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Planting Calendar for Anaconda, MT | Almanac.com
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Planting Calendar for Anaconda, MT

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The planting calendar below tells you when to plant in the SPRING and also plant in the FALL, based on your zip code or postal code.

Spring Planting Calendar

Our spring planting calendar starts with the very first dates that you can plant (based on the last spring frost). But if you've missed these dates, no worries! This is why we've added "last planting dates" to our spring calendar; this is meant to help new gardeners understand that if they missed the first spring planting window, they could still get crops in the ground.

In fact, many crops with short maturity times (such as radishes) can be succession planted all the way through the summer in northern areas. However, note that some cool-seasons crops such as kale and lettuce do not grow well in hot temperatures, which can cause bolting issues.  For some gardeners, especially in the South, a break to avoid summer heat is needed, but they can start once the heat has passed. 

The dates provided are based on the number of weeks before or after frost, so we can provide a unique calendar to every user in the country. Thus, several crops (especially similar crops) may appear to have the same date. Kale and lettuce, for example, or dates for starting seeds, like broccoli and cabbage. 

Fall Planting Calendar

When we say "fall," we really mean planting in summer in time for a fall harvest. Think of this as a second summer! It's easy to keep the crops going if you've already prepared the soil! 

Many crops that would be started indoors for a spring crop can just be plunked into the soil directly for a fall crop. Not only is the soil already warm but also there are less pests and it tends to be rainier so you don't need to water as often. Some fall vegetables need to be harvested by the first frost, but many are frost-tolerant and even taste better after a kiss of fall frost!

See each plant's individual Growing Guide for more specific planting, plant care, and harvesting information.

Specifically, on the charts, there are different columns labeled as follows:

  1. Start Seeds Indoors: When to sow seeds indoors to get an early start on the season.
  2. Plant Seedlings Outdoors: When to put small seedlings that you grew indoors (OR starter plants that you bought at a garden nursery) in the outdoor soil.
  3. Start Seeds Outdoors: When to plant seeds directly into the outdoor soil.
  4. Last Date to Plant: You may plant any time from the "start seeds" dates until this "last date." Don't wait any longer, or the crop won't have time to get to harvest before fall/winter frosts.

The "Moon Dates" indicate the best planting dates based on Moon phases. You can learn more about this age-old technique below.

When N/A appears in the chart, that starting method is typically not recommended, although it is likely still possible. 

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on June 11 (at ANACONDA, MT climate station, elevation 5229 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds OutdoorsLast Date to Plant
ArugulaFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 16-23
Frost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 21-23
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 14-21
Aug 11
AsparagusN/AN/AFrost May 28-Jun 11
Moon May 28-Jun 5
Jun 11
BasilFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon May 7-14
Frost Jun 25-Jul 9
Moon Jul 5-9
Frost Jun 25-Jul 9
Moon Jul 5-9
Jul 28
BeetsN/AFrost May 28-Jun 11
Moon May 28-Jun 5
Frost May 14-21
Jun 25
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 8-16
Frost Jun 25-Jul 2
N/AJun 16
Bok ChoyFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon May 7-14
Frost Jun 25-Jul 2
Frost Jun 25-Jul 2
Jul 23
BroccoliFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 16-23
Frost May 28-Jun 11
Moon Jun 6-11
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 14-21
Jul 7
Brussels SproutsFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon May 7-14
Frost May 28-Jun 11
Moon Jun 6-11
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 14-21
Jun 2
CabbageFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 16-23
Frost May 28-Jun 11
Moon Jun 6-11
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 14-21
May 26
CantaloupesFrost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 21-23
Frost Jun 11-25
Moon Jun 11-21
Frost Jun 18-25
Moon Jun 18-21
Jun 2
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost May 14-28
Moon May 24-28
Jun 30
CauliflowerFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon May 7-14
Frost Jun 4-18
Moon Jun 6-18
N/AJun 30
CeleryFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 19-25
Frost Jun 18-Jul 2
Moon Jun 18-21
Frost Jun 11
Moon Jun 11
Jun 30
ChivesFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 16-23
Frost May 21-28
Moon May 21-23
Frost May 21-28
Moon May 21-23
Jul 14
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Jun 11-25
Moon Jun 11-21
Jul 2
CollardsFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon May 7-14
Frost May 28-Jun 11
Moon Jun 6-11
Frost May 21-28
Moon May 21-23
Jun 30
CucumbersFrost May 21-28
Moon May 21-23
Frost Jun 18-Jul 2
Moon Jun 18-21
Frost Jun 25-Jul 2
Jun 30
DillN/AN/AFrost Jun 4-25
Moon Jun 6-21
Jul 14
Dry BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 25-Jul 2
Jun 2
EggplantsFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 16-23
Frost Jun 25-Jul 2
N/AJun 30
Fava BeansN/AN/AFrost May 14-21
Moon May 14-21
Jun 25
FennelFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon May 7-14
Frost Jun 18-25
Moon Jun 18-21
Frost Jun 11-25
Moon Jun 11-21
Jun 23
GarlicN/AN/AN/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 18-Jul 9
Moon Jun 18-21, Jul 5-9
Jun 30
Honeydew MelonsFrost May 21-28
Moon May 21-23
Frost Jun 25-Jul 2
Frost Jun 25-Jul 2
Jun 9
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 8-16
Frost Jun 25-Jul 2
N/A
KaleFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 16-23
Frost May 28-Jun 11
Moon Jun 6-11
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 14-21
Jun 25
KohlrabiFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon May 7-14
Frost May 21-28
Moon May 21-23
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 14-21
Jun 25
LeeksFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 8-16
Frost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 21-23
N/AMay 26
LettuceFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon May 7-14
Frost May 21-28
Moon May 21-23
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 14-21
Jun 25
Mustard GreensN/AN/AN/A
OkraFrost May 14-28
Moon May 14-23
Frost Jun 25-Jul 2
Frost Jun 25-Jul 9
Moon Jul 5-9
Jun 30
OnionsN/AFrost May 14-28
Moon May 24-28
N/AJun 2
OreganoFrost Apr 2-30
Moon Apr 8-23
Frost Jun 18-Jul 2
Moon Jun 18-21
N/AJun 30
ParsleyFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 8-16
Frost Jun 18-Jul 2
Moon Jun 18-21
Frost May 14-Jun 18
Moon May 14-23, Jun 6-18
Jun 23
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost May 14-21
Jun 2
PeasN/AN/AFrost May 14-21
Moon May 14-21
Jun 25
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 14-28
Moon May 24-28
Jun 30
PumpkinsFrost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 21-23
Frost Jun 25-Jul 2
Frost Jun 25-Jul 2
May 26
RadishesN/AN/AFrost May 14-21
Jul 14
RosemaryFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 19-25
Frost Jun 25-Jul 2
N/AJul 14
SageFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 16-23
Frost Jun 18-Jul 2
Moon Jun 18-21
N/AJun 23
SalsifyN/AN/AFrost May 14-28
Moon May 24-28
Jun 2
SpinachFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon May 7-14
Frost May 21-28
Moon May 21-23
Frost May 14-21
Moon May 14-21
Jun 25
Sweet CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 25-Jul 9
Moon Jul 5-9
Jun 23
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 25-Jul 9
Moon Jun 25-Jul 4
May 26
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon May 7-14
Frost May 28-Jun 11
Moon Jun 6-11
Frost May 21-Jun 11
Moon May 21-23, Jun 6-11
Jun 25
ThymeFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 8-16
Frost Jun 18-25
Moon Jun 18-21
N/AJun 16
TomatillosFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon May 7-14
Frost Jun 25-Jul 9
Moon Jul 5-9
N/AJun 23
TomatoesFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 16-23
Frost Jun 25-Jul 2
N/AJun 9
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost May 14-21
Aug 11
WatermelonsFrost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 21-23
Frost Jun 25-Jul 2
Frost Jun 18-25
Moon Jun 18-21
Jun 9
Winter SquashFrost May 21-28
Moon May 21-23
Frost Jun 18-Jul 2
Moon Jun 18-21
Frost Jun 25-Jul 2
May 19
Zucchini (Summer Squash)Frost May 21-28
Moon May 21-23
Frost Jun 18-Jul 2
Moon Jun 18-21
Frost Jun 25-Jul 2
Jul 7

