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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Ellsworth, KS

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 10 (at ELLSWORTH, KS climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 27Frost Jun 22N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 29Frost Jul 27N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 19Frost Jul 17N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 12
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
CauliflowerFrost Jun 29Frost Jul 27N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 18Frost Jun 27N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 7
EggplantsFrost Apr 27Frost Jun 22N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 11
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 7
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 17Frost Jul 12N/A
KaleFrost Jul 19Frost Aug 16N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 7
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 6
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 27
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost May 26
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 15
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 8Frost Jun 12N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
TomatoesFrost May 2Frost Jun 27N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 12
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 12

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 28 (at ELLSWORTH, KS climate station, elevation 1568 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 19-28
BasilFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 28-May 5, May 19
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 14-18
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 16-Mar 2
Moon Feb 20-Mar 2
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Mar 31-Apr 5, Apr 19-21
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Mar 31-Apr 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 31-Apr 7
Moon Mar 31-Apr 5
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 19-26
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Apr 6- 7
CauliflowerFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Mar 31-Apr 5, Apr 19-21
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 16-Mar 2
Moon Feb 20-Mar 2
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 7
Moon Mar 31-Apr 5
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 28-May 5
CornN/AN/AFrost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
CucumbersFrost Mar 31-Apr 7
Moon Mar 31-Apr 5
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 19-26
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-Jun 2
Moon Apr 28-May 5, May 19-Jun 2
EggplantsFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 19-26
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 2-16
Moon Feb 2- 5
Frost Mar 9-31
Moon Mar 21-31
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 5-26
Moon May 5, May 20-26
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 16-Mar 2
Moon Feb 20-Mar 2
Frost May 5-19
Moon May 5
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Mar 31-Apr 5, Apr 19-21
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 21-31
Frost Apr 7-14
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 21-31
Frost Apr 14-May 12
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 12-26
Moon May 19-26
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Apr 6-18
OreganoFrost Feb 16-Mar 17
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 28-May 5, May 19
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Mar 31-Apr 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-28
Moon Apr 7-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 17-Apr 7
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 12
Moon May 6-12
PumpkinsFrost Apr 7-21
Moon Apr 19-21
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 19-26
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 2-24
Moon Mar 8-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 16-Mar 2
Moon Feb 20-Mar 2
Frost May 5-26
Moon May 5, May 20-26
N/A
SageFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 28-May 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 17-Apr 7
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 19-Jun 2
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 21-31
Frost Apr 7-14
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 16-Mar 17
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 28-May 5, May 19
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost May 5-26
Moon May 5, May 20-26
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Apr 6-18
WatermelonsFrost Mar 31-Apr 7
Moon Mar 31-Apr 5
Frost May 12-26
Moon May 19-26
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 12-Jun 9
Moon May 19-Jun 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 12-Jun 9
Moon May 19-Jun 3