Quantcast
2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Modesto, CA

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

Print Friendly and PDF

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on November 29 (at MODESTO CITY CO AP, CA climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Oct 25
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Oct 15
Bell PeppersFrost Jun 16Frost Aug 11N/A
BroccoliFrost Aug 18Frost Sep 15N/A
CabbageFrost Aug 8Frost Sep 5N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Oct 10
CauliflowerFrost Aug 18Frost Sep 15N/A
CeleryFrost Jun 7Frost Aug 16N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
EggplantsFrost Jun 16Frost Aug 11N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jul 6Frost Aug 31N/A
KaleFrost Sep 7Frost Oct 5N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Oct 10
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Oct 20
OkraN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
PeasN/AN/AFrost Sep 25
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Sep 15
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Oct 25
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Nov 4
Sweet PotatoesFrost Jun 27Frost Aug 1N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Oct 20
TomatoesFrost Jun 21Frost Aug 16N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Oct 20
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Aug 31

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on March 1 (at MODESTO CITY CO AP, CA climate station, elevation 72 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 15-16
BasilFrost Jan 4-18
Moon Jan 4-17
Frost Mar 1-22
Moon Mar 2-18
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Feb 15-Mar 8
Moon Feb 17-Mar 1
Bell PeppersFrost Dec 21-Jan 4
Moon Jan 2- 4
Frost Mar 8-22
Moon Mar 8-18
N/A
BroccoliFrost Jan 4-18
Moon Jan 4-17
Frost Feb 1-22
Moon Feb 1-16
N/A
CabbageFrost Jan 4-18
Moon Jan 4-17
Frost Feb 1-15
Moon Feb 1-15
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Feb 1- 8
Moon Feb 1- 8
Frost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 15-18
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Jan 25-Feb 8
Moon Jan 25-31
CauliflowerFrost Jan 4-18
Moon Jan 4-17
Frost Feb 1-22
Moon Feb 1-16
N/A
CeleryFrost Dec 21-Jan 4
Moon Jan 2- 4
Frost Mar 8-22
Moon Mar 8-18
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Feb 1- 8
Moon Feb 1- 8
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Mar 1-15
Moon Mar 2-15
CornN/AN/AFrost Mar 15-Apr 5
Moon Mar 15-18, Apr 1- 5
CucumbersFrost Feb 1- 8
Moon Feb 1- 8
Frost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 15-18
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Mar 1-Apr 5
Moon Mar 2-18
EggplantsFrost Jan 4-18
Moon Jan 4-17
Frost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 15-18
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Mar 8-29
Moon Mar 8-18
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Dec 21-Jan 4
Moon Jan 2- 4
Frost Mar 8-22
Moon Mar 8-18
N/A
KaleFrost Jan 4-18
Moon Jan 4-17
Frost Feb 1-22
Moon Feb 1-16
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Jan 18-Feb 1
Moon Feb 1
Frost Feb 8-15
Moon Feb 8-15
N/A
LettuceFrost Jan 18-Feb 1
Moon Feb 1
Frost Feb 15-Mar 15
Moon Feb 15-16, Mar 2-15
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 15-18
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Feb 1-22
Moon Feb 17-22
OreganoFrost Dec 21-Jan 18
Moon Jan 2-17
Frost Mar 1-22
Moon Mar 2-18
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Feb 1-15
Moon Feb 1-15
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Feb 8-Mar 1
Moon Feb 17-Mar 1
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jan 18-Feb 8
Moon Feb 1- 8
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Feb 22-Mar 15
Moon Feb 22-Mar 1
PumpkinsFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 8-16
Frost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 15-18
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Jan 4-25
Moon Jan 18-25
RosemaryFrost Dec 21-Jan 4
Moon Jan 2- 4
Frost Mar 8-29
Moon Mar 8-18
N/A
SageFrost Jan 4-18
Moon Jan 4-17
Frost Mar 1-15
Moon Mar 2-15
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Jan 18-Feb 8
Moon Feb 1- 8
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-31
Swiss ChardFrost Jan 18-Feb 1
Moon Feb 1
Frost Feb 8-15
Moon Feb 8-15
N/A
ThymeFrost Dec 21-Jan 18
Moon Jan 2-17
Frost Mar 1-22
Moon Mar 2-18
N/A
TomatoesFrost Jan 4-18
Moon Jan 4-17
Frost Mar 8-29
Moon Mar 8-18
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Feb 1-22
Moon Feb 17-22
WatermelonsFrost Feb 1- 8
Moon Feb 1- 8
Frost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 15-18
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Mar 15-Apr 12
Moon Mar 15-18, Apr 1-12
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Mar 15-Apr 12
Moon Mar 15-18, Apr 1-12