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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Anaconda, MT

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on June 11 (at ANACONDA, MT climate station, elevation 5229 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost May 28-Jun 11
Moon May 28-Jun 3
BasilFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
Frost Jun 11-Jul 2
Moon Jun 17-Jul 2
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost May 28-Jun 18
Moon Jun 4-16
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 2- 5
Frost Jun 18-Jul 2
Moon Jun 18-Jul 2
N/A
BroccoliFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
Frost May 14-Jun 4
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
CabbageFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
N/A
CantaloupesFrost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
Frost Jun 25-Jul 9
Moon Jun 25-Jul 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost May 7-21
Moon May 7-18
CauliflowerFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
Frost May 14-Jun 4
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 2- 5
Frost Jun 18-Jul 2
Moon Jun 18-Jul 2
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Jun 11-25
Moon Jun 17-25
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 25-Jul 16
Moon Jun 25-Jul 3
CucumbersFrost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
Frost Jun 25-Jul 9
Moon Jun 25-Jul 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Jun 11-Jul 16
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3
EggplantsFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
Frost Jun 25-Jul 9
Moon Jun 25-Jul 3
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Mar 21-Apr 2
Frost Apr 23-May 14
Moon Apr 23-May 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 18-Jul 9
Moon Jun 18-Jul 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 2- 5
Frost Jun 18-Jul 2
Moon Jun 18-Jul 2
N/A
KaleFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
Frost May 14-Jun 4
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 5
Frost May 21-28
Moon May 21-28
N/A
LettuceFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 5
Frost May 28-Jun 25
Moon May 28-Jun 3, Jun 17-25
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 25-Jul 9
Moon Jun 25-Jul 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost May 14-Jun 4
Moon May 14-18, Jun 4
OreganoFrost Apr 2-30
Moon Apr 2- 5, Apr 19-30
Frost Jun 11-Jul 2
Moon Jun 17-Jul 2
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost May 14-28
Moon May 19-28
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost May 21-Jun 11
Moon Jun 4-11
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 21
Moon Apr 30-May 5, May 19-21
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 4-25
Moon Jun 4-16
PumpkinsFrost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 21-Jun 3
Frost Jun 25-Jul 9
Moon Jun 25-Jul 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Apr 16-May 7
Moon Apr 16-18, May 6- 7
RosemaryFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 2- 5
Frost Jun 18-Jul 9
Moon Jun 18-Jul 3
N/A
SageFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
Frost Jun 11-25
Moon Jun 17-25
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 21
Moon Apr 30-May 5, May 19-21
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 2-16
Moon Jul 4-16
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 5
Frost May 21-28
Moon May 21-28
N/A
ThymeFrost Apr 2-30
Moon Apr 2- 5, Apr 19-30
Frost Jun 11-Jul 2
Moon Jun 17-Jul 2
N/A
TomatoesFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 19-30
Frost Jun 18-Jul 9
Moon Jun 18-Jul 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost May 14-Jun 4
Moon May 14-18, Jun 4
WatermelonsFrost May 14-21
Moon May 19-21
Frost Jun 25-Jul 9
Moon Jun 25-Jul 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 25-Jul 23
Moon Jun 25-Jul 3, Jul 17-23
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 25-Jul 23
Moon Jun 25-Jul 3, Jul 17-23

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 8 (at ANACONDA, MT climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 4
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Jul 25
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 26Frost July 2N/A
BroccoliFrost May 28Frost Jun 25N/A
CabbageFrost May 18Frost Jun 15N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost July 9
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Jul 20
CauliflowerFrost May 28Frost Jun 25N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 17Frost July 2N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost July 16
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost July 9
EggplantsFrost Mar 26Frost July 9N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Jul 10
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost July 9
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 15Frost July 2N/A
KaleFrost Jun 17Frost Jul 15N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Jul 20
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Jul 30
OkraN/AN/AFrost July 9
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost June 11
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 25
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost July 9
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 4
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Aug 14
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 6Frost July 16N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Jul 30
TomatoesFrost Mar 31Frost July 9N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 30
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost July 9
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost July 23
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost July 23