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 8 (at ANACONDA, MT climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds OutdoorsTransplantAverage Days to MaturityFrost Tolerance
ArugulaFrost Jul 21-Aug 25
Moon Jul 21, Aug 5-19
N/A40Frost-hardy
BeetsFrost Jun 16-Jul 14
Moon Jun 22-Jul 4
N/A50Frost-tolerant
Bok ChoyFrost Jun 30-Jul 21
Moon Jul 5-21
N/A50Frost-tolerant
BroccoliFrost Jun 9-16
Moon Jun 9-16
Frost Jun 30-Jul 14
Moon Jul 5-14
60Frost-tolerant
Brussels SproutsFrost May 19-Jun 2
Moon May 19-23
N/A100Frost-hardy
CabbageFrost Jun 9-16
Moon Jun 9-16
Frost Jun 30-Jul 7
Moon Jul 5-7
90Frost-tolerant
CarrotsFrost Jun 23-30
Moon Jun 23-30
N/A70Frost-tolerant
CauliflowerFrost Jun 2-9
Moon Jun 6-9
Frost Jun 16-23
Moon Jun 16-21
75Frost-tolerant
ChivesFrost Jun 16-Jul 14
Moon Jun 16-21, Jul 5-14
N/A70Frost-tolerant
FennelFrost Jun 9-23
Moon Jun 9-21
N/A80Tender
GarlicFrost Sep 22-Oct 6
Moon Sep 22-Oct 1
N/A120Frost-hardy
Green BeansFrost Jun 23-Jul 7
Moon Jul 5-7
N/A55Tender
KaleFrost Jun 30-Jul 14
Moon Jul 5-14
N/A60Frost-hardy
KohlrabiFrost Jul 7-28
Moon Jul 7-21
N/A45Frost-tolerant
LettuceFrost Jun 30-Jul 14
Moon Jul 5-14
N/A60Frost-tolerant
Mustard GreensFrost Jul 7-28
Moon Jul 7-21
N/A45Tender
PeasFrost Jun 30-Jul 14
Moon Jul 5-14
N/A55Tender
RadishesFrost Jul 28-Aug 11
Moon Jul 28-Aug 3
N/A25Frost-tolerant
SpinachFrost Jul 21-Aug 11
Moon Jul 21, Aug 5-11
N/A30Frost-hardy
Swiss ChardFrost Jun 30-Jul 14
Moon Jul 5-14
N/A60Frost-tolerant
TurnipsFrost Jul 7-21
N/A50Frost-tolerant
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