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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Williston, ND

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 17 (at WILLISTON SLOULIN INTL AP, ND climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 13
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 3
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 4Frost June 16N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 6Frost Jul 4N/A
CabbageFrost May 27Frost Jun 24N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 23
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Jul 29
CauliflowerFrost Jun 6Frost Jul 4N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 26Frost June 16N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost June 30
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost June 23
EggplantsFrost Apr 4Frost June 23N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost June 23
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 24Frost Jun 19N/A
KaleFrost Jun 26Frost Jul 24N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Jul 29
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 8
OkraN/AN/AFrost June 23
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 14
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 14
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 4
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 23
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 13
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Aug 23
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 15Frost June 30N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 8
TomatoesFrost Apr 9Frost June 23N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 8
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 23
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost July 7
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost July 7

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 26 (at WILLISTON SLOULIN INTL AP, ND climate station, elevation 1902 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost May 12-26
Moon May 12-15
BasilFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
Frost May 26-Jun 16
Moon May 30-Jun 14
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost May 12-Jun 2
Moon May 16-29
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 17-18
Frost Jun 2-16
Moon Jun 2-14
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
Frost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
Frost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 30-May 12
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 28-May 5
Moon Apr 30-May 5
Frost Jun 9-23
Moon Jun 9-14
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 21-May 5
Moon Apr 21-29
CauliflowerFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
Frost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 17-18
Frost Jun 2-16
Moon Jun 2-14
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 5
Moon Apr 30-May 5
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 26-Jun 9
Moon May 30-Jun 9
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 9-30
Moon Jun 9-14, Jun 28-30
CucumbersFrost Apr 28-May 5
Moon Apr 30-May 5
Frost Jun 9-23
Moon Jun 9-14
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 26-Jun 30
Moon May 30-Jun 14
EggplantsFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
Frost Jun 9-23
Moon Jun 9-14
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 2-23
Moon Jun 2-14
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 17-18
Frost Jun 2-16
Moon Jun 2-14
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
Frost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 14-16
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 5-12
N/A
LettuceFrost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 14-16
Frost May 12-Jun 9
Moon May 12-15, May 30-Jun 9
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 9-23
Moon Jun 9-14
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 28-29, May 16-19
OreganoFrost Mar 17-Apr 14
Moon Mar 17-18, Apr 1-14
Frost May 26-Jun 16
Moon May 30-Jun 14
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 12
Moon Apr 30-May 12
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost May 5-26
Moon May 16-26
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 14-16, Apr 30-May 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 19-Jun 9
Moon May 19-29
PumpkinsFrost May 5-19
Moon May 5-15
Frost Jun 9-23
Moon Jun 9-14
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 31-Apr 21
Moon Mar 31, Apr 17-21
RosemaryFrost Mar 17-31
Moon Mar 17-18
Frost Jun 2-23
Moon Jun 2-14
N/A
SageFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
Frost May 26-Jun 9
Moon May 30-Jun 9
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Apr 14-May 5
Moon Apr 14-16, Apr 30-May 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 16-30
Moon Jun 16-27
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 14-28
Moon Apr 14-16
Frost May 5-12
Moon May 5-12
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 17-Apr 14
Moon Mar 17-18, Apr 1-14
Frost May 26-Jun 16
Moon May 30-Jun 14
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 31-Apr 14
Moon Apr 1-14
Frost Jun 2-23
Moon Jun 2-14
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 28-May 19
Moon Apr 28-29, May 16-19
WatermelonsFrost Apr 28-May 5
Moon Apr 30-May 5
Frost Jun 9-23
Moon Jun 9-14
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 9-Jul 7
Moon Jun 9-14, Jun 28-Jul 7
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 9-Jul 7
Moon Jun 9-14, Jun 28-Jul 7