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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Danville, IL

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 27 (at DANVILLE, IL climate station, elevation 554 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 19-27
BasilFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 13-18
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4- 5
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5, Apr 19-20
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Apr 6
CauliflowerFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5, Apr 19-20
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4- 5
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 5
CornN/AN/AFrost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
CucumbersFrost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-Jun 1
Moon Apr 27-May 5, May 19-Jun 1
EggplantsFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 1-15
Moon Feb 1- 5
Frost Mar 8-30
Moon Mar 21-30
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 4-25
Moon May 4- 5, May 19-25
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4- 5
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5, Apr 19-20
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost Apr 6-13
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost Apr 13-May 11
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Apr 6-18
OreganoFrost Feb 15-Mar 16
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 6-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-Apr 6
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 11
Moon May 6-11
PumpkinsFrost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 19-20
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 1-23
Moon Mar 8-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost May 4-25
Moon May 4- 5, May 19-25
N/A
SageFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-Apr 6
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 18
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost Apr 6-13
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 15-Mar 16
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost May 4-25
Moon May 4- 5, May 19-25
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Apr 6-18
WatermelonsFrost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 11-Jun 8
Moon May 19-Jun 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 11-Jun 8
Moon May 19-Jun 3

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 15 (at DANVILLE, IL climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
Bell PeppersFrost May 2Frost Jun 27N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 4Frost Aug 1N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 24Frost Jul 22N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 17
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
CauliflowerFrost Jul 4Frost Aug 1N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 23Frost Jul 2N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 7
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
EggplantsFrost May 2Frost Jun 27N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 16
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 22Frost Jul 17N/A
KaleFrost Jul 24Frost Aug 21N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 7
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost May 28
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 20
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 13Frost Jun 17N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
TomatoesFrost May 7Frost Jul 2N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 17
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 17