Planting Calendar for Friendly, MD

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 2 (at WASHINGTON REAGAN AP, VA climate station).
Crop Based on Frost Dates   Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
Basil Feb 5-19
Feb 5- 9
Apr 2-23
Apr 2- 7, Apr 22-23
N/A
BeetsN/AN/A Mar 19-Apr 9
Mar 19-23, Apr 8- 9
Bell Peppers Jan 22-Feb 5
Jan 24-Feb 5
Apr 16-May 7
Apr 22-May 7
N/A
Broccoli Feb 19-Mar 4
Feb 23-Mar 4
Mar 12-Apr 2
Mar 24-Apr 2
N/A
Brussels Sprouts Feb 19-Mar 4
Feb 23-Mar 4
Mar 4-26
Mar 4- 9, Mar 24-26
N/A
Cabbage Feb 5-19
Feb 5- 9
Mar 4-19
Mar 4- 9
N/A
Cantaloupes Mar 4-12
Mar 4- 9
Apr 16-May 7
Apr 22-May 7
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/A Feb 26-Mar 12
Mar 10-12
Cauliflower Feb 19-Mar 4
Feb 23-Mar 4
Mar 4-19
Mar 4- 9
N/A
Celery Jan 22-Feb 5
Jan 24-Feb 5
Apr 9-23
Apr 22-23
N/A
ChivesN/AN/A Mar 4-12
Mar 4- 9
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/A Apr 2-16
Apr 2- 7
CornN/AN/A Apr 2-16
Apr 2- 7
Cucumbers Mar 4-12
Mar 4- 9
Apr 16-May 7
Apr 22-May 7
N/A
DillN/AN/A Feb 26-Mar 12
Feb 26-Mar 9
Eggplants Jan 22-Feb 5
Jan 24-Feb 5
Apr 16-May 7
Apr 22-May 7
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/A Apr 9-30
Apr 22-30
Kale Feb 19-Mar 4
Feb 23-Mar 4
Mar 4-26
Mar 4- 9, Mar 24-26
N/A
Lettuce Feb 19-Mar 4
Feb 23-Mar 4
Mar 19-Apr 16
Mar 24-Apr 7
N/A
OkraN/AN/A Apr 16-30
Apr 22-30
OnionsN/AN/A Mar 4-26
Mar 10-23
Oregano Jan 22-Feb 19
Jan 24-Feb 9
Apr 2-23
Apr 2- 7, Apr 22-23
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/A Mar 4-19
Mar 4- 9
ParsnipsN/AN/A Mar 12-Apr 2
Mar 12-23
PeasN/AN/A Feb 19-Mar 12
Feb 23-Mar 9
PotatoesN/AN/A Mar 26-Apr 16
Apr 8-16
Pumpkins Mar 4-19
Mar 4- 9
Apr 16-May 7
Apr 22-May 7
N/A
RadishesN/AN/A Feb 5-26
Feb 10-22
Rosemary Jan 22-Feb 5
Jan 24-Feb 5
Apr 9-30
Apr 22-30
N/A
Sage Feb 5-19
Feb 5- 9
Apr 2-16
Apr 2- 7
N/A
SpinachN/AN/A Feb 19-Mar 12
Feb 23-Mar 9
Squash (Zucchini) Mar 4-19
Mar 4- 9
Apr 16-May 7
Apr 22-May 7
N/A
Sweet Potatoes Mar 4-12
Mar 10-12
Apr 16-May 7
Apr 16-21
N/A
Swiss Chard Feb 19-Mar 4
Feb 23-Mar 4
Mar 12-19
N/A
Thyme Jan 22-Feb 19
Jan 24-Feb 9
Apr 2-23
Apr 2- 7, Apr 22-23
N/A
Tomatoes Feb 5-19
Feb 5- 9
Apr 9-30
Apr 22-30
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/A Mar 4-26
Mar 10-23
Watermelons Mar 4-12
Mar 4- 9
Apr 16-May 7
Apr 22-May 7
N/A

Find the best dates for planting vegetables and fruit in your garden! Our free planting calendar calculates the best time to start seeds indoors and outdoors, as well as when to plant young plants outside.

How to Use the Planting Calendar

Simply put, a planting calendar is a guide that tells you the best time to start planting your garden. Most planting calendars are based on frost dates, which dictate when you should start seeds and when it's safe to plant outdoors in your area. Our planting calendar is customized to your location in order to give you the most accurate information possible.

On the planting calendar below, please note:

  • The Frost Dates indicate the best planting dates based on your local average frost dates. Average frost dates are based on historical weather data and are the planting guideline used by most gardeners.
  • The Moon Dates indicate the best planting dates based on your local frost dates and Moon phases. Planting by the Moon is considered a more traditional technique.
  • The Plant Seedlings or Transplants dates indicate the best time to plant young plants outdoors. This includes plants grown from seed at home and plants bought from a nursery. Although frost dates are a good way to know approximately when to start gardening, always check a local forecast before planting outdoors!
  • When no dates ("N/A") appear in the chart, that starting method is typically not recommended for that particular plant, although it likely still possible. See each plant's Growing Guide for more specific information. Some crops do best when started directly in the garden, while others are best started indoors and transplanted outdoors later on. Your climate and the length of your growing season are big factors in determining what to start indoors and outdoors.

To plan your garden more accurately in the future, keep a record of your garden's conditions each year, including frost dates and seed-starting dates!