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Planting Calendar for Fort Dodge, IA

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The planting calendar below tells you when to plant in the SPRING and also plant in the FALL, based on your zip code or postal code.

Spring Planting Calendar

Our spring planting calendar starts with the very first dates that you can plant (based on the last spring frost). But if you've missed these dates, no worries! This is why we've added "last planting dates" to our spring calendar; this is meant to help new gardeners understand that if they missed the first spring planting window, they could still get crops in the ground.

In fact, many crops with short maturity times (such as radishes) can be succession planted all the way through the summer in northern areas. However, note that some cool-season crops, such as kale and lettuce, do not grow well in hot temperatures, which can cause bolting issues.  For some gardeners, especially in the South, a break to avoid summer heat is needed, but they can start once the heat has passed. 

The dates provided are based on the number of weeks before or after frost, so we can provide a unique calendar to every user in the country. Thus, several crops (especially similar crops) may appear to have the same date. Kale and lettuce, for example, or dates for starting seeds, like broccoli and cabbage. 

Fall Planting Calendar

When we say "fall," we really mean planting in summer in time for a fall harvest. Think of this as a second summer! It's easy to keep the crops going if you've already prepared the soil! 

Many crops that would be started indoors for a spring crop can just be plunked into the soil directly for a fall crop. Not only is the soil already warm but also there are less pests and it tends to be rainier so you don't need to water as often. Some fall vegetables need to be harvested by the first frost, but many are frost-tolerant and even taste better after a kiss of fall frost!

See each plant's individual Growing Guide for more specific planting, plant care, and harvesting information.

Specifically, on the charts, there are different columns labeled as follows:

  1. Start Seeds Indoors: When to sow seeds indoors to get an early start on the season.
  2. Plant Seedlings Outdoors: When to put small seedlings that you grew indoors (OR starter plants that you bought at a garden nursery) in the outdoor soil.
  3. Start Seeds Outdoors: When to plant seeds directly into the outdoor soil.
  4. Last Date to Plant: You may plant any time from the "start seeds" dates until this "last date." Don't wait any longer, or the crop won't have time to get to harvest before fall/winter frosts.

The "Moon Dates" indicate the best planting dates based on Moon phases. You can learn more about this age-old technique below.

When N/A appears in the chart, that starting method is typically not recommended, although it is likely still possible. 

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 3 (at FT DODGE 5NNW, IA climate station, elevation 1115 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds OutdoorsLast Date to Plant
ArugulaFrost Mar 7-22
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 12-23
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 8-12
Sep 4
AsparagusN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 24-May 3
May 3
BasilFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost May 17-31
Moon May 17-23
Frost May 17-31
Moon May 17-23
Aug 21
BeetsN/AFrost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 24-May 3
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5-7
May 17
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 17-23
N/AJul 10
Bok ChoyFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 17-23
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 17-23
Jun 14
BroccoliFrost Mar 7-22
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 8-12
Jul 31
Brussels SproutsFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 8-12
Jun 26
CabbageFrost Mar 7-22
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 8-12
Jun 19
CantaloupesFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 12-23
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 7-17
Frost May 10-17
Moon May 10-17
Jun 26
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 5-7
Jul 24
CauliflowerFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost Apr 26-May 10
Moon May 7-10
N/AJul 24
CeleryFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 9-22
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 10-23
Frost May 3
Jul 24
ChivesFrost Mar 7-22
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 12-19
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 12-19
Aug 7
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 3-17
Moon May 7-17
May 24
CollardsFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 12-19
Jul 24
CucumbersFrost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 12-19
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 10-23
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 17-23
Jul 24
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 26-May 17
Moon May 7-17
Aug 7
Dry BeansN/AN/AFrost May 17-24
Moon May 17-23
Jun 26
EggplantsFrost Mar 7-22
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 17-23
N/AJul 24
Fava BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 8-12
May 17
FennelFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost May 10-17
Moon May 10-17
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 7-17
Jul 17
GarlicN/AN/AN/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 10-31
Moon May 10-23
Jul 24
Honeydew MelonsFrost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 12-19
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 17-23
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 17-23
Jul 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 17-23
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 7-22
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 8-12
May 17
KohlrabiFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 12-19
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 8-12
May 17
LeeksFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 12-23
N/AJun 19
LettuceFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 12-19
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 8-12
May 17
Mustard GreensN/AN/AN/A
OkraFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 8-19
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 17-23
Frost May 17-31
Moon May 17-23
Jul 24
OnionsN/AFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 5-7
N/AJun 26
OreganoFrost Feb 22-Mar 22
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 10-23
N/AJul 24
ParsleyFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 10-23
Frost Apr 5-May 10
Moon Apr 8-23
Jul 17
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5-7
Jun 26
PeanutsN/AN/AFrost May 24-Jun 7
Moon May 24-Jun 5
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 8-12
May 17
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 5-7
Jul 24
PumpkinsFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 12-23
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 17-23
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 17-23
Jun 19
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5-7
Aug 7
RosemaryFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 9-22
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 17-23
N/AAug 7
SageFrost Mar 7-22
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 10-23
N/AJul 17
SalsifyN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 5-7
Jun 26
SpinachFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 12-19
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 8-12
May 17
Sweet CornN/AN/AFrost May 17-31
Moon May 17-23
Jul 17
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 17-31
Moon May 24-31
Jun 19
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost Apr 12-May 3
Moon Apr 12-23
May 17
ThymeFrost Feb 22-Mar 7
Moon Feb 22-24
Frost May 10-17
Moon May 10-17
N/AJul 10
TomatillosFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-25
Frost May 17-31
Moon May 17-23
N/AJul 17
TomatoesFrost Mar 7-22
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 17-23
N/AJul 3
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5-7
Sep 4
WatermelonsFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 12-23
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 17-23
Frost May 10-17
Moon May 10-17
Jul 3
Winter SquashFrost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 12-19
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 10-23
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 17-23
Jun 12
Zucchini (Summer Squash)Frost Apr 12-19
Moon Apr 12-19
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 10-23
Frost May 17-24
Moon May 17-23
Jul 31

