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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Rockford, IL

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 12 (at ROCKFORD GTR ROCKFORD AP, IL climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 7
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 28
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 29Frost Jun 24N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 1Frost Jul 29N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 21Frost Jul 19N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 14
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 23
CauliflowerFrost Jul 1Frost Jul 29N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 20Frost Jun 29N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 4
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 9
EggplantsFrost Apr 29Frost Jun 24N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 13
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 9
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 19Frost Jul 14N/A
KaleFrost Jul 21Frost Aug 18N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 23
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 2
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 4
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 9
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 8
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 29
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost May 28
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 7
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 17
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 10Frost Jun 14N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 2
TomatoesFrost May 4Frost Jun 29N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 2
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 14
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 29
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 14

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 30 (at ROCKFORD GTR ROCKFORD AP, IL climate station, elevation 731 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
BasilFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 30-May 21
Moon Apr 30-May 5, May 19-21
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 16-May 7
Moon Apr 16-18, May 6- 7
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 19-21
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 2- 5, Apr 19-23
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 2- 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 5
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 26-Apr 9
Moon Apr 6- 9
CauliflowerFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 2- 5, Apr 19-23
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 19-21
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 5
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 5
CornN/AN/AFrost May 14-Jun 4
Moon May 19-Jun 3
CucumbersFrost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 5
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 30-Jun 4
Moon Apr 30-May 5, May 19-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 4-18
Moon Feb 4- 5
Frost Mar 11-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 7-28
Moon May 19-28
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 19-21
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 2- 5, Apr 19-23
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Frost Apr 9-16
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Frost Apr 16-May 14
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 6-18
OreganoFrost Feb 18-Mar 19
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 30-May 21
Moon Apr 30-May 5, May 19-21
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 2- 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 9-30
Moon Apr 9-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 23-May 14
Moon May 6-14
PumpkinsFrost Apr 9-23
Moon Apr 19-23
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 4-26
Moon Mar 8-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost May 7-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
SageFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 21-Jun 4
Moon Jun 4
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Frost Apr 9-16
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 18-Mar 19
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 30-May 21
Moon Apr 30-May 5, May 19-21
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost May 7-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 6-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 5
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 14-Jun 11
Moon May 19-Jun 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 14-Jun 11
Moon May 19-Jun 3