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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Niantic, CT

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 22 (at GROTON NEW LONDON AP, CT climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 17
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 7
Bell PeppersFrost May 9Frost Jul 4N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 11Frost Aug 8N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 1Frost Jul 29N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 24
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 2
CauliflowerFrost Jul 11Frost Aug 8N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 30Frost Jul 9N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 14
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 19
EggplantsFrost May 9Frost Jul 4N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 19
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 29Frost Jul 24N/A
KaleFrost Jul 31Frost Aug 28N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 2
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 12
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 14
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 19
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 18
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 8
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 4
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 17
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 27
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 20Frost Jun 24N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 12
TomatoesFrost May 14Frost Jul 9N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 12
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 24
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 9
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 24

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 21 (at GROTON NEW LONDON AP, CT climate station, elevation 9 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 7-16
BasilFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Mar 2- 9
Frost Apr 21-May 12
Moon Apr 30-May 12
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-28
Moon Apr 17-28
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 9-23
Moon Feb 9-16
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 30-May 12
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Mar 2- 9
Frost Mar 24-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Mar 2- 9
Frost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Apr 1- 7
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 24-31
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5-15
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 19-31
CauliflowerFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Mar 2- 9
Frost Mar 24-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 9-23
Moon Feb 9-16
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 30-May 12
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-31
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 30-May 5
CornN/AN/AFrost May 5-26
Moon May 5-15
CucumbersFrost Mar 24-31
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5-15
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 26
Moon Apr 30-May 15
EggplantsFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Mar 2- 9
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5-15
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 30-May 15
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 9-23
Moon Feb 9-16
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 30-May 12
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Mar 2- 9
Frost Mar 24-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 9-18
Frost Mar 31-Apr 7
Moon Apr 1- 7
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 9-18
Frost Apr 7-May 5
Moon Apr 7-16, Apr 30-May 5
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 5-19
Moon May 5-15
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-Apr 14
Moon Mar 24-31
OreganoFrost Feb 9-Mar 9
Moon Feb 9-16, Mar 2- 9
Frost Apr 21-May 12
Moon Apr 30-May 12
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Apr 1- 7
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Mar 31, Apr 17-21
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 9-31
Moon Mar 9-18
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 17-29
PumpkinsFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5-15
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 23-Mar 17
Moon Feb 23-Mar 1
RosemaryFrost Feb 9-23
Moon Feb 9-16
Frost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
SageFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Mar 2- 9
Frost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 30-May 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 9-31
Moon Mar 9-18
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 12-26
Moon May 16-26
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 9-18
Frost Mar 31-Apr 7
Moon Apr 1- 7
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 9-Mar 9
Moon Feb 9-16, Mar 2- 9
Frost Apr 21-May 12
Moon Apr 30-May 12
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 23-Mar 9
Moon Mar 2- 9
Frost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-Apr 14
Moon Mar 24-31
WatermelonsFrost Mar 24-31
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5-15
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 5-Jun 2
Moon May 5-15, May 30-Jun 2
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 5-Jun 2
Moon May 5-15, May 30-Jun 2