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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Galesburg, IL

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 26 (at GALESBURG, IL climate station, elevation 761 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
BasilFrost Feb 28-Mar 15
Moon Feb 28-Mar 7
Frost Apr 26-May 17
Moon Apr 26-May 5
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 12-May 3
Moon Apr 12-18
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 14-28
Moon Feb 20-28
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 3- 5
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 28-Mar 15
Moon Feb 28-Mar 7
Frost Mar 29-Apr 19
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5, Apr 19
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 28-Mar 15
Moon Feb 28-Mar 7
Frost Mar 29-Apr 12
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 29-Apr 5
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
CauliflowerFrost Feb 28-Mar 15
Moon Feb 28-Mar 7
Frost Mar 29-Apr 19
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5, Apr 19
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 14-28
Moon Feb 20-28
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 3- 5
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 29-Apr 5
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
CornN/AN/AFrost May 10-31
Moon May 19-31
CucumbersFrost Mar 29-Apr 5
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 26-May 31
Moon Apr 26-May 5, May 19-31
EggplantsFrost Feb 28-Mar 15
Moon Feb 28-Mar 7
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Jan 31-Feb 14
Moon Jan 31-Feb 5
Frost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 7, Mar 23-29
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 3-24
Moon May 3- 5, May 19-24
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 14-28
Moon Feb 20-28
Frost May 3-17
Moon May 3- 5
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 28-Mar 15
Moon Feb 28-Mar 7
Frost Mar 29-Apr 19
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5, Apr 19
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 21-29
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 21-29
Frost Apr 12-May 10
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 29-Apr 19
Moon Apr 6-18
OreganoFrost Feb 14-Mar 15
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 26-May 17
Moon Apr 26-May 5
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 29-Apr 12
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-26
Moon Apr 6-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 15-Apr 5
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 10
Moon May 6-10
PumpkinsFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 5
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 28-Mar 22
Moon Mar 8-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 14-28
Moon Feb 20-28
Frost May 3-24
Moon May 3- 5, May 19-24
N/A
SageFrost Feb 28-Mar 15
Moon Feb 28-Mar 7
Frost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 15-Apr 5
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 17-31
Moon May 17-18
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 21-29
Frost Apr 5-12
Moon Apr 5
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 14-Mar 15
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 26-May 17
Moon Apr 26-May 5
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 28-Mar 15
Moon Feb 28-Mar 7
Frost May 3-24
Moon May 3- 5, May 19-24
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 29-Apr 19
Moon Apr 6-18
WatermelonsFrost Mar 29-Apr 5
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5
Frost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 10-Jun 7
Moon May 19-Jun 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 10-Jun 7
Moon May 19-Jun 3

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 13 (at GALESBURG, IL climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 8
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 29
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 30Frost Jun 25N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 2Frost Jul 30N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 22Frost Jul 20N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 15
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 24
CauliflowerFrost Jul 2Frost Jul 30N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 21Frost Jun 30N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 5
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 10
EggplantsFrost Apr 30Frost Jun 25N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 14
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 10
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 20Frost Jul 15N/A
KaleFrost Jul 22Frost Aug 19N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 24
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 3
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 10
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 30
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost May 26
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 8
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 18
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 11Frost Jun 15N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 3
TomatoesFrost May 5Frost Jun 30N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 3
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 15
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 30
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 15