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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for Beltsville, MD

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 18 (at BELTSVILLE, MD climate station, elevation 144 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 4-18
Moon Apr 4- 5
BasilFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Apr 18-May 9
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 4-25
Moon Apr 6-18
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 20
Frost Apr 25-May 9
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
Bok ChoyFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost Apr 25-May 9
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-Apr 4
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 21-28
Moon Mar 21-28
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 14-28
Moon Mar 14-20
CauliflowerFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 20
Frost Apr 25-May 9
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-28
Moon Mar 21-28
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 19-May 2
CollardsN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-Apr 4
CornN/AN/AFrost May 2-23
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-23
CucumbersFrost Mar 21-28
Moon Mar 21-28
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 18-May 23
Moon Apr 19-May 5
EggplantsFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Jan 23-Feb 5
Frost Feb 27-Mar 21
Moon Feb 27-Mar 7, Mar 21
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 25-May 5
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 20
Frost Apr 25-May 9
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
Moon Mar 28-Apr 4
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost Apr 4-May 2
Moon Apr 4- 5, Apr 19-May 2
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Apr 6-11
OreganoFrost Feb 6-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Apr 18-May 9
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-Apr 4
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 28-Apr 18
Moon Apr 6-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 6-28
Moon Mar 6- 7, Mar 22-28
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-Apr 4
PumpkinsFrost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Mar 28-Apr 5
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 20-Mar 14
Moon Mar 8-14
RosemaryFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 20
Frost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
SageFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 19-May 2
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 6-28
Moon Mar 6- 7, Mar 22-28
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 9-23
Moon May 9-18
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6- 7
Frost Mar 28-Apr 4
Moon Mar 28-Apr 4
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 6-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Apr 18-May 9
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
TomatillosFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost May 9-23
Moon May 19-23
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Feb 20-Mar 6
Frost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Apr 6-11
WatermelonsFrost Mar 21-28
Moon Mar 21-28
Frost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 2-30
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-30
Zucchini and Summer SquashN/AN/AFrost May 2-30
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-30

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 26 (at BELTSVILLE, MD climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 21
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 11
Bell PeppersFrost May 13Frost Jul 8N/A
Bok ChoyN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
BroccoliFrost Jul 15Frost Aug 12N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 5Frost Aug 2N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 28
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 6
CauliflowerFrost Jul 15Frost Aug 12N/A
CeleryFrost May 4Frost Jul 13N/A
CollardsN/AN/AFrost Aug 27
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 23
EggplantsFrost May 13Frost Jul 8N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 27
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 23
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 2Frost Jul 28N/A
KaleFrost Aug 4Frost Sep 1N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 6
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 23
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 8
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 8
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 21
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Oct 1
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 24Frost Jun 28N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
TomatillosN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
TomatoesFrost May 18Frost Jul 13N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 16
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 28
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 13
Zucchini and Summer SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 28
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