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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Cumberland, MD

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 18 (at CUMBERLAND 2, MD climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 13
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 3
Bell PeppersFrost May 5Frost Jun 30N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 7Frost Aug 4N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 27Frost Jul 25N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 20
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 29
CauliflowerFrost Jul 7Frost Aug 4N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 26Frost Jul 5N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 10
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 15
EggplantsFrost May 5Frost Jun 30N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 19
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 15
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 25Frost Jul 20N/A
KaleFrost Jul 27Frost Aug 24N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 29
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 8
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 10
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 15
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 14
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 4
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost May 31
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 13
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 23
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 16Frost Jun 20N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 8
TomatoesFrost May 10Frost Jul 5N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 8
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 20
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 5
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 20

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 22 (at CUMBERLAND 2, MD climate station, elevation 731 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-22
Moon Apr 19-22
BasilFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost Apr 22-May 13
Moon Apr 22-May 5
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 8-18
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 10-24
Moon Feb 20-24
Frost Apr 29-May 13
Moon Apr 29-May 5
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 25-Apr 1
Moon Mar 25-Apr 1
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 18-20
CauliflowerFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 10-24
Moon Feb 20-24
Frost Apr 29-May 13
Moon Apr 29-May 5
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 1
Moon Mar 25-Apr 1
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 6
Moon Apr 22-May 5
CornN/AN/AFrost May 6-27
Moon May 19-27
CucumbersFrost Mar 25-Apr 1
Moon Mar 25-Apr 1
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 27
Moon Apr 22-May 5, May 19-27
EggplantsFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Jan 27-Feb 10
Moon Jan 27-Feb 5
Frost Mar 3-25
Moon Mar 3- 7, Mar 21-25
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-20
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 10-24
Moon Feb 20-24
Frost Apr 29-May 13
Moon Apr 29-May 5
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Apr 1- 8
Moon Apr 1- 5
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Apr 8-May 6
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Apr 6-15
OreganoFrost Feb 10-Mar 10
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 22-May 13
Moon Apr 22-May 5
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Mar 25-Apr 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-22
Moon Apr 6-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 10-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 15-18, May 6
PumpkinsFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 24-Mar 18
Moon Mar 8-18
RosemaryFrost Feb 10-24
Moon Feb 20-24
Frost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-20
N/A
SageFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost Apr 22-May 6
Moon Apr 22-May 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 10-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 13-27
Moon May 13-18
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 21-25
Frost Apr 1- 8
Moon Apr 1- 5
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 10-Mar 10
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 22-May 13
Moon Apr 22-May 5
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 24-Mar 10
Moon Feb 24-Mar 7
Frost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-20
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Apr 6-15
WatermelonsFrost Mar 25-Apr 1
Moon Mar 25-Apr 1
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 6-Jun 3
Moon May 19-Jun 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 6-Jun 3
Moon May 19-Jun 3