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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for Charlotte, NC

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 5 (at CHARLOTTE DOUGLAS AP, NC climate station, elevation 728 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Mar 22-Apr 5
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5
BasilFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Apr 5-26
Moon Apr 5, Apr 20-26
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Mar 22-Apr 12
Moon Apr 6-12
Bell PeppersFrost Jan 24-Feb 7
Moon Jan 24-Feb 5
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
N/A
Bok ChoyFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 7, Mar 23-29
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 7-15
Moon Mar 7
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Feb 28-Mar 15
Moon Mar 8-15
CauliflowerFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 7, Mar 23-29
N/A
CeleryFrost Jan 24-Feb 7
Moon Jan 24-Feb 5
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-15
Moon Mar 7
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 5
CollardsN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
CornN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 10
Moon Apr 19-May 5
CucumbersFrost Mar 7-15
Moon Mar 7
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 5-May 10
Moon Apr 5, Apr 20-May 5
EggplantsFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Jan 10-24
Moon Jan 21-24
Frost Feb 14-Mar 7
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 12-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jan 24-Feb 7
Moon Jan 24-Feb 5
Frost Apr 12-26
Moon Apr 19-26
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 7, Mar 23-29
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost Mar 15-22
Moon Mar 21-22
N/A
LettuceFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost Mar 22-Apr 19
Moon Mar 22-Apr 5, Apr 19
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 8-20
OreganoFrost Jan 24-Feb 21
Moon Jan 24-Feb 5, Feb 20-21
Frost Apr 5-26
Moon Apr 5, Apr 20-26
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 7
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 15-Apr 5
Moon Mar 15-20
PeasN/AN/AFrost Feb 21-Mar 15
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-22
Moon Mar 8-20
PumpkinsFrost Mar 15-29
Moon Mar 21-29
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 7-28
Moon Feb 7-19
RosemaryFrost Jan 24-Feb 7
Moon Jan 24-Feb 5
Frost Apr 12-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
N/A
SageFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Apr 5-19
Moon Apr 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Feb 21-Mar 15
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 26-May 10
Moon May 6-10
Swiss ChardFrost Feb 21-Mar 7
Moon Feb 21-Mar 7
Frost Mar 15-22
Moon Mar 21-22
N/A
ThymeFrost Jan 24-Feb 21
Moon Jan 24-Feb 5, Feb 20-21
Frost Apr 5-26
Moon Apr 5, Apr 20-26
N/A
TomatillosFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Apr 26-May 10
Moon Apr 26-May 5
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 7-21
Moon Feb 20-21
Frost Apr 12-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 7-29
Moon Mar 8-20
WatermelonsFrost Mar 7-15
Moon Mar 7
Frost Apr 19-May 3
Moon Apr 19-May 3
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 17
Moon Apr 19-May 5
Zucchini and Summer SquashN/AN/AFrost Apr 19-May 17
Moon Apr 19-May 5

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 30 (at CHARLOTTE DOUGLAS AP, NC climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 25
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 15
Bell PeppersFrost May 17Frost Jul 12N/A
Bok ChoyN/AN/AFrost Sep 20
BroccoliFrost Jul 19Frost Aug 16N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 9Frost Aug 6N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
CauliflowerFrost Jul 19Frost Aug 16N/A
CeleryFrost May 8Frost Jul 17N/A
CollardsN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 22
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 27
EggplantsFrost May 17Frost Jul 12N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 31
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 27
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 6Frost Aug 1N/A
KaleFrost Aug 8Frost Sep 5N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 20
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 22
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 27
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 12
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 25
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Oct 5
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 28Frost Jul 2N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 20
TomatillosN/AN/AFrost Jul 22
TomatoesFrost May 22Frost Jul 17N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 20
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
Zucchini and Summer SquashN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
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