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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Moline, IL

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 13 (at MOLINE QUAD CITY INTL AP, IL climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 8
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 29
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 30Frost Jun 25N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 2Frost Jul 30N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 22Frost Jul 20N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 15
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 24
CauliflowerFrost Jul 2Frost Jul 30N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 21Frost Jun 30N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 5
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 10
EggplantsFrost Apr 30Frost Jun 25N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 14
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 10
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 20Frost Jul 15N/A
KaleFrost Jul 22Frost Aug 19N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 24
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 3
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 10
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 30
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost May 28
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 8
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 18
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 11Frost Jun 15N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 3
TomatoesFrost May 5Frost Jun 30N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 3
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 15
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 30
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 15

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 30 (at MOLINE QUAD CITY INTL AP, IL climate station, elevation 590 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
BasilFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 30-May 21
Moon Apr 30-May 5, May 19-21
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 16-May 7
Moon Apr 16-18, May 6- 7
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 19-21
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 2- 5, Apr 19-23
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 2- 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 5
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 26-Apr 9
Moon Apr 6- 9
CauliflowerFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 2- 5, Apr 19-23
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 19-21
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 5
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 5
CornN/AN/AFrost May 14-Jun 4
Moon May 19-Jun 3
CucumbersFrost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 5
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 30-Jun 4
Moon Apr 30-May 5, May 19-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 4-18
Moon Feb 4- 5
Frost Mar 11-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 7-28
Moon May 19-28
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 19-21
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 2- 5, Apr 19-23
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Frost Apr 9-16
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Frost Apr 16-May 14
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 6-18
OreganoFrost Feb 18-Mar 19
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 30-May 21
Moon Apr 30-May 5, May 19-21
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 2- 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 9-30
Moon Apr 9-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 23-May 14
Moon May 6-14
PumpkinsFrost Apr 9-23
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 4-26
Moon Mar 8-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost May 7-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
SageFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 21-Jun 4
Moon Jun 4
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Frost Apr 9-16
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 18-Mar 19
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 30-May 21
Moon Apr 30-May 5, May 19-21
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost May 7-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 6-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 5
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 14-Jun 11
Moon May 19-Jun 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 14-Jun 11
Moon May 19-Jun 3