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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Dillon, MT

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on June 13 (at DILLON U OF MONTANA WESTERN, MT climate station, elevation 5127 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost May 30-Jun 13
Moon May 30-Jun 3
BasilFrost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 19-May 2
Frost Jun 13-Jul 4
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost May 30-Jun 20
Moon Jun 4-16
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 4-18
Moon Apr 4- 5
Frost Jun 20-Jul 4
Moon Jun 20-Jul 3
N/A
BroccoliFrost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 19-May 2
Frost May 16-Jun 6
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
CabbageFrost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 19-May 2
Frost May 16-30
Moon May 19-30
N/A
CantaloupesFrost May 16-23
Moon May 19-23
Frost Jun 27-Jul 11
Moon Jun 27-Jul 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost May 9-23
Moon May 9-18
CauliflowerFrost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 19-May 2
Frost May 16-Jun 6
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 4-18
Moon Apr 4- 5
Frost Jun 20-Jul 4
Moon Jun 20-Jul 3
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost May 16-23
Moon May 19-23
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Jun 13-27
Moon Jun 17-27
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 27-Jul 18
Moon Jun 27-Jul 3, Jul 17-18
CucumbersFrost May 16-23
Moon May 19-23
Frost Jun 27-Jul 11
Moon Jun 27-Jul 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Jun 13-Jul 18
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3
EggplantsFrost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 19-May 2
Frost Jun 27-Jul 11
Moon Jun 27-Jul 3
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Mar 21-Apr 4
Frost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 25-May 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 20-Jul 11
Moon Jun 20-Jul 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 4-18
Moon Apr 4- 5
Frost Jun 20-Jul 4
Moon Jun 20-Jul 3
N/A
KaleFrost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 19-May 2
Frost May 16-Jun 6
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
KohlrabiFrost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
Frost May 23-30
Moon May 23-30
N/A
LettuceFrost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
Frost May 30-Jun 27
Moon May 30-Jun 3, Jun 17-27
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 27-Jul 11
Moon Jun 27-Jul 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost May 16-Jun 6
Moon May 16-18, Jun 4- 6
OreganoFrost Apr 4-May 2
Moon Apr 4- 5, Apr 19-May 2
Frost Jun 13-Jul 4
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost May 16-30
Moon May 19-30
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost May 23-Jun 13
Moon Jun 4-13
PeasN/AN/AFrost May 2-23
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-23
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 6-27
Moon Jun 6-16
PumpkinsFrost May 23-Jun 6
Moon May 23-Jun 3
Frost Jun 27-Jul 11
Moon Jun 27-Jul 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Apr 18-May 9
Moon Apr 18, May 6- 9
RosemaryFrost Apr 4-18
Moon Apr 4- 5
Frost Jun 20-Jul 11
Moon Jun 20-Jul 3
N/A
SageFrost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 19-May 2
Frost Jun 13-27
Moon Jun 17-27
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost May 2-23
Moon May 2- 5, May 19-23
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 4-18
Moon Jul 4-16
Swiss ChardFrost May 2-16
Moon May 2- 5
Frost May 23-30
Moon May 23-30
N/A
ThymeFrost Apr 4-May 2
Moon Apr 4- 5, Apr 19-May 2
Frost Jun 13-Jul 4
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3
N/A
TomatoesFrost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 19-May 2
Frost Jun 20-Jul 11
Moon Jun 20-Jul 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost May 16-Jun 6
Moon May 16-18, Jun 4- 6
WatermelonsFrost May 16-23
Moon May 19-23
Frost Jun 27-Jul 11
Moon Jun 27-Jul 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 27-Jul 25
Moon Jun 27-Jul 3, Jul 17-25
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 27-Jul 25
Moon Jun 27-Jul 3, Jul 17-25

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 7 (at DILLON U OF MONTANA WESTERN, MT climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 3
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Jul 24
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 25Frost July 4N/A
BroccoliFrost May 27Frost Jun 24N/A
CabbageFrost May 17Frost Jun 14N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost July 11
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Jul 19
CauliflowerFrost May 27Frost Jun 24N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 16Frost July 4N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost July 18
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost July 11
EggplantsFrost Mar 25Frost July 11N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Jul 9
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost July 11
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 14Frost July 4N/A
KaleFrost Jun 16Frost Jul 14N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Jul 19
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Jul 29
OkraN/AN/AFrost July 11
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost June 13
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 4
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost June 27
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost July 11
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 3
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Aug 13
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 5Frost July 18N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Jul 29
TomatoesFrost Mar 30Frost July 11N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 29
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost July 11
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost July 25
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost July 25