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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Frenchtown, MT

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 11 (at MISSOULA 6 NW WFO, MT climate station, elevation 3195 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 11
Moon Apr 27-May 5
BasilFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 18
Moon May 6-18
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 19-May 4
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 19-27
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 19-20
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 25-Jun 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 6-18
CauliflowerFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 19-May 4
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 19-20
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
CornN/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 15
Moon May 25-Jun 3
CucumbersFrost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 19-20
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 25-Jun 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 11-Jun 15
Moon May 19-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 25-Jun 3
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 15-Mar 1
Moon Feb 20-Mar 1
Frost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 8
Moon May 19-Jun 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 19-May 4
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
Frost Apr 20-27
Moon Apr 20-27
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
Frost Apr 27-May 25
Moon Apr 27-May 5, May 19-25
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 25-Jun 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 13-18
OreganoFrost Mar 1-30
Moon Mar 1- 7, Mar 21-30
Frost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 19-27
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 11
Moon May 6-11
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5, Apr 19-20
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 4-25
Moon May 6-18
PumpkinsFrost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-May 4
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 25-Jun 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 16-Apr 6
Moon Mar 16-20, Apr 6
RosemaryFrost Mar 1-16
Moon Mar 1- 7
Frost May 18-Jun 8
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
SageFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 20
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5, Apr 19-20
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 1-15
Moon Jun 4-15
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 5
Frost Apr 20-27
Moon Apr 20-27
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 1-30
Moon Mar 1- 7, Mar 21-30
Frost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 21-30
Frost May 18-Jun 8
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 13-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 19-20
Frost May 25-Jun 8
Moon May 25-Jun 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 22
Moon May 25-Jun 3, Jun 17-22
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 22
Moon May 25-Jun 3, Jun 17-22

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 30 (at MISSOULA 6 NW WFO, MT climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 17Frost Jun 12N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 19Frost Jul 17N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 9Frost Jul 7N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 8
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
CauliflowerFrost Jun 19Frost Jul 17N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 8Frost Jun 17N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
EggplantsFrost Apr 17Frost Jun 12N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 1
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 7Frost Jul 2N/A
KaleFrost Jul 9Frost Aug 6N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 22
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 27
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 8
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 28Frost June 15N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
TomatoesFrost Apr 22Frost Jun 17N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 21
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 8
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost June 22
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 2