Quantcast
2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Rugby, ND

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

Print Friendly and PDF

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 18 (at RUGBY, ND climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 14
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 4
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 5Frost June 13N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 7Frost Jul 5N/A
CabbageFrost May 28Frost Jun 25N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 20
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Jul 30
CauliflowerFrost Jun 7Frost Jul 5N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 27Frost June 13N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost June 27
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost June 20
EggplantsFrost Apr 5Frost June 20N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost June 20
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 25Frost Jun 20N/A
KaleFrost Jun 27Frost Jul 25N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Jul 30
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
OkraN/AN/AFrost June 20
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 15
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 15
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 5
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 20
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 14
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Aug 24
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 16Frost June 27N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
TomatoesFrost Apr 10Frost June 20N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 9
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 20
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost July 4
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost July 4

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 23 (at RUGBY, ND climate station, elevation 1548 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost May 9-23
Moon May 9-15
BasilFrost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Apr 1-11
Frost May 23-Jun 13
Moon May 30-Jun 13
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost May 9-30
Moon May 16-29
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 14-28
Moon Mar 14-18
Frost May 30-Jun 13
Moon May 30-Jun 13
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Apr 1-11
Frost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Apr 1-11
Frost Apr 25-May 9
Moon Apr 30-May 9
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 25-May 2
Moon Apr 30-May 2
Frost Jun 6-20
Moon Jun 6-14
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 18-29
CauliflowerFrost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Apr 1-11
Frost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 14-28
Moon Mar 14-18
Frost May 30-Jun 13
Moon May 30-Jun 13
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 25-May 2
Moon Apr 30-May 2
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 23-Jun 6
Moon May 30-Jun 6
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 6-27
Moon Jun 6-14
CucumbersFrost Apr 25-May 2
Moon Apr 30-May 2
Frost Jun 6-20
Moon Jun 6-14
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 23-Jun 27
Moon May 30-Jun 14
EggplantsFrost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Apr 1-11
Frost Jun 6-20
Moon Jun 6-14
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 30-Jun 20
Moon May 30-Jun 14
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 14-28
Moon Mar 14-18
Frost May 30-Jun 13
Moon May 30-Jun 13
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Apr 1-11
Frost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Apr 11-25
Moon Apr 11-16
Frost May 2- 9
Moon May 2- 9
N/A
LettuceFrost Apr 11-25
Moon Apr 11-16
Frost May 9-Jun 6
Moon May 9-15, May 30-Jun 6
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 6-20
Moon Jun 6-14
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 25-29, May 16
OreganoFrost Mar 14-Apr 11
Moon Mar 14-18, Apr 1-11
Frost May 23-Jun 13
Moon May 30-Jun 13
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 25-May 9
Moon Apr 30-May 9
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost May 2-23
Moon May 16-23
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 11-May 2
Moon Apr 11-16, Apr 30-May 2
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 16-Jun 6
Moon May 16-29
PumpkinsFrost May 2-16
Moon May 2-15
Frost Jun 6-20
Moon Jun 6-14
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 28-Apr 18
Moon Mar 28-31, Apr 17-18
RosemaryFrost Mar 14-28
Moon Mar 14-18
Frost May 30-Jun 20
Moon May 30-Jun 14
N/A
SageFrost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Apr 1-11
Frost May 23-Jun 6
Moon May 30-Jun 6
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Apr 11-May 2
Moon Apr 11-16, Apr 30-May 2
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 13-27
Moon Jun 15-27
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 11-25
Moon Apr 11-16
Frost May 2- 9
Moon May 2- 9
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 14-Apr 11
Moon Mar 14-18, Apr 1-11
Frost May 23-Jun 13
Moon May 30-Jun 13
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 28-Apr 11
Moon Apr 1-11
Frost May 30-Jun 20
Moon May 30-Jun 14
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 25-May 16
Moon Apr 25-29, May 16
WatermelonsFrost Apr 25-May 2
Moon Apr 30-May 2
Frost Jun 6-20
Moon Jun 6-14
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 6-Jul 4
Moon Jun 6-14, Jun 28-Jul 4
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 6-Jul 4
Moon Jun 6-14, Jun 28-Jul 4