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Planting Calendar for Clancy, MT

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The planting calendar below tells you when to plant in the SPRING and also plant in the FALL, based on your zip code or postal code.

Spring Planting Calendar

Our spring planting calendar starts with the very first dates that you can plant (based on the last spring frost). But if you've missed these dates, no worries! This is why we've added "last planting dates" to our spring calendar; this is meant to help new gardeners understand that if they missed the first spring planting window, they could still get crops in the ground.

In fact, many crops with short maturity times (such as radishes) can be succession planted all the way through the summer in northern areas. However, note that some cool-season crops, such as kale and lettuce, do not grow well in hot temperatures, which can cause bolting issues.  For some gardeners, especially in the South, a break to avoid summer heat is needed, but they can start once the heat has passed. 

The dates provided are based on the number of weeks before or after frost, so we can provide a unique calendar to every user in the country. Thus, several crops (especially similar crops) may appear to have the same date. Kale and lettuce, for example, or dates for starting seeds, like broccoli and cabbage. 

Fall Planting Calendar

When we say "fall," we really mean planting in summer in time for a fall harvest. Think of this as a second summer! It's easy to keep the crops going if you've already prepared the soil! 

Many crops that would be started indoors for a spring crop can just be plunked into the soil directly for a fall crop. Not only is the soil already warm but also there are less pests and it tends to be rainier so you don't need to water as often. Some fall vegetables need to be harvested by the first frost, but many are frost-tolerant and even taste better after a kiss of fall frost!

See each plant's individual Growing Guide for more specific planting, plant care, and harvesting information.

Specifically, on the charts, there are different columns labeled as follows:

  1. Start Seeds Indoors: When to sow seeds indoors to get an early start on the season.
  2. Plant Seedlings Outdoors: When to put small seedlings that you grew indoors (OR starter plants that you bought at a garden nursery) in the outdoor soil.
  3. Start Seeds Outdoors: When to plant seeds directly into the outdoor soil.
  4. Last Date to Plant: You may plant any time from the "start seeds" dates until this "last date." Don't wait any longer, or the crop won't have time to get to harvest before fall/winter frosts.

The "Moon Dates" indicate the best planting dates based on Moon phases. You can learn more about this age-old technique below.

When N/A appears in the chart, that starting method is typically not recommended, although it is likely still possible. 

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on June 24 (at TIZER GARDENS, MT climate station, elevation 4671 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds OutdoorsLast Date to Plant
ArugulaFrost Apr 29-May 13
Moon May 7-13
Frost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 6-17
Frost May 27-Jun 3
Aug 2
AsparagusN/AN/AFrost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 22-24
Jun 24
BasilFrost May 13-27
Moon May 13-23
Frost Jul 8-22
Moon Jul 8-21
Frost Jul 8-22
Moon Jul 8-21
Jul 19
BeetsN/AFrost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 22-24
Frost May 27-Jun 3
Moon May 27-Jun 3
Jul 8
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 15-23
Frost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
N/AJun 7
Bok ChoyFrost May 13-27
Moon May 13-23
Frost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
Frost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
Aug 5
BroccoliFrost Apr 29-May 13
Moon May 7-13
Frost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 10-21
Frost May 27-Jun 3
Jun 28
Brussels SproutsFrost May 13-27
Moon May 13-23
Frost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 10-21
Frost May 27-Jun 3
May 24
CabbageFrost Apr 29-May 13
Moon May 7-13
Frost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 10-21
Frost May 27-Jun 3
May 17
CantaloupesFrost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 6-17
Frost Jun 24-Jul 8
Moon Jul 5-8
Frost Jul 1-8
Moon Jul 5-8
May 24
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 5
Jun 21
CauliflowerFrost May 13-27
Moon May 13-23
Frost Jun 17-Jul 1
Moon Jun 17-21
N/AJun 21
CeleryFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 8-15
Frost Jul 1-15
Moon Jul 5-15
Frost Jun 24
Jun 21
ChivesFrost Apr 29-May 13
Moon May 7-13
Frost Jun 3-10
Moon Jun 6-10
Frost Jun 3-10
Moon Jun 6-10
Jul 5
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Jun 24-Jul 8
Moon Jul 5-8
Jul 15
CollardsFrost May 13-27
Moon May 13-23
Frost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 10-21
Frost Jun 3-10
Moon Jun 6-10
Jun 21
CucumbersFrost Jun 3-10
Moon Jun 6-10
Frost Jul 1-15
Moon Jul 5-15
Frost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
Jun 21
DillN/AN/AFrost Jun 17-Jul 8
Moon Jun 17-21, Jul 5-8
Jul 5
Dry BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
May 24
EggplantsFrost Apr 29-May 13
Moon May 7-13
Frost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
N/AJun 21
Fava BeansN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 3
Jul 8
FennelFrost May 13-27
Moon May 13-23
Frost Jul 1-8
Moon Jul 5-8
Frost Jun 24-Jul 8
Moon Jul 5-8
Jun 14
GarlicN/AN/AN/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 1-22
Moon Jul 5-21
Jun 21
Honeydew MelonsFrost Jun 3-10
Moon Jun 6-10
Frost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
Frost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
May 31
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 15-23
Frost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
N/A
KaleFrost Apr 29-May 13
Moon May 7-13
Frost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 10-21
Frost May 27-Jun 3
Jul 8
KohlrabiFrost May 13-27
Moon May 13-23
Frost Jun 3-10
Moon Jun 6-10
Frost May 27-Jun 3
Jul 8
LeeksFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 15-23
Frost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 6-17
N/AMay 17
LettuceFrost May 13-27
Moon May 13-23
Frost Jun 3-10
Moon Jun 6-10
Frost May 27-Jun 3
Jul 8
Mustard GreensN/AN/AN/A
OkraFrost May 27-Jun 10
Moon Jun 6-10
Frost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
Frost Jul 8-22
Moon Jul 8-21
Jun 21
OnionsN/AFrost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 5
N/AMay 24
OreganoFrost Apr 15-May 13
Moon Apr 15-23, May 7-13
Frost Jul 1-15
Moon Jul 5-15
N/AJun 21
ParsleyFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 15-23
Frost Jul 1-15
Moon Jul 5-15
Frost May 27-Jul 1
Moon Jun 6-21
Jun 14
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 3
Moon May 27-Jun 3
May 24
PeanutsN/AN/AFrost Jul 15-29
Moon Jul 22-29
PeasN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 3
Jul 8
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 5
Jun 21
PumpkinsFrost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 6-17
Frost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
Frost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
May 17
RadishesN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 3
Moon May 27-Jun 3
Jul 5
RosemaryFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 8-15
Frost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
N/AJul 5
SageFrost Apr 29-May 13
Moon May 7-13
Frost Jul 1-15
Moon Jul 5-15
N/AJun 14
SalsifyN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 27-Jun 5
May 24
SpinachFrost May 13-27
Moon May 13-23
Frost Jun 3-10
Moon Jun 6-10
Frost May 27-Jun 3
Jul 8
Sweet CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 8-22
Moon Jul 8-21
Jun 14
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 8-22
Moon Jul 22
May 17
Swiss ChardFrost May 13-27
Moon May 13-23
Frost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 10-21
Frost Jun 3-24
Moon Jun 6-21
Jul 8
ThymeFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 15-23
Frost Jul 1-8
Moon Jul 5-8
N/AJun 7
TomatillosFrost May 13-27
Moon May 13-23
Frost Jul 8-22
Moon Jul 8-21
N/AJun 14
TomatoesFrost Apr 29-May 13
Moon May 7-13
Frost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
N/AMay 31
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 3
Moon May 27-Jun 3
Aug 2
WatermelonsFrost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 6-17
Frost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
Frost Jul 1-8
Moon Jul 5-8
May 31
Winter SquashFrost Jun 3-10
Moon Jun 6-10
Frost Jul 1-15
Moon Jul 5-15
Frost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
May 10
Zucchini (Summer Squash)Frost Jun 3-10
Moon Jun 6-10
Frost Jul 1-15
Moon Jul 5-15
Frost Jul 8-15
Moon Jul 8-15
Jun 28

