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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Greenfield, MA

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 5 (at GREENFIELD #3, MA climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 22Frost Jun 17N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 24Frost Jul 22N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 14Frost Jul 12N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 7
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
CauliflowerFrost Jun 24Frost Jul 22N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 13Frost Jun 22N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
EggplantsFrost Apr 22Frost Jun 17N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 12Frost Jul 7N/A
KaleFrost Jul 14Frost Aug 11N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 22
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 3
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 3Frost June 10N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
TomatoesFrost Apr 27Frost Jun 22N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 7
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 7

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 6 (at GREENFIELD #3, MA climate station, elevation 131 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 6
Moon Apr 30-May 6
BasilFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost May 6-27
Moon May 6-15
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 13
Moon Apr 22-29
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Mar 2-10
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 13-15
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 8-16
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost Apr 8-22
Moon Apr 8-16
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 8-15
Moon Apr 8-15
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 30-Jun 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-15
CauliflowerFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 8-16
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Mar 2-10
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 13-15
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-15
Moon Apr 8-15
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 6-20
Moon May 6-15
CornN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 10
Moon May 30-Jun 10
CucumbersFrost Apr 8-15
Moon Apr 8-15
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 30-Jun 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 6-Jun 10
Moon May 6-15, May 30-Jun 10
EggplantsFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 30-Jun 3
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 13-15, May 30-Jun 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Mar 2-10
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 13-15
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 8-16
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Apr 1- 8
Frost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 15-16
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Apr 1- 8
Frost Apr 22-May 20
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 30-Jun 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 17-29
OreganoFrost Feb 24-Mar 25
Moon Mar 2-18
Frost May 6-27
Moon May 6-15
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-22
Moon Apr 8-16
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 17-29
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Apr 1-15
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29, May 16-20
PumpkinsFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 15-16
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 30-Jun 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 10-Apr 1
Moon Mar 19-31
RosemaryFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Mar 2-10
Frost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 13-15, May 30-Jun 3
N/A
SageFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 6-15
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Apr 1-15
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-29
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Apr 1- 8
Frost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 15-16
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 24-Mar 25
Moon Mar 2-18
Frost May 6-27
Moon May 6-15
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 13-15, May 30-Jun 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 17-29
WatermelonsFrost Apr 8-15
Moon Apr 8-15
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 30-Jun 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 17
Moon May 30-Jun 14
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 17
Moon May 30-Jun 14