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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Casselton, ND

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 26 (at CASSELTON AGRONOMY FARM, ND climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 12
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 13Frost Jun 8N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 15Frost Jul 13N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 5Frost Jul 3N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 11
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 7
CauliflowerFrost Jun 15Frost Jul 13N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 4Frost Jun 13N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 18
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
EggplantsFrost Apr 13Frost June 11N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 3Frost Jun 28N/A
KaleFrost Jul 5Frost Aug 2N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 7
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 18
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 23
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 13
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 11
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 1
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 24Frost June 18N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
TomatoesFrost Apr 18Frost Jun 13N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 11
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost June 25
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 28

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 14 (at CASSELTON AGRONOMY FARM, ND climate station, elevation 935 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 14
BasilFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Apr 1- 2
Frost May 14-Jun 4
Moon May 14-15, May 30-Jun 4
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 21
Moon May 16-21
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4-18
Frost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 30-Jun 4
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Apr 1- 2
Frost Apr 16-May 7
Moon Apr 16, May 1- 7
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Apr 1- 2
Frost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 16
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 16-23
Moon Apr 16
Frost May 28-Jun 11
Moon May 30-Jun 11
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 9-23
Moon Apr 17-23
CauliflowerFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Apr 1- 2
Frost Apr 16-May 7
Moon Apr 16, May 1- 7
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4-18
Frost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 30-Jun 4
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 16-23
Moon Apr 16
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 14-28
Moon May 14-15
CornN/AN/AFrost May 28-Jun 18
Moon May 30-Jun 14
CucumbersFrost Apr 16-23
Moon Apr 16
Frost May 28-Jun 11
Moon May 30-Jun 11
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 14-Jun 18
Moon May 14-15, May 30-Jun 14
EggplantsFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Apr 1- 2
Frost May 28-Jun 11
Moon May 30-Jun 11
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 21-Jun 11
Moon May 30-Jun 11
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4-18
Frost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 30-Jun 4
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Apr 1- 2
Frost Apr 16-May 7
Moon Apr 16, May 1- 7
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 2-16
Frost Apr 23-30
Moon Apr 30
N/A
LettuceFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 2-16
Frost Apr 30-May 28
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 28-Jun 11
Moon May 30-Jun 11
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 16-May 7
Moon Apr 17-29
OreganoFrost Mar 4-Apr 2
Moon Mar 4-18, Apr 1- 2
Frost May 14-Jun 4
Moon May 14-15, May 30-Jun 4
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 16
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 23-May 14
Moon Apr 23-29
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 2-16
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 7-28
Moon May 16-28
PumpkinsFrost Apr 23-May 7
Moon Apr 30-May 7
Frost May 28-Jun 11
Moon May 30-Jun 11
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Mar 19-31
RosemaryFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4-18
Frost May 21-Jun 11
Moon May 30-Jun 11
N/A
SageFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Apr 1- 2
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 14-15
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 2-16
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 4-18
Moon Jun 15-18
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 2-16
Frost Apr 23-30
Moon Apr 30
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 4-Apr 2
Moon Mar 4-18, Apr 1- 2
Frost May 14-Jun 4
Moon May 14-15, May 30-Jun 4
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Apr 1- 2
Frost May 21-Jun 11
Moon May 30-Jun 11
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 16-May 7
Moon Apr 17-29
WatermelonsFrost Apr 16-23
Moon Apr 16
Frost May 28-Jun 11
Moon May 30-Jun 11
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 28-Jun 25
Moon May 30-Jun 14
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 28-Jun 25
Moon May 30-Jun 14