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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Steele, ND

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 20 (at STEELE 4N, ND climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 6
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 7Frost June 10N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 9Frost Jul 7N/A
CabbageFrost May 30Frost Jun 27N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 17
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
CauliflowerFrost Jun 9Frost Jul 7N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 29Frost June 10N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost June 24
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jun 17
EggplantsFrost Apr 7Frost June 17N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 17
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 27Frost Jun 22N/A
KaleFrost Jun 29Frost Jul 27N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
OkraN/AN/AFrost June 17
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 17
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 7
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 17
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 18Frost June 24N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
TomatoesFrost Apr 12Frost June 17N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 17
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost July 1
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost July 1

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 20 (at STEELE 4N, ND climate station, elevation 1853 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost May 6-20
Moon May 6-15
BasilFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Apr 1- 8
Frost May 20-Jun 10
Moon May 30-Jun 10
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost May 6-27
Moon May 16-27
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 30-Jun 10
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Apr 1- 8
Frost Apr 22-May 13
Moon Apr 30-May 13
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Apr 1- 8
Frost Apr 22-May 6
Moon Apr 30-May 6
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 22-29
Frost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 3-14
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 17-29
CauliflowerFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Apr 1- 8
Frost Apr 22-May 13
Moon Apr 30-May 13
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 30-Jun 10
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-29
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 30-Jun 3
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 3-24
Moon Jun 3-14
CucumbersFrost Apr 22-29
Frost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 3-14
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 24
Moon May 30-Jun 14
EggplantsFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Apr 1- 8
Frost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 3-14
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 27-Jun 17
Moon May 30-Jun 14
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost May 27-Jun 10
Moon May 30-Jun 10
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Apr 1- 8
Frost Apr 22-May 13
Moon Apr 30-May 13
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Apr 8-22
Moon Apr 8-16
Frost Apr 29-May 6
Moon Apr 30-May 6
N/A
LettuceFrost Apr 8-22
Moon Apr 8-16
Frost May 6-Jun 3
Moon May 6-15, May 30-Jun 3
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 3-14
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 13
Moon Apr 22-29
OreganoFrost Mar 10-Apr 8
Moon Mar 10-18, Apr 1- 8
Frost May 20-Jun 10
Moon May 30-Jun 10
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 6
Moon Apr 30-May 6
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29, May 16-20
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 8-16
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 16-29
PumpkinsFrost Apr 29-May 13
Moon Apr 30-May 13
Frost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 3-14
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 15
Moon Mar 25-31
RosemaryFrost Mar 10-25
Moon Mar 10-18
Frost May 27-Jun 17
Moon May 30-Jun 14
N/A
SageFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Apr 1- 8
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 30-Jun 3
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 8-16
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 10-24
Moon Jun 15-24
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 8-22
Moon Apr 8-16
Frost Apr 29-May 6
Moon Apr 30-May 6
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 10-Apr 8
Moon Mar 10-18, Apr 1- 8
Frost May 20-Jun 10
Moon May 30-Jun 10
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Apr 1- 8
Frost May 27-Jun 17
Moon May 30-Jun 14
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 22-May 13
Moon Apr 22-29
WatermelonsFrost Apr 22-29
Frost Jun 3-17
Moon Jun 3-14
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 3-Jul 1
Moon Jun 3-14, Jun 28-Jul 1
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 3-Jul 1
Moon Jun 3-14, Jun 28-Jul 1