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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Galena, KS

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 16 (at JOPLIN REGIONAL AIRPORT, MO climate station, elevation 980 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 2- 5
BasilFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost Apr 16-May 7
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 6-18
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 4-18
Moon Feb 4- 5
Frost Apr 23-May 7
Moon Apr 23-May 5
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 21-26
Frost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 5
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 11-26
Moon Mar 11-20
CauliflowerFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 4-18
Moon Feb 4- 5
Frost Apr 23-May 7
Moon Apr 23-May 5
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 21-26
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
CornN/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 21
Moon Apr 30-May 5, May 19-21
CucumbersFrost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 21-26
Frost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 5
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 16-May 21
Moon Apr 19-May 5
EggplantsFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 5
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Jan 21-Feb 4
Moon Jan 21-Feb 4
Frost Feb 25-Mar 19
Moon Feb 25-Mar 7
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 23-May 14
Moon Apr 23-May 5
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 4-18
Moon Feb 4- 5
Frost Apr 23-May 7
Moon Apr 23-May 5
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Mar 26-Apr 2
Moon Mar 26-Apr 2
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Apr 2-30
Moon Apr 2- 5, Apr 19-30
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 5
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Mar 19-20, Apr 6- 9
OreganoFrost Feb 4-Mar 4
Moon Feb 4- 5, Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost Apr 16-May 7
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 26-Apr 16
Moon Apr 6-16
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 4-26
Moon Mar 4- 7, Mar 21-26
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 9-30
Moon Apr 9-18
PumpkinsFrost Mar 26-Apr 9
Moon Mar 26-Apr 5
Frost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 5
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 18-Mar 11
Moon Feb 18-19, Mar 8-11
RosemaryFrost Feb 4-18
Moon Feb 4- 5
Frost Apr 23-May 14
Moon Apr 23-May 5
N/A
SageFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 4-26
Moon Mar 4- 7, Mar 21-26
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 7-21
Moon May 7-18
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4- 7
Frost Mar 26-Apr 2
Moon Mar 26-Apr 2
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 4-Mar 4
Moon Feb 4- 5, Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost Apr 16-May 7
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Feb 20-Mar 4
Frost Apr 23-May 14
Moon Apr 23-May 5
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Mar 19-20, Apr 6- 9
WatermelonsFrost Mar 19-26
Moon Mar 21-26
Frost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 5
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 28
Moon Apr 30-May 5, May 19-28
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 28
Moon Apr 30-May 5, May 19-28

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 21 (at JOPLIN REGIONAL AIRPORT, MO climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 6
Bell PeppersFrost May 8Frost Jul 3N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 10Frost Aug 7N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 30Frost Jul 28N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 1
CauliflowerFrost Jul 10Frost Aug 7N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 29Frost Jul 8N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 13
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
EggplantsFrost May 8Frost Jul 3N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 22
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 28Frost Jul 23N/A
KaleFrost Jul 30Frost Aug 27N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 1
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 11
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 13
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 7
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 3
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 26
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 19Frost Jun 23N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 11
TomatoesFrost May 13Frost Jul 8N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 11
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 8
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 23