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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Gardner, MA

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 7 (at ASHBURNHAM, MA climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 2
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 23
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 24Frost Jun 19N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 26Frost Jul 24N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 16Frost Jul 14N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 9
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 18
CauliflowerFrost Jun 26Frost Jul 24N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 15Frost Jun 24N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 29
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 4
EggplantsFrost Apr 24Frost Jun 19N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 4
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 14Frost Jul 9N/A
KaleFrost Jul 16Frost Aug 13N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 18
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 28
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 29
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 4
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 3
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 24
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 5
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 2
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 12
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 5Frost June 12N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 28
TomatoesFrost Apr 29Frost Jun 24N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 28
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 9
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 24
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 9

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 8 (at ASHBURNHAM, MA climate station, elevation 1108 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
BasilFrost Mar 12-27
Moon Mar 12-18
Frost May 8-29
Moon May 8-15
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 24-29
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 26-Mar 12
Moon Mar 2-12
Frost May 15-29
Moon May 15
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 12-27
Moon Mar 12-18
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 10-16, Apr 30-May 1
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 12-27
Moon Mar 12-18
Frost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 10-16
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 10-17
Moon Apr 10-16
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 30-Jun 5
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 17
CauliflowerFrost Mar 12-27
Moon Mar 12-18
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 10-16, Apr 30-May 1
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 26-Mar 12
Moon Mar 2-12
Frost May 15-29
Moon May 15
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-17
Moon Apr 10-16
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 8-22
Moon May 8-15
CornN/AN/AFrost May 22-Jun 12
Moon May 30-Jun 12
CucumbersFrost Apr 10-17
Moon Apr 10-16
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 30-Jun 5
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 8-Jun 12
Moon May 8-15, May 30-Jun 12
EggplantsFrost Mar 12-27
Moon Mar 12-18
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 30-Jun 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 15-Jun 5
Moon May 15, May 30-Jun 5
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 26-Mar 12
Moon Mar 2-12
Frost May 15-29
Moon May 15
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 12-27
Moon Mar 12-18
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 10-16, Apr 30-May 1
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Apr 1-10
Frost Apr 17-24
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Apr 1-10
Frost Apr 24-May 22
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 30-Jun 5
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 17-29
OreganoFrost Feb 26-Mar 27
Moon Mar 2-12, Mar 14-18
Frost May 8-29
Moon May 8-15
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 10-16
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 17-29
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 17
Moon Apr 1-16
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 1-22
Moon May 16-22
PumpkinsFrost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 30-Jun 5
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 12-Apr 3
Moon Mar 19-31
RosemaryFrost Feb 26-Mar 12
Moon Mar 2-12
Frost May 15-Jun 5
Moon May 15, May 30-Jun 5
N/A
SageFrost Mar 12-27
Moon Mar 12-18
Frost May 8-22
Moon May 8-15
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 17
Moon Apr 1-16
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 29-Jun 12
Moon May 29
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Apr 1-10
Frost Apr 17-24
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 26-Mar 27
Moon Mar 2-12, Mar 14-18
Frost May 8-29
Moon May 8-15
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 12-27
Moon Mar 12-18
Frost May 15-Jun 5
Moon May 15, May 30-Jun 5
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 17-29
WatermelonsFrost Apr 10-17
Moon Apr 10-16
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 30-Jun 5
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 22-Jun 19
Moon May 30-Jun 14
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 22-Jun 19
Moon May 30-Jun 14