Quantcast
Planting Calendar for Washington, MO | Almanac.com
For daily wit & wisdom, sign up for the Almanac Daily newsletter.

Planting Calendar for Washington, MO

Enter your zip code or postal code above.

The planting calendar below tells you when to plant in the SPRING and also plant in the FALL, based on your zip code or postal code.

Spring Planting Calendar

Our spring planting calendar starts with the very first dates that you can plant (based on the last spring frost). But if you've missed these dates, no worries! This is why we've added "last planting dates" to our spring calendar; this is meant to help new gardeners understand that if they missed the first spring planting window, they could still get crops in the ground.

In fact, many crops with short maturity times (such as radishes) can be succession planted all the way through the summer in northern areas. However, note that some cool-seasons crops such as kale and lettuce do not grow well in hot temperatures, which can cause bolting issues.  For some gardeners, especially in the South, a break to avoid summer heat is needed, but they can start once the heat has passed. 

The dates provided are based on the number of weeks before or after frost, so we can provide a unique calendar to every user in the country. Thus, several crops (especially similar crops) may appear to have the same date. Kale and lettuce, for example, or dates for starting seeds, like broccoli and cabbage. 

Fall Planting Calendar

When we say "fall," we really mean planting in summer in time for a fall harvest. Think of this as a second summer! It's easy to keep the crops going if you've already prepared the soil! 

Many crops that would be started indoors for a spring crop can just be plunked into the soil directly for a fall crop. Not only is the soil already warm but also there are less pests and it tends to be rainier so you don't need to water as often. Some fall vegetables need to be harvested by the first frost, but many are frost-tolerant and even taste better after a kiss of fall frost!

See each plant's individual Growing Guide for more specific planting, plant care, and harvesting information.

Specifically, on the charts, there are different columns labeled as follows:

  1. Start Seeds Indoors: When to sow seeds indoors to get an early start on the season.
  2. Plant Seedlings Outdoors: When to put small seedlings that you grew indoors (OR starter plants that you bought at a garden nursery) in the outdoor soil.
  3. Start Seeds Outdoors: When to plant seeds directly into the outdoor soil.
  4. Last Date to Plant: You may plant any time from the "start seeds" dates until this "last date." Don't wait any longer, or the crop won't have time to get to harvest before fall/winter frosts.

The "Moon Dates" indicate the best planting dates based on Moon phases. You can learn more about this age-old technique below.

When N/A appears in the chart, that starting method is typically not recommended, although it is likely still possible. 

Use the icon below for the best print or email format.