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 2 (at FT DODGE 5NNW, IA climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds OutdoorsTransplantAverage Days to MaturityFrost Tolerance
ArugulaFrost Aug 14-Sep 18
Moon Aug 14-19, Sep 2-17
N/A40Frost-hardy
BeetsFrost Jul 10-Aug 7
Moon Jul 22-Aug 3
N/A50Frost-tolerant
Bok ChoyFrost Jul 24-Aug 14
Moon Aug 4-14
N/A50Frost-tolerant
BroccoliFrost Jul 3-10
Moon Jul 5-10
Frost Jul 24-Aug 7
Moon Aug 4-7
60Frost-tolerant
Brussels SproutsFrost Jun 12-26
Moon Jun 12-21
N/A100Frost-hardy
CabbageFrost Jul 3-10
Moon Jul 5-10
Frost Jul 24-31
90Frost-tolerant
CarrotsFrost Jul 17-24
Moon Jul 22-24
N/A70Frost-tolerant
CauliflowerFrost Jun 26-Jul 3
Frost Jul 10-17
Moon Jul 10-17
75Frost-tolerant
ChivesFrost Jul 10-Aug 7
Moon Jul 10-21, Aug 4-7
N/A70Frost-tolerant
FennelFrost Jul 3-17
Moon Jul 5-17
N/A80Tender
GarlicFrost Oct 16-30
Moon Oct 18-30
N/A120Frost-hardy
Green BeansFrost Jul 17-31
Moon Jul 17-21
N/A55Tender
KaleFrost Jul 24-Aug 7
Moon Aug 4-7
N/A60Frost-hardy
KohlrabiFrost Jul 31-Aug 21
Moon Aug 4-19
N/A45Frost-tolerant
LettuceFrost Jul 24-Aug 7
Moon Aug 4-7
N/A60Frost-tolerant
Mustard GreensFrost Jul 31-Aug 21
Moon Aug 4-19
N/A45Tender
PeasFrost Jul 24-Aug 7
Moon Aug 4-7
N/A55Tender
RadishesFrost Aug 21-Sep 4
Moon Aug 21-Sep 1
N/A25Frost-tolerant
SpinachFrost Aug 14-Sep 4
Moon Aug 14-19, Sep 2-4
N/A30Frost-hardy
Swiss ChardFrost Jul 24-Aug 7
Moon Aug 4-7
N/A60Frost-tolerant
TurnipsFrost Jul 31-Aug 14
Moon Jul 31-Aug 3
N/A50Frost-tolerant
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