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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Butte, MT

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on August 31 (at BUTTE BERT MOONEY AP, MT climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Jul 27
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 18Frost July 12N/A
BroccoliFrost May 20Frost Jun 17N/A
CabbageFrost May 10Frost Jun 7N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost July 19
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
CauliflowerFrost May 20Frost Jun 17N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 8Frost July 12N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost July 26
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost July 19
EggplantsFrost Mar 18Frost July 19N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Jul 2
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost July 19
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 7Frost July 12N/A
KaleFrost Jun 9Frost Jul 7N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Jul 22
OkraN/AN/AFrost July 19
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost June 21
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost July 5
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost July 19
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Jul 27
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Aug 6
Sweet PotatoesFrost Mar 29Frost July 26N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Jul 22
TomatoesFrost Mar 23Frost July 19N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 22
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost July 19
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost August 2
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost August 2

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on June 21 (at BUTTE BERT MOONEY AP, MT climate station, elevation 5505 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Jun 7-21
Moon Jun 17-21
BasilFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
Frost Jun 21-Jul 12
Moon Jun 21-Jul 3
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Jun 7-28
Moon Jun 7-16
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
Frost Jun 28-Jul 12
Moon Jun 28-Jul 3
N/A
BroccoliFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
Frost May 24-Jun 14
Moon May 24-Jun 3
N/A
CabbageFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
Frost May 24-Jun 7
Moon May 24-Jun 3
N/A
CantaloupesFrost May 24-31
Moon May 24-31
Frost Jul 5-19
Moon Jul 17-19
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost May 17-31
Moon May 17-18
CauliflowerFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
Frost May 24-Jun 14
Moon May 24-Jun 3
N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
Frost Jun 28-Jul 12
Moon Jun 28-Jul 3
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost May 24-31
Moon May 24-31
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Jun 21-Jul 5
Moon Jun 21-Jul 3
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 5-26
Moon Jul 17-26
CucumbersFrost May 24-31
Moon May 24-31
Frost Jul 5-19
Moon Jul 17-19
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Jun 21-Jul 26
Moon Jun 21-Jul 3, Jul 17-26
EggplantsFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
Frost Jul 5-19
Moon Jul 17-19
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Mar 29-Apr 12
Moon Mar 29-Apr 5
Frost May 3-24
Moon May 3- 5, May 19-24
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 28-Jul 19
Moon Jun 28-Jul 3, Jul 17-19
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
Frost Jun 28-Jul 12
Moon Jun 28-Jul 3
N/A
KaleFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
Frost May 24-Jun 14
Moon May 24-Jun 3
N/A
KohlrabiFrost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon May 31-Jun 3
N/A
LettuceFrost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
Frost Jun 7-Jul 5
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 5-19
Moon Jul 17-19
OnionsN/AN/AFrost May 24-Jun 14
Moon Jun 4-14
OreganoFrost Apr 12-May 10
Moon Apr 19-May 5
Frost Jun 21-Jul 12
Moon Jun 21-Jul 3
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost May 24-Jun 7
Moon May 24-Jun 3
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost May 31-Jun 21
Moon Jun 4-16
PeasN/AN/AFrost May 10-31
Moon May 19-31
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 14-Jul 5
Moon Jun 14-16, Jul 4- 5
PumpkinsFrost May 31-Jun 14
Moon May 31-Jun 3
Frost Jul 5-19
Moon Jul 17-19
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Apr 26-May 17
Moon May 6-17
RosemaryFrost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
Frost Jun 28-Jul 19
Moon Jun 28-Jul 3, Jul 17-19
N/A
SageFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
Frost Jun 21-Jul 5
Moon Jun 21-Jul 3
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost May 10-31
Moon May 19-31
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 12-26
Moon Jul 12-16
Swiss ChardFrost May 10-24
Moon May 19-24
Frost May 31-Jun 7
Moon May 31-Jun 3
N/A
ThymeFrost Apr 12-May 10
Moon Apr 19-May 5
Frost Jun 21-Jul 12
Moon Jun 21-Jul 3
N/A
TomatoesFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
Frost Jun 28-Jul 19
Moon Jun 28-Jul 3, Jul 17-19
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost May 24-Jun 14
Moon Jun 4-14
WatermelonsFrost May 24-31
Moon May 24-31
Frost Jul 5-19
Moon Jul 17-19
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 5-Aug 2
Moon Jul 17-Aug 1
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 5-Aug 2
Moon Jul 17-Aug 1