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on August 30 (at TIZER GARDENS, MT climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds OutdoorsTransplantAverage Days to MaturityFrost Tolerance
ArugulaFrost Jul 12-Aug 16
Moon Jul 12-21, Aug 4-16
N/A40Frost-hardy
BeetsFrost Jun 7-Jul 5
Moon Jun 22-Jul 4
N/A50Frost-tolerant
Bok ChoyFrost Jun 21-Jul 12
Moon Jun 21, Jul 6-12
N/A50Frost-tolerant
BroccoliFrost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Frost Jun 21-Jul 5
Moon Jun 21
60Frost-tolerant
Brussels SproutsFrost May 10-24
Moon May 10-23
N/A100Frost-hardy
CabbageFrost May 31-Jun 7
Moon Jun 6-7
Frost Jun 21-28
Moon Jun 21
90Frost-tolerant
CarrotsFrost Jun 14-21
N/A70Frost-tolerant
CauliflowerFrost May 24-31
Frost Jun 7-14
Moon Jun 7-14
75Frost-tolerant
ChivesFrost Jun 7-Jul 5
Moon Jun 7-21, Jul 5
N/A70Frost-tolerant
FennelFrost May 31-Jun 14
Moon Jun 6-14
N/A80Tender
GarlicFrost Sep 13-27
Moon Sep 18-27
N/A120Frost-hardy
Green BeansFrost Jun 14-28
Moon Jun 14-21
N/A55Tender
KaleFrost Jun 21-Jul 5
Moon Jun 21
N/A60Frost-hardy
KohlrabiFrost Jun 28-Jul 19
Moon Jul 5-19
N/A45Frost-tolerant
LettuceFrost Jun 21-Jul 5
Moon Jun 21
N/A60Frost-tolerant
Mustard GreensFrost Jun 28-Jul 19
Moon Jul 5-19
N/A45Tender
PeasFrost Jun 21-Jul 5
Moon Jun 21
N/A55Tender
RadishesFrost Jul 19-Aug 2
Moon Jul 22-Aug 2
N/A25Frost-tolerant
SpinachFrost Jul 12-Aug 2
Moon Jul 12-21
N/A30Frost-hardy
Swiss ChardFrost Jun 21-Jul 5
Moon Jun 21
N/A60Frost-tolerant
TurnipsFrost Jun 28-Jul 12
Moon Jun 28-Jul 4
N/A50Frost-tolerant
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