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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Springfield, IL

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 20 (at SPRINGFIELD #2, IL climate station, elevation 600 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 19-20
BasilFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Feb 22-Mar 7
Frost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 20-May 5
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 6-18
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 20-22
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Feb 22-Mar 7
Frost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Feb 22-Mar 7
Frost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 23-30
Moon Mar 23-30
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4- 5
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-20
CauliflowerFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Feb 22-Mar 7
Frost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 20-22
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-30
Moon Mar 23-30
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-May 4
CornN/AN/AFrost May 4-25
Moon May 4- 5, May 19-25
CucumbersFrost Mar 23-30
Moon Mar 23-30
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4- 5
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 25
Moon Apr 20-May 5
EggplantsFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Feb 22-Mar 7
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4- 5
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Jan 25-Feb 8
Moon Jan 25-Feb 5
Frost Mar 1-23
Moon Mar 1- 7, Mar 21-23
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 27-May 5
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 20-22
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Feb 22-Mar 7
Frost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost Apr 6-May 4
Moon Apr 19-May 4
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 4-18
Moon May 4- 5
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Apr 6-13
OreganoFrost Feb 8-Mar 8
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 20-May 5
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Apr 6-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 8-30
Moon Mar 21-30
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 13-18
PumpkinsFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4- 5
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 22-Mar 16
Moon Mar 8-16
RosemaryFrost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 20-22
Frost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
SageFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Feb 22-Mar 7
Frost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-May 4
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 8-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 11-25
Moon May 11-18
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 8-Mar 8
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 20-May 5
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Feb 22-Mar 7
Frost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 27-May 5
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Apr 6-13
WatermelonsFrost Mar 23-30
Moon Mar 23-30
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4- 5
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 4-Jun 1
Moon May 4- 5, May 19-Jun 1
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 4-Jun 1
Moon May 4- 5, May 19-Jun 1

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 17 (at SPRINGFIELD #2, IL climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 12
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 2
Bell PeppersFrost May 4Frost Jun 29N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 6Frost Aug 3N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 26Frost Jul 24N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 19
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 28
CauliflowerFrost Jul 6Frost Aug 3N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 25Frost Jul 4N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 9
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 14
EggplantsFrost May 4Frost Jun 29N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 18
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 14
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 24Frost Jul 19N/A
KaleFrost Jul 26Frost Aug 23N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 28
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 7
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 9
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 14
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 13
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 3
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost May 30
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 12
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 22
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 15Frost Jun 19N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 7
TomatoesFrost May 9Frost Jul 4N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 7
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 19
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 4
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 19