Seed Starting and Planting Date Calculator for Florence, KY

Find the best dates for planting and transplanting vegetables and fruit in your garden! Our free planting calendar calculates the best time to start seeds indoors and outdoors, and when to plant young plants outside. Planting dates are based on frost dates, which are customized to your location and planting zone.

Frost dates are calculated from historical climate data and are a good way to know when it's "typical" to start planting in your area. However, they are not a replacement for good judgment! Obviously, you need to be aware of local weather during the gardening season and plant accordingly. Other factors that can influence your planting dates include soil temperature, altitude and slope of land, nearby waters, and day length. Also, it's recommended that you keep records of your garden's conditions each year to plan more accurately in the future.

On the chart below, please note:

  • "Start Seeds Indoors" tells you the optimal time to start vegetable and fruit seeds indoors. Learn how to start seeds indoors here
  • "Transplant Seedlings" tells you when it's likely safe to start planting young plants outdoors. This includes plants grown from seeds at home and plants bought from a nursery.
  • "Start Seeds Outdoors" tells you the optimal time to start vegetable and fruit seeds outdoors. Some seeds should be sown directly in the garden, rather than started indoors or transplanted.
  • When no dates appear in the chart, that starting method is not recommended for that particular vegetable.
  • The Frost Dates list the favorable planting dates based on your area's frost dates. This is the system that most gardeners follow.
  • The Moon Dates list the favorable planting dates based on your area's frost dates and Moon phases. Planting by the Moon is a more traditional technique, but many gardeners still swear by it today.
  • Click on the name of a plant to see our corresponding Growing Guide.
30% probability of frost free after April 23 (at CINCINNATI NORTHERN KY AP, KY climate station).
Crop Based on Frost Dates   Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsTransplant SeedlingsStart Seeds Outdoors
Beans Apr 30-May 21
May 15-21
Beets Apr 9-30
Apr 9-14, Apr 30
Broccoli Mar 12-26
Mar 17-26
Apr 2-23
Apr 15-23
Brussels Sprouts Mar 12-26
Mar 17-26
Mar 26-Apr 16
Mar 26-31, Apr 15-16
Cabbage Feb 25-Mar 12
Feb 25-Mar 1
Mar 26-Apr 9
Mar 26-31
Cantaloupe Mar 26-Apr 2
Mar 26-31
May 7-28
May 15-28
Carrots Mar 19-Apr 2
Apr 1- 2
Cauliflower Mar 12-26
Mar 17-26
Mar 26-Apr 9
Mar 26-31
Celery Feb 11-25
Feb 15-25
Apr 30-May 14
Collards Mar 12-26
Mar 17-26
Mar 26-Apr 16
Mar 26-31, Apr 15-16
Corn Apr 23-May 7
Apr 23-29
Cucumbers Mar 26-Apr 2
Mar 26-31
May 7-28
May 15-28
Eggplants Feb 11-25
Feb 15-25
May 7-28
May 15-28
Kale Mar 12-26
Mar 17-26
Mar 26-Apr 16
Mar 26-31, Apr 15-16
Kohlrabi Mar 26-Apr 16
Mar 26-31, Apr 15-16
Leeks Feb 11-25
Feb 15-25
Mar 26-Apr 16
Mar 26-31, Apr 15-16
Lettuce Mar 12-26
Mar 17-26
Apr 9-May 7
Apr 15-29
Okra May 7-21
May 15-21
Onions Mar 26-Apr 16
Apr 1-14
Parsnips Apr 2-23
Apr 2-14
Peas Mar 12-Apr 2
Mar 17-31
Peppers Feb 11-25
Feb 15-25
May 7-28
May 15-28
Potatoes Apr 16-May 7
Apr 30-May 7
Pumpkins Mar 26-Apr 9
Mar 26-31
May 7-28
May 15-28
Radishes Feb 25-Mar 19
Mar 2-16
Spinach Mar 12-Apr 2
Mar 17-31
Squash Mar 26-Apr 9
Mar 26-31
May 7-28
May 15-28
Sweet Potatoes Mar 26-Apr 2
Apr 1- 2
May 7-28
May 7-14
Swiss Chard Mar 12-26
Mar 17-26
Apr 2- 9
Tomatoes Feb 25-Mar 12
Feb 25-Mar 1
Apr 30-May 21
May 15-21
Turnips Mar 26-Apr 16
Apr 1-14
Watermelons Mar 26-Apr 2
Mar 26-31
May 7-28
May 15-28