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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Iola, KS

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 21 (at IOLA 1 W, KS climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 6
Bell PeppersFrost May 8Frost Jul 3N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 10Frost Aug 7N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 30Frost Jul 28N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 1
CauliflowerFrost Jul 10Frost Aug 7N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 29Frost Jul 8N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 13
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
EggplantsFrost May 8Frost Jul 3N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 22
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 28Frost Jul 23N/A
KaleFrost Jul 30Frost Aug 27N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 1
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 11
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 13
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 7
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 3
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 26
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 19Frost Jun 23N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 11
TomatoesFrost May 13Frost Jul 8N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 11
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 8
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 23

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 14 (at IOLA 1 W, KS climate station, elevation 954 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Mar 31-Apr 5
BasilFrost Feb 16-Mar 2
Moon Feb 20-Mar 2
Frost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Apr 6-18
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 2-16
Moon Feb 2- 5
Frost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 21-May 5
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 16-Mar 2
Moon Feb 20-Mar 2
Frost Mar 17-Apr 7
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 16-Mar 2
Moon Feb 20-Mar 2
Frost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 21-31
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 17-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 28-May 5
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 9-24
Moon Mar 9-20
CauliflowerFrost Feb 16-Mar 2
Moon Feb 20-Mar 2
Frost Mar 17-Apr 7
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 2-16
Moon Feb 2- 5
Frost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 21-May 5
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 17-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 19-28
CornN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 28-May 5, May 19
CucumbersFrost Mar 17-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 28-May 5
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-May 19
Moon Apr 19-May 5
EggplantsFrost Feb 16-Mar 2
Moon Feb 20-Mar 2
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 28-May 5
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Jan 19-Feb 2
Moon Jan 21-Feb 2
Frost Feb 23-Mar 17
Moon Feb 23-Mar 7
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 12
Moon Apr 21-May 5
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 2-16
Moon Feb 2- 5
Frost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 21-May 5
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 16-Mar 2
Moon Feb 20-Mar 2
Frost Mar 17-Apr 7
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost Mar 24-31
Moon Mar 24-31
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost Mar 31-Apr 28
Moon Mar 31-Apr 5, Apr 19-28
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 28-May 5
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 17-Apr 7
Moon Mar 17-20, Apr 6- 7
OreganoFrost Feb 2-Mar 2
Moon Feb 2- 5, Feb 20-Mar 2
Frost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 21-31
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 24-Apr 14
Moon Apr 6-14
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 2-24
Moon Mar 2- 7, Mar 21-24
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 7-28
Moon Apr 7-18
PumpkinsFrost Mar 24-Apr 7
Moon Mar 24-Apr 5
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 28-May 5
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 16-Mar 9
Moon Feb 16-19, Mar 8- 9
RosemaryFrost Feb 2-16
Moon Feb 2- 5
Frost Apr 21-May 12
Moon Apr 21-May 5
N/A
SageFrost Feb 16-Mar 2
Moon Feb 20-Mar 2
Frost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 19-28
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 2-24
Moon Mar 2- 7, Mar 21-24
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 5-19
Moon May 6-18
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 2-17
Moon Mar 2- 7
Frost Mar 24-31
Moon Mar 24-31
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 2-Mar 2
Moon Feb 2- 5, Feb 20-Mar 2
Frost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 16-Mar 2
Moon Feb 20-Mar 2
Frost Apr 21-May 12
Moon Apr 21-May 5
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 17-Apr 7
Moon Mar 17-20, Apr 6- 7
WatermelonsFrost Mar 17-24
Moon Mar 21-24
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 28-May 5
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 26
Moon Apr 28-May 5, May 19-26
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 26
Moon Apr 28-May 5, May 19-26