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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Washington, DC

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on March 30 (at WASHINGTON REAGAN AP, VA climate station, elevation 9 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-18
BasilFrost Feb 1-15
Moon Feb 1-15
Frost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Apr 1-16
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-Apr 6
Moon Mar 19-31
Bell PeppersFrost Jan 18-Feb 1
Moon Feb 1
Frost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 6-16
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 1-15
Moon Feb 1-15
Frost Mar 1-23
Moon Mar 2-18
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 1-15
Moon Feb 1-15
Frost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 2-16
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 1- 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-16
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Feb 22-Mar 1
CauliflowerFrost Feb 1-15
Moon Feb 1-15
Frost Mar 1-23
Moon Mar 2-18
N/A
CeleryFrost Jan 18-Feb 1
Moon Feb 1
Frost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 6-16
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 1- 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
CornN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 13-16, Apr 30-May 4
CucumbersFrost Mar 1- 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-16
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-May 4
Moon Apr 1-16
EggplantsFrost Feb 1-15
Moon Feb 1-15
Frost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-16
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 6-16
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jan 18-Feb 1
Moon Feb 1
Frost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 6-16
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 1-15
Moon Feb 1-15
Frost Mar 1-23
Moon Mar 2-18
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 15-16
Frost Mar 8-16
Moon Mar 8-16
N/A
LettuceFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 15-16
Frost Mar 16-Apr 13
Moon Mar 16-18, Apr 1-13
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-16
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 1-23
Moon Mar 1, Mar 19-23
OreganoFrost Jan 18-Feb 15
Moon Feb 1-15
Frost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Apr 1-16
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 2-16
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 8-30
Moon Mar 19-30
PeasN/AN/AFrost Feb 15-Mar 8
Moon Feb 15-16, Mar 2- 8
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Mar 23-31
PumpkinsFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-16
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 1-22
Moon Feb 17-22
RosemaryFrost Jan 18-Feb 1
Moon Feb 1
Frost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 6-16
N/A
SageFrost Feb 1-15
Moon Feb 1-15
Frost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Feb 15-Mar 8
Moon Feb 15-16, Mar 2- 8
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-29
Swiss ChardFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 15-16
Frost Mar 8-16
Moon Mar 8-16
N/A
ThymeFrost Jan 18-Feb 15
Moon Feb 1-15
Frost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Apr 1-16
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 1-15
Moon Feb 1-15
Frost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 6-16
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 1-23
Moon Mar 1, Mar 19-23
WatermelonsFrost Mar 1- 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-16
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 11
Moon Apr 13-16, Apr 30-May 11
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 11
Moon Apr 13-16, Apr 30-May 11

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on November 12 (at WASHINGTON REAGAN AP, VA climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Oct 8
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 28
Bell PeppersFrost May 30Frost Jul 25N/A
BroccoliFrost Aug 1Frost Aug 29N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 22Frost Aug 19N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jul 15
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 23
CauliflowerFrost Aug 1Frost Aug 29N/A
CeleryFrost May 21Frost Jul 30N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Aug 4
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
EggplantsFrost May 30Frost Jul 25N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 19Frost Aug 14N/A
KaleFrost Aug 21Frost Sep 18N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 23
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Oct 3
OkraN/AN/AFrost Aug 4
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
PeasN/AN/AFrost Sep 8
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 29
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 25
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Oct 8
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Oct 18
Sweet PotatoesFrost Jun 10Frost Jul 15N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Oct 3
TomatoesFrost Jun 4Frost Jul 30N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Oct 3
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jul 15
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 30
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Aug 14