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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Ennis, MT

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on August 30 (at ENNIS, MT climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Jul 26
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Jul 16
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 17Frost July 14N/A
BroccoliFrost May 19Frost Jun 16N/A
CabbageFrost May 9Frost June 9N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost July 21
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Jul 11
CauliflowerFrost May 19Frost Jun 16N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 7Frost July 14N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost July 28
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost July 21
EggplantsFrost Mar 17Frost July 21N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Jul 1
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost July 21
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 6Frost July 14N/A
KaleFrost Jun 8Frost Jul 6N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Jul 11
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Jul 21
OkraN/AN/AFrost July 21
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost June 23
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jun 26
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost July 7
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost July 21
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Jul 26
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Aug 5
Sweet PotatoesFrost Mar 28Frost July 28N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Jul 21
TomatoesFrost Mar 22Frost July 21N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 21
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost July 21
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost August 4
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost August 4

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on June 23 (at ENNIS, MT climate station, elevation 4954 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Jun 9-23
Moon Jun 17-23
BasilFrost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 28-May 5
Frost Jun 23-Jul 14
Moon Jun 23-Jul 3
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Jun 9-30
Moon Jun 9-16
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 19-28
Frost Jun 30-Jul 14
Moon Jun 30-Jul 3
N/A
BroccoliFrost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 28-May 5
Frost May 26-Jun 16
Moon May 26-Jun 3
N/A
CabbageFrost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 28-May 5
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon May 26-Jun 3
N/A
CantaloupesFrost May 26-Jun 2
Moon May 26-Jun 2
Frost Jul 7-21
Moon Jul 17-21
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost May 19-Jun 2
CauliflowerFrost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 28-May 5
Frost May 26-Jun 16
Moon May 26-Jun 3
N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 19-28
Frost Jun 30-Jul 14
Moon Jun 30-Jul 3
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost May 26-Jun 2
Moon May 26-Jun 2
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Jun 23-Jul 7
Moon Jun 23-Jul 3
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 7-28
Moon Jul 17-28
CucumbersFrost May 26-Jun 2
Moon May 26-Jun 2
Frost Jul 7-21
Moon Jul 17-21
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Jun 23-Jul 28
Moon Jun 23-Jul 3, Jul 17-28
EggplantsFrost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 28-May 5
Frost Jul 7-21
Moon Jul 17-21
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Mar 31-Apr 5
Frost May 5-26
Moon May 5, May 20-26
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 30-Jul 21
Moon Jun 30-Jul 3, Jul 17-21
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 19-28
Frost Jun 30-Jul 14
Moon Jun 30-Jul 3
N/A
KaleFrost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 28-May 5
Frost May 26-Jun 16
Moon May 26-Jun 3
N/A
KohlrabiFrost May 12-26
Moon May 19-26
Frost Jun 2- 9
Moon Jun 2- 3
N/A
LettuceFrost May 12-26
Moon May 19-26
Frost Jun 9-Jul 7
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 7-21
Moon Jul 17-21
OnionsN/AN/AFrost May 26-Jun 16
Moon Jun 4-16
OreganoFrost Apr 14-May 12
Moon Apr 19-May 5
Frost Jun 23-Jul 14
Moon Jun 23-Jul 3
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost May 26-Jun 9
Moon May 26-Jun 3
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 2-23
Moon Jun 4-16
PeasN/AN/AFrost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 16-Jul 7
Moon Jun 16, Jul 4- 7
PumpkinsFrost Jun 2-16
Moon Jun 2- 3
Frost Jul 7-21
Moon Jul 17-21
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 19
Moon May 6-18
RosemaryFrost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 19-28
Frost Jun 30-Jul 21
Moon Jun 30-Jul 3, Jul 17-21
N/A
SageFrost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 28-May 5
Frost Jun 23-Jul 7
Moon Jun 23-Jul 3
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 19-Jun 2
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 14-28
Moon Jul 14-16
Swiss ChardFrost May 12-26
Moon May 19-26
Frost Jun 2- 9
Moon Jun 2- 3
N/A
ThymeFrost Apr 14-May 12
Moon Apr 19-May 5
Frost Jun 23-Jul 14
Moon Jun 23-Jul 3
N/A
TomatoesFrost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 28-May 5
Frost Jun 30-Jul 21
Moon Jun 30-Jul 3, Jul 17-21
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost May 26-Jun 16
Moon Jun 4-16
WatermelonsFrost May 26-Jun 2
Moon May 26-Jun 2
Frost Jul 7-21
Moon Jul 17-21
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 7-Aug 4
Moon Jul 17-Aug 1
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 7-Aug 4
Moon Jul 17-Aug 1