Print Friendly and PDF

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 13 (at WASHINGTON, MO climate station, elevation 485 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds OutdoorsLast Date to Plant
ArugulaFrost Feb 16-Mar 1
Moon Feb 16-24
Frost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-25
Frost Mar 16-23
Moon Mar 16-23
Sep 21
AsparagusN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 7
Apr 13
BasilFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon May 7-11
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon May 7-11
Sep 7
BeetsN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 7
Frost Mar 16-23
Apr 27
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 2-16
Moon Feb 9-16
Frost Apr 27-May 4
N/AJul 27
Bok ChoyFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Frost Apr 27-May 4
May 25
BroccoliFrost Feb 16-Mar 1
Moon Feb 16-24
Frost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost Mar 16-23
Moon Mar 16-23
Aug 17
Brussels SproutsFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost Mar 16-23
Moon Mar 16-23
Jul 13
CabbageFrost Feb 16-Mar 1
Moon Feb 16-24
Frost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost Mar 16-23
Moon Mar 16-23
Jul 6
CantaloupesFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-25
Frost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost Apr 20-27
Moon Apr 20-23
Jul 13
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 26-30
Aug 10
CauliflowerFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 8-20
N/AAug 10
CeleryFrost Jan 19-Feb 2
Moon Jan 19-25
Frost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-23
Frost Apr 13
Moon Apr 13
Aug 10
ChivesFrost Feb 16-Mar 1
Moon Feb 16-24
Frost Mar 23-30
Moon Mar 23-25
Frost Mar 23-30
Moon Mar 23-25
Aug 24
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
May 4
CollardsFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost Mar 23-30
Moon Mar 23-25
Aug 10
CucumbersFrost Mar 23-30
Moon Mar 23-25
Frost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-23
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Aug 10
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 8-23
Aug 24
Dry BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 4
Jul 13
EggplantsFrost Feb 16-Mar 1
Moon Feb 16-24
Frost Apr 27-May 4
N/AAug 10
Fava BeansN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-23
Moon Mar 16-23
Apr 27
FennelFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Apr 20-27
Moon Apr 20-23
Frost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Aug 3
GarlicN/AN/AN/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 20-23, May 7-11
Aug 10
Honeydew MelonsFrost Mar 23-30
Moon Mar 23-25
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Jul 20
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 2-16
Moon Feb 9-16
Frost Apr 27-May 4
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 16-Mar 1
Moon Feb 16-24
Frost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost Mar 16-23
Moon Mar 16-23
Apr 27
KohlrabiFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Mar 23-30
Moon Mar 23-25
Frost Mar 16-23
Moon Mar 16-23
Apr 27
LeeksFrost Feb 2-16
Moon Feb 9-16
Frost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-25
N/AJul 6
LettuceFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Mar 23-30
Moon Mar 23-25
Frost Mar 16-23
Moon Mar 16-23
Apr 27
Mustard GreensN/AN/AN/A
OkraFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-25
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon May 7-11
Aug 10
OnionsN/AFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 26-30
N/AJul 13
OreganoFrost Feb 2-Mar 1
Moon Feb 9-24
Frost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-23
N/AAug 10
ParsleyFrost Feb 2-16
Moon Feb 9-16
Frost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-23
Frost Mar 16-Apr 20
Moon Mar 16-25, Apr 8-20
Aug 3
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-23
Jul 13
PeanutsN/AN/AFrost May 4-18
Moon May 4-6
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-23
Moon Mar 16-23
Apr 27
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 26-30
Aug 10
PumpkinsFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-25
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Jul 6
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-23
Aug 24
RosemaryFrost Jan 19-Feb 2
Moon Jan 19-25
Frost Apr 27-May 4
N/AAug 24
SageFrost Feb 16-Mar 1
Moon Feb 16-24
Frost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-23
N/AAug 3
SalsifyN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 26-30
Jul 13
SpinachFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Mar 23-30
Moon Mar 23-25
Frost Mar 16-23
Moon Mar 16-23
Apr 27
Sweet CornN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 11
Moon May 7-11
Aug 3
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 6
Jul 6
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Mar 23-25, Apr 8-13
Apr 27
ThymeFrost Feb 2-16
Moon Feb 9-16
Frost Apr 20-27
Moon Apr 20-23
N/AJul 27
TomatillosFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon May 7-11
N/AAug 3
TomatoesFrost Feb 16-Mar 1
Moon Feb 16-24
Frost Apr 27-May 4
N/AJul 20
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-23
Sep 21
WatermelonsFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-25
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Frost Apr 20-27
Moon Apr 20-23
Jul 20
Winter SquashFrost Mar 23-30
Moon Mar 23-25
Frost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-23
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Jun 29
Zucchini (Summer Squash)Frost Mar 23-30
Moon Mar 23-25
Frost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-23
Frost Apr 27-May 4
Aug 17

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 19 (at WASHINGTON, MO climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds OutdoorsTransplantAverage Days to MaturityFrost Tolerance
ArugulaFrost Aug 31-Oct 5
Moon Sep 2-17
N/A40Frost-hardy
BeetsFrost Jul 27-Aug 24
Moon Jul 27-Aug 3, Aug 20-24
N/A50Frost-tolerant
Bok ChoyFrost Aug 10-31
Moon Aug 10-19
N/A50Frost-tolerant
BroccoliFrost Jul 20-27
Moon Jul 20-21
Frost Aug 10-24
Moon Aug 10-19
60Frost-tolerant
Brussels SproutsFrost Jun 29-Jul 13
Moon Jul 5-13
N/A100Frost-hardy
CabbageFrost Jul 20-27
Moon Jul 20-21
Frost Aug 10-17
Moon Aug 10-17
90Frost-tolerant
CarrotsFrost Aug 3-10
Moon Aug 3
N/A70Frost-tolerant
CauliflowerFrost Jul 13-20
Moon Jul 13-20
Frost Jul 27-Aug 3
75Frost-tolerant
ChivesFrost Jul 27-Aug 24
Moon Aug 4-19
N/A70Frost-tolerant
FennelFrost Jul 20-Aug 3
Moon Jul 20-21
N/A80Tender
GarlicFrost Nov 2-15
N/A120Frost-hardy
Green BeansFrost Aug 3-17
Moon Aug 4-17
N/A55Tender
KaleFrost Aug 10-24
Moon Aug 10-19
N/A60Frost-hardy
KohlrabiFrost Aug 17-Sep 7
Moon Aug 17-19, Sep 2-7
N/A45Frost-tolerant
LettuceFrost Aug 10-24
Moon Aug 10-19
N/A60Frost-tolerant
Mustard GreensFrost Aug 17-Sep 7
Moon Aug 17-19, Sep 2-7
N/A45Tender
PeasFrost Aug 10-24
Moon Aug 10-19
N/A55Tender
RadishesFrost Sep 7-21
Moon Sep 18-21
N/A25Frost-tolerant
SpinachFrost Aug 31-Sep 21
Moon Sep 2-17
N/A30Frost-hardy
Swiss ChardFrost Aug 10-24
Moon Aug 10-19
N/A60Frost-tolerant
TurnipsFrost Aug 17-31
Moon Aug 20-31
N/A50Frost-tolerant
The Old Farmer's Store