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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Oakes, ND

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 23 (at OAKES, ND climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 19
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 10Frost Jun 5N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 12Frost Jul 10N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 2Frost Jun 30N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 10
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 4
CauliflowerFrost Jun 12Frost Jul 10N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 1Frost Jun 10N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost June 17
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jun 20
EggplantsFrost Apr 10Frost June 10N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 20
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 30Frost Jun 25N/A
KaleFrost Jul 2Frost Jul 30N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 4
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 14
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 15
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 20
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 20
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 10
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 10
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 19
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Aug 29
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 21Frost June 17N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 14
TomatoesFrost Apr 15Frost Jun 10N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 14
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 10
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost June 24
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 25

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 13 (at OAKES, ND climate station, elevation 1325 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 13
Moon Apr 30-May 13
BasilFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 18
Frost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 13-15, May 30-Jun 3
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29, May 16-20
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3-18
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 30-Jun 3
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 18
Frost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 15-16, Apr 30-May 6
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 18
Frost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 15-16
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 15-16
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 30-Jun 10
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-22
Moon Apr 17-22
CauliflowerFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 18
Frost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 15-16, Apr 30-May 6
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3-18
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 30-Jun 3
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 15-16
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 13-27
Moon May 13-15
CornN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 17
Moon May 30-Jun 14
CucumbersFrost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 15-16
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 30-Jun 10
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 13-Jun 17
Moon May 13-15, May 30-Jun 14
EggplantsFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 18
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 30-Jun 10
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 10
Moon May 30-Jun 10
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3-18
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 30-Jun 3
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 18
Frost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 15-16, Apr 30-May 6
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1-15
Frost Apr 22-29
N/A
LettuceFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1-15
Frost Apr 29-May 27
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 30-Jun 10
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 17-29
OreganoFrost Mar 3-Apr 1
Moon Mar 3-18, Apr 1
Frost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 13-15, May 30-Jun 3
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 15-16
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 13
Moon Apr 22-29
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-22
Moon Apr 1-16
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 6-27
Moon May 16-27
PumpkinsFrost Apr 22-May 6
Moon Apr 30-May 6
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 30-Jun 10
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 18-Apr 8
Moon Mar 19-31
RosemaryFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3-18
Frost May 20-Jun 10
Moon May 30-Jun 10
N/A
SageFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 18
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 13-15
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-22
Moon Apr 1-16
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 15-17
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1-15
Frost Apr 22-29
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 3-Apr 1
Moon Mar 3-18, Apr 1
Frost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 13-15, May 30-Jun 3
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 18
Frost May 20-Jun 10
Moon May 30-Jun 10
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 17-29
WatermelonsFrost Apr 15-22
Moon Apr 15-16
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 30-Jun 10
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 24
Moon May 30-Jun 14
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 24
Moon May 30-Jun 14