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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Leominster, MA

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 5 (at FITCHBURG MUNI AP, MA climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 22Frost Jun 17N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 24Frost Jul 22N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 14Frost Jul 12N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 7
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
CauliflowerFrost Jun 24Frost Jul 22N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 13Frost Jun 22N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
EggplantsFrost Apr 22Frost Jun 17N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 12Frost Jul 7N/A
KaleFrost Jul 14Frost Aug 11N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 22
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 1
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 3Frost June 8N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
TomatoesFrost Apr 27Frost Jun 22N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 7
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 7

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 4 (at FITCHBURG MUNI AP, MA climate station, elevation 347 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 30-May 4
BasilFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost May 4-25
Moon May 4-15
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 20-29
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-15
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 6-16
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 6-16
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 6-13
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 30-Jun 1
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-31
CauliflowerFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 6-16
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-15
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 6-13
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 4-18
Moon May 4-15
CornN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 8
Moon May 30-Jun 8
CucumbersFrost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 6-13
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 30-Jun 1
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 4-Jun 8
Moon May 4-15, May 30-Jun 8
EggplantsFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 30-Jun 1
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 11-15, May 30-Jun 1
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-15
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 6-16
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Apr 1- 6
Frost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 13-16
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Apr 1- 6
Frost Apr 20-May 18
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 30-Jun 1
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 17-27
OreganoFrost Feb 22-Mar 23
Moon Mar 2-18
Frost May 4-25
Moon May 4-15
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 6-16
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 17-29
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 18
Moon Apr 27-29, May 16-18
PumpkinsFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-16
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 30-Jun 1
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 8-30
Moon Mar 19-30
RosemaryFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Mar 2- 8
Frost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 11-15, May 30-Jun 1
N/A
SageFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4-15
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Apr 1-13
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 25-29
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Apr 1- 6
Frost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 13-16
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 22-Mar 23
Moon Mar 2-18
Frost May 4-25
Moon May 4-15
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 8-18
Frost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 11-15, May 30-Jun 1
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 17-27
WatermelonsFrost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 6-13
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 30-Jun 1
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 15
Moon May 30-Jun 14
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 15
Moon May 30-Jun 14