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Planting Calendar for Columbus, NE

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The planting calendar below tells you when to plant in the SPRING and also plant in the FALL, based on your zip code or postal code.

Spring Planting Calendar

Our spring planting calendar starts with the very first dates that you can plant (based on the last spring frost). But if you've missed these dates, no worries! This is why we've added "last planting dates" to our spring calendar; this is meant to help new gardeners understand that if they missed the first spring planting window, they could still get crops in the ground.

In fact, many crops with short maturity times (such as radishes) can be succession planted all the way through the summer in northern areas. However, note that some cool-season crops, such as kale and lettuce, do not grow well in hot temperatures, which can cause bolting issues.  For some gardeners, especially in the South, a break to avoid summer heat is needed, but they can start once the heat has passed. 

The dates provided are based on the number of weeks before or after frost, so we can provide a unique calendar to every user in the country. Thus, several crops (especially similar crops) may appear to have the same date. Kale and lettuce, for example, or dates for starting seeds, like broccoli and cabbage. 

Fall Planting Calendar

When we say "fall," we really mean planting in summer in time for a fall harvest. Think of this as a second summer! It's easy to keep the crops going if you've already prepared the soil! 

Many crops that would be started indoors for a spring crop can just be plunked into the soil directly for a fall crop. Not only is the soil already warm but also there are less pests and it tends to be rainier so you don't need to water as often. Some fall vegetables need to be harvested by the first frost, but many are frost-tolerant and even taste better after a kiss of fall frost!

See each plant's individual Growing Guide for more specific planting, plant care, and harvesting information.

Specifically, on the charts, there are different columns labeled as follows:

  1. Start Seeds Indoors: When to sow seeds indoors to get an early start on the season.
  2. Plant Seedlings Outdoors: When to put small seedlings that you grew indoors (OR starter plants that you bought at a garden nursery) in the outdoor soil.
  3. Start Seeds Outdoors: When to plant seeds directly into the outdoor soil.
  4. Last Date to Plant: You may plant any time from the "start seeds" dates until this "last date." Don't wait any longer, or the crop won't have time to get to harvest before fall/winter frosts.

The "Moon Dates" indicate the best planting dates based on Moon phases. You can learn more about this age-old technique below.

When N/A appears in the chart, that starting method is typically not recommended, although it is likely still possible. 

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 27 (at COLUMBUS 3 NE, NE climate station, elevation 1450 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds OutdoorsLast Date to Plant
ArugulaFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 8-20
Frost Mar 30-Apr 6
Sep 11
AsparagusN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 24-27
Apr 27
BasilFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-25
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-23
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-23
Aug 28
BeetsN/AFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 24-27
Frost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Mar 30-Apr 6
May 11
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 16-Mar 1
Moon Feb 16-24
Frost May 11-18
Moon May 11-18
N/AJul 17
Bok ChoyFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-25
Frost May 11-18
Moon May 11-18
Frost May 11-18
Moon May 11-18
Jun 8
BroccoliFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost Mar 30-Apr 6
Aug 7
Brussels SproutsFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-25
Frost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost Mar 30-Apr 6
Jul 3
CabbageFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost Mar 30-Apr 6
Jun 26
CantaloupesFrost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 8-20
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon May 7-11
Frost May 4-11
Moon May 7-11
Jul 3
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 7
Jul 31
CauliflowerFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-25
Frost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-23
N/AJul 31
CeleryFrost Feb 2-16
Moon Feb 9-16
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 7-18
Frost Apr 27
Jul 31
ChivesFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 8-13
Aug 14
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 11
Moon May 7-11
May 18
CollardsFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-25
Frost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 8-13
Jul 31
CucumbersFrost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 7-18
Frost May 11-18
Moon May 11-18
Jul 31
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 11
Moon Apr 20-23, May 7-11
Aug 14
Dry BeansN/AN/AFrost May 11-18
Moon May 11-18
Jul 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 1-16
Frost May 11-18
Moon May 11-18
N/AJul 31
Fava BeansN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 6
May 11
FennelFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-25
Frost May 4-11
Moon May 7-11
Frost Apr 27-May 11
Moon May 7-11
Jul 24
GarlicN/AN/AN/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 4-25
Moon May 7-23
Jul 31
Honeydew MelonsFrost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost May 11-18
Moon May 11-18
Frost May 11-18
Moon May 11-18
Jul 10
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 16-Mar 1
Moon Feb 16-24
Frost May 11-18
Moon May 11-18
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 1-16
Frost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost Mar 30-Apr 6
May 11
KohlrabiFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-25
Frost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost Mar 30-Apr 6
May 11
LeeksFrost Feb 16-Mar 1
Moon Feb 16-24
Frost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 8-20
N/AJun 26
LettuceFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-25
Frost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost Mar 30-Apr 6
May 11
Mustard GreensN/AN/AN/A
OkraFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost May 11-18
Moon May 11-18
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-23
Jul 31
OnionsN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 7
N/AJul 3
OreganoFrost Feb 16-Mar 16
Moon Feb 16-24
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 7-18
N/AJul 31
ParsleyFrost Feb 16-Mar 1
Moon Feb 16-24
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 7-18
Frost Mar 30-May 4
Moon Apr 8-23
Jul 24
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Mar 30-Apr 6
Jul 3
PeanutsN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 24-Jun 1
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 6
May 11
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 7
Jul 31
PumpkinsFrost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 8-20
Frost May 11-18
Moon May 11-18
Frost May 11-18
Moon May 11-18
Jun 26
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Mar 30-Apr 6
Aug 14
RosemaryFrost Feb 2-16
Moon Feb 9-16
Frost May 11-18
Moon May 11-18
N/AAug 14
SageFrost Mar 1-16
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 7-18
N/AJul 24
SalsifyN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Mar 30-Apr 7
Jul 3
SpinachFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-25
Frost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost Mar 30-Apr 6
May 11
Sweet CornN/AN/AFrost May 11-25
Moon May 11-23
Jul 24
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 11-25
Moon May 24-25
Jun 26
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-25
Frost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 13-23
Frost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 8-23
May 11
ThymeFrost Feb 16-Mar 1
Moon Feb 16-24
Frost May 4-11
Moon May 7-11
N/AJul 17
TomatillosFrost Mar 16-30
Moon Mar 16-25
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 11-23
N/AJul 24
TomatoesFrost Mar 1-16
Frost May 11-18
Moon May 11-18
N/AJul 10
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 6
Moon Mar 30-Apr 6
Sep 11
WatermelonsFrost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 8-20
Frost May 11-18
Moon May 11-18
Frost May 4-11
Moon May 7-11
Jul 10
Winter SquashFrost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 7-18
Frost May 11-18
Moon May 11-18
Jun 19
Zucchini (Summer Squash)Frost Apr 6-13
Moon Apr 8-13
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 7-18
Frost May 11-18
Moon May 11-18
Aug 7

