 16
Moon Jun 6-16
Jul 24
Honeydew MelonsFrost Apr 28-May 5
Frost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
Frost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
Jul 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 9-24
Frost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 24-25
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 7-19
Frost Apr 21-28
Moon Apr 21-23
Jun 2
KohlrabiFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 8-21
Frost Apr 28-May 5
Frost Apr 21-28
Moon Apr 21-23
Jun 2
LeeksFrost Mar 9-24
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon May 7-12
N/AJun 19
LettuceFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 8-21
Frost Apr 28-May 5
Frost Apr 21-28
Moon Apr 21-23
Jun 2
Mustard GreensN/AN/AN/A
OkraFrost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 21-23
Frost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
Frost Jun 2-16
Moon Jun 6-16
Jul 24
OnionsN/AFrost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 24-May 5
N/AJun 26
OreganoFrost Mar 9-Apr 7
Moon Mar 25
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon Jun 6-9
N/AJul 24
ParsleyFrost Mar 9-24
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon Jun 6-9
Frost Apr 21-May 26
Moon Apr 21-23, May 7-23
Jul 17
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-28
Moon Apr 24-28
Jun 26
PeanutsN/AN/AFrost Jun 9-23
Moon Jun 22-23
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-28
Moon Apr 21-23
Jun 2
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 24-May 5
Jul 24
PumpkinsFrost Apr 28-May 12
Moon May 7-12
Frost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
Frost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
Jun 19
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-28
Moon Apr 24-28
Aug 7
RosemaryFrost Feb 24-Mar 9
Moon Feb 24
Frost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
N/AAug 7
SageFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 24-25
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon Jun 6-9
N/AJul 17
SalsifyN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 24-May 5
Jun 26
SpinachFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 8-21
Frost Apr 28-May 5
Frost Apr 21-28
Moon Apr 21-23
Jun 2
Sweet CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 2-16
Moon Jun 6-16
Jul 17
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 2-16
Moon Jun 2-5
Jun 19
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 8-21
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 7-19
Frost Apr 28-May 19
Moon May 7-19
Jun 2
ThymeFrost Mar 9-24
Frost May 26-Jun 2
N/AJul 10
TomatillosFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 8-21
Frost Jun 2-16
Moon Jun 6-16
N/AJul 17
TomatoesFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 24-25
Frost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
N/AJul 3
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-28
Moon Apr 24-28
Sep 4
WatermelonsFrost Apr 28-May 12
Moon May 7-12
Frost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
Frost May 26-Jun 2
Jul 3
Winter SquashFrost Apr 28-May 5
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon Jun 6-9
Frost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
Jun 12
Zucchini (Summer Squash)Frost Apr 28-May 5
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon Jun 6-9
Frost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
Jul 31

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 2 (at STRATFORD WWTP, ON climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds OutdoorsTransplantAverage Days to MaturityFrost Tolerance
ArugulaFrost Aug 14-Sep 18
Moon Aug 14-19, Sep 2-17
N/A40Frost-hardy
BeetsFrost Jul 10-Aug 7
Moon Jul 22-Aug 3
N/A50Frost-tolerant
Bok ChoyFrost Jul 24-Aug 14
Moon Aug 4-14
N/A50Frost-tolerant
BroccoliFrost Jul 3-10
Moon Jul 5-10
Frost Jul 24-Aug 7
Moon Aug 4-7
60Frost-tolerant
Brussels SproutsFrost Jun 12-26
Moon Jun 12-21
N/A100Frost-hardy
CabbageFrost Jul 3-10
Moon Jul 5-10
Frost Jul 24-31
90Frost-tolerant
CarrotsFrost Jul 17-24
Moon Jul 22-24
N/A70Frost-tolerant
CauliflowerFrost Jun 26-Jul 3
Frost Jul 10-17
Moon Jul 10-17
75Frost-tolerant
ChivesFrost Jul 10-Aug 7
Moon Jul 10-21, Aug 4-7
N/A70Frost-tolerant
FennelFrost Jul 3-17
Moon Jul 5-17
N/A80Tender
GarlicFrost Oct 16-30
Moon Oct 18-30
N/A120Frost-hardy
Green BeansFrost Jul 17-31
Moon Jul 17-21
N/A55Tender
KaleFrost Jul 24-Aug 7
Moon Aug 4-7
N/A60Frost-hardy
KohlrabiFrost Jul 31-Aug 21
Moon Aug 4-19
N/A45Frost-tolerant
LettuceFrost Jul 24-Aug 7
Moon Aug 4-7
N/A60Frost-tolerant
Mustard GreensFrost Jul 31-Aug 21
Moon Aug 4-19
N/A45Tender
PeasFrost Jul 24-Aug 7
Moon Aug 4-7
N/A55Tender
RadishesFrost Aug 21-Sep 4
Moon Aug 21-Sep 1
N/A25Frost-tolerant
SpinachFrost Aug 14-Sep 4
Moon Aug 14-19, Sep 2-4
N/A30Frost-hardy
Swiss ChardFrost Jul 24-Aug 7
Moon Aug 4-7
N/A60Frost-tolerant
TurnipsFrost Jul 31-Aug 14
Moon Jul 31-Aug 3
N/A50Frost-tolerant
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