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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for Columbia, MS

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on March 13 (at COLUMBIA, MS climate station, elevation 150 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Feb 26-Mar 13
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7
BasilFrost Jan 15-29
Moon Jan 21-29
Frost Mar 13-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Feb 26-Mar 20
Moon Mar 8-20
Bell PeppersFrost Jan 1-15
Moon Jan 1- 6
Frost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
Bok ChoyFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Jan 29-Feb 5
Frost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
BroccoliFrost Jan 15-29
Moon Jan 21-29
Frost Feb 12-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-Mar 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Jan 15-29
Moon Jan 21-29
Frost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 20-26
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Feb 12-19
Frost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Feb 5-19
Moon Feb 6-19
CauliflowerFrost Jan 15-29
Moon Jan 21-29
Frost Feb 12-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-Mar 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Jan 1-15
Moon Jan 1- 6
Frost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Feb 12-19
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
CollardsN/AN/AFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 20-26
CornN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 17
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
CucumbersFrost Feb 12-19
Frost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Mar 13-Apr 17
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
EggplantsFrost Jan 15-29
Moon Jan 21-29
Frost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Dec 18-Jan 1
Moon Dec 23-Jan 1
Frost Jan 22-Feb 12
Moon Jan 22-Feb 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jan 1-15
Moon Jan 1- 6
Frost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
KaleFrost Jan 15-29
Moon Jan 21-29
Frost Feb 12-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-Mar 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Jan 29-Feb 5
Frost Feb 19-26
Moon Feb 20-26
N/A
LettuceFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Jan 29-Feb 5
Frost Feb 26-Mar 27
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7, Mar 21-27
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Feb 12-Mar 5
Moon Feb 12-19
OreganoFrost Jan 1-29
Moon Jan 1- 6, Jan 21-29
Frost Mar 13-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 20-26
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Feb 19-Mar 13
Moon Feb 19, Mar 8-13
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jan 29-Feb 19
Moon Jan 29-Feb 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Feb 12-26
Moon Feb 12-19
PumpkinsFrost Feb 19-Mar 5
Moon Feb 20-Mar 5
Frost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Jan 15-Feb 5
Moon Jan 15-20
RosemaryFrost Jan 1-15
Moon Jan 1- 6
Frost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
SageFrost Jan 15-29
Moon Jan 21-29
Frost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Jan 29-Feb 19
Moon Jan 29-Feb 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 6-17
Swiss ChardFrost Jan 29-Feb 12
Moon Jan 29-Feb 5
Frost Feb 19-26
Moon Feb 20-26
N/A
ThymeFrost Jan 1-29
Moon Jan 1- 6, Jan 21-29
Frost Mar 13-Apr 3
Moon Mar 21-Apr 3
N/A
TomatillosFrost Jan 15-29
Moon Jan 21-29
Frost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 3- 5
N/A
TomatoesFrost Jan 15-29
Moon Jan 21-29
Frost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Feb 12-Mar 5
Moon Feb 12-19
WatermelonsFrost Feb 12-19
Frost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 24
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5, Apr 19-24
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 24
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5, Apr 19-24

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on November 12 (at COLUMBIA, MS climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Oct 8
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 28
Bell PeppersFrost May 30Frost Jul 25N/A
Bok ChoyN/AN/AFrost Oct 3
BroccoliFrost Aug 1Frost Aug 29N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 22Frost Aug 19N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jul 15
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 23
CauliflowerFrost Aug 1Frost Aug 29N/A
CeleryFrost May 21Frost Jul 30N/A
CollardsN/AN/AFrost Sep 13
CornN/AN/AFrost Aug 4
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
EggplantsFrost May 30Frost Jul 25N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Sep 13
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 19Frost Aug 14N/A
KaleFrost Aug 21Frost Sep 18N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 23
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Oct 3
OkraN/AN/AFrost Aug 4
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
PeasN/AN/AFrost Sep 8
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 25
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 25
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Oct 8
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Oct 18
Sweet PotatoesFrost Jun 10Frost Jul 15N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Oct 3
TomatillosN/AN/AFrost Aug 4
TomatoesFrost Jun 4Frost Jul 30N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Oct 3
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jul 15
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 30
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Aug 14
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