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 9 (at COLUMBUS 3 NE, NE climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds OutdoorsTransplantAverage Days to MaturityFrost Tolerance
ArugulaFrost Aug 21-Sep 25
Moon Sep 2-17
N/A40Frost-hardy
BeetsFrost Jul 17-Aug 14
Moon Jul 22-Aug 3
N/A50Frost-tolerant
Bok ChoyFrost Jul 31-Aug 21
Moon Aug 4-19
N/A50Frost-tolerant
BroccoliFrost Jul 10-17
Moon Jul 10-17
Frost Jul 31-Aug 14
Moon Aug 4-14
60Frost-tolerant
Brussels SproutsFrost Jun 19-Jul 3
Moon Jun 19-21
N/A100Frost-hardy
CabbageFrost Jul 10-17
Moon Jul 10-17
Frost Jul 31-Aug 7
Moon Aug 4-7
90Frost-tolerant
CarrotsFrost Jul 24-31
Moon Jul 24-31
N/A70Frost-tolerant
CauliflowerFrost Jul 3-10
Moon Jul 5-10
Frost Jul 17-24
Moon Jul 17-21
75Frost-tolerant
ChivesFrost Jul 17-Aug 14
Moon Jul 17-21, Aug 4-14
N/A70Frost-tolerant
FennelFrost Jul 10-24
Moon Jul 10-21
N/A80Tender
GarlicFrost Oct 23-Nov 5
Moon Oct 23-31
N/A120Frost-hardy
Green BeansFrost Jul 24-Aug 7
Moon Aug 4-7
N/A55Tender
KaleFrost Jul 31-Aug 14
Moon Aug 4-14
N/A60Frost-hardy
KohlrabiFrost Aug 7-28
Moon Aug 7-19
N/A45Frost-tolerant
LettuceFrost Jul 31-Aug 14
Moon Aug 4-14
N/A60Frost-tolerant
Mustard GreensFrost Aug 7-28
Moon Aug 7-19
N/A45Tender
PeasFrost Jul 31-Aug 14
Moon Aug 4-14
N/A55Tender
RadishesFrost Aug 28-Sep 11
Moon Aug 28-Sep 1
N/A25Frost-tolerant
SpinachFrost Aug 21-Sep 11
Moon Sep 2-11
N/A30Frost-hardy
Swiss ChardFrost Jul 31-Aug 14
Moon Aug 4-14
N/A60Frost-tolerant
TurnipsFrost Aug 7-21
Moon Aug 20-21
N/A50Frost-tolerant
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