Quantcast
2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Belleville, IL

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

Print Friendly and PDF

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 19 (at BELLEVILLE SIU RSCH, IL climate station, elevation 449 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 5
BasilFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost Apr 19-May 10
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-26
Moon Apr 6-18
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost Mar 22-Apr 12
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 22-29
Moon Mar 22-29
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 3- 5
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 15-20
CauliflowerFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost Mar 22-Apr 12
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 22-29
Moon Mar 22-29
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
CornN/AN/AFrost May 3-24
Moon May 3- 5, May 19-24
CucumbersFrost Mar 22-29
Moon Mar 22-29
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 3- 5
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 24
Moon Apr 19-May 5
EggplantsFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 3- 5
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Jan 24-Feb 7
Moon Jan 24-Feb 5
Frost Feb 28-Mar 22
Moon Feb 28-Mar 7, Mar 21-22
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 26-May 17
Moon Apr 26-May 5
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost Mar 22-Apr 12
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost Mar 29-Apr 5
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost Apr 5-May 3
Moon Apr 5, Apr 20-May 3
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 3-17
Moon May 3- 5
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 22-Apr 12
Moon Apr 6-12
OreganoFrost Feb 7-Mar 7
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 19-May 10
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 29-Apr 19
Moon Apr 6-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 7, Mar 23-29
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 12-May 3
Moon Apr 12-18
PumpkinsFrost Mar 29-Apr 12
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 3- 5
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 21-Mar 15
Moon Mar 8-15
RosemaryFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Apr 26-May 17
Moon Apr 26-May 5
N/A
SageFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 7, Mar 23-29
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 10-24
Moon May 10-18
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
Frost Mar 29-Apr 5
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 7-Mar 7
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 19-May 10
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost Apr 26-May 17
Moon Apr 26-May 5
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 22-Apr 12
Moon Apr 6-12
WatermelonsFrost Mar 22-29
Moon Mar 22-29
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 3- 5
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 3-31
Moon May 3- 5, May 19-31
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 3-31
Moon May 3- 5, May 19-31

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 14 (at BELLEVILLE SIU RSCH, IL climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 9
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 30
Bell PeppersFrost May 1Frost Jun 26N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 3Frost Jul 31N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 23Frost Jul 21N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 16
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 25
CauliflowerFrost Jul 3Frost Jul 31N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 22Frost Jul 1N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 6
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 11
EggplantsFrost May 1Frost Jun 26N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 15
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 11
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 21Frost Jul 16N/A
KaleFrost Jul 23Frost Aug 20N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 25
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 4
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 6
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 11
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 10
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 31
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost May 27
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 9
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 19
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 12Frost Jun 16N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 4
TomatoesFrost May 6Frost Jul 1N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 4
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 16
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 1
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 16