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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Columbia, MD

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on November 3 (at LAUREL 3 W, MD climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 29
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 19
Bell PeppersFrost May 21Frost Jul 16N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 23Frost Aug 20N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 13Frost Aug 10N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jul 6
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 14
CauliflowerFrost Jul 23Frost Aug 20N/A
CeleryFrost May 12Frost Jul 21N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 26
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 31
EggplantsFrost May 21Frost Jul 16N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Sep 4
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 31
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 10Frost Aug 5N/A
KaleFrost Aug 12Frost Sep 9N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 14
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 24
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 26
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 31
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 30
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 20
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 16
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 29
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Oct 9
Sweet PotatoesFrost Jun 1Frost Jul 6N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 24
TomatoesFrost May 26Frost Jul 21N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 24
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jul 6
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 21
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Aug 5

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 10 (at LAUREL 3 W, MD climate station, elevation 400 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
BasilFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 20-26
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 17
Moon Apr 6-17
Bell PeppersFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Jan 29-Feb 5
Frost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 20-26
Frost Mar 13-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 20-26
Frost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 13-20
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 24-May 5
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 5-20
Moon Mar 8-20
CauliflowerFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 20-26
Frost Mar 13-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
CeleryFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Jan 29-Feb 5
Frost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 13-20
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 19-24
CornN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 24-May 5
CucumbersFrost Mar 13-20
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 24-May 5
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-May 15
Moon Apr 19-May 5
EggplantsFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 20-26
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 24-May 5
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Jan 15-29
Moon Jan 21-29
Frost Feb 19-Mar 13
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 19-May 5
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Jan 29-Feb 5
Frost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 20-26
Frost Mar 13-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Feb 26-Mar 13
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7
Frost Mar 20-27
Moon Mar 21-27
N/A
LettuceFrost Feb 26-Mar 13
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7
Frost Mar 27-Apr 24
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5, Apr 19-24
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 24-May 5
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 13-Apr 3
Moon Mar 13-20
OreganoFrost Jan 29-Feb 26
Moon Jan 29-Feb 5, Feb 20-26
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Mar 20, Apr 6-10
PeasN/AN/AFrost Feb 26-Mar 20
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 3-24
Moon Apr 6-18
PumpkinsFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 24-May 5
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 12-Mar 5
Moon Feb 12-19
RosemaryFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Jan 29-Feb 5
Frost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
SageFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 20-26
Frost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 19-24
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Feb 26-Mar 20
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 1-15
Moon May 6-15
Swiss ChardFrost Feb 26-Mar 13
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7
Frost Mar 20-27
Moon Mar 21-27
N/A
ThymeFrost Jan 29-Feb 26
Moon Jan 29-Feb 5, Feb 20-26
Frost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 20-26
Frost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 13-Apr 3
Moon Mar 13-20
WatermelonsFrost Mar 13-20
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 24-May 5
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 22
Moon Apr 24-May 5, May 19-22
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 22
Moon Apr 24-May 5, May 19-22